Christianity and the Government of India

Arthur Innes Mayhew [1878-1948], Christianity and the Government of India

An important historical study of the relationships between the Government of India, that of Great Britain (and others), and Christian mission in India. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Arthur Innes Mayhew [1878-1948], Christianity and the Government of India. An Examination of the Christian Forces at Work in the Administration of India and of the Mutual Relations of the British Government and Christian Missions 1600-1920. London: Faber & Gwyer Ltd., n.d. Hbk. pp.260. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Preface
  1. Wilberforce and the Charter of 1793
  2. Schwartz, the East India Company and Other European Powers in India
  3. Public Opinion in Church and State at Home
  4. Carey and Serampore and the Government of Bengal
  5. Signs of Grace. The Company and Trusteeship
  6. The Vellore Mutiny and Reaction
  7. Final Triumph of Wilberforce
  8. Public Opinion at Home
  9. Bishop, Chaplains and Governors-General of India. Heber, Duff and Wilson
  10. Advance on Christian Lines. Bestinck ad Dalhousie
  11. Reactionary Influence
  12. Mission Influence on Education. Duff and Wilson
  13. Further Educational Problems
  14. The Mutiny in its Religious Aspect
  15. Harmonious Co-operation
  16. The Fruits of Co-operation
  • Epilogue: Things Present and to Come
  • Books Consulted

Chapter 1: Wilberforce and the Charter of 1793

England in 1793 was anxious and perplexed. With the Bank of England suspending payment, Jacobins at work on either side of the Channel, and ‘The Rights of Man1 ‘ spreading poison over the countryside, men’s hearts were failing them for fear. No one who knew William Carey would have dared to accuse him of despair. But when that ‘ consecrated cobbler ‘ and his co-mate in enthusiasm Thomas, late surgeon of the East India Company Fleet, watched from Plymouth Hoe the East Indiaman, which should have conveyed them and their Bibles to Bengal, hull down on the horizon, there can have been few more troubled minds in that troublous year. For Captain Smyth, who had yielded so far to the persuasive tongue of Thomas as to smuggle them on board at Gravesend, had capitulated at Plymouth to the stronger coercion of a pseudonymous letter. To embark a passenger for John Company’s domain in India without a licence from that Company involved on discovery alarming penalties. But unlicensed passengers who were also ‘missionaries and schoolmasters ‘! It was as much as his place was worth….

Page 21

Missionary Church by W. Wilson Cash

William Wilson Cash [1880-1955], The Missionary Church. A Study in the Contribution of Modern Missions to Œcumenical Christianity

Reflecting on what he had observed during his thirty years of service with the Church Missionary Society, W. Wilson Cash writes on the relationship between Missions and the Church. My thanks to the Church Mission Society for their kind permission to place this book online and the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy for digitisation.

William Wilson Cash [1880-1955], The Missionary Church. A Study in the Contribution of Modern Missions to Œcumenical Christianity. London: Church Missionary Society, 1939. Hbk. pp.326. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  1. Missionary Motives and Origins
  2. Missionary Principles and Activities in India
  3. Expanding Missions in Africa
  4. Failures and Successes in the Far East
  5. Why Missionary Societies To-day?
  6. The Church of God
  7. A Witnessing Church
  8. Self-supporting Church
  9. The Church Universal
  10. The Church that is to be


This year I complete thirty years in the service of the C.M.S. During that time my work has carried me to many parts of the world and has given me the opportunity of discussing missionary policy with people of different races and Churches. The more I study the missionary history of the nineteenth century and its achievement in the growing universal Church, the more I am convinced that what happened in the Evangelical Revival and the founding of missionary societies was part of God’s purpose for the world, an unfolding purpose which we see more clearly to-day than our fathers did in 1799 when the C.M.S. started on its career. It seems to me, as is explained in this book, that God called forth this missionary expansion at a turning point in world history and as a preparation for this day in which we now live….

Page 1

Short Introduction to Christian Missions by Eugene Stock

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions

Eugene Stock, who also wrote the massive 4-volume History of the Church Missionary Society, provides a brief – but nonetheless comprehensive – introduction to Christian missions. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre of Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1904. Hbk. pp.214. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Prefatory Note
  1. What is a Mission?
  2. The Purpose of Missions
  3. The Motive of Missions
  4. The Need of Missions
  5. The Methods of Missions
  6. The Mission Agencies
  7. The Missionaries
  8. The Administration of Missions
  9. The Support of Missions
  10. Missions and Governments
  11. The World’s Population: Races, Languages, Religions
  12. Non-Christian Religions and Christianity
  13. Objections and Criticisms
  14. Seventeen Centuries of the Christian Era
  15. The Eighteenth Century
  16. The Nineteenth Century—1801–1840
  17. The Nineteenth Century—1841–1872
  18. The Nineteenth Century—1872–1900
  19. General Progress since 1872
  20. Results of Protestant Missions
  21. Testimonies
  22. Some Notable Missionaries
  23. Some Prominent Native Christians
  24. Some Auxiliary Helpers of Missions
  25. Missions of the Greek and Roman Churches
  26. Mission to the Jews
  27. Fields to be Worked
  28. Obstacles to be Encountered
  29. Opportunities and Resources
  30. “In This Generation”?
  31. Edification of Converts
  32. Building the Visible Church
  33. Aid for the Daughter Churches
  34. “I Believe in the Holy Ghost”


  1. Some Books for Study
  2. Chronological Table

Prefatory Note

The last few years have seen a great change in the attitude of the Christian public towards what are called Foreign Missions. There was in the past a great deal of earnest sympathy with them, and liberal support of them, although in comparatively limited circles; but the principles and methods, the history and environment, of Missions, were not systematically studied. It is in this respect that the change is apparent. Old missionaries on their forty or fifth or sixth furloughs say that, as they go about the country to preach and speak in behalf of the cause, they find an intelligent knowledge and appreciation of the work which is new. It is partly a cause and partly a result of this increase of knowledge that missionary books of all kinds are multiplying, and find a ready sale.

But still, for the direction of the study now becoming less uncommon, some more definite guidance seems to be called for…

Page v.

African Idylls by Donald Fraser

Donald Fraser [1870-1933], African Idylls. Portraits & Impressions of Life on a Central African Mission Station

An account of the work of Donald Fraser, a notable missionary to Malawi. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making this public domain title available for digitisation.

Donald Fraser [1870-1933], African Idylls. Portraits & Impressions of Life on a Central African Mission Station, 3rd edn. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1923. Hbk. pp.229. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  1. Our African Home
  2. A School in Central Africa
  3. An African Beadle
  4. A Holiday on the Hills
  5. Lost in the Bush
  6. “The Needy One”
  7. The Motor Fiend
  8. The Aftermath
  9. A True Knight
  10. A Wanderer Returned
  11. Waterfinisher—A Carrier
  12. The Beloved Madman
  13. From Death to Life
  14. Man’s Gratitude to Man
  15. Magic
  16. Central African Vignettes

Chapter 1: Our African Home

The station stands in a wide, open space surrounded on all sides by a broad belt of trees. The dense wood has been cut, and in its place a low, creeping dub grass has been planted, beloved of the herd of cattle that roams around in the months when the grass is green and succulent. Here and there are wide, spreading trees, and on both sides of the main roads avenues of oranges and mangoes, blue gums and cypresses, are gradually creeping up, promising to make a brave show in the future. Winds blow all day through the station during the dry season, bringing freshness and vigour that were strangers to the thick wood, and causing some irritation to the resident who loves a quiet peace, and not a little confusion to the modest native, whose dress is but a loose girdling of calico.

Pages 17-18.

Nepal and the Gospel of God by Jonathan Lindell

Jonathan Lindell, Nepal and Gospel of GodThe rate of church growth in Nepal is one of the fastest in the world. This growth is not primarily due to the presence of foreign missionary agencies that have been present in the country since the 1950s. Rather it has been through the evangelistic efforts of the Nepali people themselves, reaching out despite the risk of imprisonment for proselytising. This book tells the story of the church in Nepal up to 1979.

I had the privilege of serving in Nepal in 1988/89 and received a copy of this book as part of my orientation course. It appears on-line thanks to the kind permission of the United Mission to Nepal.

Jonathan Lindell, Nepal and Gospel of God. New Dehli: United Mission to Nepal, 1979. Hbk. pp.279. [Click to visit the download page.]


  1. Men in Beards, Hoods and Robes
  2. Language, Books, Message
  3. People Who Seek, Find, Tell
  4. People Who Peach, Teach and Heal
  5. End of the Ranas, Revolution, New Nepal
  6. Bird Trips, The Dikshit Letter, A New Mission
  7. Riding the Tide into Nepal
  8. Into the Hilly Regions
  9. Development Is A Multi-Faceted Process
  10. Insode the United Mission
  11. Nepal and the Gospel of God
  • Bibliography of Source Materials
  • Appendix I – Member Bodies of The United Mission
  • Appendix II – The General Agreement
  • Appendix III – Profile of U M N Personnel
  • Appendix IV – Projects of the United Mission
  • Source Materials


The Wikipedia page on the United Mission to Nepal references this book. Could someone add this link please?

From the dustjacket

The history of Christian Missions will probably record that the United Mission to Nepal is unique among missionary organizations on any continent. It cams to birth in the movement only in 1954, making it now 25 years old. On this anniversary the Directors considered it appropriate to put into writing an account of the country where the Mission has enjoyed these years and also the story of Christian Missions as related to Nepal.

The United Mission is only a small part of a much larger whole. Its roots go back into history in many directions and its branches touch and its missionary movement in southern Asia. This book attempts to gather up these many parts – Capuchin Fathers, Bible Translators, Darjeeling Christians, Missions on the border, evangelists and believers – to fit them together and to see the larger whole.

Special attention is then given to this unusual Mission – the nature of its ‘united-ness’ and the content of its ‘mission’, Within it are more than thirty mission societies from four continents which hae joined together to work as one body of Christians ‘in the Name and Spirit of Jesus Christ’. Here is the account of those diverse nationalities, the denominations from which they come, theuir human frailties, the glue which hold them together and the prevailing faith which sends them with joy into witness and service.

Nepal is unique among countries as the United Mission is among mission organizations. It has been a little-known Hindu Kingdom, closed to the outside world and shut up in its medievalism. Recently it threw open its windows and doors, joined the world family of nations and is moving vigorously in the current of the times to build a New Nepal. It is within this society and its environment, related to Agreements signed with His Majesty’s Government of Nepal, that the United Mission has found it manner of life and its place of work.

A special feature of the book in the way it leads the reader around to the Nepal side, to join the Nepalese in looking down from their mountain strongholds upon colonial movements and the coming of missions, to think their thoughts and understand their actions. Then to come around and view the drame of life in Nepal from the eyes of the Christian movement. This book contains two parts and relates them to each other, what it calls “Nepal” and the “Gospel of God”.

Jerusalem Missions Conference 1928 Reports – 8 Volumes

1928 Jerusalem Missions Conference

The 1928 Jerusalem Missions Conference discussed a wide range of topics from industrialisation to race relations. Some of the material in this 8 Volume set remains in copyright, but I have now made available what can be published legally. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing the set of reports for digitisation.

Report of the Jerusalem Meeting of the International Missionary Council, March 24th – April 8th, 1928, 8 Vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1928. Hbk. [Click here to visit the table of contents]

The History of the Jerusalem Meeting of the International Missionary Council

The Rev. William Paton

The Jerusalem meeting of the International Missionary Council can be most fully understood and its value estimated by reference to the series of international missionary meetings of which it is the latest. Our record of these may begin with the meetings held in 1854 in both America and Great Britain, under the leadership of Dr Alexander Duff; the meeting at Liverpool in 1860; the meeting at Mildmay Park in London in 1878, at which thirty-four missionary societies were represented, eleven of them non-British; and the more important conference in 1888 held in Exeter Hall, with sixty-seven American societies, fifty-three British, eighteen Continental and two from the Colonies represented. In 1900 there was held a large conference styled the ‘Ecumenical’ Conference in New York, composed of about fifteen hundred delegates appointed by the American and Canadian societies, together with about two hundred delegates from British, Continental and other foreign societies and six hundred foreign missionaries. After the New York conference of 1900 plans were made for another missionary conference to be held after an interval of ten years, and in June 1910 the World Missionary Conference met at Edinburgh, attended by 1356 delegates, of whom 594 came from the United States and Canada, 560 from Great Britain, 175 from the Continent of Europe, 27 from the British Dominions. Of the whole number ten were nationals of the countries of the mission field.

Volume 8, pp.3-4.

Barbrooke Grubb – Pathfinder by Norman J. Davidson

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Barbrooke Grubb PathfinderThis is a book for children about the life of the missionary pioneer to South America, W. Barbrooke Grubb. This is the second of four in this blog mini-series featuring Grubb.

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Barbrooke Grubb Pathfinder. The Record of an Adventurous Life of Courage & Endurance Nobly Spent Amongst the Savage Peoples of South American Chaco Told For Boys & Girls. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1930. Hbk. pp.217. [Download the complete book in PDF]


  1. Early Days
  2. The Falklands Islands
  3. Among the Yaghans
  4. Ordered to Paraguay
  5. Early Days in the Chaco
  6. Incidents and Adventures
  7. Wizards and Their Ways
  8. Critical Times
  9. Fights Against Cruel Customs
  10. A Murderous Attack
  11. In Danger of Burial Alive
  12. Poit’s Defence and Fate
  13. Final Struggle of Witchcraft
  14. The Chiriguanos and Tobas of the Chaco
  15. The Founding of the Mataco Mission

Chapter 1: Early Years

Wilfrid Barbrooke Grubb’s family seem to have had the lust for wandering strongly developed in their nature for many generations on both sides of the family. An ancestor on his mother’s side is recorded to have done legitimate trading in foreign waters, with perhaps a suspicion of piracy at odd times during the reign of Henry VIII; and her grand-father, father and three brothers served in the East India Company. The same love of wandering appears to have been equally developed on his father’s side, for one member of his family accompanied Penn, and assisted in the founding of Pennsylvania in North America. [Continue reading]


Missionaries at Work – Church Missionary Society Training Manual

Anonymous, Missionaries at WorkIf you were preparing for overseas with the Church Missionary Society in the early 20th Century you would probably have received a copy of this book. It covers all aspects of missionary life from physical health to developing good relationships with fellow missionaries. Much of this material would still be relevant today.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Anonymous, Missionaries at Work. London: Church Missionary Society, 1905. Hbk. pp.184. [Download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface to First Edition
  1. Introductory
  2. The Voyage. Its Perils and Possibilities
  3. Climate and Health
  4. Domestic Life – Part I
  5. Domestic Life – Part II
  6. The Moral Condition of Non-Christian Lands
  7. Loyalty
  8. Relations With Fellow Missionaries – Part I
  9. Relations With Fellow Missionaries – Part II
  10. Language Study and Examinations
  11. Native Character and Thought
  12. Work Amongst Native Christians
  13. Work Among Non-Christians
  14. Three Principles of Women’s Work
  15. Marriage From a Missionary Standpoint
  16. Relations With a Foreign Community
  17. The First Furlough
  18. The Missionary’s Inner Life


There are some books which command attention mainly by the exceptional importance of the topics of which they treat; others by their successful treatment of topics which are common-place. The following pages, it is hoped, will secure interest on both accounts. Although the subjects with which this book deals specially concern a comparatively limited circle of readers, yet by them they must be felt to be of the most sacred importance. When the call to foreign service has been answered by any servant of God, and the months of preparation have passed, and there comes on the soul an ever deepening sense of the tremendous responsibilities of the life work lying before it, there will surely be given a warm welcome to the counsels of an experienced friend peculiarly qualified to help the young Missionary in ordering his future steps along the paths of the divine Word. [Continue reading]

Grace Astounding in Bolshevik Russia

Archibald McCaig [?-1936], Grace Astounding in Bolshevik Russia. A Record of the Lord's Dealing With Brother Cornelius MartensThis is an account of the work of Conelius Martens who served in Russia through the time of the revolution. It is written by Archibald McCaig, former principal oF Spurgeon’s College in South London. My Thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Archibald McCaig [?-1936], Grace Astounding in Bolshevik Russia. A Record of the Lord’s Dealing With Brother Cornelius Martens. London: Russian Missionary Society, [1929]. Hbk. pp.133. [Click to download this title in PDF]


  • Foreword
  1. Conversion and Early Witnessing
  2. Divine Call to the Ministry of the Word
  3. Work during the War
  4. Experiences under Bolshevism
  5. Triumphs of Grace
  6. Business and Blessing
  7. Prison Experiences: Rejoicing in Tribulation
  8. On the Wing
  9. Some Further Experiences: Wonderful Deliverances
  10. Victory over Priestly Opposition
  11. Bank Director and Robbers Converted
  12. Sidelights on Bolshevism
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix


In the summer of 1927 it was my privilege to spend some months in Riga at the Headquarters of the Russian Missionary Society in company with the Founder and General Director, my friend and former student, Pastor William A. Fetler. It was a time of wonderful blessing and gracious experiences. As on other occasions, one found constant delight in attending the meetings and witnessing the power of God in the conversion of sinners and the fuller consecration of saints. Special interest was found in taking part in the opening services of the great Tabernacle in Riga (the Temple of Salvation), of which I have written elsewhere, which is now the scene of Pastor Fetler’s Evangelistic labours. [Continue reading]

Study in Medical Missions by R. Fletcher Moorshead

R. Fletcher Moorshead [1874-1934], The Way of the Doctor. A Study in Medical MissionsR. Fletcher Moorshead [1874-1934] provides a handbook for doctors and nurses preparing for missionary service overseas. The book covers both the theological and practical aspects of the role. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book to digitise. This title is in the public domain.

R. Fletcher Moorshead [1874-1934], The Way of the Doctor. A Study in Medical Missions. London: The Carey Press, [1926]. Hbk. pp.242. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword: Sir Leonard Rogers
  • Author’s Preface
  1. The Way of the Doctor
  2. “The Way of the Master”
  3. Where There is No Doctor
  4. Modern Medical Science
  5. Medicine and the Gospel (1) Pioneering
  6. Medicine and the Gospel (2) Evangelism and Social Service
  7. Medicine and the Gospel (3) Education
  8. Hospital Evangelism
  9. The Church on the Mission Field and Medical Missions
  10. Women’s Medical Work
  11. The Way of the Nurse
  12. The Doctor at Work
  13. Professional Standards
  14. The Doctor and his Fellow Missionaries
  15. The Preparation of the Missionary Doctor
  16. The Home Base
  17. When is the Doctor Coming?
  • Appendix


During my long service in various parts of India I was greatly impressed with the value of Medical Mission Hospitals. I saw them at work from the Punjab Frontier, where a high administrator declared Dr. Fennel’s influence with the wild border tribes to be worth a regiment of soldiers to the Government, to Assam, where a Mission Doctor had built, largely at his own expense, a Hospital second to none in the province. Therefore I welcome Dr. Fletcher Moorshead’s book describing the principles, methods of work and training of Medical Missionaries, which will bring the value and necessity of such work before a large public who only need to be informed of the intensely interesting and invaluable labours of Medical Missions in many parts of the world to be induced to lend far greater moral and material support to this great civilising and educative movement. [Continue reading]