History of Church Missionary Society Medical Missions

Henry T. Hodgkin [1877-1933], The Way of the Good Physician, to Which is Added the Story of C.M.S. Medical Missions

This is a very helpful little book that explains the necessity of medical missions as well a providing a history of the Church Missionary Society’s work in this field. My thanks to The Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Henry T. Hodgkin [1877-1933], The Way of the Good Physician, to Which is Added the Story of C.M.S. Medical Missions. London: Church Missionary Society, 1919. Pbk. pp.168. [Click here for the download page]


  • Preface
  1. A High Calling
  2. The Real Task
  3. Ways of Approach
  4. The Variety of Work
  5. Working for the Future
  6. What God Hath Wrought
  7. Opportunities and Problems
  8. Our Part
  • Appendix
  • Index
  • The Story of C.M.S. Medical Missions

Chapter 1. A High Calling

This book has been planned and written at a time when hundreds of thousands of men are offering their lives in willing devotion on the field of battle. Very many of these have seen a vision of personal duty and of national honour which has quickened them to heroic action. When we think of all that this sacrifice means both to those who go and to those who stay, we are constrained to say, “Greater love bath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.”

In these pages must be told the story of a service no less heroic, for an end no less worthy. It ill becomes us to think that the battle-field is the only place where great heroism can be displayed. If it were possible for us to see and to make clear to others the glory and grandeur of the medical missionary’s calling, we should be doing something to supply that moral equivalent for war which is so sorely needed if the world is ever to turn into the paths of peace. In studying this great subject may we not recall to our minds the challenge to Christian civilization flung down by that brilliant author M. Romain Rolland? “Is there,” he says, “no better employment for the devotion of one people than the devastation of another? Can we not sacrifice ourselves without sacrificing our neighbours as well?”

To that question there comes back an answer from the heroes of the mission field. They have found the way. We follow David Livingstone, spending long years in lonely journeys through the heart of Africa. For the sake of the ignorant and degraded heathen, for the sake of the women and children, as well as the grown men, who were being sold into slavery, we see him wearing out his life, and giving his very best, until at last he kneels down in solitude to offer up his soul to God. We see Dr Richard Williams leaving his lucrative practice in Burslem to embark upon the mission to the wild savages in Tierra del Fuego, where, under the leadership of Captain Allen Gardiner, he endured untold privations. Engaged upon an apparently hopeless quest, the six members of that little party laid down their lives in joy and hope. As he lay dying, Williams wrote “Asleep or awake I am happy beyond the poor compass of language to tell.” Or we may think of Pennell of the Afghan frontier, carrying all before him in his brilliant career as a medical student, and then deliberately turning from the success so richly deserved and so hardly won to the far outpost of civilization, where by patient labour he was to win the devotion of wild tribesmen and cultured Brahmins. When he died “Hindus, Mohammedans, rugged warriors from over the borders, women, children, schoolboys, beggars, patients, the lame, the halt, the blind, old and young, foe and friend, all were united by the common sorrow that bowed all heads alike.” We remember Arthur Jackson, devoting himself with all the eager enthusiasm of his early manhood to stemming the awful tide of plague in Manchuria, spending himself to the uttermost in unsparing service for obscure Chinese coolies. Thinking nothing of his own danger, he stood to his post, showing constant consideration to the poorest and meanest, until the plague struck him down too. At the age of twenty-six he gave his life without a murmur in the service of his fellow-men….

Pages 1-3.

Robert and Louisa Stewart in Life and Death

Mary E. Watson, Robert and Louisa Watson. In Life and Death

Robert and Louisa Stewart were both born in ireland and served with the Church Missionary Society in China, where they died in the Kucheng Massacre of 1895. This book was written by Louisa’s sister and is the standard biography of the couple.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for making this public domain title available for digitisation.

Mary E. Watson, Robert and Louisa Watson. In Life and Death. London: Marshall Brothers, 1895. Hbk. pp.243. [This title is in the public domain]


  • Preface
  1. Some Reminiscences of Robert Stewart
  2. Ambassadors For Christ
  3. The Whirlwind
  4. The Joyful Sound
  5. Native Boys and Girls at School
  6. Christ Magnified
  7. “Possessions”
  8. Hands Clasped
  9. Strong Consolation
  10. “Called, and Chosen, and Faithful

Chapter 2

Various proposals have been made as to writing a Life of Robert and Louisa Stewart ; but they have all been declined.

Lives so truly lived in secret with God are not easy to record. And even if the attempt were successfully made, is there not a danger of exalting the human and losing sight of the fact that “all things are of God?”

It has been thought, therefore, that it is sufficient for God’s glory, to print some letters lately received, and supply a few details of the earlier times. Their letters were not kept, at Mr. Stewart’s earnest request.

Feeling that anything too personal would have been repugnant to the feelings of our dear brother and sister, we refrain from writing their biographies; but we know their wish would be that we should write and print anything that would awaken love and sympathy for China and the Chinese-anything that would show the friends who have helped through prayer and by their gifts that the need now is not less, but greater….

Pages 17-18.

Church of England Zenana Missions in India and Sri Lanka

A.D., Until the Shadows Flee Away. The Story of the C.E.Z.M.S. in India and Ceylon

The zenana missions were outreach programmes established in British India with the aim of converting women to Christianity. From the mid 19th century, they sent female missionaries into the homes of Indian women, including the private areas that male visitors were not allowed to see (zenana). Gradually these missions expanded from purely evangelical work to providing medical and education services. Hospitals and schools established by these missions are still active, making the zenana missions an important part of the history of Christianity in India.

“Zenana Missions”, Wikipedia

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making this public domain book available for digitisation.

A.D., Until the Shadows Flee Away. The Story of the C.E.Z.M.S. in India and Ceylon. London: Church of England Zenana Missionary Society, n.d. Hbk. pp.247. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


Part 1: Outlines and Impressions

  1. India and its Peoples
  2. India Past and Present
  3. Religions of India
  4. Condition of India and its Women
  5. India’s Women at the Crossing of the Way
  6. Folk-lore
  7. “Little Kings”
  8. The Church of England Zenana Missionary Society

Part 2: The Story of Work Amongst the Women of India and Ceylon

  1. The Border-Lnd and Over
  2. Through the Sindh to the Sea
  3. The Land of the Five Rivers
  4. The Plain of the Ganges
  5. The Central Provinces
  6. In the Telugu Country
  7. Madras and the Plateau of Mysore
  8. The Blue Mountains and the Lords of the Hills
  9. The Sacred Hedge
  10. The Land of the Conch Shell
  11. The Shining Land
  • Afterword—As the Stars
  • Appendices

Short History of the Church Missionary Society

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], One Hundred Years. Being the Short History of the Church Missionary SocietyIf you are looking for a history of the first century of the Church Missionary Society but don’t have time to read Eugene Stock’s massive four volume work, this slim volume will be of help to you. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making this book available for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], One Hundred Years. Being the Short History of the Church Missionary Society. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899. Hbk. pp.188. [Click to visit the downlaod page]


  • Preface
  1. One Hundred Years Ago
  2. Ninety Years Ago (1800-1809)
  3. Eighty Years Ago (1809-1819)
  4. Seventy Years Ago (1819-1829)
  5. Sixty Years Ago (1829-1839)
  6. Fifty Years Ago (1839-1849)
  7. Forty Years Ago (1849-1859)
  8. Thirty Years Ago (1859-1869)
  9. Twenty Years Ago (1869-1879)
  10. Ten Years Ago (1879-1889)
  11. The Last Ten Years (1889-1898)
  12. The Last Ten Years (Continued)
  13. Conclusion
  • Chronological Table
  • Index of Persons and Places


This little book has been written for publication in advance of the complete· History of the Church Missionary Society. The greater part of it consists of a very brief summary of some of the facts given in the larger work; and here and there sentences and paragraphs are actually reproduced from the still unpublished volumes. But part of Chapter IX., and Chapters X. and XI., have had to be written before the corresponding portions of the complete History. To many of the most · important parts of the complete History, however, there is nothing corresponding in these pages. For the History dwells at some length upon the environment of the Society at different periods in the century, that is to say, upon the state of the Church of England at home, noticing various religious movements, developments, and controversies, and introducing such men as Bishops Blomfield and Wilberforce, Archbishops Tait and Benson, Lords Shaftesbury and Cairns, Sir Arthur Blackwood and Mr. Pennefather, Bishop Ryle and Canon Hoare….

History of the Church Missionary Society by Eugene Stock – 4 Vols

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. Eugene Stock’s comprehensive History of the Church Missionary Society runs to 2,740 pages and 4 Volumes. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a set of these volumes to scan. These titles are in the pubic domain.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899-1916. Hbk. pp.504 + 659 + 912 + 665. [Click to visit the download page for this set]

Table of Contents, Volumes 1-3

  • Preface
  • Author’s Preface
  • Outline of the Work
  1. The Great Commission
  2. Missions Before the Reformation
  3. Missions After the Reformation
  4. The Eighteenth Century and the Evangelical Revival
  5. Africa and the East – Waiting
  6. The Missionary Awakening
  7. The New Society and its Early Struggles
  8. The First Missionaries
  9. Africa and India: Struggle and Victory
  10. Forward Steps
  11. Rousing the Country: The Associations
  12. C.M.S. and Other Societies
  13. Sierra Leone: The White Man’s Grave; The Black Man’s Life
  14. The Finished Course
  15. India: Entering the Opened Door
  16. Insular Missions: New Zealand, Ceylon, West India, Malta
  17. The Eastern Churches: Reports for their Revival
  18. The Outlook After Twenty-Five Years
  19. The Personnel of the Period
  20. The Environment of the Period
  21. India: Changes and Development
  22. India: Progress of the Missions
  23. The Negro on Both SIdes the Atlantic, Enslaved and Free
  24. Greek, Copt, Abyssinian, Zulu, Maori, Australian, Cree
  25. Henry Venn; And Survey of Men and Things
  26. The Society and the Church
  27. The Colonial and Missionary Episcopate
  28. New Zealand: The Bishop, the Colony, and the Mission
  29. New Enterprises in Africa: Niger Expedition, Yoruba Mission East Coast
  30. The Opening of China
  31. The Society’s Finances
  32. The Jubilee
  33. The Environment: Church Developments – Anglican
  34. The Environment: Church Developments – Evangelical
  35. The Society at Home
  36. Some Recruits from the Universities
  37. Islington College and its Men
  38. Church Organization: The Church of New Zealand
  39. West Africa: Three Missions and Three Bishops
  40. East Africa: The Missionaries and the Explorers
  41. Jerusalem and Constantinople: Jew, Turk, Christian
  42. India Under Dalhouse; and the Missions in the North
  43. India: The Missions in the South
  44. India: The Punjab – For England and For Christ
  45. India: The Mutiny – Its Victims and its Lessons
  46. India: The Great Controversy – Neutrality or Christianity?
  47. India: Missions After the Mutiny
  48. Ceylon’s Isle
  49. China: In Time of War and Tumults
  50. The Great Lone Land
  51. An Anxious Period: In the Society, and in the Church
  52. The Period: More Church Developments
  53. Salisbury Square
  54. Candidates of the Period
  55. The Native Churches: Self-supporting, Self-governing, Self-extending
  56. Ebb-Tide in Africa
  57. The Niger and its Black Bishop
  58. The Islands: Mauritius and Madagascar
  59. India: Rulers and Bishops of the Period
  60. India: Babus, Brahmos, Borderers
  61. India: Agencies Evangelistic and Pastoral
  62. India: Death and Life
  63. India: A Flag for Christ in the Punjab
  64. China: New Mission and Old
  65. The Land of the Rising Sun
  66. Lands of the Utmost West: Manitoba; Metlakahtla
  67. New Zealand: War, Apostasy, Fidelity
  68. Henry Venn’s Latter Days
  69. The Environment: Church Movements
  70. The Environment: Evangelistic and Spiritual Movements
  71. The Society: Missions, Men, Money
  72. The Society: Home Influence and Organization
  73. Africa: The Flowing Tide Again: Ilala – and After
  74. Uganda: The Call and the Response
  75. The Crescent and the Cross: Missions in Mohammedan Lands
  76. India: Dioceses of Calcutta and Bombay
  77. India: Diocese of Lahore
  78. India: Diocese of Madras
  79. India: The Hill Tribes
  80. India and Ceylon: The Bishops and the Society
  81. The Far East: Advance in China and Japan
  82. The Far West: The Church among the Red Indians
  83. The Epoch of 1880-82
  84. The Environment: Ecclesiastical, Controversial, Spiritual
  85. The Society A New Era of Progress
  86. Three Memorable Years. 1885, 1886, 1887
  87. Controversies Within and Attack from Without
  88. Recruits of the Period: Men and Women
  89. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: West Africa and the Niger
  90. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: East Africa and Uganda
  91. British East India; The Company, The Government, and the Missions
  92. India: The Men and their Work
  93. India: Some Features, Episodes, Incidents, and Controversies of the Period
  94. Lands of Islam: Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Persia
  95. In the Indian and Southern Oceans: Ceylon, Mauritius, New Zealand
  96. China: Onward, Inward, – and Upward
  97. Japan: The Nation, the Mission, the Church
  98. The Red Indian Missions: Patterns of Zeal and Triumphs of Grace
  99. Missions at Congresses and Conferences
  100. Seven Years of the Policy of Faith
  101. The Church, the Society and the Cause
  102. The Society: Candidates, Controbutions, and the Three Years’ Enterprise
  103. The Four Years Abroad: Africa
  104. The Four Years Abroad: Asia
  105. In Memoriam
  106. Repice, Circumspice, Prospice

Church Missionary Society Centenary Volume 1799-1899

Anonymous, The Centenary Volume of the Church Missionary Society For Africa and the East, 1799-1899The Centenary Volume of the Church Missionary Society covers the years 1799-1899. It lists the many services of commemoration, both in the UK and overseas. My thanks to the Redcliffe College for providing a copy for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Centenary Volume of the Church Missionary Society For Africa and the East, 1799-1899. London: Church Missionary Society, 1902. Hbk. pp,992. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Introductory Historical Sketch

Part I: Before the Commoration

  • The Three Years’ Enterprise
    The Second Jubilee
    The Three Years’ Enterprise in the Mission Field

Part II: The Centenary Commemoration – The Commemoration in London

  1. Day for Prayer and Thanksgiving. Monday April 10
  2. Day for Review of C.M.S. Missions, Tuesday, April 11.
  3. The Centenary Day, Wednesday, April 12
  4. Day For Review of Other Misisons, Thursday, April 13
  5. Day For Looking Forward, Friday, 14
  • The Commemoration in the Provinces
  • The Commemoration in Scotland and Ireland
  • The Commemoration in the Colonies
  • The Commemoration in the Mission Field

Part III: Centenary Funds

Part IV: List of Officers, Statistics, &c.

Introductory Historical Sketch

During the eighteenth century next to nothing was done by British Christians to spread the knowledge of the Gospel among the Pagan, Heathen, and Mohammedan nations of the world. Two Societies, both identified with the Church of England, were practically the only agencies which aimed at discharging this duty, and the aim of both these was limited within narrow boundaries. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, formed in 1698, aimed at discharging the object proclaimed in its title chiefly by providing schools and – literature, and by subsidizing other institutions. It did not propose to employ living agents. Nevertheless, for well-nigh a century in God’s good Providence, it was led to support and, indeed, virtually to direct a Mission among the Tamils of South India, which had been instituted by Frederick IV., King of Denmark, and which was manned by Lutheran missionaries, some of them, such as Ziegenbalg and Schwartz….

Arthur H. Smith’s The Uplift of China – Various editions

The Uplift of ChinaThe Uplift of China was produced in various denominational editions. Redcliffe College have kindly passed three of these on to me for digitisation. I have made available the Church Missionary Society (Anglican) and the 1914 revised edition. The first two are virtually identical except for the last chapter and the revised edition has no photographs.

Visit The Uplift of China download page for the tables of content and the links to the PDF files

Preface to British Edition

The remarkable success which has attended the text-books for missionary study issued by the Young People’s Missionary Movement of America, together with the fact that its committee had secured for the next course of study a book from the pen of Dr. A. H. Smith, one of the ablest writers upon China, created a desire in the minds of those engaged in promoting similar study on this side of the Atlantic to obtain this textbook for use in Great Britain.

At the same time a variety of reasons made a separate British edition desirable. It was obvious that in certain places, especially where comparisons were made between the East and the West, the author had American readers more particularly in view, and emphasis was sometimes laid upon methods and incidents which would be of more interest to students in America than to those in this country….

Missionaries at Work – Church Missionary Society Training Manual

Anonymous, Missionaries at WorkIf you were preparing for overseas with the Church Missionary Society in the early 20th Century you would probably have received a copy of this book. It covers all aspects of missionary life from physical health to developing good relationships with fellow missionaries. Much of this material would still be relevant today.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Anonymous, Missionaries at Work. London: Church Missionary Society, 1905. Hbk. pp.184. [Download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface to First Edition
  1. Introductory
  2. The Voyage. Its Perils and Possibilities
  3. Climate and Health
  4. Domestic Life – Part I
  5. Domestic Life – Part II
  6. The Moral Condition of Non-Christian Lands
  7. Loyalty
  8. Relations With Fellow Missionaries – Part I
  9. Relations With Fellow Missionaries – Part II
  10. Language Study and Examinations
  11. Native Character and Thought
  12. Work Amongst Native Christians
  13. Work Among Non-Christians
  14. Three Principles of Women’s Work
  15. Marriage From a Missionary Standpoint
  16. Relations With a Foreign Community
  17. The First Furlough
  18. The Missionary’s Inner Life


There are some books which command attention mainly by the exceptional importance of the topics of which they treat; others by their successful treatment of topics which are common-place. The following pages, it is hoped, will secure interest on both accounts. Although the subjects with which this book deals specially concern a comparatively limited circle of readers, yet by them they must be felt to be of the most sacred importance. When the call to foreign service has been answered by any servant of God, and the months of preparation have passed, and there comes on the soul an ever deepening sense of the tremendous responsibilities of the life work lying before it, there will surely be given a warm welcome to the counsels of an experienced friend peculiarly qualified to help the young Missionary in ordering his future steps along the paths of the divine Word. [Continue reading]

Sketches of Children’s Lives in Northern Nigeria

A.M. Locke, The Stable Door. Sketches of Child Life in Northern Nigeria.This little book was written to provide an insight into the work of the Church Missionary Society among children in Northern Nigeria. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan and to the Church Mission Society for their permission to place it on-line.

A.M. Locke, The Stable Door. Sketches of Child Life in Northern Nigeria. London: Church Missionary Society, [1935]. Hbk. pp.74. [Click to download the complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  1. The Road to “Bethlehem”
  2. The Children Who Come
  3. How Some of Them Came
  4. Of “Bethlehem” Itself
  5. The Day’s Work
  6. “Bethlehem’s” Fields
  7. Increasing in Stature
  8. Growing in Humour and Understanding
  9. Growing Pains
  10. A New Birthday
  11. What Will They Become?
  12. “Immanuel… God With Us?”


Most people at home know that there are a large number of missionaries of various denominations working in Africa, and that a good deal of mission man-power is concentrated upon schools. It may be that some people think that too much time and energy are devoted to this side of the work, and that more ground could be covered if missionaries confined themselves to evangelization. Those who are of that way of thinking should be convinced by reading this little book that the school, and especially the boarding school which starts with quite small children, is the most effective instrument which the missionaries possess if they wish their work to be lasting.

It is not easy to write about a school in any country; the daily round appears so trivial, and nothing really thrilling ever happens in a well-organized school. Miss Locke’s little sketches, however, of the kindergarten section of the C.M.S. school at Zaria give the reader real insight into the daily life of her little community, and into the thoughts and actions of her young charges.

Incidentally he will see for himself that she is obviously the right sort of person to be in charge of it, so full is she of understanding, kindliness, and humour.

Miss Locke’s book is attractively illustrated and will, I am sure, appeal to a variety of readers. [Continue Reading]

Dayspring in Uganda by Albert B. Lloyd

Albert B Lloyd [?-1946], Dayspring in UgandaAlbert Lloyd, the Archdeacon of Western Uganda, writes here about the work of the Church Missionary Society in that country. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book. This book is in the public domain.

Albert B Lloyd [?-1946], Dayspring in Uganda. London: Church Missionary Society, 1921. Hbk. pp.120. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Introduction
  1. The Land and the People
  2. The First Missionaries
  3. Laying the Foundations
  4. “Yet Shall He Live”
  5. The Building of the Church
  6. A Missionary Church
  7. The Lights Spreads
  8. The Gospel in Kavirondo
  9. Clouds in the Sky


In the minds and affections of the home Church in modern days the place of Uganda has been unrivalled. It has been a name to conjure with. The early heroes and martyrs, whose names are now household words in English Christian circles; the action of the Church, good or otherwise, in saving Uganda for the Empire; the phenomenal progress of Christianity; and the testimony alike of travellers, statesmen, and traders, as to the real uplift of the people-all ·these have conspired to give Uganda a unique position. The country, however, has done more than attract attention to itself; it has stimulated interest in the missionary cause everywhere and put fresh vitality into men’s faith in Jesus Christ.

No reader must come to this book looking for a detailed history of the Mission, or he will be disappointed. There are only two incidental references to the two Roman Catholic missions in Uganda-the one French, and the English-whose converts in 1920 were said to number 230,000; we miss also any description of the constitution of the Church in Uganda, adopted in 1909, which provides for a synod, diocesan council, parochial and district councils, women’s conferences, tribunals of appeal and reference, and boards of education, missions, and theology. Again, no mention is made of Bishop Parker who succeeded Bishop Hannington and, like him but for a different cause, failed to reach Uganda, dying with others of his party at the south end of the lake. [Continue Reading]