Zenana Ministry in China – Maud Elizabeth Boaz

A Buddhist Temple and Priests. Maud Elizabeth Boaz [1873-1937], "And the Villages thereof", page 48.
A Buddhist Temple and Priests, page 48.

Maud Elizabeth Boaz served with the Church of England Zenana Mission Society in China and writes of her experiences there. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

Maud Elizabeth Boaz [1873-1937], “And the Villages thereof”. London: Morgan & Scott, [1925]. Hbk. pp.173. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  1. “A Sower Went Forth”
  2. Among Thorns
  3. Some by the Wayside—Some an Hundredfold
  4. Grumbles
  5. Deeper Down—Farther Out
  6. Mediums
  7. Pearls and Their Polishing
  8. “New Year—Come! Bring Prosperity!”
  9. “Clear Shining After Rain!”
  10. Through a Mountain Pass
  11. The Fining Pot
  12. Through Much Tribulation
  13. Chrysanthemums and Churches
  14. Emergency Days
  15. What if the Light Fail?

Chapter 1: “A Sower Went Forth”

It is a glorious autumn morning, the sky a cloudless blue and the air cool, fresh, and exhilarating. We are ready early for our walk to the mountain villages.

In such air, under such a sky, bathed in such sunshine, with hearts overflowing with the gladness and joy of being entrusted with the “unsearchable riches” of the blessed Gospel, we start on our way, armed with Bibles and pictures for a day’s preaching. We are taking no food with us, preferring to trust to the hospitality of the village; even if we should find our trust misplaced, we still have “food to eat that they know not of.”

The road winds round and round a mountain, with rice-fields on our left hand; the rice is almost ripe, but looks as if it badly needs the rain to swell the grain. Every blade of grass is tipped with vermilion, the bracken is turning brown and gold, and every shrub has its own distinct colour and beauty. The mountain is covered with pine and furze, and the way is very lovely.

Somehow these Chinese village roads, as they wind in and out amongst the mountains, are captivating. We are always wanting to see what is round the corner; turning corners has the greatest fascination, and they draw us on and on. At every corner turned there lies a new picture spread before us, with here and there a peep of a far-away village or hamlet, hidden amongst the trees, or nestling cosily at the foot of a mountain. Again, of a sudden we are just in front of another without any warning whatever, except, it may be, the grunt of an old mother-pig, who is venerable and wise enough to be allowed to stray of her own sweet will, since she can be trusted to find her way back by supper-time!

Sometimes our way leads straight up a mountain pass, on and on, up and up, till we reach a small resthouse on the brow of the hill, with two seats and a roof. Blessed rest-houses! How thankfully we have sunk on to a seat, after a long and weary pull up under a blazing Chinese sun! These rest-houses have been built, in the spirit of true philanthropy, by kindly men and women who have wished to do some good deed during their lives. How many travellers have rested awhile under their cool shade, before passing down the mountain on the other side!

Pages 1-2.

Herbert Stanley Jenkins , Medical Missionary to Shensi, China

Portrait: Herbert Stanley Jenkins [1874-1913]

Herbert Stanley Jenkins [1874-1913] served with the Baptist Missionary Society in China. This biography also includes some material on the wider work of the BMS there.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Richard Glover [1837-1919], Herbert Stanley Jenkins, M.D., F.R.C.S., Medical Missionary, Shensi, China with Some Notices of the Work of the Baptist Missionary Society in that Country. London: The Carey Press, 1914. Hbk. pp.155.


  • Author’s Note
  1. Earlier years
  2. The Work of the Baptist Missionary Society in China
  3. Shensi Work
  4. Entrance on Missionary Work
  5. The Medical Missionary
  6. The Revolution
  7. The Last Stage
  8. Some General Reflections
  9. Letters From Friends

Chapter 1: Earlier Years

The proper study of mankind is man – a study full of instruction for those who pursue it with real earnestness. The strange way in which purposes are formed, expanded, and achieved by inspirations of grace, and the honour which God puts on all faithfulness, demand attention. There is especial interest in noting how Providence, operating simultaneously on individual lives and also on nations, secures augmented results from each.

The outward features of Stanley Jenkins’ earlier life are soon told. He was born in Bristol in 1874; one of the younger members of a large family, most of them marked by physical energy, and constituting a typically happy and united home; a home where the Herbert Stanley Jenkins parents blended happily authority, love, and piety, and where the number of the children supplied the genial corrective of all selfish tendencies; a home, therefore, where all natural excellences might be expected to thrive, where good health and good temper prevented any early and weakening development of self-consciousness, where it was natural that all kindly qualities should develop.

In the history of his school-days nothing very remarkable is to be noticed, save that while still a youth (in his fourteenth year) the great awakening of the soul came to him.

Parental piety was the atmosphere in which his higher thoughts and purposes were matured. He was greatly helped by some of those activities which devote themselves to the spiritual quickening of the schoolboy. Some may criticize defects in these activities, saying they develop unduly self-consciousness, are too doctrinal in their presentation of the Gospel, and give a trend to the devout life tending to make it narrow, and lead to the idea that character is complete when conversion to God has taken place. Possibly there are grounds in some instances for such views. In the case of Stanley Jenkins no such influence can be traced. The great fact of his life was that Jesus Christ then aawned on his soul. In the language of St. Paul, “The light of the knowledge of the glory of God shone through the fac~ of Jesus Christ into his heart,” flooding it with a sunshine that never failed, but grew until it became the light of heaven….

Pages 11-13

By Canoe to Cannibal-Land by John Henry Holmes

John Henry Holmes [1866-1934], By Canoe to Cannibal-Land

This is a fictionalised account of missionary life in Papua New Guinea. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this title for digitisation.

John Henry Holmes [1866-1934], By Canoe to Cannibal-Land. London: London Missionary Society, 1923. Hbk. pp.144. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Foreword
  1. Where Lari Found God
  2. Westward Bound
  3. Who is Avi?
  4. In the Ravi River
  5. Golgotha—A Place of Skulls
  6. A Night of Surprise
  7. A Morning Dip
  8. Sunday at Ravi
  9. A Day of Surprises
  10. Cross Currents
  11. Homeward Bound


By Canoe to Cannibal-land” is a Papuan story of a missionary journey in the Gulf of Papua, New Guinea, told by Papuan boys in a Papuan way. The story is written in this way so that readers may discover what the thoughts of the Papuans are and what they talk about to one another. The names of the boys, men, rivers and villages have all been changed into easier forms to enable British readers to read and utter them. The ” Old Man” of the story was, as will be guessed, a missionary, and was so named, as a Papuan form of respect, when he was not called Homu.

Page 6

Kingdom Without Borders A Missionary Survey

Thomas Moscrop [1860-1920], The Kingdom Without Frontiers. A Missionary Survey

An introduction to Christians Missions written on behalf of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Thomas Moscrop [1860-1920], The Kingdom Without Frontiers. A Missionary Survey. London: Robert Culley, 1910. Hbk. pp.288. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Preface
  1. The General Progress of the Enterprise
  2. The World-Outllook: The Present Position
  3. Special Signs of Success
  4. World-wide Social Results
  5. The Claiming of the Future
  6. Criticism and Testimony
  7. The Return-value of Missions
  8. Postponed and Neglected Enterprises
  9. Present Perils and Urgencies
  10. Special and Created Obligations
  11. Primary Motives and Obligations
  12. The Universal Epic


The purpose of this volume is to give such a statement of the facts of the foreign missionary enterprise, and such a survey of its operations, as will encourage those who support it to give themselves with greater zeal to ‘the furtherance of the gospel amongst non-Christian peoples. The writer, in the course of missionary advocacy, has been asked repeatedly-by enthusiastic supporters, by earnest seekers for knowledge, and by coldly critical people-to answer questions, the answers to which involved just such information as is here given; and he is assured by others having a similar experience that there is much in this work that is likely to meet the needs of those who want to know the facts.

The literature of Missions is now immense, and it is growing rapidly-this is, in itself, a proof of the growth of the enterprise-and it is obvious that much must be left out in a general work like this; but it is hoped that compression of facts will not have destroyed their living interest….

Page 7

Christianity and the Government of India

Arthur Innes Mayhew [1878-1948], Christianity and the Government of India

An important historical study of the relationships between the Government of India, that of Great Britain (and others), and Christian mission in India. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Arthur Innes Mayhew [1878-1948], Christianity and the Government of India. An Examination of the Christian Forces at Work in the Administration of India and of the Mutual Relations of the British Government and Christian Missions 1600-1920. London: Faber & Gwyer Ltd., n.d. Hbk. pp.260. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Preface
  1. Wilberforce and the Charter of 1793
  2. Schwartz, the East India Company and Other European Powers in India
  3. Public Opinion in Church and State at Home
  4. Carey and Serampore and the Government of Bengal
  5. Signs of Grace. The Company and Trusteeship
  6. The Vellore Mutiny and Reaction
  7. Final Triumph of Wilberforce
  8. Public Opinion at Home
  9. Bishop, Chaplains and Governors-General of India. Heber, Duff and Wilson
  10. Advance on Christian Lines. Bestinck ad Dalhousie
  11. Reactionary Influence
  12. Mission Influence on Education. Duff and Wilson
  13. Further Educational Problems
  14. The Mutiny in its Religious Aspect
  15. Harmonious Co-operation
  16. The Fruits of Co-operation
  • Epilogue: Things Present and to Come
  • Books Consulted

Chapter 1: Wilberforce and the Charter of 1793

England in 1793 was anxious and perplexed. With the Bank of England suspending payment, Jacobins at work on either side of the Channel, and ‘The Rights of Man1 ‘ spreading poison over the countryside, men’s hearts were failing them for fear. No one who knew William Carey would have dared to accuse him of despair. But when that ‘ consecrated cobbler ‘ and his co-mate in enthusiasm Thomas, late surgeon of the East India Company Fleet, watched from Plymouth Hoe the East Indiaman, which should have conveyed them and their Bibles to Bengal, hull down on the horizon, there can have been few more troubled minds in that troublous year. For Captain Smyth, who had yielded so far to the persuasive tongue of Thomas as to smuggle them on board at Gravesend, had capitulated at Plymouth to the stronger coercion of a pseudonymous letter. To embark a passenger for John Company’s domain in India without a licence from that Company involved on discovery alarming penalties. But unlicensed passengers who were also ‘missionaries and schoolmasters ‘! It was as much as his place was worth….

Page 21

Missionary Church by W. Wilson Cash

William Wilson Cash [1880-1955], The Missionary Church. A Study in the Contribution of Modern Missions to Œcumenical Christianity

Reflecting on what he had observed during his thirty years of service with the Church Missionary Society, W. Wilson Cash writes on the relationship between Missions and the Church. My thanks to the Church Mission Society for their kind permission to place this book online and the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy for digitisation.

William Wilson Cash [1880-1955], The Missionary Church. A Study in the Contribution of Modern Missions to Œcumenical Christianity. London: Church Missionary Society, 1939. Hbk. pp.326. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  1. Missionary Motives and Origins
  2. Missionary Principles and Activities in India
  3. Expanding Missions in Africa
  4. Failures and Successes in the Far East
  5. Why Missionary Societies To-day?
  6. The Church of God
  7. A Witnessing Church
  8. Self-supporting Church
  9. The Church Universal
  10. The Church that is to be


This year I complete thirty years in the service of the C.M.S. During that time my work has carried me to many parts of the world and has given me the opportunity of discussing missionary policy with people of different races and Churches. The more I study the missionary history of the nineteenth century and its achievement in the growing universal Church, the more I am convinced that what happened in the Evangelical Revival and the founding of missionary societies was part of God’s purpose for the world, an unfolding purpose which we see more clearly to-day than our fathers did in 1799 when the C.M.S. started on its career. It seems to me, as is explained in this book, that God called forth this missionary expansion at a turning point in world history and as a preparation for this day in which we now live….

Page 1

Short Introduction to Christian Missions by Eugene Stock

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions

Eugene Stock, who also wrote the massive 4-volume History of the Church Missionary Society, provides a brief – but nonetheless comprehensive – introduction to Christian missions. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre of Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1904. Hbk. pp.214. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Prefatory Note
  1. What is a Mission?
  2. The Purpose of Missions
  3. The Motive of Missions
  4. The Need of Missions
  5. The Methods of Missions
  6. The Mission Agencies
  7. The Missionaries
  8. The Administration of Missions
  9. The Support of Missions
  10. Missions and Governments
  11. The World’s Population: Races, Languages, Religions
  12. Non-Christian Religions and Christianity
  13. Objections and Criticisms
  14. Seventeen Centuries of the Christian Era
  15. The Eighteenth Century
  16. The Nineteenth Century—1801–1840
  17. The Nineteenth Century—1841–1872
  18. The Nineteenth Century—1872–1900
  19. General Progress since 1872
  20. Results of Protestant Missions
  21. Testimonies
  22. Some Notable Missionaries
  23. Some Prominent Native Christians
  24. Some Auxiliary Helpers of Missions
  25. Missions of the Greek and Roman Churches
  26. Mission to the Jews
  27. Fields to be Worked
  28. Obstacles to be Encountered
  29. Opportunities and Resources
  30. “In This Generation”?
  31. Edification of Converts
  32. Building the Visible Church
  33. Aid for the Daughter Churches
  34. “I Believe in the Holy Ghost”


  1. Some Books for Study
  2. Chronological Table

Prefatory Note

The last few years have seen a great change in the attitude of the Christian public towards what are called Foreign Missions. There was in the past a great deal of earnest sympathy with them, and liberal support of them, although in comparatively limited circles; but the principles and methods, the history and environment, of Missions, were not systematically studied. It is in this respect that the change is apparent. Old missionaries on their forty or fifth or sixth furloughs say that, as they go about the country to preach and speak in behalf of the cause, they find an intelligent knowledge and appreciation of the work which is new. It is partly a cause and partly a result of this increase of knowledge that missionary books of all kinds are multiplying, and find a ready sale.

But still, for the direction of the study now becoming less uncommon, some more definite guidance seems to be called for…

Page v.

African Idylls by Donald Fraser

Donald Fraser [1870-1933], African Idylls. Portraits & Impressions of Life on a Central African Mission Station

An account of the work of Donald Fraser, a notable missionary to Malawi. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for making this public domain title available for digitisation.

Donald Fraser [1870-1933], African Idylls. Portraits & Impressions of Life on a Central African Mission Station, 3rd edn. London: Seeley, Service & Co., Ltd., 1923. Hbk. pp.229. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  1. Our African Home
  2. A School in Central Africa
  3. An African Beadle
  4. A Holiday on the Hills
  5. Lost in the Bush
  6. “The Needy One”
  7. The Motor Fiend
  8. The Aftermath
  9. A True Knight
  10. A Wanderer Returned
  11. Waterfinisher—A Carrier
  12. The Beloved Madman
  13. From Death to Life
  14. Man’s Gratitude to Man
  15. Magic
  16. Central African Vignettes

Chapter 1: Our African Home

The station stands in a wide, open space surrounded on all sides by a broad belt of trees. The dense wood has been cut, and in its place a low, creeping dub grass has been planted, beloved of the herd of cattle that roams around in the months when the grass is green and succulent. Here and there are wide, spreading trees, and on both sides of the main roads avenues of oranges and mangoes, blue gums and cypresses, are gradually creeping up, promising to make a brave show in the future. Winds blow all day through the station during the dry season, bringing freshness and vigour that were strangers to the thick wood, and causing some irritation to the resident who loves a quiet peace, and not a little confusion to the modest native, whose dress is but a loose girdling of calico.

Pages 17-18.

Nepal and the Gospel of God by Jonathan Lindell

Jonathan Lindell, Nepal and Gospel of GodThe rate of church growth in Nepal is one of the fastest in the world. This growth is not primarily due to the presence of foreign missionary agencies that have been present in the country since the 1950s. Rather it has been through the evangelistic efforts of the Nepali people themselves, reaching out despite the risk of imprisonment for proselytising. This book tells the story of the church in Nepal up to 1979.

I had the privilege of serving in Nepal in 1988/89 and received a copy of this book as part of my orientation course. It appears on-line thanks to the kind permission of the United Mission to Nepal.

Jonathan Lindell, Nepal and Gospel of God. New Dehli: United Mission to Nepal, 1979. Hbk. pp.279. [Click to visit the download page.]


  1. Men in Beards, Hoods and Robes
  2. Language, Books, Message
  3. People Who Seek, Find, Tell
  4. People Who Peach, Teach and Heal
  5. End of the Ranas, Revolution, New Nepal
  6. Bird Trips, The Dikshit Letter, A New Mission
  7. Riding the Tide into Nepal
  8. Into the Hilly Regions
  9. Development Is A Multi-Faceted Process
  10. Insode the United Mission
  11. Nepal and the Gospel of God
  • Bibliography of Source Materials
  • Appendix I – Member Bodies of The United Mission
  • Appendix II – The General Agreement
  • Appendix III – Profile of U M N Personnel
  • Appendix IV – Projects of the United Mission
  • Source Materials


The Wikipedia page on the United Mission to Nepal references this book. Could someone add this link please?

From the dustjacket

The history of Christian Missions will probably record that the United Mission to Nepal is unique among missionary organizations on any continent. It cams to birth in the movement only in 1954, making it now 25 years old. On this anniversary the Directors considered it appropriate to put into writing an account of the country where the Mission has enjoyed these years and also the story of Christian Missions as related to Nepal.

The United Mission is only a small part of a much larger whole. Its roots go back into history in many directions and its branches touch and its missionary movement in southern Asia. This book attempts to gather up these many parts – Capuchin Fathers, Bible Translators, Darjeeling Christians, Missions on the border, evangelists and believers – to fit them together and to see the larger whole.

Special attention is then given to this unusual Mission – the nature of its ‘united-ness’ and the content of its ‘mission’, Within it are more than thirty mission societies from four continents which hae joined together to work as one body of Christians ‘in the Name and Spirit of Jesus Christ’. Here is the account of those diverse nationalities, the denominations from which they come, theuir human frailties, the glue which hold them together and the prevailing faith which sends them with joy into witness and service.

Nepal is unique among countries as the United Mission is among mission organizations. It has been a little-known Hindu Kingdom, closed to the outside world and shut up in its medievalism. Recently it threw open its windows and doors, joined the world family of nations and is moving vigorously in the current of the times to build a New Nepal. It is within this society and its environment, related to Agreements signed with His Majesty’s Government of Nepal, that the United Mission has found it manner of life and its place of work.

A special feature of the book in the way it leads the reader around to the Nepal side, to join the Nepalese in looking down from their mountain strongholds upon colonial movements and the coming of missions, to think their thoughts and understand their actions. Then to come around and view the drame of life in Nepal from the eyes of the Christian movement. This book contains two parts and relates them to each other, what it calls “Nepal” and the “Gospel of God”.

Jerusalem Missions Conference 1928 Reports – 8 Volumes

1928 Jerusalem Missions Conference

The 1928 Jerusalem Missions Conference discussed a wide range of topics from industrialisation to race relations. Some of the material in this 8 Volume set remains in copyright, but I have now made available what can be published legally. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing the set of reports for digitisation.

Report of the Jerusalem Meeting of the International Missionary Council, March 24th – April 8th, 1928, 8 Vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1928. Hbk. [Click here to visit the table of contents]

The History of the Jerusalem Meeting of the International Missionary Council

The Rev. William Paton

The Jerusalem meeting of the International Missionary Council can be most fully understood and its value estimated by reference to the series of international missionary meetings of which it is the latest. Our record of these may begin with the meetings held in 1854 in both America and Great Britain, under the leadership of Dr Alexander Duff; the meeting at Liverpool in 1860; the meeting at Mildmay Park in London in 1878, at which thirty-four missionary societies were represented, eleven of them non-British; and the more important conference in 1888 held in Exeter Hall, with sixty-seven American societies, fifty-three British, eighteen Continental and two from the Colonies represented. In 1900 there was held a large conference styled the ‘Ecumenical’ Conference in New York, composed of about fifteen hundred delegates appointed by the American and Canadian societies, together with about two hundred delegates from British, Continental and other foreign societies and six hundred foreign missionaries. After the New York conference of 1900 plans were made for another missionary conference to be held after an interval of ten years, and in June 1910 the World Missionary Conference met at Edinburgh, attended by 1356 delegates, of whom 594 came from the United States and Canada, 560 from Great Britain, 175 from the Continent of Europe, 27 from the British Dominions. Of the whole number ten were nationals of the countries of the mission field.

Volume 8, pp.3-4.