Short Introduction to Christian Missions by Eugene Stock

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions

Eugene Stock, who also wrote the massive 4-volume History of the Church Missionary Society, provides a brief – but nonetheless comprehensive – introduction to Christian missions. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre of Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], A Short Handbook of Missions. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1904. Hbk. pp.214. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Prefatory Note
  1. What is a Mission?
  2. The Purpose of Missions
  3. The Motive of Missions
  4. The Need of Missions
  5. The Methods of Missions
  6. The Mission Agencies
  7. The Missionaries
  8. The Administration of Missions
  9. The Support of Missions
  10. Missions and Governments
  11. The World’s Population: Races, Languages, Religions
  12. Non-Christian Religions and Christianity
  13. Objections and Criticisms
  14. Seventeen Centuries of the Christian Era
  15. The Eighteenth Century
  16. The Nineteenth Century—1801–1840
  17. The Nineteenth Century—1841–1872
  18. The Nineteenth Century—1872–1900
  19. General Progress since 1872
  20. Results of Protestant Missions
  21. Testimonies
  22. Some Notable Missionaries
  23. Some Prominent Native Christians
  24. Some Auxiliary Helpers of Missions
  25. Missions of the Greek and Roman Churches
  26. Mission to the Jews
  27. Fields to be Worked
  28. Obstacles to be Encountered
  29. Opportunities and Resources
  30. “In This Generation”?
  31. Edification of Converts
  32. Building the Visible Church
  33. Aid for the Daughter Churches
  34. “I Believe in the Holy Ghost”


  1. Some Books for Study
  2. Chronological Table

Prefatory Note

The last few years have seen a great change in the attitude of the Christian public towards what are called Foreign Missions. There was in the past a great deal of earnest sympathy with them, and liberal support of them, although in comparatively limited circles; but the principles and methods, the history and environment, of Missions, were not systematically studied. It is in this respect that the change is apparent. Old missionaries on their forty or fifth or sixth furloughs say that, as they go about the country to preach and speak in behalf of the cause, they find an intelligent knowledge and appreciation of the work which is new. It is partly a cause and partly a result of this increase of knowledge that missionary books of all kinds are multiplying, and find a ready sale.

But still, for the direction of the study now becoming less uncommon, some more definite guidance seems to be called for…

Page v.

Missions and the Minor Prophets – 6 Bible Studies

Frederic Sumpter Guy Warman [1872-1953], Missions and the Minor ProphetsThis little book presents a short series of Bible studies about what the minor prophets have to say about Christian Missions. The author was the Principal of St Aidan’s Theological College in Birkenhead. Although the Wikipedia article does not mention it, most of the library from St Aidan’s was merged with the library of Liverpool Cathedral in 1970. I know this because when I worked in Liverpool Cathedral I spent many happy lunch hours browsing through them. My thanks to the Church Mission Society for their permission to place this book on-line.

Frederic Sumpter Guy Warman [1872-1953], Missions and the Minor Prophets. A Series of Bible Studies. London: Church Missionary Society, 1909. Hbk. pp.118. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Introduction
  • Suggestions to Leaders and Students
  • The Prophets of Israel
  1. Jonah, an Early Missionary to the Heathen
  2. Joel, the Social Reformer
  3. Amos and his Gospel
  4. Haggai and Church Building
  5. Zechariah, the Prophet of Hope
  6. Malachi, the Messenger of the Advent


The purpose of this little book is a simple one; it is to help the student of the Bible and the student of Missions. The Christian who realizes the full blessing of the Gospel is both of these. But he sometimes thinks that the two studies are distinct, that they must be kept separate; it is a mistake, and sometimes a costly one. We can study the principles of the Kingdom of God in the Bible; we can watch the development of these principles in the mission-field; we can ponder God’s dealing with men in centuries long past; we can see Him deal with men in the same all-wise, all-loving way in the Uganda or China of to-day. And the double study confirms our faith, excites our earnest service, in a way which can be done by neither study alone. We are apt to forget that the God Who by His Spirit made the story of the Church of Antioch a wonderful story indeed is the same God Who to-day writes for us the wonderful story of Uganda….

Principles and Problems of Foreign Missions by H.H. Montgomery

Henry Hutchinson Montgomery [1847-1932], Principles and Problems of Foreign MissionsThese three lectures were given at Church House Westminster by Henry Hutchinson Montgomery, formerly Bishop of Tasmania, He considered the first of three to be the most necessary for his day, as it is always “…most necessary to affirm and reaffirm the foundation principles of our Faith, upon which the Mission work of the church wholly rests” [p.iv].

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Henry Hutchinson Montgomery [1847-1932], Principles and Problems of Foreign Missions. Three Lectures Delivered in the Church House, Westminster. Westminster: The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1904. Hbk. pp.103. [Click to download the complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Lecture I: God’s Purpose For the Whole World
  • Lecture II: Non-Christian Religions
  • Lecture III: The Future of Missions
  • Appendix: United Boards of Missions of the Provinces of Canterbury and York

Lecture I: God’s Purpose for the Whole World

In a course of Lectures on the Missionary problem, the first must needs be devoted to the fundamental questions-to our principles, our position, and our attitude to all other faiths.

Some of you may be inclined to think this unnecessary; I fear my experience tends the other way. Nor do I think it will ever cease to be needful. Among the Babel of voices which com-mend the systems of morals, among the religions and semi-religions of the world, and the philosophies becoming more and more eclectic, though all of course (that are worth anything) are shot through and through with the Christian influence (however unconscious of the fact those who hold them may be), it is not easy to stand firm upon the simple Christian basis. Time after time in society you will hear per-sons discussing religious questions, unaware that they have deserted the real Christian position. [Continue reading]

Vernon Storr’s Missionary Theology of the Bible

Vernon Faithfull Storr [1869-1940], The Missionary Genius of the BibleThis book of Missionary Theology is an expanded version of a paper originally presented at a Missionary Conference at High Leigh, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire in January 1924. The author hoped that it would help to rectify the shortage of contemporary books on that subject.

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre of Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Vernon Faithfull Storr [1869-1940], The Missionary Genius of the Bible. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd., 1924. Hbk. pp.192. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  1. A Changed OutlookThe Old Testament
  2. The Conception of God
  3. The Doctrine of Man
  4. The Idea of Redemption
  5. Messianic Prophecy
  6. The Book of JonahThe New Testament
  7. The Teaching of Jesus
  8. The Work and Person of Jesus
  9. The Fourth Gospel
  10. The Acts of the Apostles
  11. The Pauline Epistles
  12. THe Book of Revelation

Chapter 1: A Changed Outlook

We are constantly being told to-day, and rightly told, that we must “think in continents.” A narrow parochial or insular out-look is of little value; only a world-wide vision can match the world-wide needs of the present age. The world of humanity has become one, and the scale of all movements has in consequence vastly increased. This is true in almost every department of life, social, political, economic, religious. An Inter-national Labour Movement, the Reunion of Christendom, the League of Nations, the rapid Westernizing of the East, are but examples of the growing solidarity of man-kind and the essential fellowship of its component parts. “And whether one member suffereth, all the members suffer with it”; the truth of St. Paul’s teaching about the body has come home to us in painful fashion in these years of slow reconstruction after the Great War. [Continue reading]

William Pierce on the Claims of Foreign Missions

William Pierce [1853-1928], The Dominion of Christ. The Claims of Foreign Missions in the Light of Modern Religious Thought and a Century of ExperienceWilliam Pierce [1853-1928] offers some encouraging observations on missions on the occasion of the Centenary of the London Missionary Society. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book for scanning. This title is in the public domain.

William Pierce [1853-1928], The Dominion of Christ. The Claims of Foreign Missions in the Light of Modern Religious Thought and a Century of Experience. London: H.R. Allenson, 1895. Pbk. pp.226. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Dominion of Christ
  2. Patriotisn and Missions
  3. The Saviour of the World
  4. The Vocation of the Missionary
  5. Women as Missionaries
  6. The Beckoning Vision
  7. The Place of Education as a Missionary Agency
  8. The Relation of the Church to the Work of Foreign Missions
  9. Foreign Missions and Christian Life and Thought
  10. Physician and Evangelist
  11. Forward!


The following discourses have been published as a contribution to the Centenary Celebrations of the London Missionary Society. It need hardly be said that they claim no official authority. The views offered on some moot points presume to be no more than those of an independent observer. But they are avowedly presented as the thoughts of one whose love for the work of the L. M. S., and reverence for its missionaries and workers, is too deep for public utterance in a printed page. Offered primarily for the kind consideration of the ministers and members of the Congregational Churches, it is hoped that the body of the work may supply some arguments and reflections which shall stimulate and encourage all who love the appearing of the Lord, and are striving to extend His dominion in the earth. [Continue reading]

William Paton’s Case for Christian World Mission

William Paton [1886-1943], A Faith For the WorldWilliam Paton [1886-1943] sets out the argument for world mission. It is based on the material presented at the Jerusalem meeting of the International Missionary Council (March 24th – April 8th 1928). My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

William Paton [1886-1943], A Faith For the World. Westminster: The Livingstone Press, 1929. Hbk. pp.256. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Introductory Chapter. The Challenge of World Mission
  1. God and Man
  2. The Search For Power
  3. “Lord and Christ”
  4. The Divine Community
  5. The Testimony of Jesus
  6. Teaching the Nations
  7. “Field, Factory and Workshop”
  8. “Sirs, Ye are Brethren”
  9. The Conclusion of the Whole Matter
  • Bibliography


The purpose of this book may be briefly stated. It is to set out the main elements of the case for the Christian world mission, and to show some of the principal tasks which are bound up with that mission. The book owes everything to the Jerusalem meeting of the International Missionary Council, and could not have been written without it, but it is not directly concerned with that meeting. It seeks, rather, to draw attention to some of the principles which must be accepted and to some of the necessities which must be met if the generous enthusiasms stirred up by the Jerusalem meeting are to bear fruit….

I have drawn heavily upon the ample resources of the complete Report of the Jerusalem meeting, and hope that to some readers this book may serve as an incentive to explore the wealth of material contained there. [Continue Reading]

Divine Enterprise of Missions by Arthur T. Pierson

Arthur T. Pierson [1837-1911]
Public domain image source: Wikipedia
This is a series of public lectures on missions by one of the 19th Centuries most enthusiastic proponents of the Enterprise. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Arthur T. Pierson [1837-1911], The Divine Enterprise of Missions. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1894. Hbk. pp.333. [Download complete book in PDF]


Introduction by Rev D.D. Demarest

  1. The Divine Thought of Missions
  2. The Divine Plan of Missions
  3. The Divine Work of Missions
  4. The Divine Spirit of Missions
  5. The Divine Force of Missions
  6. The Divine Fruit of Missions
  7. The Divine Challenge of Missions


Introduction by Rev. D.D. Damarest

In introducing to the Christian public this volume of Lectures on Missions, delivered before the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in America, at New Brunswick, N. J ., it is proper that a brief account should be given of the origin of the lectureship.

On the r6th day of April, 1888, Mr. Nathan F. Graves, an Elder in the Reformed Church of Syracuse, N. Y., and an active member of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in America, addressed the following letter to the Rev. Prof. Mabon, of the Theological Seminary: no special instruction to fit them for their important work.

“I write to enquire if the subject has ever been considered in the Seminary; and if you consider it desirable and practicable to establish such a professorship, I will be greatly obliged for a reply at your convenience.

“Very sincerely yours, “N. F. GRAVES.”

The Faculty having declared that, in their opinion, it was desirable and practicable that some agency for missionary instruction should be established in the Seminary, conferences were held by Mr. Graves with a Committee of the Faculty, with Rev. John Mason Ferris, D.D., for many years Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Reformed Church in America; with Rev. Henry N. Cobb, D.D., present Secretary, and with various friends of Foreign Missions. [Continue Reading]

A.T. Pierson’s The Crisis of Missions or The Voice Out of the Cloud

Arthur T. Pierson [1837-1911], The Crisis of Missions; or, the Voice Out of the Cloud, 4th ednWalter Elwell notes that Arthur T. Pierson [1837-1911] was “[h]ailed as the greatest populizer of missions of his age and one who revolutionised missionary literature…” [Evangelical Dictionary fo World Missions, p.756]. In this volume he summarises the history of missions, outlines the problems facing the missionary enterprise in the 1880s and suggests a solution. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Arthur T. Pierson [1837-1911], The Crisis of Missions; or, the Voice Out of the Cloud, 4th edn. London: James Nisbet & Co., [1889]. Hbk. pp.370. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Precept and the Promise
  2. Providential Signals
  3. Removal of Barriers
  4. The Moving of the Pillar
  5. The Opening of Doors: India
  6. East Indian Missions
  7. Burmah and Karens
  8. The Open Door in Siam
  9. The Walled Kingdom
  10. Protestant Missions in China
  11. Japan, The Sunrise Kingdom
  12. Korea, The Hermit Nation
  13. The Ottoman Empire
  14. The Dark Continent
  15. Papal Lands
  16. Mexico, Land of Aztecs
  17. South American States
  18. The Subsidence of Obstacles
  19. Woman’s Work for Woman
  20. The Preparation of the Church
  21. The White Harvest Fields
  22. The Gracious Signs
  23. The Transformations of Grace
  24. The Products of God’s Husbandry
  25. The Isles Waiting For His Law
  26. God’s Seal on the Workmen
  27. The Aspect and Prospect
  28. The Elements in the Crisis
  29. The Unheeded Signals
  30. The Leaven of a New Theology
  31. The Spirit of Missions
  32. The Laborers are Few
  33. Meeting the Crisis
  34. A World’s Missionary Council

A Word Supplementary

A Word Preliminary

If in this little book any good is found, it is, like most good things, -a growth; it has come by a process of development in personal study and pastoral service.

The little interest at first felt by the writer in remote missions in regions beyond has steadily and rapidly grown. The logic of the Scripture argument for a world-wide evangelism is itself overwhelming; but various side-arguments and considerations emphasize and enforce the scriptural; and the logic of events adds its mighty demonstration, that the pillar of God still moves before His people. Under the combined influence of such an array of proof from Scripture, from history, and from experience, that the spirit of missions is the spirit of Christ, the whole mind and heart of a true disciple burn with conviction and glow with enthusiasm in the direction of the work of witnessing to a lost world. [Continue reading]

Edward A. Lawrence’s Introduction to Foreign Missions

 Edward A. Lawrence, Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions.Edward A. Lawrence’s Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions consists of 5 chapters extracted from his larger work on the subject, Modern Missions in the East (1895). This book is in the Public Domain.

Edward A. Lawrence, Introduction to the Study of Foreign Missions. Being Chapters I, II, VII, IX of Modern Missions in the East. New York: Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions, 1901. Hbk. pp.143. [Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Providence in Missions
  2. The Principles of Missions. The Mission, Aim Scope, Motive, Call, Fitness, and Fitting
  3. The Departments of Missionary Work in Their Variety
  4. The Home and Rest of the Missionary
  5. The Problems of Missions

Chapter 1: Providence in Missions

The original and sole Master Missionary is our Lord Jesus Christ, and as Lord of his kingdom he has put his own divine commission upon his followers. It is “Come!” “Go!” two commands in one. “Come, learn of me!” “Go, preach the gospel!” His first command to his disciples was, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men”; his last, “Go ye and make disciples of all the nations.”

Discipleship and apostleship are one and inseparable. The instinct of true Christian life is everywhere the same. We learn but to teach; we know of Jesus but to tell of Jesus. We commune with him but to communicate him. Even so are we sent as he has been sent. The commission is identical; and it is in virtue of that final command and according to our fulfilment of it that we are to experience his fulfilment of the final promise, a promise made to a militant missionary church, not to one that is at ease in Zion. [Continue reading]

Christianity The Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Christianity the Final Religion by Samuel M. Zwemer

Samuel Zwemer’s main contribution to Christian missions, according to Ruth Tucker, “was that of stirring Christians to the need for evangelism among Muslims. This short book contains seven of his addresses in which he attempts to demonstrate that “the Old Gospel is the True Gospel”.

Samuel M. Zwemer [1867-1952], Christianity the Final Religion. Addresses on the Missionary Message for the World today, showing that the Old Gospel is the Only Gospel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1920. Hbk. pp.109. Click to Download in PDF.

The Wikipedia article on Samuel Zwemer referenced above does not list this book is its bibliography – perhaps someone could add it and the link to the on-line version here.


1 – Earliest Christianity
2 – Thinking Gray in Missions
3 – The Solidarity of the Race
4 – The Impact of Christianity on Non-Christian Religions
5 – What Is the Apostolic Gospel?
6 – The Stumbling Block of the Cross
7 – Christianity as the Final Religion


Fanatics have been defined as those who redouble their energies when they have forgotten their aim. Doubtless all who are interested in the missionary enterprise are in these days putting forth new energy and advocating more rapid movement to attain their object. Have not some, however, forgotten the goal in their earnest effort to press forward? Is there not some danger lest we run so fast that we forget to carry the message? Will the broader outlook diminish deep insight?

A brilliant writer in the Atlantic Monthly (May, 1920) characterized the modern missionary as one whose “first concern is always something deeper, something more vital than questions of theological and metaphysical speculation relating to the Person and the Work of Christ, to the Virgin Birth (in which, together with other miracles he may or he may not believe); to the fine distinctions between the humanity, the divinity, the deity of Christ; to the nature of the Trinity; to the Atonement. Upon just one thing he insists: that which touches not the bene esse of the Christian faith, but its esse: the personal assimilation in the disciples’ life of the teaching and of the spirit of Jesus.” [Continue reading]