History of Baptist Medical Missions

R. Fletcher Moorshead [1874-1934], "Heal The Sick". The Story of the Medical Auxiliary of the Baptist Missionary SocietyThis book was written for the occasion of 25th anniversary of the Medical Missions Auxilliary of the Baptist Missionary Society. The Appendices helpfully document the names and dates of those who served as medical missionaries from 1793 to 1928. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is in the Public Domain.

R. Fletcher Moorshead [1874-1934], “Heal The Sick”. The Story of the Medical Auxiliary of the Baptist Missionary Society. London: The Carey Press, [1929]. Hbk. pp.224. [Download the complete book in PDF]


  1. At The Dawn
  2. A Faulty Perspective
  3. A New Beginning
  4. Getting To Work
  5. After Eleven Years
  6. Lengthening the Cords
  7. Strengthening the Stakes
  8. Heroism and Sacrifice
  9. A Medical Mission Nehemiah’s Wall
  10. In the Crucible of War
  11. Through Sorrow to Joy
  12. The Return of the Deputation
  13. A Costly Service
  14. Reaching Out to Greater Things
  15. The Auxiliary Loses Its Life
  16. Under Fire
  17. The Twenty-Fifth Milestone
  18. On the Way to the Jubilee
  19. The Challenge of To-Morrow

Appendix I
Appendix II
Appendix III

Author’s Preface

Two years ago, upon the occasion of the celebration of the semi-jubilee of the Medical Mission Auxiliary, the desire was expressed that some permanent record of the twenty-five years should be compiled. The following pages, written as and when they could be in the scant leisure that it was possible to snatch from the demands of other work, are offered in the hope that their perusal may deepen interest in the work of B.M.S. Medical Missions.

The very fact that the Auxiliary no longer exists as a specific branch of the Society may be held to constitute one reason why its inspiring story should be recorded ere the ceaseless march of events has caused it to be forgotten. A greater reason may be found in the character of the service which here stands revealed. No finer heroism is to be found anywhere than that exhibited by the lives of missionary doctors and nurses, and for the sake of the younger generation in particular, it deserves to betold. A still further reason may be traced in the need, increasingly apparent, to safeguard the distinctive work of Medical Missions from being lost sight of in the more general presentation of the missionary enterprise which has become customary of recent years. [Continue reading]

Forty Years of Medical Missions Work in India

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], India's Womanhood. Forty Years Work at LudhianaChristine Tinling’s account of Dame Edith Brown‘s [1864-1956] 40 years medical missions work at Ludhiana Women’s Christian Medical College in India. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is now in the Public Domain.

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], India’s Womanhood. Forty Years Work at Ludhiana. London: The Lutterworth Press, 1935.Pbk. pp.119. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

(If you wish to add a bibliographic reference in Wikipedia, please use this link.)


  1. Indoors and Out
  2. The Open Secret
  3. Merry Christmas!
  4. H.R.H. the Brahmini Bull
  5. A Guided Life
  6. A Tour

Leila Cooke – Fish Four and the Lisu New Testament

Leila R. Cooke [?-1943], Fish Four and the Lisu New TestamentLeila Cooke and her husband Alan served for 25 years among the Lisu Tribe of Yunnan Province in China. This book which tells her story appears on-line by kind permission of the OMF International-UK. My thanks also to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan.

Leila R. Cooke [?-1943], Fish Four and the Lisu New Testament. London: China In Inland Mission, 1948. Pbk. pp.94. [Click to download in PDF]


  1. The Offering
  2. The Prize-Winner
  3. Fish Four’s Preparation
  4. Fish Four’s Call and Appointment
  5. The Growth and Establishment of the Lisu Church
  6. Early Days at Stockade Hill
  7. His Trip to Chefoo
  8. His Fall
  9. A New Field
  10. Life at Luda
  11. His Ordination and His Illness
  12. His Home Call
  13. He Being Dead Yet Speaketh

From the Flyleaf

Leila Cooke came from Colorado Springs, U.S. A., where her father was a physician and her mother, a woman greatly beloved. Early she learned to make the doing of God’s will the supreme motive of her life.

With study at Los Angeles Bible Institute, she continued her musical education, becoming an accomplished pianist. But there was no piano in Lisuland. The long, long mountain trails over which she travelled into that country as a gospel messenger were hazardous enough without any but the most essential burdens. For Christ’s sake Leila made her choice, but how many hundreds throughout the mountains and valleys of the Salween will join in heaven’s music because she was willing for sacrifice.

Under the direction of J. O. Fraser, Alan and Leila Cooke laboured in the gospel among the Lisu Tribe. Long periods of separation from her two boys proved a trial to be cheerfully borne for His sake as all who knew her can testify. Hardship and loneliness only served to beautify that life yielded to God. She herself made frequent and distant itineraries for evangelistic work and many months were spent in translating the Scriptures into Lisu.

These labours, including the continuous care of many sick and needy, filled the large part of her twenty-five years of missionary career. In her final illness she was carried back from the village where she had gone to teach, and on May 7th, 1943, from a rudely constructed Lisu shack God’s missionary heroine went in to see the King.

It is no wonder that many younger missionaries declare that in Leila Cooke they see their “ideal missionary”. [Continue reading]

China Inland Mission’s Witness to the Faithfulness of God

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Our Seal. Being The Witness of the China Inland Mission to The Faithfulness of God.This book is a celebration of God’s faithfulness as demonstrated in the work of the China Inland Mission. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This volume is in the Public Domain.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Our Seal. Being The Witness of the China Inland Mission to The Faithfulness of God. London: China Inland Mission, 1933. Hbk. pp.173. [Click to download complete volume in PDF]


By Way of Introduction

Part 1

Our Seal
God the Builder
Rock Foundations
The Building

Part 2

The Test of Time
The Test of Emergencies
Tests Extraordinary in Great Britain
Tests Extraordinary in North America
Tests Extraordinary in China
The Test of Exchange
The Test of War

Part 3

Some Personal Testimonies
The Half Not Told
Nothing Impossible

Our Seal

Our seals set to, that God is true.

Hudson Taylor, towards the close of a long and strenuous life, when speaking at the last, Annual Meetings of the China Inland Mission he ever attended, gave utterance to the following significant words:

‘I have sometimes met people who said: “Trusting God is a beautiful theory, but it won’t work”. Well, thank God, it has worked, and it does work. I remember a dear friend, an aged minister in London, who said to me in the year 1866: “You are making a great mistake in going to China with no organization behind you. We live in a busy world, and you will all he forgotten, and the Mission won’t live seven years.” That [said Hudson Taylor] was the prophecy of this good man-and a wise one too. But he was mistaken.’

It is more than thirty-two years since Hudson Taylor gave this striking testimony in Toronto, and it is more than sixty-six years since that aged minister in London uttered his mournful prediction. Time has amply justified Hudson Taylor’s faith in and obedience to God. And every subsequent trial and perplexity has only served to make the faithfulness of God more plain and manifest.

It is now seventy years since James Meadows joined Hudson Taylor as the first member of that new organization which three years later was to become known as the China Inland Mission. The foundations of this new work were the Promises of God. Hudson Taylor had nothing else to build on. For seventy long and exacting years those pledges of God’s love have been subjected to the severest tests that life can command. They have not been found wanting. A thousand promises have declared and still declare God’s ‘constancy of love’. And ten thousand experiences proclaim that God’s Word is ‘unalterably sure’. [Continue Reading]

India From a Missionary Point of View

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of ViewThis little book was originally written for missionary study classes in the US. It therefore represents a “snapshot” of the state of play of missionary work in India at the close of the 19th Century. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of View. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1896. Hbk. pp.127.[Click to download in PDF]


  1. Arya-Varta, ‘The Land of the Aryans’
  2. India’s Past
  3. The Common Life
  4. The Religious Life of the Masses
  5. India’s Real Man and Woman
  6. Christian Missions in India
  7. Present Phases of Missionary Work
  8. India’s Appeal to British Students



This little book is primarily intended for missionary study classes, yet it is hoped that it will be of value also to other readers. It was originally prepared for use in the United States; but this edition has been carefully revised, and adapted to the special requirements of British readers. Only a few topics are discussed, but they are such as most vitally concern India, considered from a missionary point of view.

Following each chapter will be found a number of suggested readings. The limited size of this book prevents anything save an outline statement of the subjects treated, and the readings will prove useful to those who wish fuller details. Their number has been multiplied, not with the expectation that all will be read by any one person, but to meet the requirements of a class to each of whose members different readings may be assigned, or whose library may not contain a large collection of books on India. In such a case, a few, at least, of the books will be found out of the large number named.

To facilitate their use, the pages or chapters bearing on the topic are in most cases designated. Periodical literature, both secular and missionary, is so abundant that no attempt has been made to suggest such articles, with the sole exception of those in The Missionary Review of the World, which for obvious reasons has been freely used. Books in foreign languages have been consulted in preparing the chapters, but are not referred to in the list of readings, though here again another exception has been made in the case of M. Levi’s article in La Grande Encyclopedie, one of exceptional value. [Continue reading]

Missionary Heroes in North and South America

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in North & South America

The sub-title of this book tells you all you need to know! My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy for scanning. This title is in the Public Domain.

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in North & South America. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries With Uncivilised Man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature in Two Continents of America. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1913. Hbk. pp.170. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Among the Indians and Eskimo of Hudson Bay
  2. The ‘Praying-Master’ of the Redskins
  3. In the Land of the Dakotas
  4. In the Forest of Guiana
  5. The Sailor Missionary of Tierra Del Fuego
  6. The Schooner of Keppel Island

Prefatory Note

In a “foreword” which he contributes to Dr. Jacob Chamberlain’s attractive missionary book, In the Tiger Jungle, Dr. Francis E. Clark expresses the opinion that one need not patronize sensational and unhealthy fiction to find stirring adventure and thrilling narrative, and then goes on to say:-

“There is one source which furnishes stories of intense and dramatic interest, abounding in novel situations and spiced with abundant adventure; and this source is at the same time the purest and most invigorating fountain at which our youth can drink. To change the figure: this is a mine hitherto largely unworked; it contains rich nuggets of ore, which will well repay the prospector in this new field.”

The field to which Dr. Clark refers is the history of modern Christian missions. His meaning is that the adventurous and stirring side of missionary experience needs to be brought out, and emphasis laid upon the fact that the romantic days of missions are by no means past.

There are stories which are among the classics of missionary romance. Such are the expedition of Hans Egede to Greenland, the lonely journeys of David Brainerd among the Indian tribes of the North American forests, the voyage of John Williams from one coral island of the Pacific to another in the little ship which his own hands had built, the exploration of the Dark Continent by David Livingstone in the hope of emancipating the black man’s soul. [Continue reading]

Andrew Young of Shensi

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions
Andrew Young [1869-1922], Medical Missionary
This is the story of Andrew Young [1869-1922] served as a medical missionary in Congo and later in China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for scanning. This volume is now in the Public Domain.

John Charles Keyte [1875-1942], Andrew Young of Shensi. Adventure in Medical Missions. London: The Carey Press, [1924]. Hbk. pp.314. [Click to download the complete volume in PDF]


Introductory Chapter: The Hill and the Plain

Part I. – In Congo’s Free State

1. Getting Ready
2. From Transport Agent to Medical Amateur
3. Teaching, Preaching and Healing

Part II. – In China’s Empire

4. Eastward Ho!
5. A Member of the Mission
6. The Making of a Home
7. The Medical Missionary
8. The Doctor, The Mission and the World at Large
9. Reinforcements and Removals

Part III. – In China’s Republic

10. The Dramatic Year: (1) Hunted On The Hills
11. The Dramatic Year: (2) Toiling In The Plains
12. The Growth of a Soul
13. In the Jenkins-Robertson Memorial Hospital
14. The Shining Year

Author’s Preface

The justification for such a volume as the present is to be found in the belief that “the fine is not the abnormal, it is the usual.” The thought of’ any book written around his life being the glorification of the subject would have distressed Andrew Young greatly, but to its publication he might have at least resigned himself if from a perusal of his story the reader could gather a truer idea of the aims underlying the medical missionary enterprise.

The subject of this biography has points of temperament and areas of experience peculiar to himself, yet it is as he is representative that he is most valuable; and whilst many missionaries fall short of the standard at which he arrived, the reader can yet rest assured that the values in conduct which appear in the pages which follow are not peculiar to this missionary alone. Missionaries’ faults there are in plenty, easily discovered and described, but the virtues are there also, and, both for the student as well as for the critic of missions, a little honest research in this latter direction will not be time wasted. [Continue reading]

BMS Work on the Congo River to 1884

Joseph Henry Tritton [1844-1923], The Rise and Progress of the Work on the Congo RiverThis is a short account of the Baptist Missionary Society’s work on the Congo River up to around 1884. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Joseph Henry Tritton [1844-1923], The Rise and Progress of the Work on the Congo River. London: Baptist Missionary Society, 1844. Hbk. pp.63. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. First Steps
  2. Forward Movements
  3. At the Pool
  4. Dark Overshadowings
  5. Helpful Tokens
  6. Helpful Tokens (continued)

Chapter 1 – First Steps

It has been suggested that a brief but connected account of the Rise, and Progress thus far, of the Society’s Mission in Central Africa, would be useful, especially in connection with our Sunday-schools, in many of which great interest has been awakened in this particular branch of our operations.

Laid aside in the providence of God from active work, it has occurred to me that I might be of some service in preparing a narrative, such as I conceive to be desired. Let me at once say that I make no pretensions to authorship. My work will be that of compilation, rather than of composition; but I feel that a judicious arrangement of facts, a wise compression of details, and, above all, a devout recognition of the true source of evangelical effort, will be necessary to render such a narrative influential for good.

Seeking the aid and direction of the Divine Spirit, I turn with pleasure to my self-imposed task or rather, “labour of love”; and I ask the prayers of those into whose hands these pages may come, that this, my service, may be “accepted of the saints,” help forward the cause of the Gospel, and promote the glory of the Great Head of the Church. [Continue reading]

Twelve Lectures on Moravian Missions

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures
Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures – Frontispiece
This book preserves twelve substantial lectures on Moravian Missions by Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901]. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with an original copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1882. Hbk. pp.516. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Moravians
  2. Count Zinzendorf
  3. Mission to the West Indies
  4. Mission to South and Central America
  5. Mission to Greenland
  6. Mission to Labrador
  7. Missions to North American Indians
  8. North American Indians (concluded)
  9. Missions to South America
  10. South Africa (concluded)
  11. Mission to Australia
  12. Résumé and Characteristics


The following Lectures form one of the courses on Foreign Missions delivered at the Theological Seminary, Andover, during the years 1877-1880, and to the Theological Department of the Boston University, 1882.

The literature of the several subjects is added with considerable fullness; one reason being that American and English readers have less acquaintance with this department of missionary literature than with many others. As the Moravian missions are conducted chiefly by Germans, it is natural that various authorities in their language should appear in the list. The works cited differ greatly in value; but by an ample citation the author desires to aid inquirers -who may wish to go over the same ground, in part or wholly, which he has himself traversed. A perusal of these works, or any considerable portion of them, can hardly fail to foster the sentiment of Count Zinzendorf: “The whole earth is the Lord’s; men’s souls are his; I am debtor to all. [Continue Reading]

200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932

The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932This little book summarises 200 years of Moravian missions as they spread to the four corners of the world. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing the original copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932. London: Moravian Book Room, n.d. Hbk. pp.93.[Click to download complete book in PDF]


Part I – Zinzendorf and Spangenberg

The Send-Off
The West Indies
Gens Aeterna
Greenland and Labrador
The North American Indians
Missionary Ventures
The Leaders
The Missionaries
The Home Church
The Missionary Hymn

Part II – From Spangenberg Till Now

1. The New Movement
2. A Fresh Start in South Africa
3. The Centenary
4. The Freedman
5. Progress in South Africa
6. The Eskimo
7. New Branches on the Old Tree:

a. Nicaragua
b. California
c. Australia
d. Tibet
e. East Africa

8. The War
9. Rebuilding and Alterations


When it was known what literary provision was being made for the Bicentenary of Moravian Missions, it seemed useless to attempt an independent history in English. Among the volumes announced was one by Bishop Baudert, D.D., bearing the title, “Auf der Hut des Herrn” (On the Lord’8 Watch). Bishop Baudert’s book, if adapted to the requirements of the average reader, was just what was needed. When the translator asked permission to treat it freely for this purpose the request was willingly granted. The original has been shortened, and some passages have been altered where knowledge was assumed which the English reader cannot be expected to possess unless he has an intimate acquaintance with the subject treated of. The prologue and the second chapter have been inserted to help those who have no other history at hand. In spite of these changes, the character of the book remains the same, and the translator has tried to give, not only the sense, but also the tone of his friend’s words. They are worthy to be heard by the whole Church, and not only by a part, when it listens to those who tell the story of the past and point the moral for to-day and to-morrow. [Continue reading]