Andrew Young of Shensi

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions
Andrew Young [1869-1922], Medical Missionary
This is the story of Andrew Young [1869-1922] served as a medical missionary in Congo and later in China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for scanning. This volume is now in the Public Domain.

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions. London: The Carey Press, [1924]. Hbk. pp.314. [Click to download the complete volume in PDF]


Introductory Chapter: The Hill and the Plain

Part I. – In Congo’s Free State

1. Getting Ready
2. From Transport Agent to Medical Amateur
3. Teaching, Preaching and Healing

Part II. – In China’s Empire

4. Eastward Ho!
5. A Member of the Mission
6. The Making of a Home
7. The Medical Missionary
8. The Doctor, The Mission and the World at Large
9. Reinforcements and Removals

Part III. – In China’s Republic

10. The Dramatic Year: (1) Hunted On The Hills
11. The Dramatic Year: (2) Toiling In The Plains
12. The Growth of a Soul
13. In the Jenkins-Robertson Memorial Hospital
14. The Shining Year

Author’s Preface

The justification for such a volume as the present is to be found in the belief that “the fine is not the abnormal, it is the usual.” The thought of’ any book written around his life being the glorification of the subject would have distressed Andrew Young greatly, but to its publication he might have at least resigned himself if from a perusal of his story the reader could gather a truer idea of the aims underlying the medical missionary enterprise.

The subject of this biography has points of temperament and areas of experience peculiar to himself, yet it is as he is representative that he is most valuable; and whilst many missionaries fall short of the standard at which he arrived, the reader can yet rest assured that the values in conduct which appear in the pages which follow are not peculiar to this missionary alone. Missionaries’ faults there are in plenty, easily discovered and described, but the virtues are there also, and, both for the student as well as for the critic of missions, a little honest research in this latter direction will not be time wasted. [Continue reading]

J. Hudson Taylor’s Retrospect

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905]James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905] currently ranks #4 in my poll of missionaries on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group. Unable to find a missionary society willing to sponsor him, he founded the China Inland Mission (now Overseas Missionary Fellowship (OMF) and he and 16 others sailed for China in 1866. J.D. Douglas writes:

Taylor’s fervor was matched by pioneering audacity. He adopted Chinese dress and customs, paired foreign missionaries with national Christians, directly solicited no funds (“Jehovah-jireh” was a favourite word), and saw the establishment of churches as less important than the task of presenting the gospel to as many as possible before the Lord’s return. No distance board controlled the mission; decisions were take on the field. BY 1891 Taylor led some 64 workers, but his influence and his principles extended far beyond CIM. He mobilized and motivated people for worldwide mission. [Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions, p.931]

In this short book Hudson Taylor explains the circumstances that led to the formation of the China Inland Mission.

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905], A Retrospect. London: Morgan & Scott, n.d. Hbk. pp.128. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Power of Prayer
  2. The Call of Service
  3. Preparation For Service
  4. Further Answers to Prayer
  5. Life in London
  6. Strengthened by Faith
  7. Mighty to Save
  8. Voyage to China
  9. Early Missionary Experiences
  10. First Evangelistic Efforts
  11. With the Rev. W.C. Burns
  12. The Call to Swatow “The Missionary Call”: Words and Music
  13. Man Proposes, God Disposes
  14. Providential Guidance
  15. Settlement in Ningpo
  16. Timely Supplies
  17. God a Refuge For Us
  18. A New Agency Needed
  19. Formation of the C.I.M.

With P’u and His Brigands

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His BrigandsAttack by brigands was a serious problem in China – and missionaries with the China Inland Mission were not immune from their attentions, as this little book recounts. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing an original copy for scanning. Reproduced by kind permission of the copyright holder, OMF International-UK.

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His Brigands. London: China Inland Mission, 1922. Hbk. pp.76. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Captured
  2. Separated
  3. A Long Night
  4. Reunited
  5. The Map and its Meaning


It may be that readers of this little book will be moved with pity for the sufferings it depicts-not our own, but those of millions in China to-day scourged by civil war and brigandage. It may be they will want to know how they can help to heal this “open sore of the world.” Among many ways, none is more effectual, we venture to think, than waiting upon God in prayer-steadfast, believing prayer in the name of Christ. There is no comparison between what man can do and what God can do. Shall we not wait upon Him, then, for this great country in which one quarter of the human race is slowly turning toward the light, sore pressed with problems to which Christ alone affords the solution, sick with sin, and wounded with sufferings He alone can heal.

And then, as those who really pray are those who help in other ways as well, we append a list of all the organisations at present engaged in the evangelisation of Yunnan – the province which has proved such a hot-bed of civil war and brigandage. Words cannot tell what we personally owe to the love and prayers and practical help of these honoured fellow-workers of our own and other missions.  [Continue reading]

Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], The Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission with Portraits and MapThis is the official history of the China Inland Mission, told by Marshall Broomhall (1866-1937). The book contains a number of excellent plates and a map, which are included in greyscale to preserve their quality. This book is in the Public Domain.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], The Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission with Portraits and Map. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott Ltd., 1915. Hbk. pp.386. [Download complete book in PDF]


Author’s Preface


1. Early Missions in China
2. Hudson Taylor and His Call
3. Hudson Taylor’s Early Experiences

The First Decade 1865-1875

4. The Birth of a Mission
5. Laying the Foundations
6. The Lammermuir Party
7. Settling Inland
8. An Enlarged Coast
9. The Yangchow Riot
10. The New Provinces
11. Troubled on Every Side
12. Faint Yet Pursuing
13. The Home Department
14. Waxing Strong in Faith

The Second Decade 1875-1885

15. The Appeal of the Eighteen
16. The Door Opened
17. Unto the Ends of the Earth
18. Pyrland Road
19. Pioneers in Women’s Work
20. Blessings in Disguise
21. A Chinese Pioneer
22. Healing the Sick
23. Pioneer Work in Hunan
24. The Story of the Seventy

The Third Decade 1885-1895

25. “The Cambridge Seven”
26. Organisation and Expansion
27. The Kwangsin River
28. North America
29. To Every Creature
30. Australasia
31. Dividing the Field

The Fourth Decade 1895-1905

32. The Wrath of Man
33. Newington Green
34. The Chefoo Schools
35. The Opening of Hunan
36. Among the Tribes
37. The Bozer Crisis
38. Partakers of Afflictions of the Gospel
39. Rebuilding the Wall

The Fifth Decade 1905-1915

40. A Period of Transition
41. Mass Movements and Revival
42. Grace Abounding
43. To Earth’s Remotiest Bounds
44. Institutional Work
45. Facts About Finance
46. The Mission From Within
47. The Revolution and After
48. The Missionary at Work
49. All Manner of Service
50. The Year of Jubilee


The Associate Minister
Chonological Summary

History of the Church in China by Frank Norris

Frank L. Norris [1864-1945], China. Handbooks of English Church ExpansionFrank Norris’s contribution to the Handbooks of English Church Growth series provides a snapshot of missionary work in China up to around 1907. Norris served with the Society for the Promotion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) [Anglo-Catholic] missionary in North China and was chaplain to the Bishop of that Diocese.

Frank L. Norris [1864-1945], China. Handbooks of English Church Expansion. London & Oxford: A.R. Mowbray & Co. Ltd., 1908. Hbk. pp.219. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Heathen China
  2. Heathen China and Christian England
  3. The English Church Enters China
  4. Heathen China and Christian England Again
  5. The English Church Enters Peking
  6. The Church in South China
  7. The Church in Fuhkien
  8. The Church in Chehkiang
  9. The Church in the Yangtse Valley
  10. The Church in Western China
  11. The Church in Shantung
  12. The Church in Chihli
  13. Inter-Diocesan Organisation
  14. The “Open Door”

General Index
Index to Names

Chapter 1

“In the beginning” God made China. Read ” Heaven ” for GOD, and the sentence not inaptly expresses the Chinese idea of the superiority of China as compared with the rest of the world. Heaven, having made China, set a Son of Heaven on the Chinese throne, and to this day there has never been wanting a monarch who thus claims what may be considered the divinest right to a throne that any earthly monarch has ever put forward.

Let us enter the gateway which leads from the main road of the Chinese, or outer, city of Peking into the sacred precincts of what is known to foreign visitors as The Temple, to the Chinese themselves as The Altar of Heaven. Hither, once a year at least, in person, oftener by deputy, comes the Son of Heaven, the reigning Emperor. Passing under a magnificent avenue of trees, he is carried over a little marble bridge into the court-yard of the Hall of Fasting, where he passes the night, and keeps the vigil of the great day of sacrifice by abstinence from all flesh-meat. [Continue reading]

Century of Baptist Missions

A Century of Baptist Missions offers a summary of the work of American Baptist Missions from their foundation up to around 1890. It covers their work in Burma (Myanmar), India, China, Japan, Africa, Brazil, Cuba, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Denmark, Greece, Spain and Turkey. This book is in the Public Domain.

Sophie Bronson Titterington [1846-?], A Century of Baptist Foreign Missions. An Outline Sketch. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1891. Hbk. pp.300. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Dawn in England
  2. Beginnings in America

    Burman Missions

  3. A New Gold Mine
  4. Early Lights and Shadows – Martyr Sufferings
  5. Rewards and Results
  6. Varied Experiences – Enlargement
  7. Helping Hands
  8. Sorrow and Joy
  9. Later Years

    Karen Mission

  10. A Fire Kindled
  11. Jungle Victories
  12. Success in Adversity
  13. Sunshine and Shadow
  14. Looking Beyond
  15. Trial and Victory

    Missions in Assam

  16. Lenthening Cords
  17. Progress in Assam
  18. The Kohls, Nagas, and Garos

    Shan Mission

  19. Mountain Heathen
  20. Sowing and Reaping

    Missions in China

  21. The Chinese Mission at Bangkok
  22. From Macoa to Swatow
  23. Results
  24. The Canton Mission
  25. Quiet Growth in China
  26. Central China Mission
  27. Northern China or Shantung Mission
  28. Western China Station

    Telugu Mission

  29. The Seed Planters
  30. Early Sheaves
  31. Later Harvests

    Missions in Japan

  32. Open Doors in Japan
  33. Promise and Perplexity
  34. The Crisis in Japan

    Missions in Africa

  35. The Old and the New
  36. Light in Darkness
  37. Missions of the Southern Board

    Missions in Western Hemisphere

  38. Missions in Brazil
  39. MIssions in Cuba
  40. Missions in Mexico

    Missions in Europe

  41. The Mission in France
  42. The Mission in Germany
  43. The Mission in Sweden
  44. The Mission in Italy
  45. Missions in Denmark, Greece, Spain
  46. The Publication Society’s Work in Turkey
  47. Our Century

Story of the London Missionary Society by C.S. Horne

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new ednI cannot think of the London Missionary Society without their work in the Pacific Ocean coming to mind. The transformation of the people of the Pacific Islands by the power of the Gospel was truly dramatic and accounts found their way into popular culture through such books as The Coral Island. Much of the information in R.M. Ballantyne’s book was drawn from accounts of missionary’s working there, as Ballantyne had never travelled in the Pacific.

The L.M.S.’s innovative use of missionary ships is noteworthy and their legacy can be found today in such ministries as Mercy Ships and Operation Mobilisation. The work of the L.M.S. however was truly global, reaching Africa, Asia and South America. This book provides a comprehensive account of its work up to 1904. It contains a great many pictures which I wanted to include in greyscale to preserve their quality, so the file size of this book is much higher than usual (22MB).

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new edn. London: London Missionary Society, 1908. Hbk. pp.460. [Click to download in PDF]


  1. Laying the Foundation
  2. The South Seas
  3. South Africa
  4. India
  5. China
  6. British Guiana
  7. Madagascar
  8. Expansion in Polynesia
  9. Southern and Centra; Africa
  10. Progress in India
  11. Further Work in China
  12. Developments in Madagascar
  13. North China and Mongolia
  14. New Guinea
  15. Summary


The London Missionary Society Steamship "John Williams"


Goforth of China on-line

Dr Jonathan Goforth
Dr Jonathan Goforth, missionary to China

The following Public Domain biography of Jonathan Goforth is now available for download in PDF:

Rosalind Goforth, Goforth of China. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., 1937. Hbk. pp.364.

Goforth of China


Dr. Goforth was one of the most radiant, dynamic personalities that ever enriched my life. God’s missionary program of the past half-century would not have been complete without him; the literature of missionary biography would be sadly lacking without this story of his life and work. He towers as a spiritual giant among God’s missionary heroes of his generation.

He was an electric, radiant personality, flooding his immediate environment – wherever he might be – with the sunlight that was deep in his heart and shone on his face because his life was “hid with Christ in God.” For some twenty years I had the privilege of knowing this man of God intimately – at conferences in America, in the mission field in China, in his home in Toronto, and in my home in Philadelphia. In all these places the rare sunshine of his presence abides as an undying memory.

With the sunshine of God’s love in his heart there was an irresistible enthusiasm and a tireless energy. Nothing could stop his dynamic drive in that to which God had commissioned him. It was the same when he was seventy-seven as when he was fifty-seven. The loss of his eyesight during the last three years of his life did not halt the energy-it seemed only to heighten it. When this providence of God was permitted, after forty-eight years of missionary service, the undaunted apostle of the Gospel said to a newspaper reporter: “Bless you my boy, I’d go back for another forty-eight years if my sight were only good.”

But Dr. Goforth’s radiant smile and brilliant spirit did not mean indifference to the dark side of life, its stern realities and the sinister attacks of the Adversary. With his warmth and love there was also keenest discernment of the falsehood of Modernism, and an unswerving, undying intolerance of all that sets itself against the Word of God. The sharply defined issue between Modernism and Fundamentalism in the foreign mission field was coming to the front in the summer of 1920, when Mrs. Trumhull and I had an unforgettable visit with Dr. and Mrs. Goforth in their home at Kikungshan. Dr. Goforth told me, with fire in his eye and his heart, of the inroads on missionary testimony being made by missionaries who were betraying the faith and substituting eternally fatal poison for the Gospel and the Word. Always he stood like Gibraltar, steadfast and uncompromising for the old faith which is ever new; and that is another reason why God so abundantly

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Missionary Heroines of the Cross On-line

Missionary Heroines of the Cross by Canon E C DawsonCanon E.C. Dawson’s biographical study of Missionary Heroines of the 19th Century is now available for free download in PDF. The book, which is abridged from a longer work by the same author contains short accounts of the following:

Mrs. Anne Duff – wife of Alexander Duff, missionary to India.

Mrs. Robert Clark – missionary to Pakistan/Afghanistan

Charlotte Tucker, missionary to India

Fanny Jane Butler [1850-1889], the first lady doctor in India.

Mary Reed [1854-1943], Irene Petrie and Alice Marval,, all missionaries to India.

Mrs. Hudson Taylor and Mrs. Polhill

Mrs. Loiusa Stewart, wife of Robert Stewart, missionaries to China.

Mrs. McDougall, missionary to Sarawak.

Mrs. Elizabeth Maria Bowen Thompson [1794-1869], missionary to Syria,

Fidelia Fiske [1816-1864], missionary to Turkey.

Mrs. Rosine Krapf, German missionary to Kenya.

Anna Hinderer [1827-1870], missionary to Nigeria.

Madame Coillard and many more.

Click here to download the complete volume, including illustrations.

China Past and Present

My wife Michelle and I have decided to digitise a number of Sunday magazines from the Victorian Era, starting with the Sunday at Home. This was published by the Religious Tract Society in London from the 1850s to the 1920s and contains a wealth of interesting material. Amongst the most interesting are the various missions reports from around the world.

This series of four articles document missions work in China up to 1889.

Rev. John Ross, “China Past and Present,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1815 (Feb. 9th 1889): 86-88. [Click here to download in PDF]

Rev. John Ross, “China: Past and Present, Part II,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1816 (Feb. 16th 1889): 108-109. [Click here to download in PDF]

John Ross, “China: Past and Present. Education,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1824 (April 13th 1889): 236-237. [Click here to download in PDF]

John Ross, “China: Past and Present. Religion,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1831 (June 1st 1889): 346-348. [Click here to download in PDF]

 China Past and Present

If the changes introduced into the polity, education and manners of the Chinese are less startling and revolutionary than we have seen in the neighbouring kingdom of Japan, they are none the less real or potent, nor will their issues in the future be less far-reaching. The cautious conservatism which forms so large an element in the national character of the Chinese makes it impossible for them to adopt important changes into their political and social life with the facility so characteristic of their light-hearted neighbours. In studying their ancient books, reading the story of the inter¬course of Europeans during the past few centuries and observing the Chinese of the present day, one is particularly struck with the little difference observable in the people, mentally, socially or physically. Even the great upheaval consequent

on the introduction and spread of Buddhism, like their changes of dynasty, was but the sudden rising of a great wave subsiding quickly, leaving everything at its formal level, rather than an earthquake shock pushing up rocks into permanent heights.

From what part of the west the original Chinese migrated, and how they established themselves on the banks of the Yellow River, where the foundations were laid of the present empire with its customs and manners, must ever remain a mystery. But that they attained to a high degree of civilisation at a period when every other existing nationality was still in the grossest barbarism is matter of history. From the earliest recorded times they were surrounded by people and nations who were their mental and social inferiors. How far their settled agricultural life will account for their superiority over houseless nomads is a subject of interest, though hot now demanding investigation. The fact remains that up to and long after the time of Confucius, the Chinese came, whether in peace or war, into contact with peoples from whom they were never able to learn anything valuable, and to whom they always taught whatever amount of civilisation these were capable of adopting. The Chinese did not in those very ancient times know anything of Europe, but had they been brought into familiar contact with European peoples they would have encountered, beyond the borders of little Greece, only savages like their own neighbours.

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