Wesleyan Medical Missions in China to 1909

W. Arthur Tatchell [1869-1937], Medical Missions in China. In Connexion with the Wesleyan Methodist Church with Forty-Six IllustrationsArthur Tatchell’s history of medical missions in China is illustrated with 46 photographs which have been scanned in greyscale to preserve their quality. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

W. Arthur Tatchell [1869-1937], Medical Missions in China. In Connexion with the Wesleyan Methodist Church with Forty-Six Illustrations. London: Robert Culley, [1909]. Hbk. pp.351. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


An Appreciation by the Hon. E.H. Fraser, C.M.B., H.B.M. Consul-General, Hankow

  1. ‘The Tender Mercies of the Heathen – Are Cruel’
  2. A Brief Survey of Medical Missions in ChinaCentral China: The Province North of the Lake
  3. The Mouth of the Han
  4. Resuscitation
  5. The City of Virtue and Peace
  6. Work for Suffering Women
  7. The City of Military Glory
  8. Recent AdvancesCentral China: The Province South of the Lake
  9. A Long-Closed DoorSouth China
  10. Buddha’s Hill
  11. The ‘Tree of the Phoenix’ City
  12. The ‘Shiu’ Barrier City
  13. Of Past and Present Medical Missionaries


This is a Story, and not a medical treatise.’ Neither does it’ profess to be a literary production. Those gifts and graces which make for such are obviously absent. Medical men are not generally guilty of increasing the yearly output of. books on subjects outside of their own conservative sphere. Their work is usually confined to ‘ things earthy,’ and their thoughts revolve around hard facts. Such are not always adorned with literary charms.

The various parts of this skeleton have been collected from numerous sources, and, as far as is here seen, we have tried to add flesh and life. Whether we have succeeded or not remains to be proved.

The writing of this Story has· not only been a joy but also a labour of love. It has been performed during the multitudinous dudes and cares connected with large hospital practices. Never have we been able to devote two consecutive hours to the writing of the Story. Of the blemishes and omissions we are only too painfully conscious. Hence, no literary critics need intensify our sufferings. [Continue reading]

Griffith John Founder of the Hankow Mission Central China

William Robson, Griffith John. Founder of the Hankow Mission to Central ChinaGriffith John [1831-1912] was a Welsh Congregationalist who served with the London Missionary Society in Central China. He is notable for his courageous evangelistic tours into dangerous regions of China, for his work as a writer and Bible translator. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. THisbook is in the Public Domain.

William Robson, Griffith John. Founder of the Hankow Mission to Central China. London: S.W. Partridge & Co., n.d. Hbk. pp.176. [Click to download complete text in PDF]


  1. The Boy Preacher of Wales – Losing and Gaining a Father by the Same Grave – Covenanting to be a Missionary
  2. Shanghai – Buckling on His Armour
  3. The Taiping Rebellion
  4. Founding of the Hankow Mission
  5. Native Helpers – Mission Hospital Established – Specimen Converts
  6. Tour of 3,000 Miles Through the Provinces of Si-chuen and Shen-si to Wuchang – Visit to England – Return, and Death of Mrs John
  7. Literary Work
  8. Second Marriage – Stoned by the Heathen – Endued with “Power From on High” – Continued Success – Death of Mrs John
  9. Interesting Chapel Openings – A Remarkable Proclamation – Happy Deaths
  10. Honours For Mr John – The Years 1888 to 1901 – Missionary ours in Hupeh – Planting the Gospel Standard in Hanan – A Retrospect


The introduction of Protestant Missions into the interior of China is of such recent date that the most eminent pioneers of that movement are still living.

Not only was Griffith John the first to preach in Hankow, and to carry the Gospel into the provinces of Si-chuen, Shan-si, and the capitals of other provinces which were long closed to missionaries by the obstinate pride of the officials and literati, but his eloquence as a preacher, his literary attainments, and the tact and adroitness displayed in dealing with officials of the government, combine to place him foremost on the list of Chinese missionaries.  [Continue reading]

Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission with a Record of the Perils & Sufferings of Some Who EscapedOne of the most poignant periods of mission history took place as part of the Boxer Rebellion in China between 1899 and 1901. Thousands of native Chinese Christians and many members of the China Inland Mission lost their lives at this time. This book commemorates those who lost their lives and tells the story of those who managed to escape. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain. Due to the number of pictures and two excellent maps the download size of this file is larger than usual as I wanted to keep the image quality as high as possible.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission with a Record of the Perils & Sufferings of Some Who Escaped. London: China Inland Mission, [1901]. Hbk. pp.329. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Introductory: The

History of Christian Missions in China to c.1928

Paul King [1853-?], Weighed in China's Balance. An Attempt at ExplanationPaul King’s history of missionary work in China includes a survey of China’s history before the Nestorians first brought Christianity there in the 8th century. It goes on to describe the growth of the church up to the early 20th Century. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is now in the Public Domain.

Paul King [1853-?], Weighed in China’s Balance. An Attempt at Explanation. London: Heath Cranton Ltd., 1928. Hbk. pp.238. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Chapter 1

The preaching of the Gospel to the millions of China -The danger of underestimating the mentality of the hearers” You’ve got to explain your millennium to people, Billy.”

Whether optimistic or pessimistic by nature nearly all mature human beings must admit that this world is, and always has been, in a bad way. But what a good many of us contrive to ignore is that a very large part of national and international, collective and individual, misery is self-inflicted and avoidable. “What a piece of work is

“What a piece of work is man!” as Hamlet remarked. In the whole range of zoology there is no more amazing animal, and it sometimes occurs to one whimsically that instead of collecting lions and bears, monkeys and snakes, eagles and peacocks in cages for exhibition, it might be better worth while to fill these cages with choice specimens of the human race – not only murderers, robbers, pirates and savages, but assortments of politicians, surgeons, philosophers, teachers, soldiers and saints.

After all, not visibly but in the pages of history and biography this has been done, and into that vast, discoloured and thaumaturgic mirror we can all peer at will to see “in a glass darkly” the most stupefying kaleidoscope of good and evil, ignorance, knowledge and perversity. In this welter of sensation and confusion two things are striking, namely, our capacity for believing in what is quite unknowable, also what is demonstrably false, and our even stranger gift for disbelieving or at least disregarding the few facts – such as that two and two make four – which are more or less indisputable. [Continue reading]

Presbyterian Missions in India, China and Singapore (1934-36)

This short booklet is a report on the progress of British Presbyterian Missions in the Far East during from 1934-1936. It covers missions work in India, Singapore, Formosa (Taiwan) and mainland China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is now in the Public Domain.

Campbell L. Moody [1866-1940], A Sound of Abundance of Rain. London: The Foreign Missions Committee of the Presbyterian Church in England, 1936. Pbk. pp.40. [Click to Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Stir in Amoy
  2. Swatow and the Hakka Country
  3. Formosa
  4. Singapore
  5. India

Chapter 1: Sir in Amoy

When the visitor to the Far East enters the harbour of Amoy he gazes on this side and on that wondering on which side he will land, for the shores everywhere are crowded with buildings in Eastern and in Western style, and beyond the steamer’s prow is a wide expanse of sea, with vessels great and small sailing hither and thither, while brightly painted boats, like gondolas, each with an oarsman standing near its stern, approach the oncoming ship with offers of transport for the passengers.

It is somewhat odd, but the stranger does not reach the mainland of China. Business may take him to the little island on the one side, and the streets of Amoy; if he wishes to visit friends he will probably turn to the much smaller island on the other side; it is named Kulang

Leila Cooke – Fish Four and the Lisu New Testament

Leila R. Cooke [?-1943], Fish Four and the Lisu New TestamentLeila Cooke and her husband Alan served for 25 years among the Lisu Tribe of Yunnan Province in China. This book which tells her story appears on-line by kind permission of the OMF International-UK. My thanks also to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan.

Leila R. Cooke [?-1943], Fish Four and the Lisu New Testament. London: China In Inland Mission, 1948. Pbk. pp.94. [Click to download in PDF]


  1. The Offering
  2. The Prize-Winner
  3. Fish Four’s Preparation
  4. Fish Four’s Call and Appointment
  5. The Growth and Establishment of the Lisu Church
  6. Early Days at Stockade Hill
  7. His Trip to Chefoo
  8. His Fall
  9. A New Field
  10. Life at Luda
  11. His Ordination and His Illness
  12. His Home Call
  13. He Being Dead Yet Speaketh

From the Flyleaf

Leila Cooke came from Colorado Springs, U.S. A., where her father was a physician and her mother, a woman greatly beloved. Early she learned to make the doing of God’s will the supreme motive of her life.

With study at Los Angeles Bible Institute, she continued her musical education, becoming an accomplished pianist. But there was no piano in Lisuland. The long, long mountain trails over which she travelled into that country as a gospel messenger were hazardous enough without any but the most essential burdens. For Christ’s sake Leila made her choice, but how many hundreds throughout the mountains and valleys of the Salween will join in heaven’s music because she was willing for sacrifice.

Under the direction of J. O. Fraser, Alan and Leila Cooke laboured in the gospel among the Lisu Tribe. Long periods of separation from her two boys proved a trial to be cheerfully borne for His sake as all who knew her can testify. Hardship and loneliness only served to beautify that life yielded to God. She herself made frequent and distant itineraries for evangelistic work and many months were spent in translating the Scriptures into Lisu.

These labours, including the continuous care of many sick and needy, filled the large part of her twenty-five years of missionary career. In her final illness she was carried back from the village where she had gone to teach, and on May 7th, 1943, from a rudely constructed Lisu shack God’s missionary heroine went in to see the King.

It is no wonder that many younger missionaries declare that in Leila Cooke they see their “ideal missionary”. [Continue reading]

China Inland Mission’s Witness to the Faithfulness of God

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Our Seal. Being The Witness of the China Inland Mission to The Faithfulness of God.This book is a celebration of God’s faithfulness as demonstrated in the work of the China Inland Mission. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This volume is in the Public Domain.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Our Seal. Being The Witness of the China Inland Mission to The Faithfulness of God. London: China Inland Mission, 1933. Hbk. pp.173. [Click to download complete volume in PDF]


By Way of Introduction

Part 1

Our Seal
God the Builder
Rock Foundations
The Building

Part 2

The Test of Time
The Test of Emergencies
Tests Extraordinary in Great Britain
Tests Extraordinary in North America
Tests Extraordinary in China
The Test of Exchange
The Test of War

Part 3

Some Personal Testimonies
The Half Not Told
Nothing Impossible

Our Seal

Our seals set to, that God is true.

Hudson Taylor, towards the close of a long and strenuous life, when speaking at the last, Annual Meetings of the China Inland Mission he ever attended, gave utterance to the following significant words:

‘I have sometimes met people who said: “Trusting God is a beautiful theory, but it won’t work”. Well, thank God, it has worked, and it does work. I remember a dear friend, an aged minister in London, who said to me in the year 1866: “You are making a great mistake in going to China with no organization behind you. We live in a busy world, and you will all he forgotten, and the Mission won’t live seven years.” That [said Hudson Taylor] was the prophecy of this good man-and a wise one too. But he was mistaken.’

It is more than thirty-two years since Hudson Taylor gave this striking testimony in Toronto, and it is more than sixty-six years since that aged minister in London uttered his mournful prediction. Time has amply justified Hudson Taylor’s faith in and obedience to God. And every subsequent trial and perplexity has only served to make the faithfulness of God more plain and manifest.

It is now seventy years since James Meadows joined Hudson Taylor as the first member of that new organization which three years later was to become known as the China Inland Mission. The foundations of this new work were the Promises of God. Hudson Taylor had nothing else to build on. For seventy long and exacting years those pledges of God’s love have been subjected to the severest tests that life can command. They have not been found wanting. A thousand promises have declared and still declare God’s ‘constancy of love’. And ten thousand experiences proclaim that God’s Word is ‘unalterably sure’. [Continue Reading]

Andrew Young of Shensi

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions
Andrew Young [1869-1922], Medical Missionary
This is the story of Andrew Young [1869-1922] served as a medical missionary in Congo and later in China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for scanning. This volume is now in the Public Domain.

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions. London: The Carey Press, [1924]. Hbk. pp.314. [Click to download the complete volume in PDF]


Introductory Chapter: The Hill and the Plain

Part I. – In Congo’s Free State

1. Getting Ready
2. From Transport Agent to Medical Amateur
3. Teaching, Preaching and Healing

Part II. – In China’s Empire

4. Eastward Ho!
5. A Member of the Mission
6. The Making of a Home
7. The Medical Missionary
8. The Doctor, The Mission and the World at Large
9. Reinforcements and Removals

Part III. – In China’s Republic

10. The Dramatic Year: (1) Hunted On The Hills
11. The Dramatic Year: (2) Toiling In The Plains
12. The Growth of a Soul
13. In the Jenkins-Robertson Memorial Hospital
14. The Shining Year

Author’s Preface

The justification for such a volume as the present is to be found in the belief that “the fine is not the abnormal, it is the usual.” The thought of’ any book written around his life being the glorification of the subject would have distressed Andrew Young greatly, but to its publication he might have at least resigned himself if from a perusal of his story the reader could gather a truer idea of the aims underlying the medical missionary enterprise.

The subject of this biography has points of temperament and areas of experience peculiar to himself, yet it is as he is representative that he is most valuable; and whilst many missionaries fall short of the standard at which he arrived, the reader can yet rest assured that the values in conduct which appear in the pages which follow are not peculiar to this missionary alone. Missionaries’ faults there are in plenty, easily discovered and described, but the virtues are there also, and, both for the student as well as for the critic of missions, a little honest research in this latter direction will not be time wasted. [Continue reading]

J. Hudson Taylor’s Retrospect

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905]James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905] currently ranks #4 in my poll of missionaries on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group. Unable to find a missionary society willing to sponsor him, he founded the China Inland Mission (now Overseas Missionary Fellowship (OMF) and he and 16 others sailed for China in 1866. J.D. Douglas writes:

Taylor’s fervor was matched by pioneering audacity. He adopted Chinese dress and customs, paired foreign missionaries with national Christians, directly solicited no funds (“Jehovah-jireh” was a favourite word), and saw the establishment of churches as less important than the task of presenting the gospel to as many as possible before the Lord’s return. No distance board controlled the mission; decisions were take on the field. BY 1891 Taylor led some 64 workers, but his influence and his principles extended far beyond CIM. He mobilized and motivated people for worldwide mission. [Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions, p.931]

In this short book Hudson Taylor explains the circumstances that led to the formation of the China Inland Mission.

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905], A Retrospect. London: Morgan & Scott, n.d. Hbk. pp.128. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Power of Prayer
  2. The Call of Service
  3. Preparation For Service
  4. Further Answers to Prayer
  5. Life in London
  6. Strengthened by Faith
  7. Mighty to Save
  8. Voyage to China
  9. Early Missionary Experiences
  10. First Evangelistic Efforts
  11. With the Rev. W.C. Burns
  12. The Call to Swatow “The Missionary Call”: Words and Music
  13. Man Proposes, God Disposes
  14. Providential Guidance
  15. Settlement in Ningpo
  16. Timely Supplies
  17. God a Refuge For Us
  18. A New Agency Needed
  19. Formation of the C.I.M.

With P’u and His Brigands

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His BrigandsAttack by brigands was a serious problem in China – and missionaries with the China Inland Mission were not immune from their attentions, as this little book recounts. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing an original copy for scanning. Reproduced by kind permission of the copyright holder, OMF International-UK.

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His Brigands. London: China Inland Mission, 1922. Hbk. pp.76. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Captured
  2. Separated
  3. A Long Night
  4. Reunited
  5. The Map and its Meaning


It may be that readers of this little book will be moved with pity for the sufferings it depicts-not our own, but those of millions in China to-day scourged by civil war and brigandage. It may be they will want to know how they can help to heal this “open sore of the world.” Among many ways, none is more effectual, we venture to think, than waiting upon God in prayer-steadfast, believing prayer in the name of Christ. There is no comparison between what man can do and what God can do. Shall we not wait upon Him, then, for this great country in which one quarter of the human race is slowly turning toward the light, sore pressed with problems to which Christ alone affords the solution, sick with sin, and wounded with sufferings He alone can heal.

And then, as those who really pray are those who help in other ways as well, we append a list of all the organisations at present engaged in the evangelisation of Yunnan – the province which has proved such a hot-bed of civil war and brigandage. Words cannot tell what we personally owe to the love and prayers and practical help of these honoured fellow-workers of our own and other missions.  [Continue reading]