Life of George Grenfell: Congo Missionary and Pioneer

This is a detailed and well-illustrated biography of the George Grenfell, pioneer missionary to the Congo. The endpiece is an extremely detailed map of Equatorial West Africa. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

George Hawker [1857-1932], The Life of George Grenfell. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1909. pp.587. [Click to visit the George Grenfell page for this the download link to this title and other material on this missionary]


  • Introduction
  1. Early Years
  2. College Days
  3. At the Cameroons
  4. At the Cameroons (continued)
  5. Pioneering in the Lower Congo
  6. The Coming of the ‘Peace’
  7. The Coming of the ‘Peace’ (continued)
  8. Boat Journey to the Equator
  9. The First Voyage of the ‘Peace’
  10. From Autumn, 1884, to Autumn, 1887
  11. From Autumn, 1884, to Autumn, 1887 (continued)
  12. Forward Movements on the Upper River
  13. The Seizure of the ‘Peace’ and the Coming of the ‘Goodwill’
  14. The Lunda Expedition
  15. Bolobo and Yakusu—1893 to 1896
  16. Missions and Social Results
  17. ‘In Journeyings Often’
  18. Up the Aruwimi
  19. Illness and Last Furlough
  20. Letters to His Children
  21. Balked by the State
  22. To Yalemba at Last!
  23. ‘The Death of “Tata” Finished’


When I was requested by the Committee of the Baptist Missionary Society to write the biography of my friend and former fellow-student, George Grenfell, it was stipulated that the volume should contain a section of about a hundred pages to be contributed by an expert (Sir Harry Johnston, if possible), in which the scientific side of Grenfell’s work should be duly discussed and appraised. Subsequently, Sir Harry Johnston· consented to undertake this task. But when Grenfell’s papers and journals came to hand, it was apparent that two or three chapters included in a general biography would be quite inadequate for the worthy treatment of Grenfell’s scientific achievements. It was therefore arranged that Sir Harry Johnston should write a separate ,vork, an arrangement in which I cordially concurred.
That work has been published under the title George Grenfell and the Congo, and has secured the high encomiums of competent critics…

Page vii

Thinking Black by Dan Crawford

Daniel Crawford [1870-1926], Thinking Black: 22 Years without a Break in the Long Grass of Central Africa, 2nd edn.
The Look-Out Hut. Onn the Cliff overhanging Lake Mweru

Dan Crawford’s account of his 22 Years work in the Congo. This volume has a number of superb colour plates. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

Daniel Crawford [1870-1926], Thinking Black: 22 Years without a Break in the Long Grass of Central Africa, 2nd edn. London: Morgan and Scott Ltd., 1913. Hbk. pp.502. [Click to visit the Dan Crawford page for the download link to this title and others]


  • Publisher’s Note
  • Acknowledgments
  1. First Fears Justified
  2. First Things First
  3. Far, yet not Farthest, In
  4. Our African Apprenticeship
  5. “Boring in” Farther
  6. Eastward Ho!
  7. “Own Up and Pay Up”
  8. Dark Doings in Luvaleland
  9. The Desert Journey
  10. Farthest, but Shut, In
  11. Vice Versa
  12. Shut in, but Almost Out
  13. Black Suffragettes
  14. Thus Far and No Farther
  15. Red Sunsets
  16. “Nemesis, Daughter of Night”
  17. Our Eastern Exodus
  18. Boring out East
  19. Kavanaga: The Gates of the Morning
  20. “Great White Lake”
  21. A Page of History
  22. Black Man=Black Manners
  23. “THe Year of Love”: An Epilogue
  • L’Envoi
  • index

History of the Church Missionary Society by Eugene Stock – 4 Vols

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. Eugene Stock’s comprehensive History of the Church Missionary Society runs to 2,740 pages and 4 Volumes. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a set of these volumes to scan. These titles are in the pubic domain.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899-1916. Hbk. pp.504 + 659 + 912 + 665. [Click to visit the download page for this set]

Table of Contents, Volumes 1-3

  • Preface
  • Author’s Preface
  • Outline of the Work
  1. The Great Commission
  2. Missions Before the Reformation
  3. Missions After the Reformation
  4. The Eighteenth Century and the Evangelical Revival
  5. Africa and the East – Waiting
  6. The Missionary Awakening
  7. The New Society and its Early Struggles
  8. The First Missionaries
  9. Africa and India: Struggle and Victory
  10. Forward Steps
  11. Rousing the Country: The Associations
  12. C.M.S. and Other Societies
  13. Sierra Leone: The White Man’s Grave; The Black Man’s Life
  14. The Finished Course
  15. India: Entering the Opened Door
  16. Insular Missions: New Zealand, Ceylon, West India, Malta
  17. The Eastern Churches: Reports for their Revival
  18. The Outlook After Twenty-Five Years
  19. The Personnel of the Period
  20. The Environment of the Period
  21. India: Changes and Development
  22. India: Progress of the Missions
  23. The Negro on Both SIdes the Atlantic, Enslaved and Free
  24. Greek, Copt, Abyssinian, Zulu, Maori, Australian, Cree
  25. Henry Venn; And Survey of Men and Things
  26. The Society and the Church
  27. The Colonial and Missionary Episcopate
  28. New Zealand: The Bishop, the Colony, and the Mission
  29. New Enterprises in Africa: Niger Expedition, Yoruba Mission East Coast
  30. The Opening of China
  31. The Society’s Finances
  32. The Jubilee
  33. The Environment: Church Developments – Anglican
  34. The Environment: Church Developments – Evangelical
  35. The Society at Home
  36. Some Recruits from the Universities
  37. Islington College and its Men
  38. Church Organization: The Church of New Zealand
  39. West Africa: Three Missions and Three Bishops
  40. East Africa: The Missionaries and the Explorers
  41. Jerusalem and Constantinople: Jew, Turk, Christian
  42. India Under Dalhouse; and the Missions in the North
  43. India: The Missions in the South
  44. India: The Punjab – For England and For Christ
  45. India: The Mutiny – Its Victims and its Lessons
  46. India: The Great Controversy – Neutrality or Christianity?
  47. India: Missions After the Mutiny
  48. Ceylon’s Isle
  49. China: In Time of War and Tumults
  50. The Great Lone Land
  51. An Anxious Period: In the Society, and in the Church
  52. The Period: More Church Developments
  53. Salisbury Square
  54. Candidates of the Period
  55. The Native Churches: Self-supporting, Self-governing, Self-extending
  56. Ebb-Tide in Africa
  57. The Niger and its Black Bishop
  58. The Islands: Mauritius and Madagascar
  59. India: Rulers and Bishops of the Period
  60. India: Babus, Brahmos, Borderers
  61. India: Agencies Evangelistic and Pastoral
  62. India: Death and Life
  63. India: A Flag for Christ in the Punjab
  64. China: New Mission and Old
  65. The Land of the Rising Sun
  66. Lands of the Utmost West: Manitoba; Metlakahtla
  67. New Zealand: War, Apostasy, Fidelity
  68. Henry Venn’s Latter Days
  69. The Environment: Church Movements
  70. The Environment: Evangelistic and Spiritual Movements
  71. The Society: Missions, Men, Money
  72. The Society: Home Influence and Organization
  73. Africa: The Flowing Tide Again: Ilala – and After
  74. Uganda: The Call and the Response
  75. The Crescent and the Cross: Missions in Mohammedan Lands
  76. India: Dioceses of Calcutta and Bombay
  77. India: Diocese of Lahore
  78. India: Diocese of Madras
  79. India: The Hill Tribes
  80. India and Ceylon: The Bishops and the Society
  81. The Far East: Advance in China and Japan
  82. The Far West: The Church among the Red Indians
  83. The Epoch of 1880-82
  84. The Environment: Ecclesiastical, Controversial, Spiritual
  85. The Society A New Era of Progress
  86. Three Memorable Years. 1885, 1886, 1887
  87. Controversies Within and Attack from Without
  88. Recruits of the Period: Men and Women
  89. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: West Africa and the Niger
  90. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: East Africa and Uganda
  91. British East India; The Company, The Government, and the Missions
  92. India: The Men and their Work
  93. India: Some Features, Episodes, Incidents, and Controversies of the Period
  94. Lands of Islam: Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Persia
  95. In the Indian and Southern Oceans: Ceylon, Mauritius, New Zealand
  96. China: Onward, Inward, – and Upward
  97. Japan: The Nation, the Mission, the Church
  98. The Red Indian Missions: Patterns of Zeal and Triumphs of Grace
  99. Missions at Congresses and Conferences
  100. Seven Years of the Policy of Faith
  101. The Church, the Society and the Cause
  102. The Society: Candidates, Controbutions, and the Three Years’ Enterprise
  103. The Four Years Abroad: Africa
  104. The Four Years Abroad: Asia
  105. In Memoriam
  106. Repice, Circumspice, Prospice

Four Thousand Miles Through Central Africa for the Bible

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Through Central Africa for the Bible

This is an account of a four thousand mile motor tour of central Africa on behalf of the British and Foreign Bible Society c. 1934. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book for scanning. This title is in the public domain.

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Through Central Africa for the Bible. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., [1929]. Hbk. pp.208. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword
  1. Uganda and the Congo
  2. In the Pigmy Forest
  3. Through the Eastern Highlands of the Congo
  4. Peace After War!
  5. Into the Sudan For the Consideration of Babel
  6. Back to the Congo
  7. Amongst the Wild Azande
  8. On to Stanleyville Through the Forest
  9. Yakusa on the Congo
  10. Forging the Chain!
  11. Back to the Forest
  12. To Gombari and on to Kampala
  13. The King’s Business
  14. Spreading the Word of Life


This is just a story! It is not a history, or a survey! It is the “Log of· the Lingua,” the Bible Society’s motor that tours East and Central Africa. The story may give more of the sunshine than the shadow of missionary life, but is it not the joy after pain that gives the urge, the inspiration, the vision that carries the missionary on through the gross darkness of heathenism, and that more subtle darkness that comes from the impact of our – so – called – Western civilisation? That civilisation may have a refined centre. It has a very rough circumference. Africa is feeling that roughness in its intensity.

May this story from Central Africa kindle some thoughts of this wonderful land and its people around the firesides of those homelands where the delights of the African sun are only an imagination, or perhaps a memory! [Continue reading]

Africa Inland Mission Work in Central Africa

Daniel Morison Miller [1888-1965], Central Africa Revisited. A 16,000 Mile Tour Thoughout the Fields of the Africa Inland Mission in Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, Congo, Sudan and EgyptDaniel Miller [1888-1965] was the Deputation and Editorial Secretary of the Africa Inland Mission (A.I.M.). In the 1930s he undertook a 16,000 mile tour of A.I.M. stations in Africa and this book records what he found. My thanks to the team at Africa Inland Missions’ UK office who established that no living descendant of the author could be located. If anyone knows who might have inherited the rights to this title, please contact me. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan.

Daniel Morison Miller [1888-1965], Central Africa Revisited. A 16,000 Mile Tour Thoughout the Fields of the Africa Inland Mission in Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, Congo, Sudan and Egypt. London: Africa Inland Mission / London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, [1938]. Hbk. pp.121. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Foreword
  1. Africa Through the Years
  2. The Journey Out
  3. Through Mountainous Kenya
  4. The Eldoret Area
  5. In Western Tanganyika
  6. Across the Waterways of Uganda
  7. Back in the Belgian Congo
  8. Through Egypt Via Upper and Lower Sudan
  9. The Goal
  • Epilogue

From the Dust Jacket

A record of a 16,000 mile tour through East and Central Africa. The scenes are vividly portrayed and include descriptions of:- Kenya, with its lofty mountains and picturesque tribes; the Eldoret Area on the edge of the rift valley populated by the “Cliff-dwellers” and other nomadic tribes; Tanganyika with its peace loving Basukumu, living among fantastic rocks and rolling plains. Crossing  Uganda, with its numerous waterways, a pause is made in the West Nile district to review a remarkable piece of missionary work; then follows a description of the Belgian Congo in its tropical setting, inhabited by a great variety of people. The writer turning homewards follows the winding course of the White Nile for 1,300 miles to Khartoum; crosses the scorching desert to the rainless area around Shellal, through Egypt and thus home. [Continue reading]

George Grenfell of the Congo

Shirley J. Dickens, Grenfell of the Congo. Pioneer Missionary and Explorer.George Grenfell [1849-1906] was a Baptist missionary who worked with Alfred Saker [1814-1880] in the Cameroon and later went on to explore the Congo region. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Shirley J. Dickens, Grenfell of the Congo. Pioneer Missionary and Explorer. London: The Sunday School Union, [1910]. Hbk. pp.126. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Early Years
  2. In Training For the Mission Field
  3. At the Cameroons
  4. Service and Sacrifice
  5. Pioneering on the Congo
  6. The Peace
  7. Into the Interior
  8. Difficulty, Delay, and Disaster
  9. Cloud and Sunshine
  10. In the Service of the State
  11. Pushing Forward
  12. A Well-Earned Furlough
  13. State Opposition
  14. The Reward of it All
  15. The Man and His Work

Prefatory Note

The purpose of this little book is not only to present to its readers an interesting account of George Grenfell’s life and work, that they may learn to honour one of the heroes of the mission field; but, by simple narrative, to place the missionary appeal before them in such a form that they may gain a deeper insight into the meaning of the Great Commission, and may possibly hear and respond to the same call which led George Grenfell out to service and sacrifice in the dark places of Africa.

I gladly acknowledge my great indebtedness to Grenfell’s colleague, the Rev. Lawson Forfeitt, for the special information with which he has kindly provided me, and for the revision of the MS.; and to the Baptist Missionary Society for permission to use the accompanying illustrations. [Continue reading]

Baptist Mission to the Congo

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], Congo For Christ. The Story of the Congo MissionJohn Myers brings up to date the story of the work of the Baptist Mission to the Congo, building on the account of Joseph Tritton using official BMS records. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], Congo For Christ. The Story of the Congo Mission, new edn. London: S.W. Partridge & Co., [1905]. Hbk. pp.190. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Preface to the Third Edition
  1. The Country, People, Language and Climate
  2. How the Congo Mission Began
  3. Early Difficulties Overcome
  4. Ingathering of the First-Fruits
  5. The Work Amongst the Congo Boys and Girls
  6. Literary Labours
  7. The Services of the Mission to Civilisation and Philanthropy
  8. The Native Christian Churches
  9. The Native Christian Churches (Continued)
  10. The Evangelistic Efforts of the Native Christian Churches
  11. The Death Roll and How to Regards it
  12. The Future of the Congo Mission
  13. Other Missions in the Congo
  14. Changes and Progress in the Lower Congo
  15. Developments on the Upper Congo River


Numerous inquiries have been made for’ a concise history of the Congo Mission, brought up to date: With the view of meeting this demand the present volume has been written. The late esteemed Treasurer of the Baptist Missionary Society, Mr. Joseph Tritton, published “The Rise and Progress of the Congo Mission” in 1885, which. publication has for some time been out of print, and during the last ten years the Missions has greatly developed. Considerable information is also to be found in the Memoir of Thomas J. Camber; appearing in this. Series, but that work· is necessarily restricted by its biographical character. [Continue reading]

Garenganze – or Seven Years Pioneer Mission Work in Central Africa

Frederick Stanley Arnot [1858-1914], Garenganze; or, Seven Years Pioneer Mission Work in Central Africa, 3rd edn.Frederick Stanley Arnot [1858-1914] is remembered for his pioneering missionary work in Angola, Zambia, and in the Democratic Republic of Congo among the Garenganze people. He also did much during his furloughs in England both to recruit new workers and to ensure their support. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Frederick Stanley Arnot [1858-1914], Garenganze; or, Seven Years Pioneer Mission Work in Central Africa, 3rd edn. London: James E. Hawkins, [1889]. Hbk. pp.276. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


Introduction by A.T. Pierson, of Philadelphia

  1. On the Way to the Zambesi
  2. Among the Barotze
  3. From the Zambesi to Benguella
  4. From Benguella to Garenganze
  5. Stay at Garenhanze
  6. The Garenganze Kingdom and People
  7. Return Journey


Mr Arnot’s Fellow-laborers
M. Coillard’s Labours in the Barotse Valley
Lake Bangweolo and Surrounding Country –
Dr. Livingstone’s Description
M. Giraud’s

Map of West Central Africa

Introduction by A.T. Pierson

This story of seven years of pioneer mission work in the heart of the Dark Continent is another fulfilment of that sagacious prediction of Victor Hugo, that in the twentieth century Africa is to be the cynosure of all eyes.

Mr. Arnot has given us no ambitious narrative. It is, in the etymological sense, homely, for it is a son’s letter to his mother and the home group; and it is a story of strictly pioneer work, for he undertook to cross the continent on foot. The journey, undertaken in an apostolic spirit, was marked by that savour of the supernatural which is so sweet to a believer; as when, for example, in a terrible thunderstorm, an electric ball fell crashing at his feet with the sound and shock of a cannon’s shot, and yet left him unharmed; or, as when, in repeated instances, food and water were found to relieve extreme hunger and thirst just at the crisis when the believing prayer had been offered. [Continue reading]

Flaming Torch in Darkest Africa by Bishop William Taylor

William Taylor [1821-1902], The Flaming Torch in Darkest AfricaWilliam Taylor [1821-1902] was missionary bishop of Africa from 1884 to 1896. This book attempts to provide a history of Africa from earliest times until the end of the Nineteenth Century. It includes a description of the exploratory work of David Livingstone, native religions and the progress of missionary work in the Nineteenth Century. There are numerous unique photographs and images. These and the large format of book make the download quite large (29MB). My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

William Taylor [1821-1902], The Flaming Torch in Darkest Africa. New York: Eaton & Mains, 1898. Hbk. pp.675. [Click to download the complete book in PDF]


List of Illustrations

First Division

The Dark Land
Ancient Africa
The Invasions of Islam

Second Division

The Portuguese and Dutch
England and France Explore Africa
An African Association
Mungo Park
Horneman, Campbell, Tuckey,etc.
The New Era
About Lake Tchad
In Campbell’s Footsteps

Third Division

Livingstone’s Discoveries
Stanley’s Discoveries

Fourth Division

Islam and the Natives
Commercial and Domestic
The Kaffirs a Century Ago
Native Religion and Fetichism
Worship of the Yorubas
Human Sacrifices
Cruel Native Tyrants – Uganda’s Despot and Sepopo
Sacrified to Crocodiles
The Zulus and “Judicial” Murders
Religious Supersititions in Garenganze
The Legendary Lore
Folk Takes of Angola

Fifth Division

To a Sure Foundation
Apostolic and Early Modern Missions
Christianizing Wild Tribes
Increase of the Advancing Host
Scotch Missions and Methods
Abyssinia and Uganda
Triumphs in Madagascar
The Gospel in Mohammedan Centers
Land of the White Man’s Grave
The Gospel on the Gold Coast
Missions West and Southwest
Light in the Valley of the Congo
The Gospel in South Central Africa
Mission to Garenganze
Methodist Industrial Missions
Practical Principals of Self-Support
Fate of the First Party
The Church in the Wilderness
Missionary Heroes and Heroines
Heroes of the Congo
Early Days of the Republic of Liberia
Heathen Tribes on the Cavalla
Advance up the Sinoe River
Kroo Coast Experiences
The Gospel in Tonga
The Torch in a Strong Hand
My Latest Evangelistic Tour

Sixth Division

Africa’s Partition and Promise
Dr. Ravenstein’s Political Division of Africa in1893
Africa: Present and Future
Africa’s People and Languages
The Open Sore
The Mines at Kimberley
Retribution and Restitution