India From a Missionary Point of View

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of ViewThis little book was originally written for missionary study classes in the US. It therefore represents a “snapshot” of the state of play of missionary work in India at the close of the 19th Century. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of View. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1896. Hbk. pp.127.[Click to download in PDF]


  1. Arya-Varta, ‘The Land of the Aryans’
  2. India’s Past
  3. The Common Life
  4. The Religious Life of the Masses
  5. India’s Real Man and Woman
  6. Christian Missions in India
  7. Present Phases of Missionary Work
  8. India’s Appeal to British Students



This little book is primarily intended for missionary study classes, yet it is hoped that it will be of value also to other readers. It was originally prepared for use in the United States; but this edition has been carefully revised, and adapted to the special requirements of British readers. Only a few topics are discussed, but they are such as most vitally concern India, considered from a missionary point of view.

Following each chapter will be found a number of suggested readings. The limited size of this book prevents anything save an outline statement of the subjects treated, and the readings will prove useful to those who wish fuller details. Their number has been multiplied, not with the expectation that all will be read by any one person, but to meet the requirements of a class to each of whose members different readings may be assigned, or whose library may not contain a large collection of books on India. In such a case, a few, at least, of the books will be found out of the large number named.

To facilitate their use, the pages or chapters bearing on the topic are in most cases designated. Periodical literature, both secular and missionary, is so abundant that no attempt has been made to suggest such articles, with the sole exception of those in The Missionary Review of the World, which for obvious reasons has been freely used. Books in foreign languages have been consulted in preparing the chapters, but are not referred to in the list of readings, though here again another exception has been made in the case of M. Levi’s article in La Grande Encyclopedie, one of exceptional value. [Continue reading]

Andrew Young of Shensi

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions
Andrew Young [1869-1922], Medical Missionary
This is the story of Andrew Young [1869-1922] served as a medical missionary in Congo and later in China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for scanning. This volume is now in the Public Domain.

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions. London: The Carey Press, [1924]. Hbk. pp.314. [Click to download the complete volume in PDF]


Introductory Chapter: The Hill and the Plain

Part I. – In Congo’s Free State

1. Getting Ready
2. From Transport Agent to Medical Amateur
3. Teaching, Preaching and Healing

Part II. – In China’s Empire

4. Eastward Ho!
5. A Member of the Mission
6. The Making of a Home
7. The Medical Missionary
8. The Doctor, The Mission and the World at Large
9. Reinforcements and Removals

Part III. – In China’s Republic

10. The Dramatic Year: (1) Hunted On The Hills
11. The Dramatic Year: (2) Toiling In The Plains
12. The Growth of a Soul
13. In the Jenkins-Robertson Memorial Hospital
14. The Shining Year

Author’s Preface

The justification for such a volume as the present is to be found in the belief that “the fine is not the abnormal, it is the usual.” The thought of’ any book written around his life being the glorification of the subject would have distressed Andrew Young greatly, but to its publication he might have at least resigned himself if from a perusal of his story the reader could gather a truer idea of the aims underlying the medical missionary enterprise.

The subject of this biography has points of temperament and areas of experience peculiar to himself, yet it is as he is representative that he is most valuable; and whilst many missionaries fall short of the standard at which he arrived, the reader can yet rest assured that the values in conduct which appear in the pages which follow are not peculiar to this missionary alone. Missionaries’ faults there are in plenty, easily discovered and described, but the virtues are there also, and, both for the student as well as for the critic of missions, a little honest research in this latter direction will not be time wasted. [Continue reading]

Twelve Lectures on Moravian Missions

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures
Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures – Frontispiece
This book preserves twelve substantial lectures on Moravian Missions by Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901]. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with an original copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1882. Hbk. pp.516. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Moravians
  2. Count Zinzendorf
  3. Mission to the West Indies
  4. Mission to South and Central America
  5. Mission to Greenland
  6. Mission to Labrador
  7. Missions to North American Indians
  8. North American Indians (concluded)
  9. Missions to South America
  10. South Africa (concluded)
  11. Mission to Australia
  12. Résumé and Characteristics


The following Lectures form one of the courses on Foreign Missions delivered at the Theological Seminary, Andover, during the years 1877-1880, and to the Theological Department of the Boston University, 1882.

The literature of the several subjects is added with considerable fullness; one reason being that American and English readers have less acquaintance with this department of missionary literature than with many others. As the Moravian missions are conducted chiefly by Germans, it is natural that various authorities in their language should appear in the list. The works cited differ greatly in value; but by an ample citation the author desires to aid inquirers -who may wish to go over the same ground, in part or wholly, which he has himself traversed. A perusal of these works, or any considerable portion of them, can hardly fail to foster the sentiment of Count Zinzendorf: “The whole earth is the Lord’s; men’s souls are his; I am debtor to all. [Continue Reading]

200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932

The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932This little book summarises 200 years of Moravian missions as they spread to the four corners of the world. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing the original copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932. London: Moravian Book Room, n.d. Hbk. pp.93.[Click to download complete book in PDF]


Part I – Zinzendorf and Spangenberg

The Send-Off
The West Indies
Gens Aeterna
Greenland and Labrador
The North American Indians
Missionary Ventures
The Leaders
The Missionaries
The Home Church
The Missionary Hymn

Part II – From Spangenberg Till Now

1. The New Movement
2. A Fresh Start in South Africa
3. The Centenary
4. The Freedman
5. Progress in South Africa
6. The Eskimo
7. New Branches on the Old Tree:

a. Nicaragua
b. California
c. Australia
d. Tibet
e. East Africa

8. The War
9. Rebuilding and Alterations


When it was known what literary provision was being made for the Bicentenary of Moravian Missions, it seemed useless to attempt an independent history in English. Among the volumes announced was one by Bishop Baudert, D.D., bearing the title, “Auf der Hut des Herrn” (On the Lord’8 Watch). Bishop Baudert’s book, if adapted to the requirements of the average reader, was just what was needed. When the translator asked permission to treat it freely for this purpose the request was willingly granted. The original has been shortened, and some passages have been altered where knowledge was assumed which the English reader cannot be expected to possess unless he has an intimate acquaintance with the subject treated of. The prologue and the second chapter have been inserted to help those who have no other history at hand. In spite of these changes, the character of the book remains the same, and the translator has tried to give, not only the sense, but also the tone of his friend’s words. They are worthy to be heard by the whole Church, and not only by a part, when it listens to those who tell the story of the past and point the moral for to-day and to-morrow. [Continue reading]

J. Hudson Taylor’s Retrospect

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905]James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905] currently ranks #4 in my poll of missionaries on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group. Unable to find a missionary society willing to sponsor him, he founded the China Inland Mission (now Overseas Missionary Fellowship (OMF) and he and 16 others sailed for China in 1866. J.D. Douglas writes:

Taylor’s fervor was matched by pioneering audacity. He adopted Chinese dress and customs, paired foreign missionaries with national Christians, directly solicited no funds (“Jehovah-jireh” was a favourite word), and saw the establishment of churches as less important than the task of presenting the gospel to as many as possible before the Lord’s return. No distance board controlled the mission; decisions were take on the field. BY 1891 Taylor led some 64 workers, but his influence and his principles extended far beyond CIM. He mobilized and motivated people for worldwide mission. [Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions, p.931]

In this short book Hudson Taylor explains the circumstances that led to the formation of the China Inland Mission.

James Hudson Taylor [1832-1905], A Retrospect. London: Morgan & Scott, n.d. Hbk. pp.128. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Power of Prayer
  2. The Call of Service
  3. Preparation For Service
  4. Further Answers to Prayer
  5. Life in London
  6. Strengthened by Faith
  7. Mighty to Save
  8. Voyage to China
  9. Early Missionary Experiences
  10. First Evangelistic Efforts
  11. With the Rev. W.C. Burns
  12. The Call to Swatow “The Missionary Call”: Words and Music
  13. Man Proposes, God Disposes
  14. Providential Guidance
  15. Settlement in Ningpo
  16. Timely Supplies
  17. God a Refuge For Us
  18. A New Agency Needed
  19. Formation of the C.I.M.

With P’u and His Brigands

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His BrigandsAttack by brigands was a serious problem in China – and missionaries with the China Inland Mission were not immune from their attentions, as this little book recounts. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing an original copy for scanning. Reproduced by kind permission of the copyright holder, OMF International-UK.

Mrs Howard Taylor [1865-1949], With Pu and His Brigands. London: China Inland Mission, 1922. Hbk. pp.76. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Captured
  2. Separated
  3. A Long Night
  4. Reunited
  5. The Map and its Meaning


It may be that readers of this little book will be moved with pity for the sufferings it depicts-not our own, but those of millions in China to-day scourged by civil war and brigandage. It may be they will want to know how they can help to heal this “open sore of the world.” Among many ways, none is more effectual, we venture to think, than waiting upon God in prayer-steadfast, believing prayer in the name of Christ. There is no comparison between what man can do and what God can do. Shall we not wait upon Him, then, for this great country in which one quarter of the human race is slowly turning toward the light, sore pressed with problems to which Christ alone affords the solution, sick with sin, and wounded with sufferings He alone can heal.

And then, as those who really pray are those who help in other ways as well, we append a list of all the organisations at present engaged in the evangelisation of Yunnan – the province which has proved such a hot-bed of civil war and brigandage. Words cannot tell what we personally owe to the love and prayers and practical help of these honoured fellow-workers of our own and other missions.  [Continue reading]

Ethiopia the Valiant by William Roome

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Ethiopia the ValiantA brief history of Ethiopia and of Christian missions in that country up to around 1936. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing an original copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Ethiopia the Valiant. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, n.d. Pbk. pp.126. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Abayte! The Call From Ethiopia
  2. Ethiopia, The Land of History and Mystery
  3. Abyssinia To-day
  4. The Moslem Invader
  5. Caesar-Nero!
  6. Rome: The Papal Tyrant
  7. Ethiopia To-morrow
  8. The Negus – Emperor and Gentleman
  9. The Healing Touch
  10. The Word of Life

Epilogue: Ethiopia Prayer League

Chapter 1

A richly furnished reception room in a well-built house on the high plateau in Ethiopia (Abyssinia).

The Ras (Governor) sits there in State, surrounded by his courtiers, soldiers, and State servants. It breathes the atmosphere of ease and security – of contentment and luxury.

Suddenly the silence is broken by a persistent wail from a distant hill-crest. Scanning the horizon, one saw some twenty men, dishevelled, wan, and half clothed; with one frantic cry they sought to draw the Governor’s attention as together they pleaded : “Abayte! Abayte!”

Their anguished cry seemed to stab our spirits, and stir to action: “Abayte! Give justice! Have mercy! Avenge us of our adversaries. Show pity! Abayte! Abayte!”

The cry persisted for thirty – sixty – minutes and more. These desperate men would not be denied. They were in dire need. The Governor could satisfy it. He might continue his journey and then all hope would be lost. He must bear their case; he must give justice now, or else they would perish.

That appeal was eloquent in its brevity and insistence. It said: “You have choice wine: we have nothing to slake our thirst. You have rare and rich food to eat: we are starving. You have friends to comfort and soldiers to protect : we are friendless and helpless. Abayte! Do justice!” [Continue reading]

James Gilmour – Among the Mongols

James Gilmour [1843-1891], Among the MongolsThis is the travelogue of James Gilmour [1873-1891] written in the course of his missionary work in Mongolia. My thanks to Redcliffe College who provided me with an original copy of the book to scan. This book is now in the public domain.

James Gilmour [1843-1891], Among the Mongols. London: Religious Tract Society, n.d. Hbk. pp.288. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. First Acquaintance With Mongolia
  2. Picking Up Mongolian
  3. The Baikal in Winter
  4. Traces of the Old Buriat Mission
  5. Learning to Ride
  6. A Night in a Mongol’s Tent
  7. Buying Experience
  8. How to Travel in Mongolia
  9. Dining With a Mongol
  10. Appeal to a Mongol Mandarin
  11. Lama Miao
  12. Urga
  13. Wu T’ai Shan
  14. Kalgan
  15. Doctoring the Mongols
  16. The Gospel in Mongolia
  17. Mongols’ Difficulties About Christianity
  18. The First of the White Month
  19. Norbo’s Marriage
  20. Friendly Mongols
  21. A Mongol Court of Justice
  22. A Mongol Prison
  23. Whisky in Mongolia
  24. Mongol Toilet
  25. The Mongols in Peking


This book aims at representing to the western reader whatever is most noteworthy and interesting in the home life, manners and customs, occupations and surroundings, modes of thought, superstitions and religious beliefs and practices of the Mongol tribes who inhabit the eastern portion of the plateau of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north and China on the south.

It is not a missionary’s report nor a traveller’s diary, nor a student’s compilation, but has for its source things seen, heard, and experienced by me while travelling with natives through the desert, Sharing with them the hospitality of the wayside tent, taking my turn in the night-watch against thieves, resting in the comparative comfort of the portable cloth travelling tent, or dwelling as a lodger in their more permanent abodes of trellis-work and felt while engaged first of all in learning the language and acquainting myself with the country, and afterwards in the prosecution of my missionary duties.

Starting from Peking as head-quarters, I first saw the plain in August, 1870, and during most of the intervening years have spent the summer months itinerating among the tribes to the west, north, and east of Kalgan; and have had the opportunity during the winter months in Peking of meeting Mongols who come to that great centre on Government duty from nearly all the tribes scattered over the vast extent of desert territory which acknowledges the Chinese rule. [Continue reading]

Pioneering In Morocco by Robert Kerr

This book is the personal account of Robert Kerr’s seven years (1886-1892) as a medical doctor in Morocco. The copy I have scanned has an interesting provenance, having once been part of the North Africa Mission library in Rabat before being placed in Redcliffe College library. At some point it was liberally soaked in red wine, so it took some time to remove the stains from the images! However, given that there are few book available on mission work in Morocco I am sure that this was time well spent. The book is now in the public domain.

Robert Kerr [?-1918], Pioneering in Morocco. A Record of Seven Years’ Medical Mission Work in the Palace and the Hut. London: H.R. Allenson, n.d. Hbk. pp.251. [Download complete book in PDF]



  1. First Year (1886)
  2. Second Year (1887)
  3. Third Year (1888)
  4. Fourth Year (1889)
  5. Fifth Year (1890)
  6. Sixth Year (1891)
  7. Seventh Year (1892)


The nature of this book is explained in the title. These notes from my diary were never intended for publication, although most of the book has appeared, in one form or another, in the Presbyterian Messenger”.

Missionary enterprise in Morocco must always be twofold, as we have to combat with Mohammedanism and Judaism.

In a country where there is no security to life or property our work is necessarily fraught with many difficulties. At present the country is but partially opened; yet, with a knowledge-of medicine, however small, access can be gained to many homes and hearts, which would be otherwise impossible. Nevertheless we have formidable opponents in the Moorish government, and a class of fanatics, called shereefs, supposed to be in the direct lineage of the Prophet. But as the Lord said unto Zerubbabel, so says He 1;1nto us: “Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts” (Zech. iv. 6). “If God be for us, who can be against us” (Rom. viii. 31).

Some writers speak of the benign influence which Mohammedanism exerts over its followers; but during a close observance of seven years I have failed to see it. The Koran is at variance with every fundamental truth in· the gospel, and Islam can only be called a vindictive and licentious religion.

Vindictive as its precepts are – “Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth” – the Koran contains no precept which enjoins its followers to “love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, bless them that curse you and pray ·for them which despitefully use you” (Luke vi. 27, 28). [Continue Reading]

Rowland Bingham’s History of the Sudan Interior Mission

Rowland V. Bingham [1872-1942], Seven Sevens of Years and a Jubilee. The Story of the Sudan Interior MissionFollowing on from the last post, here is the Jubilee Story of the Sudan Interior Mission (now the Serving in Mission [SIM]) as told by its founder, Roland V. Bingham [1872-1942]. This book is in the public domain. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy for scanning.

Rowland V. Bingham [1872-1942], Seven Sevens of Years and a Jubilee. The Story of the Sudan Interior Mission. Toronto: Evangelical Publishers, 1943. Pbk. pp.122. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Seven Years of Death and Darkness 1893 to 1900
  2. The Seven Years of Barrenness, 1900 to 1907
  3. The Third Seven Years, the Beginning of Fruitfulness, 1908 to 1914
  4. The War Years and the Beginning of a Great Harvest, 1915 to 1921
  5. Seven Years of Enlarged Vision and a Larger Call, 1922 to 1928
  6. Victory in Carrying the Gospel to the Moslems, 1929 to 1935
  7. The Eclipse in Ethiopia and Its Passing, 1936 to 1942
  8. How We Became Interdenominational
  9. Speed Up
  10. The Finished Work, the Completion of the Church’s Task


Mrs Bingham has honoured me in suggesting that I should write a foreword to this book which was completed by her late husband so shortly before he was called to celebrate his Jubilee in the presence of his Lord, Whom he served so long and so faithfully.

It is both a difficult task and a delightful privilege. The exigencies of this World War No. II have prevented me from perusing the manuscript, since it was too precious to risk sending across the ocean, and I must, therefore, imagine what is contained in the book. On the other hand, whatever Dr. Bingham may have written will be for the glory of his Lord and for the furtherance of His work among the peoples of the Sudan; and I have no hesitation whatever in recommending to the reader a most careful and prayerful perusal of its pages.

I have known Dr. Bingham for many years and we have had many times of sweet communion together. I can recall no occasion when the subject of our conversation has not been the extension of Christ’s Kingdom. He was essentially a man of vision, lifting up his eyes and beholding the fields white already to harvest-calling for immediate action in the gathering of more and more of that harvest. [Continue reading]