History of Protestant Missions in India from 1706 to 1881

Matthew Atmore Sherring [1826-1880] & Edward Storrow [1818-1907], The History of Protestant Missions in India from their Commencement in 1706 to 1881This would appear to be a very significant work for those interested in early missionary work in India. It covers all of the major mission agencies involved from 1706 to 1881 and summaries the progress that had been made by the end of that period.

My thanks the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. The title is in the public domain.

Matthew Atmore Sherring [1826-1880] & Edward Storrow [1818-1907], The History of Protestant Missions in India from their Commencement in 1706 to 1881. London: Religious Tract Society, 1884. Hbk. pp.463. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. Protestant Missions in India During the Eighteenth Century
  2. Missions in Calcutta and its Vicinity
  3. Missions in Bengal, Excluding Calcutta and its Vicinity
  4. Missions Among the Kols and Santals
  5. Missions in the North0-Western Provinces, Oudh, and Rohilkhand
  6. Missions in the Punjab
  7. Missions in Central India, including Rajpootana, Holkar’s Country,the Central Provinces, the BErars, and the Nizam’s Dominions
  8. Missions in the City and Presidency of Bambay
  9. Missions of Basle Evangelical Society in the Southern Marathi Country, Canara, and Malabar
  10. Missions in Bellary and the Mysore
  11. Missions of the Church Missionary Society in North Travancore and Cochin
  12. Missions of the London Missionary Society in South Travancore
  13. Missions of the Church Missionary Society, and of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in the Province of Tinnevelly
  14. Missions in the Province of Madura, of the American Board of Commisioners for Foreign Missions, and of the Society for the Propagation in Foreign Parts
  15. Missions in Tanjore, Trichinopoly, Coimbatore, and the Neelgiris
  16. Missions in the Provinces of Arcot and Salem
  17. Missions in the City of Madras an its Vicinity, including the Province of Chingleput
  18. Missions in the Provinces of Cuddapah, Kurnool, and Nellore
  19. Missions in the Kistna abd Godavery Districts, and in Vizagapatam and Ganjam
  20. Summary of the Agencies and Results of Protestant Missions in India
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B
  • Index

Preface

The aim of this work is to show historically what Protestant Missions have accomplished in India since their commencement in the beginning of the last century. In pursuance of this object, I have collected together all the important events of these Missions, and have presented them in a succinct and consecutive narrative, thus striving to give a complete view, as in a panorama, of their operations and achievements. Notwithstanding the numerous reports which have been £or many years issued by missionaries concerning their respective fields of labour, it has hitherto been well-nigh impossible to gain an adequate and distinct conception of the wonderful work which has been accomplished in the evangelization of the people of India. While leaving matters of unnecessary detail, I have endeavoured to furnish an outline of the various methods, plans, and projects which have been pursued in the formation and growth of the Indian Protestant Church, sufficiently minute to be correct, and yet so compacted together and interwoven as to suffer neither in unity nor comprehensiveness….

Twelve Mighty Missionaries by Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947]

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty MissionariesEsthme Enock’s biographical sketches of 12 famous missionaries has just entered the public domain. This copy was kindly provided by Book Aid for digitisation.

In the table of contents below I have linked to the bibligraphy pages on Missiology.org.uk, where you will find further material on each missionary.

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty Missionaries. London: Pickering & Inglis, Ltd., 1936. Hbk. pp.95. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  1. Pastor Hsi, China
  2. James Chalmers, New Guinea
  3. Alexander Mackay, Uganda
  4. Anthony Norris Groves, India
  5. Alexander Duff, India
  6. John Williams, Erromanga
  7. Samuel Marsden, Maoriland
  8. Samuel Pollard, China
  9. Hudson Taylor, China
  10. C.T. Studd, Central Africa
  11. Dan Crawford, Central Africa
  12. Dr Richard Williams, Tierra Del Fuego

Chapter 1. Pastor Hsi, China

The exact date of Pastor Hsi’s birthday does not seem to be recorded, but he was born probably in the Autumn of 1836. Till he was seven years old the little Hsi lived the usual free life of the son of a Chinese scholar, and was encouraged in every way to be overbearing and self-willed. Then he was sent to school, a school where a shrine of Confucius occupied the place of honour. Here the boy begins the studies which, it is hoped, will make him a “Princely Man.”

But, favourable though circumstances are, they do not satisfy the heart of this boy. At the early age of eight years, as he wandered through the incense-filled Temple and gazed at the hideous idols and vivid representations of punishments and terrors beyond the grave, he would ask himself, what was the use of living. “Men find no good, and in the end—?” he said to himself….

Life and Letters of the Rev. Henry Martyn, B.D.

Henry Martyn
Henry Martyn. Image source: Wikipedia

This collection of the writings of Henry Martyn can be divided into three parts. The first two are selections from his journals and the third drawn from his account of a visit to Shiraz in Persia. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making this book available for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

John Sargent [1780-1833], The Life and Letters of the Rev. Henry Martyn. London: Seeley & Co., 1885. Hbk. pp.463. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  • Preface to 10th Edition
  1. Early life of Henry Martyn – His successful academical career
  2. His advancement in piety – College employments – Decides on becoming a Missionary – His Ordination
  3. Commencement of his Ministerial labours-Collegiate Duties – Applies for a Chaplainship under the East India Company – Visits Cornwall – His sufferings on leaving England
  4. Departure from Eugland – Occurrences during his Voyage – At St. Salvador – And at the Cape of Good Hope – Arrives at Madras – And at Calcutta
  5. Mr. Martyn’s arrival at Calcutta – Residence at Aldeen – Preaches at Calcutta – Is appointed to Diuapore- Leaves Calcutta – Journal of his voyage up the Hoogly and Ganges
  6. Mr. Martyn is fixed at Dinapore – Commences his Ministry – Translations – Disputes with his Moonshee and Pundit – Difficulties respecting the Schools – His happiness in the work of Translation
  7. Mr. Martyn receives intelligence of the death of his eldest Sister – Letters to his friends – Is removed to Cawnpore – Hears of the death of his youngest Sister – Determines to visit Arabia and Persia -Leaves Cawnpore for Calcutta – Departs for Arabia
  8. Mr. Martyn leaves Bengal for Shiraz-Occurrences during his journey – Arrives at Shiraz – Commences a New Translation – Discussions with the Persian Moollahs
  9. First Public Discussion at Shiraz – Mr. Martyn replies to a Defence of Mohammedanism – Interview with the Head of the Soofies – Visits Persepolis – Translations – Discussions
  10. Mr. Martyn leaves Shiraz in order to lay before the King his Translation of the New Testament – Arrives at the camp – Is not admitted to an audience – Proceeds to Tebriz – Severe illness
  11. Mr. Martyn commences his journey homewards, by way of Constantinople – Visits Ech-Miazin – Suffers from fever – Dies at Tocat in Persia – View of his Character – Conclusion
  • APPENDIX: Letters to Miss Grenfell

For more resources on Henry Martyn, visit this page.

Patteson of the Isles by Mary H. Debenham

John Coleridge Patteson

Mary H. Debenham’s short biography of the great South Sea missionary John Coleridge Patteson [1827-1871] entered the public domain this year. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book for digitisation.

Mary H. Debenham [1864-1947], Patteson of the Isles. London: Oxford University Press, 1921. Hbk. pp.160. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Foreword
  1. Two Devon Boys
  2. Out to His Great Adventure
  3. Finding His Sea-Legs
  4. ‘The Multitude of the Isles’
  5. The Boys of the Islands
  6. ‘Business in Great Waters’
  7. Father of the Island Sons
  8. The Cruise of the ‘Sea Breeze’
  9. The Road of the Holy Cross
  10. The Weaving of the Net
  11. The Secret of St. Barnabas
  12. The Snatch-Snatch Boats
  13. ‘Port, After Stormy Seas’

Chapter 1: Two Devon Boys

Twelve hundred and odd years ago there was a small boy running about among  the green hills and woods of South Devon, the county that bred Drake and Hawkins and Grenville and many another gentleman adventurer who sailed westward to singe His Spanish Majesty’s beard.

This boy lived long before the days when England was one kingdom; he went about bare-legged and bare-armed, with a tunic to his knee, and talked English in a fashion that few of us would understand. But, underneath the little differences of clothes and language, he was a good deal like other boys of all ages. He probably carried a sling, and knew how to bring down a partridge or a heron. He knew when the golden-brown streams were ready for fishing. He liked to be in for as much of the excitement as possible when the older men hunted a wolf, and he liked the fun of the midsummer fair…

To find more material on John Coleridge Patteson, visit this page.

Griffith John: A Voice from China

Griffith John [1831-1912], A Voice From China
Griffith John. Image source – Wikipdia.
Griffith John [1831-1912], having been prevented by illness from returning home from China, sent instead this collection of his writings in order to stir others to new missionary endeavours.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Griffith John [1831-1912], A Voice From China. London: James Clarke & Co., 1917. Hbk. pp.271. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. Then and Now
  2. The Supreme Motive in Christian Missions
  3. The Ideal Christian Life
  4. Why Do I Believe in Missions
  5. The Message
  6. The Missionary
  7. The Tract in China
  8. The Bible in China
  9. The Source of Power
  10. The Gospel in Hupeh
  11. The Gospel in Hunan
  12. Fear Not

Chapter 1: Then and Now

We have just reached the close of the first hundred years of Protestant missions in China, and I wish to call attention to the contrast between the present and the past. If we compare the state of things to-day with the state of things existing in China in Dr. Morrison’s day, we shall be able to some extent to realise how great is the work which has been wrought of God during this period in that great empire. We may also notice that the progress of Christian missions in China is but typical of the advance that has been made throughout the world in the same period. When Dr. Morrison went to China the country was, both legally and practically, closed to the missionary and to the Gospel. In those days it was a crime for a Chinese to teach, or for a foreigner to learn, the language…

Click here for more material on Griffith John.

Alexander Mackay -The Christian Hero of Uganda

Alexander Mackay. The Christian Hero of UgandaThis short biography of Alexander Mackey [1849-1890] is one of Paternoster Press’s “Memoir Series of Might Men and Women”. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

James Joseph Ellis {1853-?], Alexander Mackay. The Christian Hero of Uganda, revised & enlarged by Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947]. London: Pickering & Inglis Ltd., [1938]. Hbk. pp.95. [Click here to visit the download page]

Contents

  1. The Boy
  2. A Mother’s Prayer Answered
  3. A Letter
  4. Mackay Begins Road-Making
  5. A Rush Up to the Lake
  6. Entebbe and Uganda at Last
  7. Mackay Meets King Mtesa
  8. Mtesa’s Difficulties
  9. Arab, Priest, and Witch
  10. “The Graphic,” The Plague, and the Cart
  11. Twlce Born-Twice Dead
  12. The Passing of King Mtes
  13. Under Mwanga’s Rule
  14. The Journey Done

Chapter 1: The Boy

October 13th, 1849, in the village of Rhynie,  near Aberdeen, a little boy was born. He was Alexander Mackay, whose life was so closely interwoven with African Missions, ·and who, later, was known as Mackay of the Great Lake-Victoria Nyanza.

At the time of his birth it was bitterly cold and snowy in the windswept valley at the foot of those stem Scottish hills.

Rhynie lies in the beautiful level below Tap O’ Noth. Alec’s father was minister of Rhynie Free Church. The rugged-looking little house in wh:ch Alexander Mackay was born is still standing, an object of great interest to those who revere the intrepid preachers of the Gospel among the heathen.

In 1851 the new Free Church was building close to the Manse, and the little boy was busy every day with trowel and mortar, among the stones. The workmen loved to have him there….

Click here for more material on Alexander Mackay

Deaville Walker’s Biography of William Carey

William Carey: Frontipiece
William Carey: Frontipiece

Walker’s biography of the great missionary pioneer William Carey [1761-1834] is based on the older works by J.C. Marshman (1859) and Eustace Carey (1836)., but adds new material from his own research. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making a copy of this title available for digitisation. This book is in th public domain.

F. Deaville Walker [1878-1945], William Carey. Missionary Pioneer and Statesman. London: Student Christian Movement, 1926. Hbk. pp.320. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Editorial Note
  • Author’s Preface
  1. Childhood in the Weavers’ Cottage
  2. Boyhood at the Village School
  3. The Shoemaker’s Apprentice
  4. Early Work as a Voluntary Preacher
  5. Moulton and the Missionary Call
  6. Leicester: Days of Trial and Conflict
  7. The Enquiry: Carey’s First Great Achievement
  8. The Formation of the Baptist Missionary Society
  9. Planning the Campaign
  10. Facing the Problems
  11. The Voyage to India
  12. India When Carey Landed
  13. Arrival in India: Dark Days
  14. Into the Wilderness
  15. Mudnabatty – Carey’s Second Apprenticeship
  16. Planning a Forward Movement
  17. A Refuge Under the Danish Flag
  18. A Wonderful Year At Serampore: The Mission Established
  19. Converts, Trials, and Progress
  20. Carey Becomes a College Professor
  21. Service for Humanity
  22. The Greatest Fight of All
  23. The Scriptures in Forty Languages
  24. Founding a College
  25. Sorrow Upon Sorrow
  26. Carey’s Private Life at Serampore
  27. “Not a Single Desire Ungratified”

Index

Author’s Preface

William Carey’s life-work falls into two distinct periods: the English period when, almost singlehanded, he faced and overcame the prevailing indifference and hostility to missionary effort, thought out a well-developed scheme, published his amazing “Enquiry,” and in the end almost compelled timid and hesitating men to form a Society for the evangelization of the world; and the Indian period, during which he put his ideas into practice, developing almost every form of missionary agency, translating the Scriptures into numerous languages, founding a splendid Christian college, and winning the confidence of one Governor-General after another. From being a simple shoemaker and village preacher, this man became so skilled a linguist that at the age of forty he was appointed Professor of Bengali, Sanskrit, and Marathi in the Governor-General’s college in Calcutta-a post he filled with distinction for thirty years…

For more material on William Carey, go here.

Story of Irish Missions up to 1869

This is an abridged version of the Story of the Irish Church Missions to the Roman Catholics, that is Protestant Church Missions in Ireland, up to 1869. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Alexander Robert Charles Dallas [1791-1869], The Story of Irish Church Missions. Continued to the Year 1869Alexander Robert Charles Dallas [1791-1869], The Story of Irish Church Missions. Continued to the Year 1869. Dedicated to the Younger of the Church of Ireland. London: James Nisbet & Co., 1875. Hbk. pp.350. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  • Introduction
    The Story of the Irish Church Missions
  1. 1843-4
  2. 1845
  3. 1846-7
  4. 1847-8
  5. 1847-8
  • Continuation of the Story
  1. 1849-50
  2. 1851
  3. 1852
  4. 1853
  5. 1854
  6. 1855-6
  7. 1857
  8. 1859-60
  9. 1861-2
  10. 1863-6
  11. 1867-8
  12. 1869
  • Principles and General Introductions
  • Lists of MIssion Stations and Committees
  • Regulations and Constitution of the Society
  • Appendix
  • Index of Subjects

Preface

In presenting to you, in an abridged form, the “Story of the Irish Church Missions,” with a continuation of its history to the year 1869, we have an important object in view, and we trust that the regard and consideration which you have ever shown towards the members of your sister Church will lead you to accept this little book, and consider its contents with prayerful investigation. It is a common saying that “facts are stubborn things.” May we not add, also, they are precious things, the value of which cannot be overrated? The whole of our religion rests upon them; for what are systems, dogmas, opinions, if they rest not on the ground of certain great facts. All our hopes for eternity must rest, not on this system of divinity or that, but on the fact of the great Atonement….

South American Problems by Robert E. Speer

Robert E. Speer [1867-1947], South American ProblemsRobert Elliott Speer [1867-1947] served as secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions in the United States. The Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions notes:

Speer’s missiology reflected many of the principles of Rufus Anderson. He emphasized the primary evangelistic aim of foreign missions, the necessity of developing indigenous local churches with native pastors, and the basic distinction between the proclamation of the gospel and the spread of civilization. In later years he reiterated his conviction about the uniqueness of Christ and the superiority of Christianity to other religions. Although not a theologian, he consistently set forth an evangelical and Christocentric conception of the missionary task.

In this well-illustrated volume Speer turns his attention to an analysis of the hinderances to missions in South America. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Robert E. Speer [1867-1947], South American Problems. New York: Student Volunteer Movement, 1912. Hbk. pp.270. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. The Great Past
  2. The South American Republics of to-day
  3. The Problem of Education
  4. The Roman Church and the Problem of Religious Liberty
  5. Present Religious Conditions
  6. Present Religious Conditions (continued)
  7. The Indians
  8. Protestant Missions in South America
  • Index

Chapter 1: The Great Past

I. The early peoples. The origin and character of the earliest South American civilization are completely hidden from view. The most ancient traces of man on the continent are the “kitchen-midden” found on the coast of Peru, consisting of sea shells and refuse, mixed with fragments of earthen pots and ashes and occasionally the implements used by these primitive people. After these men, who lived on sea-food, there came more advanced tribes of whom we know nothing except what may be inferred from their pottery and textures found in the deepest layers of the soil. This development, such as it was, was confined to the sea coast. It was followed by a wondedul civilization on the high tablelands. Where this civilization came from is a mystery. We know nothing of how long it lasted or what its nature was except as its architectural ruins show that it had Oriental kinships and that it was as interesting as it was powerful…

While Daylight Lasts – International Nepal Fellowship’s Story – 1960 to 1970

While Daylight Lasts. The Story of the International Nepal Fellowship during the years 1960 to 1970.If you enjoyed readng From His Hands to Ours, which told the story of the work of the International Nepal Fellowship up to 1959, then you will find this sequel equally interesting. While Daylight Lasts brings the account up to 1970. It is reproduced here by kind permission of the International Nepal Fellowship. You are free to download this book and use it for free educational purposes, but not to sell it for profit without the permission of the copyright holder.

While Daylight Lasts. The Story of the International Nepal Fellowship during the years 1960 to 1970. Epsom: International Nepal Fellowship, 1971. Pbk. pp.118. [Click to visit the download page]

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  1. Nepal Today
  2. The Shining Hospital
  3. Leprosy Work
  4. The Baglung Dispensary
  5. The Sikha Dispensary
  6. The Boarding School
  7. The Beni Dispensary
  8. Tibetan People
  9. The Church

Foreword

‘Let us run with patience the particular race that God has set before us,’ (Hebrews 12.1, Living Letters).

It is God, our loving Heavenly Father who sets the race before us. He has planned in Eternity what He would have ua do, and He: equips us for every step of the way. For our part we are to keep at it – and to run!

Our Father knows what lies ahead, He knows also how much longer we have before the Lord Jesus comes for His own, and the ‘day’ is finished.

Looking back over the years since 1960, how gracious the Lord has been to us as a Mission. No less than fifty colleagues have been given to us, the· work has extended into the West, as well as showing steady growth in Pokhra.

After being refused four out of five places where we sought permission to start new dispensaries in 1969, only two years later the government policy was completely reversed, and we were asked to open several small hospitals in the West, but this has to be ratified by Central Government. Surely God Himself is opening these large areas to us because the time is short…