Twelve Mighty Missionaries by Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947]

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty MissionariesEsthme Enock’s biographical sketches of 12 famous missionaries has just entered the public domain. This copy was kindly provided by Book Aid for digitisation.

In the table of contents below I have linked to the bibligraphy pages on Missiology.org.uk, where you will find further material on each missionary.

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty Missionaries. London: Pickering & Inglis, Ltd., 1936. Hbk. pp.95. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  1. Pastor Hsi, China
  2. James Chalmers, New Guinea
  3. Alexander Mackay, Uganda
  4. Anthony Norris Groves, India
  5. Alexander Duff, India
  6. John Williams, Erromanga
  7. Samuel Marsden, Maoriland
  8. Samuel Pollard, China
  9. Hudson Taylor, China
  10. C.T. Studd, Central Africa
  11. Dan Crawford, Central Africa
  12. Dr Richard Williams, Tierra Del Fuego

Chapter 1. Pastor Hsi, China

The exact date of Pastor Hsi’s birthday does not seem to be recorded, but he was born probably in the Autumn of 1836. Till he was seven years old the little Hsi lived the usual free life of the son of a Chinese scholar, and was encouraged in every way to be overbearing and self-willed. Then he was sent to school, a school where a shrine of Confucius occupied the place of honour. Here the boy begins the studies which, it is hoped, will make him a “Princely Man.”

But, favourable though circumstances are, they do not satisfy the heart of this boy. At the early age of eight years, as he wandered through the incense-filled Temple and gazed at the hideous idols and vivid representations of punishments and terrors beyond the grave, he would ask himself, what was the use of living. “Men find no good, and in the end—?” he said to himself….

South American Problems by Robert E. Speer

Robert E. Speer [1867-1947], South American ProblemsRobert Elliott Speer [1867-1947] served as secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions in the United States. The Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions notes:

Speer’s missiology reflected many of the principles of Rufus Anderson. He emphasized the primary evangelistic aim of foreign missions, the necessity of developing indigenous local churches with native pastors, and the basic distinction between the proclamation of the gospel and the spread of civilization. In later years he reiterated his conviction about the uniqueness of Christ and the superiority of Christianity to other religions. Although not a theologian, he consistently set forth an evangelical and Christocentric conception of the missionary task.

In this well-illustrated volume Speer turns his attention to an analysis of the hinderances to missions in South America. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Robert E. Speer [1867-1947], South American Problems. New York: Student Volunteer Movement, 1912. Hbk. pp.270. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. The Great Past
  2. The South American Republics of to-day
  3. The Problem of Education
  4. The Roman Church and the Problem of Religious Liberty
  5. Present Religious Conditions
  6. Present Religious Conditions (continued)
  7. The Indians
  8. Protestant Missions in South America
  • Index

Chapter 1: The Great Past

I. The early peoples. The origin and character of the earliest South American civilization are completely hidden from view. The most ancient traces of man on the continent are the “kitchen-midden” found on the coast of Peru, consisting of sea shells and refuse, mixed with fragments of earthen pots and ashes and occasionally the implements used by these primitive people. After these men, who lived on sea-food, there came more advanced tribes of whom we know nothing except what may be inferred from their pottery and textures found in the deepest layers of the soil. This development, such as it was, was confined to the sea coast. It was followed by a wondedul civilization on the high tablelands. Where this civilization came from is a mystery. We know nothing of how long it lasted or what its nature was except as its architectural ruins show that it had Oriental kinships and that it was as interesting as it was powerful…

South America, the Dark Continent by Emilio Olsson

Inscription inside The Dark Continent by Emilio OlssonThis particular volume of Emilio Olsson’s book on the urgent need  for increased missionary effort in South America appears to have proved inspirational to at least one person. The inscription on the title page reads: “Edward Barton, 29th February 1904” – presumably the date on which the book was purchased. It continues: “Just before I sailed by “Panama” from Liverpool for Rio de Janeiro”. The “Panama” here may refer to refer to the S.S. Aleutian, which was renamed S.S. Panama in 1905.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Emilio Olsson, South America: The Dark Continent. New York: M.E. Munson, 1899. Hbk. pp.89. [Click to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Introduction
  • Carrying the Bible Into the Forest
  • In Wildest South America
  • A Marvelous Continent
  • Among the Gauchos
  • Sleeping on Scorpions
  • On the Great Pampas
  • Lost in the Forest
  • The Falls of the Madeira
  • Among the Savage Tribes
  • Curious Courtship
  • Marriage in Patagonia
  • Strange Burial Ceremonies
  • The Warlike Tobas
  • Burying Aged People Alive
  • South American Dialects
  • Indians of the Amazon
  • Descendants of the Incas
  • The Gospel and South America

Introduction

No field could be riper for the harvest than South America is to-day for the Gospel of Christ. A vast continent, extensive regions of which are unexplored, and the semi-civilized parts of which are but little known to Christendom, cries out, with the cry of Macedonia to Paul, to the heart and conscience of the Protestant world. \Vhile nearly every steamer crossing either ocean to Africa or the Orient bears some message of light to the heathen groping in the darkness of idolatry and superstition, millions of South American heathen at our threshold remain neglected, and plungej in barbarism and ignorance even to a greater degree than when Columbus first landed in the western hemisphere….

Missions and Modern History by Robert E. Speer

Robert E. Speer, Missions and Modern HistoryRobert E. Speer sets out his threefold purpose in writing this history of 19th Century missions:

  • To correct distortions of the facts;
  • To demonstrate the significance of missions in world events;
  • To inform the reading public of important recent events.

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making these volumes available for digitisation. These books are in the public domain.

Robert E. Speer, Missions and Modern History. A Study of the Missionary Aspects of Some Great Movements of the Nineteenth Century, 2 Vols. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1904. Hbk. pp. 714. [Click here to visit the download page]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. The Tai-Ping Rebellion
  2. The Indian Mutiny
  3. The Religion of the Bab
  4. The Emancipation of Latin America
  5. The Development of Africa
  6. The Reform Movement in Hinduism 

    Second Volume 

  7. The Tong Hak Insurrection
  8. The Transformation of Japan
  9. The Armenian Massacres
  10. The Going of the Spaniard
  11. The Boxer Uprising
  12. The Coming of the Slav
  13. Missions and the World Movement
  • Index

Chapter 13: Missions and the World-Movement

Of the twelve great movements which have been considered, all but two have been related to Asia. We are often told that Asia is the immovable continent, that she is what she has been and that she will remain what she is, that “some strange fiat of arrest, probably due to mental exhaustion has condemned the brown men and the yellow men to eternal reproduction of old ideas,” that there notion and institution have hardened into permanency and that the continent must be regarded as alien to great moral or intellectual movements and separate from the stirrings of life that work ceaseless change in the West. How is it possible to reconcile such a view with the facts which have passed before us? These Asiatic nations are alive. The stock is not exhausted. “The theory that China’s dependence is due to the fact that she has long since reached maturity and has outlived the natural term of national existence does not hold good….

History of the Church Missionary Society by Eugene Stock – 4 Vols

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. Eugene Stock’s comprehensive History of the Church Missionary Society runs to 2,740 pages and 4 Volumes. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a set of these volumes to scan. These titles are in the pubic domain.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899-1916. Hbk. pp.504 + 659 + 912 + 665. [Click to visit the download page for this set]

Table of Contents, Volumes 1-3

  • Preface
  • Author’s Preface
  • Outline of the Work
  1. The Great Commission
  2. Missions Before the Reformation
  3. Missions After the Reformation
  4. The Eighteenth Century and the Evangelical Revival
  5. Africa and the East – Waiting
  6. The Missionary Awakening
  7. The New Society and its Early Struggles
  8. The First Missionaries
  9. Africa and India: Struggle and Victory
  10. Forward Steps
  11. Rousing the Country: The Associations
  12. C.M.S. and Other Societies
  13. Sierra Leone: The White Man’s Grave; The Black Man’s Life
  14. The Finished Course
  15. India: Entering the Opened Door
  16. Insular Missions: New Zealand, Ceylon, West India, Malta
  17. The Eastern Churches: Reports for their Revival
  18. The Outlook After Twenty-Five Years
  19. The Personnel of the Period
  20. The Environment of the Period
  21. India: Changes and Development
  22. India: Progress of the Missions
  23. The Negro on Both SIdes the Atlantic, Enslaved and Free
  24. Greek, Copt, Abyssinian, Zulu, Maori, Australian, Cree
  25. Henry Venn; And Survey of Men and Things
  26. The Society and the Church
  27. The Colonial and Missionary Episcopate
  28. New Zealand: The Bishop, the Colony, and the Mission
  29. New Enterprises in Africa: Niger Expedition, Yoruba Mission East Coast
  30. The Opening of China
  31. The Society’s Finances
  32. The Jubilee
  33. The Environment: Church Developments – Anglican
  34. The Environment: Church Developments – Evangelical
  35. The Society at Home
  36. Some Recruits from the Universities
  37. Islington College and its Men
  38. Church Organization: The Church of New Zealand
  39. West Africa: Three Missions and Three Bishops
  40. East Africa: The Missionaries and the Explorers
  41. Jerusalem and Constantinople: Jew, Turk, Christian
  42. India Under Dalhouse; and the Missions in the North
  43. India: The Missions in the South
  44. India: The Punjab – For England and For Christ
  45. India: The Mutiny – Its Victims and its Lessons
  46. India: The Great Controversy – Neutrality or Christianity?
  47. India: Missions After the Mutiny
  48. Ceylon’s Isle
  49. China: In Time of War and Tumults
  50. The Great Lone Land
  51. An Anxious Period: In the Society, and in the Church
  52. The Period: More Church Developments
  53. Salisbury Square
  54. Candidates of the Period
  55. The Native Churches: Self-supporting, Self-governing, Self-extending
  56. Ebb-Tide in Africa
  57. The Niger and its Black Bishop
  58. The Islands: Mauritius and Madagascar
  59. India: Rulers and Bishops of the Period
  60. India: Babus, Brahmos, Borderers
  61. India: Agencies Evangelistic and Pastoral
  62. India: Death and Life
  63. India: A Flag for Christ in the Punjab
  64. China: New Mission and Old
  65. The Land of the Rising Sun
  66. Lands of the Utmost West: Manitoba; Metlakahtla
  67. New Zealand: War, Apostasy, Fidelity
  68. Henry Venn’s Latter Days
  69. The Environment: Church Movements
  70. The Environment: Evangelistic and Spiritual Movements
  71. The Society: Missions, Men, Money
  72. The Society: Home Influence and Organization
  73. Africa: The Flowing Tide Again: Ilala – and After
  74. Uganda: The Call and the Response
  75. The Crescent and the Cross: Missions in Mohammedan Lands
  76. India: Dioceses of Calcutta and Bombay
  77. India: Diocese of Lahore
  78. India: Diocese of Madras
  79. India: The Hill Tribes
  80. India and Ceylon: The Bishops and the Society
  81. The Far East: Advance in China and Japan
  82. The Far West: The Church among the Red Indians
  83. The Epoch of 1880-82
  84. The Environment: Ecclesiastical, Controversial, Spiritual
  85. The Society A New Era of Progress
  86. Three Memorable Years. 1885, 1886, 1887
  87. Controversies Within and Attack from Without
  88. Recruits of the Period: Men and Women
  89. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: West Africa and the Niger
  90. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: East Africa and Uganda
  91. British East India; The Company, The Government, and the Missions
  92. India: The Men and their Work
  93. India: Some Features, Episodes, Incidents, and Controversies of the Period
  94. Lands of Islam: Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Persia
  95. In the Indian and Southern Oceans: Ceylon, Mauritius, New Zealand
  96. China: Onward, Inward, – and Upward
  97. Japan: The Nation, the Mission, the Church
  98. The Red Indian Missions: Patterns of Zeal and Triumphs of Grace
  99. Missions at Congresses and Conferences
  100. Seven Years of the Policy of Faith
  101. The Church, the Society and the Cause
  102. The Society: Candidates, Controbutions, and the Three Years’ Enterprise
  103. The Four Years Abroad: Africa
  104. The Four Years Abroad: Asia
  105. In Memoriam
  106. Repice, Circumspice, Prospice

Church in the Wilds by W. Barbrooke Grubb

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb [1865-1930], A Church in the WildsThis is a further account by Barbrooke Grubb of his missionary work among the native tribes of Paraguay. My thanks to Book Aid’s London bookshop for providng me with a copy of this book for digitisation.

This title is in the public domain.

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb [1865-1930], A Church in the Wilds. The remarkable story of the establishment of the South American Mission among the hitherto savage and intracable natives of the Paraguayan Chaco. London: Seeley, Service & Co. 1914. pp.287. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

Part 1

  1. A Unique Field
  2. A River Base
  3. “Burning My Boats”
  4. Theory Versus Practice
  5. A Missionary’s Attributes
  6. A Wanderer
  7. Folklore
  8. Heathenism
  9. Heathen Types

Part 2

  1. Preparatory Teaching
  2. Founation-Stones
  3. Kyemapsithyo
  4. Struggling Upward
  5. Church Organisation
  6. Connecting Links
  7. Widespred Influence
  8. The “White Partridges”

Part 3

  1. A Generel Survey
  2. Religious and Social Leaders
  3. The Language
  4. Education
  5. Medical Work
  6. Thrift
  7. Social Development
  8. Innovations
  9. Missionary Exploration
  10. Intineration
  11. Weakness and Strength
  12. Future of the Church and People
  13. Directing the Destiny of the Chaco Races

Index

Chapter 1: A Unique Field

The origin of the Red Man, and his history previous to the Columbian period, lie buried in mystery, up to to-day no satisfactory solution of the problem having been arrived at. Tribes exist in the great Southern portion of the New World, of whom nothing whatever is known, and vast regions still remain unexplored.

The Continent affords to the world an interesting study in political development. Those who have been, and still are, puzzling over the question as to whether the white and the coloured man should be allowed to exist side by side in the same land, and even be admitted to equal rights, will find that the fusion of the many distinct races, pre-Columbian, African, and European, which are to be found in the South American Republics, is a subject worthy of their best attention. [Continue reading]

Barbrooke Grubb’s An Unknown People in an Unknown Land

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb [1865-1930], An Unknown People in an Unknown LandThis is Barbrooke Grubb’s own account of the life and customs of the Lengua Indians of Paraguay, among whom he works for over twenty years. This book is in the public domain.

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb [1865-1930], An Unknown People in an Unknown Land. An Account of the Life and Customs of the Lengua Indians of the Paraguayan Chaco, With Adventures and Experiences During Twenty Years’ Pioneering and Exploration Amongst Them. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., 1925. Hbk. pp.330. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. Rumour
  2. Dangers of Entrance
  3. Into the Unknown
  4. Early Experiences
  5. Origin of the Chaco Tribes
  6. Primitive Indian Life
  7. Arts and Industries
  8. Hunting
  9. Travel
  10. War
  11. Religion
  12. Shade-Land
  13. Dreams
  14. Superstitions
  15. Wizards and Witchcraft
  16. Burial Rites
  17. Rescue of a Child
  18. Feasts
  19. Indian Socialism
  20. General Characteristics
  21. Morals
  22. System of Dealing with Indians
  23. Teacher and Pupil
  24. Infanticide and Other Evils
  25. Murderous Attack
  26. In Danger of Burial Alive
  27. Poit’s Defence and Fate
  28. Final Struggle of the Witch-Doctor
  29. ‘Twixt Old and New
  30. Christianity and Heathenism
  • Appendix
  1. The Chaco, Its Tribes, Expeditions and Discoveries
  2. Geological, Structures, Climate, Fauna and Flora of the Chaco
  3. Language
  4. Outside Testimony
  • Index

Preface

It js prophesied that during the next decade the attention of the world will be turned to South America as markedly as it has been directed to the Far East in this. There are undoubtedly substantial grounds for such a forecast. The natural wealth of the Continent is unquestioned, and rapid developments have taken place of recent years. But with few exceptions-in particular, that of the linking of the east and west coasts by the completion of the Trans-Andine Railway-these developments are confined to the coast-line of the Continent. Though some of its mighty rivers are navigable for thousands of miles, yet much of the interior is still shrouded in mystery. Exploring expeditions have had to encounter impassable and malarial swamps, impenetrable forests, unnavigable rivers, and hostile tribes of Indians, and have for the most part ended in disaster. [Continue reading]

Barbrooke Grubb – Pathfinder by Norman J. Davidson

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Barbrooke Grubb PathfinderThis is a book for children about the life of the missionary pioneer to South America, W. Barbrooke Grubb. This is the second of four in this blog mini-series featuring Grubb.

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Barbrooke Grubb Pathfinder. The Record of an Adventurous Life of Courage & Endurance Nobly Spent Amongst the Savage Peoples of South American Chaco Told For Boys & Girls. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1930. Hbk. pp.217. [Download the complete book in PDF]

Contents

  1. Early Days
  2. The Falklands Islands
  3. Among the Yaghans
  4. Ordered to Paraguay
  5. Early Days in the Chaco
  6. Incidents and Adventures
  7. Wizards and Their Ways
  8. Critical Times
  9. Fights Against Cruel Customs
  10. A Murderous Attack
  11. In Danger of Burial Alive
  12. Poit’s Defence and Fate
  13. Final Struggle of Witchcraft
  14. The Chiriguanos and Tobas of the Chaco
  15. The Founding of the Mataco Mission

Chapter 1: Early Years

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb’s family seem to have had the lust for wandering strongly developed in their nature for many generations on both sides of the family. An ancestor on his mother’s side is recorded to have done legitimate trading in foreign waters, with perhaps a suspicion of piracy at odd times during the reign of Henry VIII; and her grand-father, father and three brothers served in the East India Company. The same love of wandering appears to have been equally developed on his father’s side, for one member of his family accompanied Penn, and assisted in the founding of Pennsylvania in North America. [Continue reading]

This

W. Barbrooke Grubb – The Livingstone of South America

R.J. Hunt [1874-1938], The Livingstone of South AmericaThe life and work of William Barbrooke Grubb [1865-1930] despite appearing in the standard mission dictionaries seems to be relatively unknown. Wikipedia, for example, contains no entry for him. To help remedy this I am making available four books this month by and about Barbrooke Grubb, who worked mainly in Paraguay, but also travelled extensively in Chile, Bolivia and Argentina.

R.J. Hunt [1874-1938], The Livingstone of South America. The Life & Adventures of W. Barbrooke Grubb among the wild tribes of the Gran Chaco in Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina, the Falkland Islands & Tierra del Fuego. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., [1932]. Hbk. pp.347. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this book available for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Contents

  • An Appreciation – H.T- Morrey-Jones
  • Foreword
    Preface
  1. Early Years 1865-1886
  2. Appointed to Keppel Island 1886
  3. Trains Yahgan Boys at Keppel 1886-1889
  4. On the Banks of the River Paraguay 1890
  5. Experiences at Riacho Fernandez 1890
  6. Plunges into the Unknown Wilds 1890
  7. Settles Inland 1891
  8. Removes to Thlagnasinkinmith 1891
  9. Trials and Travels 1892-1893
  10. Perilous Days at Thlagwakhe 1893-1894
  11. Acquires a Permanent Landing-Place 1895
  12. Waikthlatingmangyalwa Founded 1895-96
  13. Takes His First Furlough 1896
  14. The March of Events in the Field 1896-1897
  15. Lengthening Cords and Strengthening Stakes 1897
  16. Poet’s Treachery and Murderous Attack 1897
  17. Dread of Burial Alive 1897
  18. Recovery and Convalescence 1898-1899
  19. Trackling the Witch-Doctors 1900
  20. The Cattle Ranch at the Pass 1901
  21. The Christian Colony at Nakte-Tingma 1902-1904
  22. The Garden Settlement of Makthlawaiya 1905-1908
  23. An Expedition to Bolivia 1909-1910
  24. The Cane-Fields of Argentina 1911-1913
  25. Among the Sanapanas of Northern Paraguay 1914
  26. Among the Matacos of the Bermejo River 1914-1915
  27. Among the Suhin of the Monte Lindo 1915-1918
  28. Nearing the End of His Travels 1918-1923
  29. Last Links in a Noble Chain 1923-1930
  30. The Passing of the Pioneer 1928-1930
  • Index

An Appreciation by The Venerable Archdeacon H.T. Morrey-Jones

Some three months before the passing of “W.B.G.” as the subject of this biography was familiarly known to his colleagues, it was my privilege to spend a week-end with him in his home in Lasswade, near Edinburgh.

Many years had elapsed since we had lived and worked together in the Gran Chaco of Paraguay, where I knew him in his prime-the pioneer and hero of a missionary triumph he was so largely instrumental in building up in that then unknown land, and when he was capable of those great feats of physical strength and endurance so constantly demanded of one living under conditions so wild and primitive. [Continue reading]

Story of Regions Beyond Missionary Union

Harry Guinness [1835-1910], These Thirty Years. The Story of the R.B.M.U.The Regions Beyond Missionary Union was founded by Henry Grattan Guinness and his wife Fanny in 1873. Its thousands of workers served in South America, Central Africa, India, Nepal and Irian Jaya. This book by the founder of the mission tells the story of the first 30 years.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Harry Guinness [1835-1910], These Thirty Years. The Story of the R.B.M.U. London: The Regions Beyond Missionary Union, 1903. Hbk. pp.106. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  • Preface
  • These Thirty Years
  • The Child Grew
  • Our Training Institutions
  • The Congo Balolo Mission
  • How Much Longer
  • At Work in the Neglected Continent
  • The Scorn of Job
  • Piercing the Darkness of Peru
  • The Quichua’s Appeal
  • Amongst India’s Millions
  • Our Helpers
  • Strengthening the Stakes
  • A Harley College Group
  • How the Money Comes
  • Our Deputation Secretaries
  • Our Children’s Home
  • The Sleeping Sickness; or, Negro Lethargy
  • Vigilante

Preface

The warm appreciation elicited by the earlier edition of “These Thirty “Years,” has encouraged us to conserve in permanent form this special issue of ” Regions Beyond.” A few emendations and improvements have been effected, and an important supplementary chapter added. Our readers will find that instead of a formal report for 1902, we compiled an illustrated survey of the entire work of the R.B.M.U. Our only regret was that lack of space compelled us to omit all reference to the noble efforts of the men and women who have gone forth from our midst to become identified with other Missionary societies, and in some instances to establish Independent Missions in hitherto unreached spheres.

The record was sent forth with the earnest prayer that it might stimulate a deeper interest in the Missions identified with Harley House, and we gratefully acknowledge the kindness and sympathy with which it has been received. Those who still desire to help us can render effective service by introducing this volume to Christian people who may not be acquainted with the work. We shall greatly appreciate any such effort to widen our circle of helpers. [Continue reading]

Further information about R.B.M.U. can be found on the Mundus website.