“Dawdson” The Doctor – the Story of G.E. Dodson of Iran

"Dawdson" the Doctor - G.E. Dodson of IranIran currently ranks #8 on my online poll, so here is a biography of Dr. G.E. Dodson, who served in that country until his death in 1937.

A Friend of Iran, “Dawdson” The Doctor. G.E. Dodson of Iran. London: The Highway Press, 1940. Hbk. pp.73. Click to download in PDF.


Introductory – “I Shall Fetch Dawdson—”
1 – Why He Came
2 – Sizing Up the Task
3 – Digging Foundations
4 – Holiday Hikes
5 – Alarums and Excursions
6 – Building at Last
7 – The Builder Hands Over His Tools

“I Shall Fetch Dawdson—“

It was summer time in Iran. A sudden clatter of feet and the sound of shouting broke the stillness of the warm, early morning. Malekeh, who had been sitting in a shady corner of the veranda, sleepily cleaning rice for dinner that night, jumped up and listened. Then she pulled her gaily-printed cotton wrap or chaddur around her so that only her eyes were visible, and ran across the courtyard and down the passage that led to the village street. What she saw as she looked up the rough pathway made her turn and shout back to her mother and the servant, who were busy stirring pots in the little smoke-blackened kitchen.

“Mother, Rababeh, come quickly. There’s been an accident.” And then as the little group carrying a small figure came nearer, she shrieked: “It’s Mahmoud! He’s dead. Allah! What shall we do?”

They all ran out crying, their chaddurs flying behind them, and when they reached the party Fatomeh Khanum fell on her knees beside her son, tearing her hair and scratching her cheeks. Malekeh took one look at her brother, saw his eyelids flutter, and shaking her mother by the shoulder said: “Khanum, he’s not dead after all. Don’t make that noise.” At that Mahmoud opened his eyes, gave a feeble grin, said: “What a hubbub, I’m not dead yet,” and fainted off again. [Continue Reading]

Christianity The Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Christianity the Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Samuel Zwemer’s main contribution to Christian missions, according to Ruth Tucker, “was that of stirring Christians to the need for evangelism among Muslims. This short book contains seven of his addresses in which he attempts to demonstrate that “the Old Gospel is the True Gospel”.

Samuel M. Zwemer [1867-1952], Christianity the Final Religion. Addresses on the Missionary Message for the World today, showing that the Old Gospel is the Only Gospel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1920. Hbk. pp.109. Click to Download in PDF.

The Wikipedia article on Samuel Zwemer referenced above does not list this book is its bibliography – perhaps someone could add it and the link to the on-line version here.


1 – Earliest Christianity
2 – Thinking Gray in Missions
3 – The Solidarity of the Race
4 – The Impact of Christianity on Non-Christian Religions
5 – What Is the Apostolic Gospel?
6 – The Stumbling Block of the Cross
7 – Christianity as the Final Religion


Fanatics have been defined as those who redouble their energies when they have forgotten their aim. Doubtless all who are interested in the missionary enterprise are in these days putting forth new energy and advocating more rapid movement to attain their object. Have not some, however, forgotten the goal in their earnest effort to press forward? Is there not some danger lest we run so fast that we forget to carry the message? Will the broader outlook diminish deep insight?

A brilliant writer in the Atlantic Monthly (May, 1920) characterized the modern missionary as one whose “first concern is always something deeper, something more vital than questions of theological and metaphysical speculation relating to the Person and the Work of Christ, to the Virgin Birth (in which, together with other miracles he may or he may not believe); to the fine distinctions between the humanity, the divinity, the deity of Christ; to the nature of the Trinity; to the Atonement. Upon just one thing he insists: that which touches not the bene esse of the Christian faith, but its esse: the personal assimilation in the disciples’ life of the teaching and of the spirit of Jesus.” [Continue reading]

William Carey’s Enquiry on-line

An Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use MEans For the Conversion of the Heathen by William CareyWilliam Carey’s Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians… is probably one of the most influential documents in the history of missions. Among other things it led to the founding of the Baptist Missionary Society in the United Kingdom. This is a facsimile of the original which was published in Leicester 1792.

William Carey [1761-1834], An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means For the Conversion of the Heathens in Which the State of the Different Nations of the World, the Success of Former Undertakings, and the Practicability of Further Undertakings, are Considered. Leicester: Ann Ireland, 1792. Hbk. pp.87. Click to download in PDF.


  1. An Enquiry whether the Commission given by our Lord to his Disciples be not binding on us
  2. Containing a Short Review of former Undertakings for the Conversion of the Heathen
  3.  Containing a Survey of the Present State of the World
  4. The Practicability of something being done, more than what is done, for the Conversion of the Heathen
  5. An Enquiry into the Duty of Christians in general, and what Means ought to be used, in order to promote this Work


As our blessed Lord has required us to pray that his kingdom may come, and his will be done on earth as it is in heaven, it becomes us not only to express our desires of that event by words, but to use every-lawful method to spread the knowledge of his name. In order to this, it is necessary that we should become, in some measure acquainted with the religious state of the world; and as this is an object we should be prompted to pursue, not only by the gospel of our Redeemer, but even by the feelings of humanity, so an inclination to conscientious activity therein would form one of the strongest proofs that we are the subjects of grace, and partakers of that spirit of universal benevolence and genuine philanthropy, which appear so eminent in the character of God himself. [Continue reading]

The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission online

The Story of Uganda and the Victpria Nyanza Mission by Sarah G. Stock

Uganda was the early leader in the poll conducted on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group to find out what material on missions was in greatest demand. This degree of interest in Uganda surprised me – which of course demonstrates why taking a poll was a good idea! So, here is the first book on Uganda for those who requested it. I hope that it proves helpful.

Sarah Geraldina Stock [1839-1898], The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission, 3rd revised & enlarged edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899. Hbk. pp.251. Click to download.

This book is now in the Public Domain.


I. A Call From Afar
II. A Land of Darkness
Ill. From The Shores of England To Nyanza
IV. The Goal Reached
V. Sowing The Seed Amid Difficulties
VI. The Seed Springing Up
VII. The Beginning of Persecution
VIII. The Martyr Bishop
IX. The Great Persecution
X. Fresh Labourers and Fresh Sorrows
XI. Tile Revolution in Uganda
XII. The Church in Exile
XIII. Labour and Rest by the Lake
XIV. A New Era in Uganda
XV. The Romanist Mission
XVI. Storm-Clouds
XVII. Forward Steps
XVIII. A Missionary Church
XIX. Fresh Helpers and Fresh Developments
XX. Three African Kings
XXI. Light and Shade

Note to 3rd Edition

The First Edition of ‘The Story of Uganda’ was published by the Religious Tract Society. This was revised and enlarged by Miss Stock and republished in a Second Edition in 1894. In the course of 1897 the stock remaining unsold of the unbound sheets was purchased from the R. T .S. by the Church Missionary Society, and Miss Stock was requested to rewrite the last chapter, the seventeenth, and to add others in order to bring the story up to date. This was one of the last works in which her pen was engaged, and it was not quite completed when her Home-call came on August 29, 1898, while on a visit to Penmaenmawr. Chapter XX. is the last one by Miss Stock’s hand.

Chapter XXI. has been kindly written by Dr. C. F. Harford-Battersby.

Unoccupied Mission Fields by Samuel Zwemer on-line

The Unoccupied Missions Fields by Samuel Zwemer

Samuel Marinus Zwemer (April 12, 1867 – April 2, 1952) is sometimes called “The Apostle to Islam”. As several people have asked me to upload missions books dealing with Islamic countries, so I thought that one of Zwemer’s works would be an appropriate starting point.

Samuel M. Zwemer, The Unoccupied Mission Fields of Africa and Asia. New York: Student Volunteer Movement, 1911. Hbk. pp.260. Click to download in PDF.

This book is in the Public Domain.


1 – The Heart of Two Continents
2 – Smaller Areas and Unreached Millions
3 – Why Still Unoccupied
4 – Social Conditions
5 – Religious Conditions
6 – Strategic Importance
7 – The Pioneer and is Task
8 – The Glory of the Impossible


The purpose of this book is to give a survey of the extent and condition of the wholly unoccupied mission fields in Africa and Asia including Malaysia, from the standpoint of Protestant missions, and to consider the questions that bear on their occupation.

The continent of South America has not been included for two reasons: the missionary problem there is so largely bound up with the condition of the Roman Catholic Church and has therefore such special character that it requires specific treatment; and the continent as a whole with its unoccupied sections and large neglected non-Christian population has already received attention in mission study text-books. To include South America would, moreover, have been impracticable if the compass of one volume for use in study classes.

The unoccupied fields of the world are a new subject for consideration and the data for an altogether accurate and all-embracing survey are not yet complete. The entire world-area has not yet been wholly covered·by the tracks of the explorer, much less by the triangulations of the surveyor or the tours of missionaries; nor has any kind of census· been taken in many of the great unoccupied fields of the world. As· long, therefore, as geography and ethnography can only give estimates and probabilities, a. missionary survey. also can only deal with approximate figures. Where statistics are used, they are taken in nearly every case from the “Statesman’s Year-Book” (1910), or where this failed, conservative estimates were· made from recent books of travel and the letters of correspondents. For the rest, the bibliography gives the sources of information and indicates lines of further study. As far as possible all the references and authorities are recent. The book deals with present conditions. It tells of things as they are to-day. [Continue reading]

Japan Rescue Mission Booklet online

"Pulled Out Of The Fire" by Japan Rescue Mission

The first request I received when I announced that I would be uploading books on mission was for something about work in Japan. This little booklet contains “some soul-stirring accounts of God’s grace in Japan”, so I hope that it proves of interest.

G.D., “Pulled out of the Fire”. Birkenhead: The Japan Rescue Mission, [c.1930]. pp.62. Click to download in PDF.


1 – The Starting Point
2 – Two Things He Knew
3 – A Life Made Luminous by Love
4 – Is Not This A Brand Plucked
5 – A Calvary Product
6 – Made Over Again
7 – Do Not Come Near Me
8 – Save From a Suicide’s Grace
9 – I am Going to Heaven Tomorrow
10 – Apathy or Action

Chapter 1. The Starting Point

Our one and only aim and object in sending out this booklet is to magnify the matchless grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and to extol the efficacy of His precious Blood. In these days of fearful declension, there is a greater need than ever for Christian people to set forth in unmistakable language and with the clearest possible emphasis the greatness of the One Who died on Calvary as a ”propitiation for the sins of the whole world.” It gives us the greatest possible joy to record the fact that since this  work commenced a few years ago, we have had ample opportunity to prove, at least to our own satisfaction, the genuineness and reality of the promises of God. Right from the outset we have had one passion, and that has been to bring the lost to Christ through the preaching of the old time Gospel and through the work of the Holy Spirit in applying that Gospel to their hearts and consciences.

Some people have thought that this work of rescuing the perishing was-to some extent at least-a waste of time. (Their idea was that it was more social than spiritual). We ourselves have never taken time to discuss terms nor to make any attempt to separate the work of God into different compartments. We are out first and last to get at the people’s souls, and to see that they are brought into contact with the cleansing and life-giving efficacy of Christ’s atoning work. [Continue reading]

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914 on-line

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914The first of the 1,000 mission books passed on to me by Redcliffe College features one of my favourite missionaries, Adoniram Judson. Not only was he instrumental in founding no less than two mission societies in the United States but his superb translation of the Bible into Burmese has proved foundational to the growth of the church in Myanmar. This volume reflects on Judson’s legacy.

Howard B. Grose & Fred P. Howard, The Judson Centennial 1814-1914. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.305. Click to download.

A bibliography of works on Adoniram Judson and his wives is available on the main Missiology.org.uk website.

I – Historical Introduction

One Hundred Years of American Baptist Missions

Adoniram and Ann Judson landed in Rangoon, July 13, 1813. Nearly a year later, on May 21, 1814, the General Missionary Convention was formed and, assuming the support of the Judsons and Luther Rice, accepted Burma as the foreign mission field of American Baptists, the English Baptists having headquarters at Serampore near Calcutta across the Bay of Bengal. Within the next five or six years two other missionary enterprises were undertaken cooperation with American Negro Baptists in work on the west coast of Africa in the region of Sierra Leone and Liberia, and work among the American Indians in what is now the middle West. Active participation in the work in Africa ceased about 1840, while work among the Indians was continued until about the time of the opening of the Civil War.

The first twenty years of the work in Burma were marked by the laying of foundations slowly but surely. The intense opposition of the Burman Government prevented large expansion. By the year 1833, however, three important centers-Rangoon, Moulmein, and Tavoy, had been occupied, with several outposts at Mergui, Amherst, and in Arrakan. The report of that year records twenty-two missionaries and 371 church-members.

The period of four or five years, beginning with 1833, marked a distinct era in Baptist foreign missionary work. A strong missionary interest prevailed among the churches. The Convention met at Richmond in 1835 with all obligations provided for and a substantial balance in the treasury, and enthusiastically adopted the following resolution: [Continue reading…]

1,000 Missions Books for Digitisation from Redcliffe College

In March I had  a ‘phone call from Dr Tim Davy from Redcliffe College in Gloucester. Redcliffe is a Bible College with a specialism in preparing candidates for overseas mission. Having moved to a smaller building Redcliffe was having to down-size its holdings of mission-related books, especially older biographical titles which are still of value – in fact, exactly the material I had been looking for.

Tim writes:

“I know for some it may seem counterintuitive but by passing these books on to you to digitise it actually means they are more accessible to our students than before. The vast majority of our students are not based near the college all year round so being able to access them online is better. Plus, we get to share them with everyone else.”

Mission books from Redcliffe College

Tim asked if would like to take some of the books with a view to scanning those in the public domain and putting them online so that students around the world could access them for free. Naturally I accepted this wonderful offer and so this week 1,000 books in 28 boxes landed on my doorstep.

So now the important initial task of working through the boxes to establish copyright has begun. Those that are in copyright will go straight to Book Aid where they will be sold to raise funds to send Christian Books to Africa. Public domain titles will go into short-term storage before being scanned and uploaded to the Missiology.org.uk website. After this the scanned books will go to Book Aid if they are still in a saleable condition. Please subscribe to the Book Aid news updates if you are interested in buying some of them.

I would like to thank Redcliffe College for this opportunity to make this wonderful and unique resource available. Below is a short video in which I share a peek into some of the boxes.  Remember to subscribe to my Missiology blog so that I can let you know when the books go on-line.

Progress is expected to be fairly slow, given my family and work commitments and may take up to five years to complete. I am hoping that interest in the project will lead to an increase in support for the websites I might be able to go part-time on my day-job and devote more time to working on them.


James Gilmour of Mongolia


James Gilmour of Mongolia by Richard LovettRichard Lovett’s biography of James Gilmour [1843-1891], missionary to Mongolia is now available on-line as a pdf. Note that there are several errors in the pagination of this book, giving the (incorrect) impression that there are pages missing. The text is complete as originally published.

Richard Lovett [1851-1904], James Gilmour of Mongolia. London: Religious Tract Society, n.d. pp.312. Click to download.


I. Early Years and Education
II. Beginning Work
III. Mongolian Apprenticeship
IV. The First Campaign in Mongolia
V. Marriage
VI. ‘In Journeyings Often, In Perils of Rivers’
VII. The Visit to England In I882
VIII. Sunshine and Shadow
IX. A Change of Field
X. Personal Characteristics as Illustrated by Letters to Relatives and Friends
XI. Closing Labours
XII. The Last Days


This book in its more expensive forms has been before the public for several years. It has been very widely read, and it has received extraordinary attention from many sections of the press. The author has received from all parts of the world most striking testimonies as to the way in which this record of James Gilmour’s heroic self-sacrifice for the Lord Jesus and on behalf of his beloved Mongols ·for the Master’s sake has touched the hearts of Christian workers. It has deepened their faith, strengthened their zeal, nerved them for whole-hearted consecration to the same Master, and cheered many a solitary and lonely heart.

Many requests have been received for an edition at a price which will place the book within the reach of Sunday School teachers, of those Christian workers who have but little to spend upon books, and of the elder scholars in our schools. The Committee of the Religious Tract Society have gladly met this request at the earliest possible moment. In this new form their hope and prayer is that James Gilmour, being dead, may yet speak to many hearts, arousing them to diligent, and faithful, and self-denying service for Jesus Christ

James Gilmour died in 1891, and some years later the London Missionary Society handed over the Mission to the Irish Presbyterian Church. In February 1907, sixteen years after Gilmour’s death, a remarkable testimony to the consistent life, effective preaching, and influence of this beloved missionary reached England in the shape of a communication from Liu Yi, one of his early converts, in which he speaks of the great debt which he feels he owes to the faithful ministry of James Gilmour. ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.’

14 Years of Theology on the Web!

14 Years of Theology on the Web
14 Years of Theology on the Web!

Theology on the Web was launched 14 years ago this month. It is exciting to note that this anniversary coincides with three other major milestones in the development of the ministry.

  • There are now over 25,000 free-to-download theological articles hosted on Theology on the Web.
  • 2.3 terabytes of data was downloaded worldwide over the last 12 months. If, like me, you have no idea what that means, it is the data equivalent of downloading 2,300 sets of the Encyclopaedia Britannica!
  • Theology on the Web has now moved to its own Virtual Webserver with greatly increasing speed and capacity as the visitor numbers climb to around 2 million in 2015.

To mark these events, I have prepared a Press Release which I am sending to Christian News services in the UK and posting online. Please feel free to download and share this document as widely as possible.

Finally, thank you all for making this possible by your ongoing support and encouragement!