W. Wilson Cash’s The Changing Sudan

W. Wilson Cash, The Changing SudanThis book was written in the hope that it would encourage fresh support for missionary work in Sudan.  It is reproduced here by kind permission of the CMS.

W. Wilson Cash, The Changing Sudan, 2nd edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1931. Pbk. pp.88. Download in PDF.


1 – The Sudan Exploited
2 – The Sudan Liberated
3 – The New Sudan
4 – Open Doors in the North
5 – An Heroic Adventure
6 – Pagan Tribes and the Gospel
7 – Building For the Future


In January, 1929, I was privileged to visit once more the Northern Sudan, in order to confer with the missionaries and government officials on the future policy of the Church Missionary Society work in the Sudan.

The visit was a brief but very busy one, and as a result of it certain important decisions were made by the C.M.S. for the future development of the two missions in the northern and southern areas.

I should like to take this opportunity of expressing my deep gratitude to the Governor-General, Sir John Maffey, to J. G. Matthew, Esq., Secretary for Education, Health, etc., in the Sudan Government, and to the many officials all of whom from the day of my arrival to the time I left the Sudan showed me such generous hospitality, friendship, and kindness, and to whose ready help any success that attended my work was largely due.

I also wish to record my deep appreciation to the missionaries who gave me such loyal and wholehearted co-operation in my efforts. Their work is beyond praise ; and I came away with an impression of profound thankfulness for the great service they are rendering to the Kingdom of God.

I cannot close this Foreword without recording the special service rendered by Bishop Gwynne as chairman of our conferences, Dr. Lasbrey, the then secretary of the Egypt and Northern Sudan Mission, and Bishop Kitching and Archdeacon Shaw, both of whom travelled over a thousand miles to join in the discussions and who brought to our problems expert knowledge and advice. [Continue reading]

With the C.M.S. in West Africa by P.L. Garlick

Phyllis L. Garlick, With the C.M.S. in West Africa.By kind permission of the Church Missionary Society, the following book on mission work in Nigeria and Niger available on-line for free download.

Phyllis L. Garlick, With the C.M.S. in West Africa. A Study in Partnership. London: Church Missionary Society, 1935. Hbk. pp.80. Download in PDF.


1 – The First Furrow
2 – Sierra Leone: Keeping Step
3 – The Yoruba Country: Fruit of the Field
4 – Northern Nigeria: Tilling Hard Ground
5 – The Niger Diocese: In Harness Together
6 – The Adventure of Working with God


Have we the imagination to grasp the big thing that the C.M.S. has done in West Africa? If so this book will grip us from start to finish. Here is the account of a mission field less than a century old which has given from its African people no less than six bishops to the Church. Here slavery once flourished and an African had but a slave-market value, while to-day we think in terms of trusteeship, partnership, and educational developments. The Dark Continent has become a land of promise and its people once fettered are free. The share the C.M.S. has ha in this transformation is set before us vividly in this book and it has been no small share.

West Africa was the first Mission of the Society. For a long period the C.M.S. was the only Anglican society on the west coast. To-day, when others are taking their share in West African evangelization, it is still true to say that by far the larger proportion of the Church’s work is carried by the C.M.S. A mixed community of slaves has become a Church, a people who once were cannibals are leading the way in African evangelism. To-day Sierra Leone and Nigeria have a self-supporting and self-governing Church which raises annually for church purposes some £73,000. Facts like these speak for themselves and the C.M.S. is proud of its partnership with its African brothers in the unfinished task in Africa. [Continue reading]

W. Wilson Cash

Persia Old and New by W. Wilson Cash Online

Persia Old and New by W. Wilson CashAs I am writing Iran (formerly Persia) ranks #6 on my online poll, but I have a further reason for putting this book online. The publisher, the Church Missionary Society, has granted me permission to digitise a number of their books from the 1930s. Most of these are about work in Muslim countries, so I have decided to work on this batch first so that I can send the CMS archivist a complete list of links to the books. My thanks to the CMS for their kind permission.

W. Wilson Cash, Persia Old and New. London: Church Missionary Society, 1930. Pbk. pp.72. [Click to download in PDF.]


1 – The Coming of a New Day
2 – Religious Movements in Persia
3 – Some of the Pioneers
4 – How the Church Grows
5 – The Coming of the King
6 – In Martyn’s Steps
7 – The Building of a Persian Church
8 – Towards the One Church

A Blue-tiled Mosque from Soh, near Isfaham


It was my happy experience to visit Persia in April and May, 1928. My tour carried me over 5000 miles by motor car, and I visited all the C.M.S. centres of work, as well as several stations of the American Presbyterian Mission. I was entertained by British, Americans, and Persians, and to my many kind hosts and hostesses I would express again my grateful thanks.

The work I saw in this C. M.S. field filled me with admiration for that splendid band of missionaries, old and young, who to-day are the worthy successors of those who laid the foundation upon which they build. I was much impressed by the thoroughness of the work; by the efficiency of schools and hospitals; by the initiative that is being shown in breaking new ground and adapting methods to changing conditions of life in Persia ; by the desire I found on all hands to make the Church the centre of all activity, and to accord to it that right of control that alone will enable it to grow strong and. free ; but most of all was I impressed by the spirit of prayer and devotion that lay behind every effort. “Pray one for another” is a command that finds a literal obedience m the Persia Mission. Every one prays for every one else, and all the converts of the Church from the time of their first inquiry are regularly remembered in prayer by the whole Church. [Continue reading]

“Dawdson” The Doctor – the Story of G.E. Dodson of Iran

"Dawdson" the Doctor - G.E. Dodson of IranIran currently ranks #8 on my online poll, so here is a biography of Dr. G.E. Dodson, who served in that country until his death in 1937.

A Friend of Iran, “Dawdson” The Doctor. G.E. Dodson of Iran. London: The Highway Press, 1940. Hbk. pp.73. Click to download in PDF.


Introductory – “I Shall Fetch Dawdson—”
1 – Why He Came
2 – Sizing Up the Task
3 – Digging Foundations
4 – Holiday Hikes
5 – Alarums and Excursions
6 – Building at Last
7 – The Builder Hands Over His Tools

“I Shall Fetch Dawdson—“

It was summer time in Iran. A sudden clatter of feet and the sound of shouting broke the stillness of the warm, early morning. Malekeh, who had been sitting in a shady corner of the veranda, sleepily cleaning rice for dinner that night, jumped up and listened. Then she pulled her gaily-printed cotton wrap or chaddur around her so that only her eyes were visible, and ran across the courtyard and down the passage that led to the village street. What she saw as she looked up the rough pathway made her turn and shout back to her mother and the servant, who were busy stirring pots in the little smoke-blackened kitchen.

“Mother, Rababeh, come quickly. There’s been an accident.” And then as the little group carrying a small figure came nearer, she shrieked: “It’s Mahmoud! He’s dead. Allah! What shall we do?”

They all ran out crying, their chaddurs flying behind them, and when they reached the party Fatomeh Khanum fell on her knees beside her son, tearing her hair and scratching her cheeks. Malekeh took one look at her brother, saw his eyelids flutter, and shaking her mother by the shoulder said: “Khanum, he’s not dead after all. Don’t make that noise.” At that Mahmoud opened his eyes, gave a feeble grin, said: “What a hubbub, I’m not dead yet,” and fainted off again. [Continue Reading]

Christianity The Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Christianity the Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Samuel Zwemer’s main contribution to Christian missions, according to Ruth Tucker, “was that of stirring Christians to the need for evangelism among Muslims. This short book contains seven of his addresses in which he attempts to demonstrate that “the Old Gospel is the True Gospel”.

Samuel M. Zwemer [1867-1952], Christianity the Final Religion. Addresses on the Missionary Message for the World today, showing that the Old Gospel is the Only Gospel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1920. Hbk. pp.109. Click to Download in PDF.

The Wikipedia article on Samuel Zwemer referenced above does not list this book is its bibliography – perhaps someone could add it and the link to the on-line version here.


1 – Earliest Christianity
2 – Thinking Gray in Missions
3 – The Solidarity of the Race
4 – The Impact of Christianity on Non-Christian Religions
5 – What Is the Apostolic Gospel?
6 – The Stumbling Block of the Cross
7 – Christianity as the Final Religion


Fanatics have been defined as those who redouble their energies when they have forgotten their aim. Doubtless all who are interested in the missionary enterprise are in these days putting forth new energy and advocating more rapid movement to attain their object. Have not some, however, forgotten the goal in their earnest effort to press forward? Is there not some danger lest we run so fast that we forget to carry the message? Will the broader outlook diminish deep insight?

A brilliant writer in the Atlantic Monthly (May, 1920) characterized the modern missionary as one whose “first concern is always something deeper, something more vital than questions of theological and metaphysical speculation relating to the Person and the Work of Christ, to the Virgin Birth (in which, together with other miracles he may or he may not believe); to the fine distinctions between the humanity, the divinity, the deity of Christ; to the nature of the Trinity; to the Atonement. Upon just one thing he insists: that which touches not the bene esse of the Christian faith, but its esse: the personal assimilation in the disciples’ life of the teaching and of the spirit of Jesus.” [Continue reading]

William Carey’s Enquiry on-line

An Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use MEans For the Conversion of the Heathen by William CareyWilliam Carey’s Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians… is probably one of the most influential documents in the history of missions. Among other things it led to the founding of the Baptist Missionary Society in the United Kingdom. This is a facsimile of the original which was published in Leicester 1792.

William Carey [1761-1834], An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means For the Conversion of the Heathens in Which the State of the Different Nations of the World, the Success of Former Undertakings, and the Practicability of Further Undertakings, are Considered. Leicester: Ann Ireland, 1792. Hbk. pp.87. Click to download in PDF.


  1. An Enquiry whether the Commission given by our Lord to his Disciples be not binding on us
  2. Containing a Short Review of former Undertakings for the Conversion of the Heathen
  3.  Containing a Survey of the Present State of the World
  4. The Practicability of something being done, more than what is done, for the Conversion of the Heathen
  5. An Enquiry into the Duty of Christians in general, and what Means ought to be used, in order to promote this Work


As our blessed Lord has required us to pray that his kingdom may come, and his will be done on earth as it is in heaven, it becomes us not only to express our desires of that event by words, but to use every-lawful method to spread the knowledge of his name. In order to this, it is necessary that we should become, in some measure acquainted with the religious state of the world; and as this is an object we should be prompted to pursue, not only by the gospel of our Redeemer, but even by the feelings of humanity, so an inclination to conscientious activity therein would form one of the strongest proofs that we are the subjects of grace, and partakers of that spirit of universal benevolence and genuine philanthropy, which appear so eminent in the character of God himself. [Continue reading]

The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission online

The Story of Uganda and the Victpria Nyanza Mission by Sarah G. Stock

Uganda was the early leader in the poll conducted on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group to find out what material on missions was in greatest demand. This degree of interest in Uganda surprised me – which of course demonstrates why taking a poll was a good idea! So, here is the first book on Uganda for those who requested it. I hope that it proves helpful.

Sarah Geraldina Stock [1839-1898], The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission, 3rd revised & enlarged edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899. Hbk. pp.251. Click to download.

This book is now in the Public Domain.


I. A Call From Afar
II. A Land of Darkness
Ill. From The Shores of England To Nyanza
IV. The Goal Reached
V. Sowing The Seed Amid Difficulties
VI. The Seed Springing Up
VII. The Beginning of Persecution
VIII. The Martyr Bishop
IX. The Great Persecution
X. Fresh Labourers and Fresh Sorrows
XI. Tile Revolution in Uganda
XII. The Church in Exile
XIII. Labour and Rest by the Lake
XIV. A New Era in Uganda
XV. The Romanist Mission
XVI. Storm-Clouds
XVII. Forward Steps
XVIII. A Missionary Church
XIX. Fresh Helpers and Fresh Developments
XX. Three African Kings
XXI. Light and Shade

Note to 3rd Edition

The First Edition of ‘The Story of Uganda’ was published by the Religious Tract Society. This was revised and enlarged by Miss Stock and republished in a Second Edition in 1894. In the course of 1897 the stock remaining unsold of the unbound sheets was purchased from the R. T .S. by the Church Missionary Society, and Miss Stock was requested to rewrite the last chapter, the seventeenth, and to add others in order to bring the story up to date. This was one of the last works in which her pen was engaged, and it was not quite completed when her Home-call came on August 29, 1898, while on a visit to Penmaenmawr. Chapter XX. is the last one by Miss Stock’s hand.

Chapter XXI. has been kindly written by Dr. C. F. Harford-Battersby.

Unoccupied Mission Fields by Samuel Zwemer on-line

The Unoccupied Missions Fields by Samuel Zwemer

Samuel Marinus Zwemer (April 12, 1867 – April 2, 1952) is sometimes called “The Apostle to Islam”. As several people have asked me to upload missions books dealing with Islamic countries, so I thought that one of Zwemer’s works would be an appropriate starting point.

Samuel M. Zwemer, The Unoccupied Mission Fields of Africa and Asia. New York: Student Volunteer Movement, 1911. Hbk. pp.260. Click to download in PDF.

This book is in the Public Domain.


1 – The Heart of Two Continents
2 – Smaller Areas and Unreached Millions
3 – Why Still Unoccupied
4 – Social Conditions
5 – Religious Conditions
6 – Strategic Importance
7 – The Pioneer and is Task
8 – The Glory of the Impossible


The purpose of this book is to give a survey of the extent and condition of the wholly unoccupied mission fields in Africa and Asia including Malaysia, from the standpoint of Protestant missions, and to consider the questions that bear on their occupation.

The continent of South America has not been included for two reasons: the missionary problem there is so largely bound up with the condition of the Roman Catholic Church and has therefore such special character that it requires specific treatment; and the continent as a whole with its unoccupied sections and large neglected non-Christian population has already received attention in mission study text-books. To include South America would, moreover, have been impracticable if the compass of one volume for use in study classes.

The unoccupied fields of the world are a new subject for consideration and the data for an altogether accurate and all-embracing survey are not yet complete. The entire world-area has not yet been wholly covered·by the tracks of the explorer, much less by the triangulations of the surveyor or the tours of missionaries; nor has any kind of census· been taken in many of the great unoccupied fields of the world. As· long, therefore, as geography and ethnography can only give estimates and probabilities, a. missionary survey. also can only deal with approximate figures. Where statistics are used, they are taken in nearly every case from the “Statesman’s Year-Book” (1910), or where this failed, conservative estimates were· made from recent books of travel and the letters of correspondents. For the rest, the bibliography gives the sources of information and indicates lines of further study. As far as possible all the references and authorities are recent. The book deals with present conditions. It tells of things as they are to-day. [Continue reading]

Japan Rescue Mission Booklet online

"Pulled Out Of The Fire" by Japan Rescue Mission

The first request I received when I announced that I would be uploading books on mission was for something about work in Japan. This little booklet contains “some soul-stirring accounts of God’s grace in Japan”, so I hope that it proves of interest.

G.D., “Pulled out of the Fire”. Birkenhead: The Japan Rescue Mission, [c.1930]. pp.62. Click to download in PDF.


1 – The Starting Point
2 – Two Things He Knew
3 – A Life Made Luminous by Love
4 – Is Not This A Brand Plucked
5 – A Calvary Product
6 – Made Over Again
7 – Do Not Come Near Me
8 – Save From a Suicide’s Grace
9 – I am Going to Heaven Tomorrow
10 – Apathy or Action

Chapter 1. The Starting Point

Our one and only aim and object in sending out this booklet is to magnify the matchless grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and to extol the efficacy of His precious Blood. In these days of fearful declension, there is a greater need than ever for Christian people to set forth in unmistakable language and with the clearest possible emphasis the greatness of the One Who died on Calvary as a ”propitiation for the sins of the whole world.” It gives us the greatest possible joy to record the fact that since this  work commenced a few years ago, we have had ample opportunity to prove, at least to our own satisfaction, the genuineness and reality of the promises of God. Right from the outset we have had one passion, and that has been to bring the lost to Christ through the preaching of the old time Gospel and through the work of the Holy Spirit in applying that Gospel to their hearts and consciences.

Some people have thought that this work of rescuing the perishing was-to some extent at least-a waste of time. (Their idea was that it was more social than spiritual). We ourselves have never taken time to discuss terms nor to make any attempt to separate the work of God into different compartments. We are out first and last to get at the people’s souls, and to see that they are brought into contact with the cleansing and life-giving efficacy of Christ’s atoning work. [Continue reading]

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914 on-line

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914The first of the 1,000 mission books passed on to me by Redcliffe College features one of my favourite missionaries, Adoniram Judson. Not only was he instrumental in founding no less than two mission societies in the United States but his superb translation of the Bible into Burmese has proved foundational to the growth of the church in Myanmar. This volume reflects on Judson’s legacy.

Howard B. Grose & Fred P. Howard, The Judson Centennial 1814-1914. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.305. Click to download.

A bibliography of works on Adoniram Judson and his wives is available on the main Missiology.org.uk website.

I – Historical Introduction

One Hundred Years of American Baptist Missions

Adoniram and Ann Judson landed in Rangoon, July 13, 1813. Nearly a year later, on May 21, 1814, the General Missionary Convention was formed and, assuming the support of the Judsons and Luther Rice, accepted Burma as the foreign mission field of American Baptists, the English Baptists having headquarters at Serampore near Calcutta across the Bay of Bengal. Within the next five or six years two other missionary enterprises were undertaken cooperation with American Negro Baptists in work on the west coast of Africa in the region of Sierra Leone and Liberia, and work among the American Indians in what is now the middle West. Active participation in the work in Africa ceased about 1840, while work among the Indians was continued until about the time of the opening of the Civil War.

The first twenty years of the work in Burma were marked by the laying of foundations slowly but surely. The intense opposition of the Burman Government prevented large expansion. By the year 1833, however, three important centers-Rangoon, Moulmein, and Tavoy, had been occupied, with several outposts at Mergui, Amherst, and in Arrakan. The report of that year records twenty-two missionaries and 371 church-members.

The period of four or five years, beginning with 1833, marked a distinct era in Baptist foreign missionary work. A strong missionary interest prevailed among the churches. The Convention met at Richmond in 1835 with all obligations provided for and a substantial balance in the treasury, and enthusiastically adopted the following resolution: [Continue reading…]