Behind the Ranges. Fraser of Lisuland S.W. China

James Outram Fraser [1886–1938]
 James Outram Fraser [1886–1938]
James Outram Fraser [1886–1938] was an English missionary who divided his time between China and Burma, working amongst the Lisu people who lives along the border. He worked on translating the New Testament in the Lisu language and established churches that were both funded and led by the Lisu converts.

My thanks to OMF International (UK) for their permission to place this in-copyright book on-line. It may be downloaded and used for free educational purposes, but may not be sold for profit without written permission from the copyrgiht holder. My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy available for digtisation.

Mrs Howard Taylor (aka. Mary Geraldine Guinness [1865-1949], Behind the Ranges. Fraser of Lisuland S.W. China. London & Redhill: Lutterworth Press & China Inland Mission, n.d. Hbk. pp.253. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  1. Beginnings
  2. Young Life
  3. The Real Issue
  4. Mountain Men
  5. Missionary in Charge
  6. Banished to Burma
  7. Lisuland Again
  8. A Challenge
  9. A Decision
  10. Powers of Darkness
  11. A Fruitful Interlude
  12. The Prayer of Faith
  13. The Sword-Ladder Festival
  14. ‘Who Teacheth Like Him ?’
  15. The Letter Never Written
  16. ‘I Sent You To Reap’
  17. Love and Patience
  18. Blood of His Own
  19. A New Call
  20. ‘Good Ground’
  21. ‘A Hundredfold’
  22. The End in View
  23. Love’s Endurance
  24. Love’s Reward
  25. Marriage and Wider Ministry
  26. Fulfilment and Translation
  • Farewell

History of the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society – First 25 years

Bible Churchmen's Society College in Bristol

The history of the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society, now Crosslinks, from 1922-1947. The book includes several photographs and maps showing the locations of the mission stations in India, Iran, Ethiopia, Uganda, Canada, Morocco and Burma. Reproduced by kind permission of the copyright holder Crosslinks. This PDF can be used for free educational purposes, but not sold for profit without written permission from the copyright holder.

W.S. Hooton & J. Stafford Wright, The First Twenty-Five Years of the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society (1922-47). London: Bible Churchmen;s Missionary Society, 1947. Hbk. pp.242. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword, by the Rev. Daniel H.C. Bartlett, M.A., D.D

    Authors’ Preface

  1. A New Church Society
  2. Early Days and Small Beginnings
  3. Consolidation and Extension
  4. The Colleges
  5. Another Contindent Entered
  6. Stubborn Strongholds of Antichrist
  7. The Most Troubled Land
  8. Thrusting Outward in the Burma Field
  9. Gatehring up the Threads
  10. The Falling Star of Ethiopia
  11. China’s Two Suns
  12. Rays in India’s Darkness
  13. Bright Sky in Burma
  14. A Constellation and Single Stars
  15. The Young Crescent
  16. The Lights of Home
  17. Remote from the Battle Fronts
  18. Threatened, but not Touched
  19. Disorganization in Africa
  20. China Still in the Throes
  21. “A People Scattered and Peeled”
  22. Testing Times at Home
  23. Building Waste Places
  • Epilogue, by the Rev A.T. Houghton
  • Appendices
  • Index


This history has been entrusted· to one who did not take part in those inner councils which germinated and eventually directed the life of B.C.M.S., but who watched with sympathetic interest from an independent position the founding of a new Society based upon the wholehearted acceptance of the trustworthiness of the Word of God written and the Word of God Incarnate.

And the object of this history is simply to give Glory to God without Whose enablement and guidance the whole effort would have expired ignominiously. But Divine Grace manifested in the gift of a practical Faith engendered a “don’t-careism” concerning the things of Time, so necessary to the launching of a new witness to Truth amidst almost universal opposition….

Dawn on the Kachin Hills

C.H. Denyer, Dawn on the Kachin HillsDawn on the Kachin Hills serves both as a helpful introduction to Christian Missions in general and to the work of Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society there. It also includes material on the work among the Naga peoples of what is now the most easterly parts of India.

My thanks to Crosslinks for their permission to place the book on-line and to Redcliffe College for providing a copy to scan. This book is copyright Crosslinks.

C.H. Denyer, Dawn on the Kachin Hills. A Brief Account of Burma and Its Peoples, and of Missionary Work among them, with Special Reference to the Races of Upper Burma and the New Mission of the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society. London: Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society, 1927. Pbk. pp.112. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface by Sir Harry Stileman
  • Foreword by the Author
  1. Burma in General. Some Geography and a Little History
  2. Rangoon, Lower Burma and the Burmans
  3. How the Gospel came to Burma
  4. The Kachin Hills and the Government
  5. The Kachins, Their Origins and Customs
  6. More about the Shans
  7. The New B.C.M.S. Work in Upper Burma
  8. The Daily Routine of a New Missionary
  • One Word More


  1. Other Books to Read
  2. Hints for Study Circles on Burma

Sketches from the Karen Hills – Alonzo Bunker

Alonzo Bunker [1837-1912], Sketches from the Karen HillsAlonzo Bunker served for forty years among the Karen people of Burma (modern Myanmar) for the American Baptist Missionary Union. In this book he shares from his wealth of experience. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book to digitise. This title is in the public domain.

Alonzo Bunker [1837-1912], Sketches from the Karen Hills. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1910. Hbk. pp.215. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Exploration of Loikaw Mission
  2. Exploration Continued
  3. Founding Loikaw Mission
  4. The First Christmas in Loikaw Mission
  5. Stories of Karen Child-Life
  6. K’surdo
  7. Encounter with Wild Beasts and Serpents
  8. Story of the Yahdo Chapel
  9. Thirteen Witches
  10. Perils and Pleasures
  11. The Miracle of Senite
  12. Provindential Care
  13. The Magic Doughnut
  14. A Notable Missionary Journey
  15. The Gospel and the Savage Bercs
  16. How We Captured the Myaangyoung Pongyi


Every person who is interested in the triumphs of the gospel, and in the often thrilling experiences of the men who, in obedience to a Divine call, are giving their lives to make it known to the unenlightened and barbarous peoples of the East, will welcome this small volume of missionary sketches from the pen of Rev. Dr. Alonzo Bunker, who for forty years has been an honoured and successful representative in Burma of the American Baptist Missionary Union. This new volume will be especially welcome to those who have read with delight and profit “Soo Thah,” a book by the same author, published a few years since, and for which there is still a large demand by the reading public.

Dr. Bunker has been emphatically a pioneer missionary. The work to which he was assigned necessitated long and difficult journeys over vast mountainous regions, infested by wild beasts and untraversed by the feet of white men, to reach tribes of men grossly ignorant, and hardly less wild than their untamed neighbours of the forest. [Continue reading]

First Twelve Years of BCMS Burma Mission

A.T. Houghton [1896-1993], Dense Jungle Green. The First Twelve Years of the B.C.M.S. Burma MissionThis is an account of the beginnings of the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society (B.C.M.S.) work in Burma. B.C.M.S. became Crosslinks in 1992. My thanks to Crosslinks and to Rev. A.T. Houghton’s family for their kind  permission to place this book on-line, and to Redcliffe College for providing a copy to scan. This book is copyright Crosslinks.

A.T. Houghton [1896-1993], Dense Jungle Green. The First Twelve Years of the B.C.M.S. Burma Mission. London: Bible Churchmen’s Missionary Society, 1937. Hbk. pp.255. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


Author’s Notes

  1. How it Came About
  2. History and Geography
  3. The Progress of the Pioneers
  4. Early Days
  5. Mountain and Plain
  6. Problems of Race and Language
  7. A Courageous Couple
  8. We Tackle Other Races
  9. The Town of the Ogre
  10. Advancing Northwards
  11. By the Lakeside
  12. Interlude, and a Venture in Reorganisation
  13. Gains and Losses
  14. A Notorious Slave Centre
  15. The Source of the World’s Jade
  16. A New Venture by the Sea
  17. “The Place Where the Tiger Roared”
  18. How We Get About
  19. How We Live
  20. Living Epistles
  21. Our Bit
  22. “We Have Left Undone”

Roll of Missionaries

Foreword By Rear-Admiral Sir Harry H. Stileman, K.B.E.

I accept with pleasure the invitation of the author of Dense Jungle Green to write this Foreword, seeing I  have a very close and intimate touch with the B.C.M.S. Mission in Burma, through the link of family ties, and personal acquaintance with every member of the mission staff, except my grand-daughter, born in the Hukawng valley last autumn.

I have watched the growth and development of the mission with prayerful interest and attention ever since its inception, and rejoice in the remarkable results attained.

The method of pure evangelism in contradistinction to excessive institutionalism is the plan upon which this Mission has worked: every missionary first and foremost an evangelist; and, coupled with that, an absolute reliance upon the Word of God to do the work that the Holy Spirit intends, of convicting and converting. [Continue reading]

Sarah Hall (Boardman) Judson’s Biography

Emily Chubbock [1818-1854] (pen-name Fanny Forester)
Photograph public domain. Source: Wikipedia
Sarah Hall married George Boardman in 1824, a week before departing for Burma as missionaries. George died in 1831 and Sarah married fellow missionary Adoniram Judson [1788-1850] three years later. Following her death in 1844 Judson returned to the US where he commissioned the novelist Emily Chubbock [1818-1854] (pen-name Fanny Forester) to write Sarah’s biography. Judson subsequently married Emily and they returned to Burma together.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This work is in public domain.

Fanny Forester (a.k.a. Emily Chubbock Judson), Memoir of Sarah B. Judson, Member of the Mission to Burmah. London: Aylott & Jones, 1849. pp.179. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


Introductory Notice

  1. Early Days
  2. A New Life
  3. The Consecration
  4. Contrasts
  5. Maulmain
  6. Tavoy
  7. Little Sarah
  8. The Revolt
  9. Withering and Watching
  10. “Death in the Jungle”
  11. The Female Missionary
  12. A New Home
  13. The Mother and Child
  14. Trial on Trial
  15. The Christian’s Death

Introductory Notice

The authoress of this beautiful biographical production is now labouring as a missionary in the Burman Empire. She has succeeded to the toils, as well as to the sacred relations, of the lady whose sufferings and labours for Christ she has so graphically depicted.

Under the graceful pseudonyme of Fanny Forester, Miss Emily C. Chubbuck has for some years held a high place amid the literary circles of America. She is a native of the State of New York. Highly educated and accomplished, her first productions were written while a teacher in a female seminary in Utica, and at once attracted attention and admiration. Early in 1844, while on a visit to the city of New York, she became a contributor to the pages of the New York Mirror. The sketches, essays, and poems which appeared in its pages, were, two a years afterwards, when she was on the eve of sailing for Burmah, reprinted under the title of ‘Alderbrooke.’

On his return to America in 1846, after laying to rest his beloved partner and companion, the subject of this memoir, on the rocky isle of St. Helena, Dr. Judson sought out Miss Chubbuck, then at Philadelphia for her heath, to request the employment of her pen on the narrative of the life’s history of Mrs. Judson.  [Continue reading]

History of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G.The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (S.P.G) was founded in 1701 as an overseas missionary organisation of the church of England. Georgiana Forde provides us with a short history of the mission in which 15,000 men and women served. The Wikipedia article provides a useful summary here. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G. London: Skeffington & Son, 1911. Hbk. pp.205. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Great Commission – Founding of the S.P.G. – The Discovery of America – The English Settlers in North America in 1607 – Princess Pocahontas – The Pilgrim Fathers – Slavery in the New World – The Rev. George Keith, the first S.P.G. Missionary – Perils of a Sea Voyage – Treatment of Negro Slaves
  2. The Rev. T. Barclay, Missionary to the Red Indians – Queen Anne visited by Red Indian Chiefs – Savage Warfare-War between the French and English in North America – The English victorious under Wolfe in 1759 – The Rev. J. Wesley an S.P.G. Missionary – The American Church asks in vain for Bishops – Revolution in the United States – Independence declared July 4th, 1776.
  3. 40,000 “United Empire Loyalists” settle in Canada and the S.P.G. Missionaries accompany them – Bishops consecrated for the United States – Rev. Charles Inglis in 1787 consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia: our first Colonial Bishop – Travelling in Canada – The Story of the Shepherd Lad
  4. Newfoundland – The Bermuda Islands – West Indian Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes – Barbados and Codrington College – Jamaica – Diocese of Nassau – Confirmations in the West Indies-Diocese of Antigua – Trinidad – The Asphalte Lake – List of West Indian and South American Dioceses
  5. The. Panama Canal-Vasco Nuneo de Balboa – British Honduras – The Mosquito Indians – The Mahogany Cutters – British Guiana – The Rev. W. H. Brett – S.P.G. Missions to Redmen, East Indians, and Chinese
  6. The First Missionary to Africa, the Rev. Thomas Thompson – The First Black Clergyman, the Rev. Philip Quaque – The West India Church Mission to West Africa – The Rev. W. H. Leacock founds the Rio Pongo Mission – Mohammedanism – Chief Richard Wilkinson’s Story – Foundation Stone laid of Fallangia Church – Rev. W.L. Neville’s Ministry – Conversion of the Devil-man and the greatest Slave-dealer
  7. South Africa – Cape Town and the Rev. Henry Martyn – The first Bishop for South Africa consecrated in 1847 – Bishop Gray’s Visitations and Death – The Wreck of the “Birkenhead,” 1852 – The Bishoprics or Grahamstown and Natal founded – Mother Cecile-The Railway Mission – The Church Order of Ethiopia – Colenso, First Bishop of Natal, 1854 – Bloemfontein made a Bishopric, 1863. A diocese without a single church
  8. Chaka and the Zulu Nation – Bishop Colenso and King Panda – Persecution – The Zulu War: Defeat at Isandhlwana – St. Augustine’s, Rorke’s Drift – Archdeacon Waters, founder of the Church in Kaffraria – Bishop Key of Kaffraria – A Missionary’s Letter – Diocese of Pretoria – The Rand, and the Community of the Resurrection – The Diocese of Mashonaland-Diocese of Lebombo – The Cape de Verde Islands – St. Helena-Ascension – Tristan d’Acunha – Madagascar and Mauritius
  9. The East India Company – St. Thomas and the Syrian Church – The Five Chaplains-Parliament grants W. Wilberforce’s Request for Bishops – Calcutta and her first Bishops – Caste – Bishopric of Madras and Alfred Basil Wood – Bishopric of Bombay-Father Goreh – Lahore and Bishop French – Delhi and its first Christian Church – Burmah and Dr. Marks – The Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Chota Nagpur and the Kols – Tinnevelly and Nazareth – Ceylon
  10. Siam – The Malay Peninsula and Singapore – Borneo, Mr. James Brooke, and Dr. McDougall – The Story of Igoh – China – The Boxer Rising and the S.P.G. Martyrs – Corea: How Christianity first reached Corea – Japan – The Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions, 1872 – The Six Japanese Dioceses – The “Nippon Sei Ko Kwai,” or the Holy Catholic Church of Japan
  11. The first European Peopling of Australia – Bishop Broughton – 1851, the Golden Year – Towns, Bush, Back Country, “Never, Never, Land” – Tasmania – New Guinea – New Zealand and its first Bishop
  12. John Coleridge Patteson, first Bishop of Melanesia – Norfolk Island – Pitcairn Island – Bishop Patteson martyred – Commander Goodenough murdered – Memorial Cross to Bishop Patteson – Bishop John Selwyn and the little Savage – Fiji and the Bishop of Polynesia – The Hawaiian Islands and American Missionaries – Henry Obookiah – Queen Kapiolane and the Goddess of Fire – S.P.G. Mission to the Chinese – Bishop Selwyn’s Diocese sub-divided into Nine

Century of Baptist Missions

A Century of Baptist Missions offers a summary of the work of American Baptist Missions from their foundation up to around 1890. It covers their work in Burma (Myanmar), India, China, Japan, Africa, Brazil, Cuba, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Denmark, Greece, Spain and Turkey. This book is in the Public Domain.

Sophie Bronson Titterington [1846-?], A Century of Baptist Foreign Missions. An Outline Sketch. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1891. Hbk. pp.300. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Dawn in England
  2. Beginnings in America

    Burman Missions

  3. A New Gold Mine
  4. Early Lights and Shadows – Martyr Sufferings
  5. Rewards and Results
  6. Varied Experiences – Enlargement
  7. Helping Hands
  8. Sorrow and Joy
  9. Later Years

    Karen Mission

  10. A Fire Kindled
  11. Jungle Victories
  12. Success in Adversity
  13. Sunshine and Shadow
  14. Looking Beyond
  15. Trial and Victory

    Missions in Assam

  16. Lenthening Cords
  17. Progress in Assam
  18. The Kohls, Nagas, and Garos

    Shan Mission

  19. Mountain Heathen
  20. Sowing and Reaping

    Missions in China

  21. The Chinese Mission at Bangkok
  22. From Macoa to Swatow
  23. Results
  24. The Canton Mission
  25. Quiet Growth in China
  26. Central China Mission
  27. Northern China or Shantung Mission
  28. Western China Station

    Telugu Mission

  29. The Seed Planters
  30. Early Sheaves
  31. Later Harvests

    Missions in Japan

  32. Open Doors in Japan
  33. Promise and Perplexity
  34. The Crisis in Japan

    Missions in Africa

  35. The Old and the New
  36. Light in Darkness
  37. Missions of the Southern Board

    Missions in Western Hemisphere

  38. Missions in Brazil
  39. MIssions in Cuba
  40. Missions in Mexico

    Missions in Europe

  41. The Mission in France
  42. The Mission in Germany
  43. The Mission in Sweden
  44. The Mission in Italy
  45. Missions in Denmark, Greece, Spain
  46. The Publication Society’s Work in Turkey
  47. Our Century

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914 on-line

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914The first of the 1,000 mission books passed on to me by Redcliffe College features one of my favourite missionaries, Adoniram Judson. Not only was he instrumental in founding no less than two mission societies in the United States but his superb translation of the Bible into Burmese has proved foundational to the growth of the church in Myanmar. This volume reflects on Judson’s legacy.

Howard B. Grose & Fred P. Howard, The Judson Centennial 1814-1914. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.305. Click to download.

A bibliography of works on Adoniram Judson and his wives is available on the main website.

I – Historical Introduction

One Hundred Years of American Baptist Missions

Adoniram and Ann Judson landed in Rangoon, July 13, 1813. Nearly a year later, on May 21, 1814, the General Missionary Convention was formed and, assuming the support of the Judsons and Luther Rice, accepted Burma as the foreign mission field of American Baptists, the English Baptists having headquarters at Serampore near Calcutta across the Bay of Bengal. Within the next five or six years two other missionary enterprises were undertaken cooperation with American Negro Baptists in work on the west coast of Africa in the region of Sierra Leone and Liberia, and work among the American Indians in what is now the middle West. Active participation in the work in Africa ceased about 1840, while work among the Indians was continued until about the time of the opening of the Civil War.

The first twenty years of the work in Burma were marked by the laying of foundations slowly but surely. The intense opposition of the Burman Government prevented large expansion. By the year 1833, however, three important centers-Rangoon, Moulmein, and Tavoy, had been occupied, with several outposts at Mergui, Amherst, and in Arrakan. The report of that year records twenty-two missionaries and 371 church-members.

The period of four or five years, beginning with 1833, marked a distinct era in Baptist foreign missionary work. A strong missionary interest prevailed among the churches. The Convention met at Richmond in 1835 with all obligations provided for and a substantial balance in the treasury, and enthusiastically adopted the following resolution: [Continue reading…]