Edward A. Lawrence’s Introduction to Foreign Missions

 Edward A. Lawrence, Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions.Edward A. Lawrence’s Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions consists of 5 chapters extracted from his larger work on the subject, Modern Missions in the East (1895). This book is in the Public Domain.

Edward A. Lawrence, Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions. Being Chapters I, II, VII, IX of Modern Missions in the East. New York: Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 1901. Hbk. pp.143. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Providence in Missions
  2. The Principles of Missions. The Mission, Aim Scope, Motive, Call, Fitness, and Fitting
  3. The Departments of Missionary Work in Their Variety
  4. The Home and Rest of the Missionary
  5. The Problems of Missions

Chapter 1: Providence in Missions

The original and sole Master Missionary is our Lord Jesus Christ, and as Lord of his kingdom he has put his own divine commission upon his followers. It is “Come!” “Go!” two commands in one. “Come, learn of me!” “Go, preach the gospel!” His first command to his disciples was, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men”; his last, “Go ye and make disciples of all the nations.”

Discipleship and apostleship are one and inseparable. The instinct of true Christian life is everywhere the same. We learn but to teach; we know of Jesus but to tell of Jesus. We commune with him but to communicate him. Even so are we sent as he has been sent. The commission is identical; and it is in virtue of that final command and according to our fulfilment of it that we are to experience his fulfilment of the final promise, a promise made to a militant missionary church, not to one that is at ease in Zion. [Continue reading]

Rowland Bingham’s History of the Sudan Interior Mission

Rowland V. Bingham [1872-1942], Seven Sevens of Years and a Jubilee. The Story of the Sudan Interior MissionFollowing on from the last post, here is the Jubilee Story of the Sudan Interior Mission (now the Serving in Mission [SIM]) as told by its founder, Roland V. Bingham [1872-1942]. This book is in the public domain. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy for scanning.

Rowland V. Bingham [1872-1942], Seven Sevens of Years and a Jubilee. The Story of the Sudan Interior Mission. Toronto: Evangelical Publishers, 1943. Pbk. pp.122. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Seven Years of Death and Darkness 1893 to 1900
  2. The Seven Years of Barrenness, 1900 to 1907
  3. The Third Seven Years, the Beginning of Fruitfulness, 1908 to 1914
  4. The War Years and the Beginning of a Great Harvest, 1915 to 1921
  5. Seven Years of Enlarged Vision and a Larger Call, 1922 to 1928
  6. Victory in Carrying the Gospel to the Moslems, 1929 to 1935
  7. The Eclipse in Ethiopia and Its Passing, 1936 to 1942
  8. How We Became Interdenominational
  9. Speed Up
  10. The Finished Work, the Completion of the Church’s Task


Mrs Bingham has honoured me in suggesting that I should write a foreword to this book which was completed by her late husband so shortly before he was called to celebrate his Jubilee in the presence of his Lord, Whom he served so long and so faithfully.

It is both a difficult task and a delightful privilege. The exigencies of this World War No. II have prevented me from perusing the manuscript, since it was too precious to risk sending across the ocean, and I must, therefore, imagine what is contained in the book. On the other hand, whatever Dr. Bingham may have written will be for the glory of his Lord and for the furtherance of His work among the peoples of the Sudan; and I have no hesitation whatever in recommending to the reader a most careful and prayerful perusal of its pages.

I have known Dr. Bingham for many years and we have had many times of sweet communion together. I can recall no occasion when the subject of our conversation has not been the extension of Christ’s Kingdom. He was essentially a man of vision, lifting up his eyes and beholding the fields white already to harvest-calling for immediate action in the gathering of more and more of that harvest. [Continue reading]

Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], The Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission with Portraits and MapThis is the official history of the China Inland Mission, told by Marshall Broomhall (1866-1937). The book contains a number of excellent plates and a map, which are included in greyscale to preserve their quality. This book is in the Public Domain.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], The Jubilee Story of the China Inland Mission with Portraits and Map. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott Ltd., 1915. Hbk. pp.386. [Download complete book in PDF]


Author’s Preface


1. Early Missions in China
2. Hudson Taylor and His Call
3. Hudson Taylor’s Early Experiences

The First Decade 1865-1875

4. The Birth of a Mission
5. Laying the Foundations
6. The Lammermuir Party
7. Settling Inland
8. An Enlarged Coast
9. The Yangchow Riot
10. The New Provinces
11. Troubled on Every Side
12. Faint Yet Pursuing
13. The Home Department
14. Waxing Strong in Faith

The Second Decade 1875-1885

15. The Appeal of the Eighteen
16. The Door Opened
17. Unto the Ends of the Earth
18. Pyrland Road
19. Pioneers in Women’s Work
20. Blessings in Disguise
21. A Chinese Pioneer
22. Healing the Sick
23. Pioneer Work in Hunan
24. The Story of the Seventy

The Third Decade 1885-1895

25. “The Cambridge Seven”
26. Organisation and Expansion
27. The Kwangsin River
28. North America
29. To Every Creature
30. Australasia
31. Dividing the Field

The Fourth Decade 1895-1905

32. The Wrath of Man
33. Newington Green
34. The Chefoo Schools
35. The Opening of Hunan
36. Among the Tribes
37. The Bozer Crisis
38. Partakers of Afflictions of the Gospel
39. Rebuilding the Wall

The Fifth Decade 1905-1915

40. A Period of Transition
41. Mass Movements and Revival
42. Grace Abounding
43. To Earth’s Remotiest Bounds
44. Institutional Work
45. Facts About Finance
46. The Mission From Within
47. The Revolution and After
48. The Missionary at Work
49. All Manner of Service
50. The Year of Jubilee


The Associate Minister
Chonological Summary

History of the Church in China by Frank Norris

Frank L. Norris [1864-1945], China. Handbooks of English Church ExpansionFrank Norris’s contribution to the Handbooks of English Church Growth series provides a snapshot of missionary work in China up to around 1907. Norris served with the Society for the Promotion of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG) [Anglo-Catholic] missionary in North China and was chaplain to the Bishop of that Diocese.

Frank L. Norris [1864-1945], China. Handbooks of English Church Expansion. London & Oxford: A.R. Mowbray & Co. Ltd., 1908. Hbk. pp.219. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Heathen China
  2. Heathen China and Christian England
  3. The English Church Enters China
  4. Heathen China and Christian England Again
  5. The English Church Enters Peking
  6. The Church in South China
  7. The Church in Fuhkien
  8. The Church in Chehkiang
  9. The Church in the Yangtse Valley
  10. The Church in Western China
  11. The Church in Shantung
  12. The Church in Chihli
  13. Inter-Diocesan Organisation
  14. The “Open Door”

General Index
Index to Names

Chapter 1

“In the beginning” God made China. Read ” Heaven ” for GOD, and the sentence not inaptly expresses the Chinese idea of the superiority of China as compared with the rest of the world. Heaven, having made China, set a Son of Heaven on the Chinese throne, and to this day there has never been wanting a monarch who thus claims what may be considered the divinest right to a throne that any earthly monarch has ever put forward.

Let us enter the gateway which leads from the main road of the Chinese, or outer, city of Peking into the sacred precincts of what is known to foreign visitors as The Temple, to the Chinese themselves as The Altar of Heaven. Hither, once a year at least, in person, oftener by deputy, comes the Son of Heaven, the reigning Emperor. Passing under a magnificent avenue of trees, he is carried over a little marble bridge into the court-yard of the Hall of Fasting, where he passes the night, and keeps the vigil of the great day of sacrifice by abstinence from all flesh-meat. [Continue reading]

Christine Isabel Tinling’s Budget From Barbary

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], A Budget From BarbaryThis little book contains twelve letters about missionary work in “Barbary” – modern day Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. This copy originally formed part of the North Africa Mission library in Rabat. Yorkshire-born Christine Tinling [1867-1943] was a missionary with the  Women’s Christian Temperance Union was the author of numerous books on missions and also served in the Far East and India.

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], A Budget From Barbary. London: Richard J. James, 1933. Pbk. pp.153. [Download complete book in PDF].


  1. The Ministry of Medicine
  2. The Message in the Market
  3. Among Veiled Women
  4. Snaps From a City
  5. An Industrial Effort
  6. Aboutt he Kabyles
  7. Fishing For Men
  8. Handicaps
  9. Jew and Gentile
  10. Many Adversaries
  11. The Foreign Legion
  12. The Cost of Confession

Extract from pages 12-13.

The women particularly need that sympathy. It is terrible to see what they suffer, often so unnecessarily, from inefficient native midwifery. One girl lying there has been through five operations and has been cast off by her husband. If she gets well, her people will be marrying her to somebody else. As long as she remains in that hospital bed she is an individual, a soul to be loved and helped. When she leaves she will once more become a chattel and a slave. She is much interested in the Gospel and knows the choruses and hymns by heart and nurse says she is wonderfully sweet and patient.

Another has suffered much agony without a word of complaint and is an example to all in the ward. In a nearby bed is a girl of twenty who is married to a man of seventy and is in hospital on account of brutal treatment from native midwives. The Moslem women are born to trouble and expect nothing else from life. They have learned to endure silently and I suppose no-one has any idea what they do go through, except the medical missionary and the nurse. [Continue reading]

Life of William Percival Johnson Archdeacon of Nyasa

William Percival Johnson [1854-1928] was a missionary of the Anglo-Catholic Universities’ Mission to Central Africa. He was know as the “Apostle of the Lake” [Lake Nyasa] in what is now Malawi. He opposed the unnecessary imposition of European culture in Africa. This short biography of Johnson is in the Public Domain.

Dora Yarnton Mills [1859-?], A Hero Man. The Life and Adventures of William Percival Johnson Archdeacon of Nyasa, 2nd edn. London: Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, 1933. Hbk. pp.64. [Download complete book in PDF]



  1. Early Days
  2. Africa Calls
  3. The Adventure Begins
  4. Towards the Goal
  5. Life at Masasi
  6. The Vollage of Released Slaves
  7. Privations in an African Village
  8. A Set-Back
  9. The Lake at Last
  10. The Lonely Trail
  11. “In Journeyings Often”
  12. Stricken With Bindness
  13. The “Charles Janson” Launched
  14. “In Perils From the Heathen”
  15. Building Up The Church
  16. The Care of the Villages
  17. The Steamer “Chauncy Maples”
  18. How the African Lives
  19. The Hero Honoured
  20. The End of the Adventure

Chapter 1

Early Days

When a certain boy, named William Percival Johnson, came to Bedford Grammar School, his comrades very soon found he had ideas and a will of his own. A strong will is a fine thing if it is rightly controlled. Johnson kept his in order all right. From the beginning he was a leader. He had not been in the school long before he was head of all the games in his school house. Whatever he did, whether work or play, he did it with all his might. Among his school-fellows he made friends, but expected them to come up to his idea of friendship and in those early days he was inclined to be hard on those who did not reach his standard.

He was a brilliant mathematician, keen and eager when other boys were dull or stupid. He did not waste his school-days, but got as much good out of them as he possibly could.

When his schooldays were over, he went to University College, Oxford, and there he soon made his mark, not only in the College, where he worked as before with all his might, but on the river, where he stroked his college boat to victory at the head of the river. Some of you have probably watched this race and know the great excitement and enthusiasm which thrills the onlooker.

“Johnson was determined to win; you could see that by the earnest look on his face as day by day he practised on the river.” So testified the master of his college. And that determination and pertinacity were among the most distinguished characteristics of his many-sided character. [Continue reading]

God’s Missionary Plan for the World by J.W. Bashford

James Whitford Bashford [1848-1919] wrote this biblical theology of mission after spending 15 years as a Methodist bishop in China. He worked for the unification of Methodism within China, but opposed independence from the American church. This book is in the public domain.

James Whitford Bashford [1849-1919], God’s Missionary Plan for the World. London: Robert Culley, [1910]. Hbk. pp.178. [Download entire book in PDF]



  1. The Divine Purpose
  2. The Divine Order of Procedure
  3. The Old Testament and Missions
  4. The New Testament and Missions
  5. The Divine Method of Securing Power
  6. The Divine Method of Securing Workers
  7. The Divine Method of Securing Results
  8. The Divine Providence and Missions


In Chungking, China, in January, 1905, I found a very suggestive volume by Rev. R. F. Horton, entitled The Bible a Missionary Book. It was the only volume in West China and had just arrived. Hence I could not accept the loan of it so kindly offered, and I had only a little time to read it while busy with other cares. But the argument and the title of the book took possession of me; and during the succeeding months of travel and meditation, I read the Bible through from the missionary view-point; and the present volume took shape.

If the· volume does not speak for itself no further words can now avail. I need only add that I am indebted to Dr. H. K. Carroll, Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church, for valuable suggestions and also for the title of the volume, which is a more ambitious one than I had selected; to Rev. Stephen V. R. Ford for valuable statistics; and to Dr. F. D. Gamewell, Mr. Charles H. Fahs, Mr. Morris W. Ehnes, and Mr. G. F. Sutherland for exceedingly valuable information; and to Rev. C. H. Morgan, Ph. D., for preparing the running titles and the index. [Continue reading]

Century of Baptist Missions

A Century of Baptist Missions offers a summary of the work of American Baptist Missions from their foundation up to around 1890. It covers their work in Burma (Myanmar), India, China, Japan, Africa, Brazil, Cuba, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Denmark, Greece, Spain and Turkey. This book is in the Public Domain.

Sophie Bronson Titterington [1846-?], A Century of Baptist Foreign Missions. An Outline Sketch. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1891. Hbk. pp.300. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Dawn in England
  2. Beginnings in America

    Burman Missions

  3. A New Gold Mine
  4. Early Lights and Shadows – Martyr Sufferings
  5. Rewards and Results
  6. Varied Experiences – Enlargement
  7. Helping Hands
  8. Sorrow and Joy
  9. Later Years

    Karen Mission

  10. A Fire Kindled
  11. Jungle Victories
  12. Success in Adversity
  13. Sunshine and Shadow
  14. Looking Beyond
  15. Trial and Victory

    Missions in Assam

  16. Lenthening Cords
  17. Progress in Assam
  18. The Kohls, Nagas, and Garos

    Shan Mission

  19. Mountain Heathen
  20. Sowing and Reaping

    Missions in China

  21. The Chinese Mission at Bangkok
  22. From Macoa to Swatow
  23. Results
  24. The Canton Mission
  25. Quiet Growth in China
  26. Central China Mission
  27. Northern China or Shantung Mission
  28. Western China Station

    Telugu Mission

  29. The Seed Planters
  30. Early Sheaves
  31. Later Harvests

    Missions in Japan

  32. Open Doors in Japan
  33. Promise and Perplexity
  34. The Crisis in Japan

    Missions in Africa

  35. The Old and the New
  36. Light in Darkness
  37. Missions of the Southern Board

    Missions in Western Hemisphere

  38. Missions in Brazil
  39. MIssions in Cuba
  40. Missions in Mexico

    Missions in Europe

  41. The Mission in France
  42. The Mission in Germany
  43. The Mission in Sweden
  44. The Mission in Italy
  45. Missions in Denmark, Greece, Spain
  46. The Publication Society’s Work in Turkey
  47. Our Century

History of the Universities’ Central Mission to Africa

A.E.M. Anderson-Morshead [1845-1928], The History of the Universities' Mission to Central Africa 1859-1898, 2nd ednThe Universities’ Central Mission to Africa (c.1857 – 1965) was set up by Anglican graduates from the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Cambridge, Durham and Dublin. It’s work was concentrated on Nyasaland (now Malawi) and Zanzibar (now a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania). For more information about the mission, see this Wikipedia article (which does not link to this book yet). This history covers the years 1859-1898 and is now in the Public Domain.

A.E.M. Anderson-Morshead [1845-1928], The History of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa 1859-1898, 2nd edn. London: Office of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, 1899. Hbk. pp.494. [This material is in the Public Domain]


Author’s Preface
Chronological Table

  1. The Call to the Work
  2. The Shiré Highlands
  3. War, Famine, and Pestilence
  4. New Ground
  5. A Fellow-Worker
  6. The Church in the Slave Market
  7. Daily Work in the Island and on the Mainland
  8. On the Edge of the Wilderness
  9. Lake Nyasa
  10. Last Days of Bishop Steere
  11. The Mission on the Lake
  12. Christian Villages on the Rovuma
  13. Magila in the Bondé Country
  14. The Usambara Group of Missions
  15. The Years in Zanzibar
  16. The Chief Pastors
  17. A Parting View of the Mission
  18. After Two Years
  19. Slavery


  1. Methods of Home Work
  2. Methods of Mission Work
  3. Constitutional History of the Mission
  4. Synodical Action
  5. English Members of the Mission

Alexander Mackay – Missionary Hero of Uganda

Andrew Melrose [1836-1901], Alexander Mackay. Missionary Hero of UgandaAlexander Mackay [1849-1890] was a Scottish pioneer engineer missionary to Uganda and worked with the Church Missionary Society. John Roxboxborough notes that: “Mackay’s spiritual depth and practical skills were popularized by his sister’s biography and admired for generations.” [Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions, 589]. This biography written by Andrew Melrose [1836-1901], who also wrote under the name E.A. MacDonald, and is in the Public Domain.

Andrew Melrose [1836-1901], Alexander Mackay. Missionary Hero of Uganda. London: Sunday School Union, n.d. Hbk. pp.144. [Download entire book in PDF]


  1. A Good Beginning
  2. Chossing His Life Work
  3. On African Soil
  4. Dangers and Difficulties
  5. A Visit to Lkonge
  6. Arrival at Uganda
  7. King Mtesa
  8. Disappointment
  9. Labour and Results
  10. Strange Tasks
  11. Building the ‘Eleanor’
  12. King Mwanga
  13. Uganda Martyrs
  14. Good-bye to Uganda
  15. Friends and Fellow-workers
  16. Last Days

Preface by The Rev. T. C. Wilson (C.M.S.)

It was in the early part of 1876 that I made the acquaintance of A. M. Mackay, when, having offered for the mission to Uganda, I went up to London to meet those who were to be my fellow-missionaries in the ‘Dark Continent.’ He sailed before me to Zanzibar, but we met again / there for a short time. Then I left the coast with our first caravan, and a long time was to elapse before we were to see each other again.

Two years passed; Lieutenant Smith and Mr. O’Neill had been murdered in December 1877, when in the summer of 1878, having been nearly a year alone in Uganda, I heard from Mackay that he was sending up some stores to Kagei (at the southern end of the Nyanza) in charge of a native. Mtesa allowed me to go to meet this man, and after a voyage of more than a month in native canoes, one evening a point near Kagei came in sight. The canoe-men were weary, and wanted to stop for the night where we were; ‘it was too far,’ ‘it was getting dark,’ ‘they did not know the bay.’ I over-came their scruples, took a paddle and guided the canoes. [Continue reading]