Zenana Missions in India

What were Zenana Missions? Zenana refers “…to the part of a house belonging to a Hindu or Muslim family in South Asia which is reserved for the women of the household.” These women were almost completely isolated from wider society and had no access to any kind of medical care. Male missionaries could not preach the Gospel to them, but female missionary doctors could – hence the growth in the late 19th Century of Zenana medical missions. This little book provides some stories from the life of one of these pioneering ladies. It appears by kind permission of the Church Missionary Society.

Charlotte S. Vines, A Woman Doctor On the Frontier. London: Church of England Zenana Mission, 1925. Pnk. pp.78. [Click to download in PDF format]

Contents

The Avalache

  1. A Jigsaw Puzzle
  2. Our Hospital
  3. Our Road
  4. Fatama
  5. Martha and Mary
  6. The Cripple
  7. Zargulla
  8. A Frontier Village
  9. Little Jewel
  10. A Sunday Case
  11. The Village of Eggs
  12. Witchcraft
  13. The Donkey Woman

The Cross

The Avalanche

In a lovely upland valley, one of the hillsides was covered with a forest of great trees. The view was very beautiful; on this side of the valley snow-on that, a wooded slope. We wandered into that wood; it was damp and dark, the sun could scarcely penetrate it, and many dank weeds flourished.

We went up another year and, looking towards our forest, saw but a great bare hillside; all down the valley huge trunks of trees lay scattered and the hill was cropped and brown as if some giant had reaped it with a mighty scythe. Our view was spoilt; our hill all scarred and ugly. What had happened?

Said the hillmen: “In the winter, when no man may live here, there was a mighty avalanche; it swept down the valley and everything in its course was torn up-even the earth was ploughed bare.” Our servants, who cared nothing for the view, said: “Great good fortune has come to us! See. the wood for lighting our fires and for burning has come down right to our very tents! We have but to step out and there is our wood.”

Next year again we went up and looked toward our mountains. Oh, the change! New life had come; the whole hillside was a tender, lovely green. We climbed, and lo! the hillside was covered with wonderful flowers-green grass and flowers. An old shepherd pointed upwards and said: “That snow did us a great benefit; now our animals can feed well and we can watch them easily.”

Yet we, with our short sight, had said: ” Oh, how cruel-why do such things happen?” [Continue reading]

Story of the London Missionary Society by C.S. Horne

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new ednI cannot think of the London Missionary Society without their work in the Pacific Ocean coming to mind. The transformation of the people of the Pacific Islands by the power of the Gospel was truly dramatic and accounts found their way into popular culture through such books as The Coral Island. Much of the information in R.M. Ballantyne’s book was drawn from accounts of missionary’s working there, as Ballantyne had never travelled in the Pacific.

The L.M.S.’s innovative use of missionary ships is noteworthy and their legacy can be found today in such ministries as Mercy Ships and Operation Mobilisation. The work of the L.M.S. however was truly global, reaching Africa, Asia and South America. This book provides a comprehensive account of its work up to 1904. It contains a great many pictures which I wanted to include in greyscale to preserve their quality, so the file size of this book is much higher than usual (22MB).

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new edn. London: London Missionary Society, 1908. Hbk. pp.460. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

  1. Laying the Foundation
  2. The South Seas
  3. South Africa
  4. India
  5. China
  6. British Guiana
  7. Madagascar
  8. Expansion in Polynesia
  9. Southern and Centra; Africa
  10. Progress in India
  11. Further Work in China
  12. Developments in Madagascar
  13. North China and Mongolia
  14. New Guinea
  15. Summary

Appendix
Index

The London Missionary Society Steamship "John Williams"

 

Mary Slessor The Dundee Factory Girl by J.J. Ellis

J.J. Ellis [1853-?], Mary Slessor. The Dundee Factory Girl who became a Devoted African MissionaryThe story of Mary Mitchell Slessor’s [1848-1915] work in Calabar, Nigeria was truly remarkable, as Andrew C. Ross notes in the Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions. [p.624.]:

Her life is an example of Christian inculturation, but regrettably it was trivialized by a romantic “white queen of Okoyong” attitude toward her in Britain.

J.J. Ellis [1853-?], Mary Slessor. The Dundee Factory Girl who became a Devoted African Missionary. Kilmarnock: John Ritchie, n.d. Hbk. pp.80. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

Foreword

  1. A Young Christian who was old enough to win souls
  2. A Loyal Missionary with Ideas and Visions of her own
  3. A Bold Pioneer who greatly dared for Christ; A Call for Courage in our Work for God
  4. A Good “Ma” who was also a Great Queen. A Proof that Love always conquers
  5. A Poor Woman who was enriched by what she gave above; A Sure method of securing True Wealth

Chapter 1

“One of the deepest instincts of our ·nature teaches the preciousness of severity,” said John Addington Symonds, but it is hard to believe him while the soul stings with injustice, hardship, or pain. Mary Slessor born at Gilcomston by Aberdeen, 2nd December, 1848, was educated under the harshest conditions, but she was kept sweet by the love of God in her frail mother. She had few advantages, and many crushing difficulties, but she shows what can be done by those who have few chances, but who are Christ’s, and are willing to be nothing, that He may be glorified. First the lassie was brought out of nature’s darkness and at once set to work to carry the light to others, and all her days she went forward carrying the lamp to show everyone the way to happiness and peace.

Her father was a shoemaker, and at times sober, kindly and tender. But he lacked a saving interest in Christ, and before long became a victim of the drink sin. Gradually the octopus arms tightened their grip, and the more they grasped the less the deluded man desired to be free. Mary’s mother was one of those sweet, frail women for whom a bad man has a fascination. The mothering instinct is useful but it can be perverted as it was in this case, for that husband grew the worse the more he was loved.  [Continue reading]

Reflections of a Pioneer Missionary by William R.S. Miller

Reflections of a Pioneer Missionary by W.R.S. MillerWilliam Miller [1872-1952] was a Church Missionary Society Missionary to the Hausa people of Northern Nigeria. He spent 50 years working in that country and assisted in the translation of the Bible into the Hausa language. My thanks to the Church Missionary Society for their kind permission to place this book on-line.

W.R.S. Miller [1872-1952], Reflections of a Pioneer. London: Church Missionary Society, 1936. Hbk. pp.227. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

A bibliography of other works by and about William Miller is now also available.

Contents

  1. Introductory
  2. The Team and Their Preparation
  3. The Situation in 1900
  4. Slavery in Northern Nigeria
  5. Seeking a Foothold
  6. Hausa, Fulani, and Pagan
  7. The System of Indirect Rule
  8. The Beginnings of the Misison at Zaria
  9. Mission and Government at Zaria
  10. The Story of an Experiment
  11. Aliyu: Prince, Emir, and Exile
  12. Building for the Future
  13. Marriage Customs and Problems
  14. Moral Standards
  15. Racial Relationships
  16. Language and Literature
  17. Conclusion

Epilogue
Index

Foreword

Dr. Miller has asked me to write a foreword to this book, and I do so with very real pleasure.

To those who have lived and worked for any length of time in Northern Nigeria, as missionary or government official, no introduction of its author is necessary. Indeed, his name will long be remembered by Africans and Europeans alike.

By some he may be remembered chiefly as a great linguist. He says that he conceived it to be his duty to learn to speak Rausa so that some day he should not be detected, when speaking in the dark, by a native of the country. He was commonly reputed to have achieved that standard of proficiency in Hausa-speaking, and he is probably the only European of whom it could ever truly have been said. Others may have had as great or even greater knowledge of the language from a philological standpoint, but he, to an extent achieved by no other European, had the power to express his thoughts in the Rausa manner, to clothe them with the appropriate words and phrases, using just the right tone and faultless pronunciation. [Continue reading]

The Story of Clifford Harris of Persia [1904-1930]

Ronald West Howard [1887-1960], A Merry Mountainer. The Story of Clifford Harris of PersiaThis little book tells the story of the work of Clifford Harris [1904-1930] in Persia, modern day Iran. It is reproduced by kind permission of the Church Missionary Society.

Ronald West Howard [1887-1960], A Merry Mountainer. The Story of Clifford Harris of Persia. London: Church Missionary Society, 1931. Pbk. pp.93. [Click to download in PDF]

Early Days

On a beautiful stretch of Sussex upland, two miles from the town of Horsham, stand the stately buildings of Christ’s Hospital -the ancient school for boys in the new setting to which it was moved from London early in the twentieth century.

Here, on October 24, 1904, Clifford Harris was born; and some account must be given of his early days and of the family life that was to mean so much to him.

He was the youngest of the three children of the Rev. George Harris, a master at the school. Himself of Irish ancestry, the father always made friends by his quick sense of humour and ready fund of enthusiasm. These gifts his youngest son inherited to the full. His mother was a cousin of that famous medical missionary, Dr. Theodore Pennell, who spent his adventurous life of service among the frontier folk of the North-West Frontier Province of India. Something of his mantle was destined
to fall upon his young kinsman.

From his earliest days Clifford, with his brother and sister, knew the happiness of an undivided family life. His sister Ruth, a year older than himself, was his constant companion throughout all his childhood and his best friend in youth. When apart, they wrote regularly to each other every week. Jordan, the elder brother, always exercised a strong inspiration and influence for good over the younger brother. All through Clifford’s career this happy, undivided family life strengthened and moulded his character and service. Those who had most to do with him as a small boy found him delightfully unselfish ; this, and his natural gaiety of spirit endeared him to all who knew him. But he was wholesomely mischievous, too. A governess who had the early management of him-and found the task none too easy-tells how, on the death of her own father, Clifford showed his practical sympathy by saying : ” I am so very sorry your father has died ; and I really will try to behave better now.” Some days afterwards, however, the strain proving heavy, he warned her: “I don’t think I can keep it up much longer “! [Continue reading]

Letters of Archbishop William Ridley, Missionary to Canada

Archbishop William Ridley (22 July 1836 – 25 May 1911)Archbishop William Ridley [22 July 1836 – 25 May 1911] was a missionary to British Columbia in Canada. This collection of his letters appears by kind permission of the Church Missionary Society. Wikipedia gives a brief summary of his life and work. The file size of this PDF is larger than usual because the book contains numerous images which I wanted to include in greyscale.

Alice J. Janvrin, ed., Snapshots From The North Pacific. Letters Written by the Right Rev. Bishop Ridley (late of Caledonia). London: Church Missionary Society, 1904. Hbk. pp.192. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

  1. Introductory
  2. A Summer’s Journey and a Winter’s Campaign
  3. Storms Fulfilling His Word
  4. A Cry and a Response
  5. In Journeyings Often
  6. A Triumph Song
  7. New Work and Old
  8. Peril by Water
  9. Visitation Work
  10. Regions Beyond
  11. An Abundant Entrance
  12. A Memorial Mission
  13. Enlarged Opportunities
  14. First·Fruits From The Stikine River
  15. More Perils in the Sea

Chapter 1: Introductory

The following letters are not in any sense a continuous history of the British Columbia (formerly known as the North Pacific) Mission. Rather, they are snapshots taken at varying intervals, and developed by a skilful hand, so bringing out details of scenery and work with a vividness that is sometimes almost startling. The prevailing thought in the mind of the reader will probably be, that beautiful as are the rushing streams, the gloomy forests, the snow-clad mountains of British Columbia, far more beautiful to the Indians are the feet of those who have taken good tidings and published peace to them. The wilderness and the solitary place have indeed been glad for them, and the desert has rejoiced and blossomed as the rose.

Fifty years ago no attempt had yet been made to reach the Zimshian Indians and other tribes on the north-west coast of the great continent of North America-now Christianity is the rule and Paganism the exception. Neat villages, with their churches, schools, and well-ordered homes, testify to the power of the grace of God to civilize as well as to Christianize. Medicine men have laid down their charms and submitted to the Cross of Christ, and hymns of praise resound where once were heard the fearful sounds of the heathen potlach[Continue reading].

Samuel Callis [1870-1897], Missionary to Uganda

Richard Deare Pierpont [1838-1929], In Uganda For Christ.Uganda still ranks #4 in the Theology on the Web Group Poll, so here is a biography of another missionary to that country – Samuel Callis. My thanks to the Church Missionary Society for their permission to reproduce it here.

Richard Deare Pierpont [1838-1929], In Uganda For Christ. The Life Story of the Rev. John Samuel Callis B.A., of the Church Missionary Society. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1898. Hbk. pp.196. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

  1. Childhood and Early Years
  2. College Life and Preparation for the Ministry
  3. Three Years’ Ministry at All Saints’, Plumstead
  4. The Missionary Call and Dismissal to the Field
  5. The Voyage to Africa and Stay in Frere Town
  6. The Journey to the Front
  7. Arrival in Uganda and Departure for Toro
  8. Journey to Toro
  9. At Work in Toro
  10. The Early Home Call

Preface

I have been honoured by the invitation to prefix a few words to the brief story of a young Missionary. I do so with thankfulness and hope, believing that the simple narrative both illustrates a gracious fact and sets forth a wholesome example. In my acquaintance with those who have received the Missionary call, I have been struck by the number who come of a godly seed. The old taunt that the children of pious parents turn out ill, is only based on exceptions which secure prominence by their rarity. On the other hand, as it should be, the instincts created by the Spirit through the influences of a holy home are the commonest causes for Missionary ambition. While there is no such thing as hereditary grace, there is a power in parental prayers, and a holy family history which, without the smallest human suggestion, nay, sometimes in most unlikely ways, prepares the soul for God’s leadings into the Missionary life. [Continue reading]

Robert Moffat One of God’s Gardeners

Edwin W. Smith [1876-1957], Robert Moffat: One of God's GardenersRobert Moffat [1795-1883] was a Scottish Pioneer missionary in South Africa. Edwin Smith’s biography on one the standard biographies, which I am able to upload thanks to the kind permission of the Church Missionary Society.

Edwin W. Smith [1876-1957], Robert Moffat: One of God’s Gardeners. London: Church Missionary Society, 1925. Hbk. pp.251. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

Author’s Preface

  1. Early Life
  2. South Africa a Century Ago
  3. The Bushmen and the Hottentots
  4. A Severe Test
  5. Builders of Hope
  6. The Bechuana
  7. Wars and Rumours of Wars
  8. Kuruman
  9. Journeyings Oft
  10. The Translator
  11. Kuruman Again
  12. A Troublous Time
  13. The Crowning Act
  14. Pioneering at Sixty-Five
  15. The Final Years

Map – South Africa in Robert Moffat’s Day
Index

Author’s Preface

MY object throughout this volume has been to place Moffat in the historical and ethnological setting of South Africa-a country that has changed so much during the last hundred years that it is difficult for the present generation to realize the conditions under which he worked. For the facts of Moffat’s life I have relied chiefly upon his own book, Missionary Labours and Scenes in South Africa (published in 1842), and the biography by his son, the late Rev. J. S. Moffat. Much information has been gathered from the works of the early travellers, some of which are named in footnotes, I would express my gratitude to the London Missionary Society, which gracefully placed its records at my disposal ; and to the Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society who allow me to use letters which have never before (so far as I am aware) been printed. My best thanks are also due to the Rev. J. Tom Brown, late of Kuruman, who most generously allowed me to read, and make use of, his manuscript on the history and customs of the Bechuana, which I hope will before long be published. My own experiences as a pioneer missionary in South Central Africa, and a visit I made to Kuruman in 1912, have helped me considerably in appreciating Moffat’s work. [Click to continue reading]

History of Moravian Missions

J.E. Hutton [1838-1937], A History of Moravian MissionsThe Moravian Mission began with a visitation of the Holy Spirit on August 13th 1727. It sparked a 24/7 prayer meeting that lasted or a hundred years and was responsible for sending more that half of the Protestant overseas missionary of the eighteenth century. As no study of missions could be complete without a reference to Count Zinzendorf and the fellowship at Herrnhut (the “Lord Watch”) I am very pleased to be able to upload the official Moravian account of its history.

J.E. Hutton [1838-1937], A History of Moravian Missions. London: Moravian Publication Office, n.d. Hbk. pp.550. [Click to download in PDF]

This book is in the public domain.

Book I. The Eighteenth Century Pioneers, 1700-1800

  1. The Dreamer, 1700-81
  2. The Voice in the Night, 1781-2
  3. The Danish West Indies, 1786-82
  4. The British West Indies, 1754-1800
  5. Greenland, 1788-74
  6. The North American Indians, 1784-1808
  7. The South American Indians, 1785-1808
  8. The Bush Negroes of Surinam, 1765-1818
  9. South Africa: The Hottentots, 1786-44
  10. Labrador, 1752-1804
  11. The Jews, 1788-42
  12. The Flying Scouts, 1784-1822
  13. Zinzendorf as Missionary Leader, 1781-60
  14. The Count’s Successors, 1760-1800

Book II. The Builders, 1800-1914

  1. Jamaica; or West Indies; Western Province, 1805-1914
  2. The West Indies; Eastern Province, 1800-1914
  3. Greenland, 1800-1900
  4. The North American Indians, 1808-1901
  5. Surinam, 1800-1914
  6. South Africa, West; or the Hottentots, 1792-1914
  7. South Africa, East; Or the Kaffirs, 1818-1914
  8. Labrador, 1804-1914

Book III. The Modern Advance, 1848-1914

  1. Nicaragua, 1849·1914
  2. Victoria, 1849-1905
  3. Western Tibet, 1853-1914
  4. The Leper Home at Jerusalem, 1867-1914
  5. Demerara, 1878-1914.
  6. Alaska, 1885-1914
  7. California, 1889·1914
  8. North Queensland, 1891-1914
  9. East Central Africa: Nyassa, 1891-1914
  10. East Central Africa: Unyamwezi, 1898-1914

Book IV. Methods, Measures and Ideals

  1. The System of Government
  2. The Work of the Synods, 1760-1909
  3. The Synod of 1914; Or, Moravian Missionary Ideals Epilogue: By Bishop Arthur Ward

Appendix
Errata
Index
Bibliography

 

Eclipse in Ethiopia and its Corona Glory

Esmé Ritchie Rice, ed., Eclipse in Ethiopia and its Corona Glory, 2nd ednAccording to the publisher’s summary on the inside front cover, this book…

Tells of the experiences of missionaries of the Sudan Interior Mission during the Italo-Ethiopian war, and is a record of miraculous protection and provision. When war broke out the Society had fifteen stations staffed by seventy-five missionaries, and they all refused to abandon the people in their hour of need.

They offered submission and their services to the new Government, hoping that they would be able to continue under the Italian flag, but disillusionment soon followed, and events made it impossible for the missionaries to continue to respect the Italian Government. Italy is now squeezing out the last of the missionaries. The closing chapter contains moving stories of the native converts left to carry on a Christian witness whilst the missionaries seek other spheres of labour on the outskirts of Ethiopia.

I was able to trace the copyright holder of this book, thanks to the assistance of Tim Allen of Serving in Mission (SIM UK). My thanks to Edward Uren for his kind permission to upload this title, which covers a rarely discussed period in the history of the church in Ethiopia.

Esmé Ritchie Rice, ed., Eclipse in Ethiopia and its Corona Glory, 2nd edn. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., 1938. Pbk. pp.125. {Click to download in PDF]

Contents

  1. First Dawnings
  2. Gleams in the North
  3. War Clouds
  4. The Lighthouse of Lalibella
  5. The Men of the Lamp
  6. Preservation Amidst Destruction
  7. The Way Of Escape
  8. The Shadow of Death
  9. The Evacuation of Gamo
  10. Homeless Wanderers
  11. Inexhaustible Supplies
  12. The Shutters of Rome
  13. Lightbearers of the Future

Foreword

The greater part of this book tells of the experiences of our missionaries during the ltalo-Ethiopian war, and is a record of miraculous protection and provision.

As we write these lines, Italy is squeezing out the last of our missionaries from Ethiopia, and we should be unfaithful if we did not give testimony as ministers of righteousness as well as of the Gospel.

During the seven years that our Mission was operating under the regime of Ras Tafari as Regent, and later as the Emperor Haile Selassie, we had every reason to believe that he was sympathetic to all efforts made for the social and spiritual enlightenment of his people. When the Mission proposed to establish a Leprosarium, His Majesty not only gave a beautiful site of five hundred acres just outside the capital, but contributed a substantial sum of money, laid the foundation stone, and was present later at the official opening. [Click to continue reading]