New Frontiers for the Sudan Interior Mission in Africa

C. Gordon Beacham, New Frontiers in the Central SudanC. Gordon Beacham of the Sudan Interior Mission wrote this as a text-book on African Missions. Remember that at the time of writing Sudan referred to a great swathe of Central Africa from Nigeria eastwards and not just to the modern country of that name. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to digitise. This book is in the public domain.

C. Gordon Beacham, New Frontiers in the Central Sudan. Toronto: Evangelical Publishers, 1928. Hbk. pp.157. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Introduction
  • Preface
  1. Frontier Land
  2. Branding For Beauty
  3. Cannabalism
  4. Primitive Economics
  5. Primitive Economics – Continued
  6. Wedding Rules
  7. Wedding Belles
  8. Music and the Dance
  9. The Growing Generation
  10. The Death Wail
  11. Religion
  12. African Spirituality
  13. The Witch Doctor
  14. Witchcraft
  15. Traditions
  16. A Pioneer Mission Station
  17. “Make to Yourself Friends”
  18. Language Study
  19. A School Among the Cannibals
  20. Preaching the Gospel
  21. Primitive Morals
  22. Some Apologetics for Missions


Prior to the World War, the Sudan Interior Mission had established over a dozen stations in the central part of the British Protectorate of Nigeria extending inland as far as the head of the Bauchi branch of the Nigerian Railroad. From that point the view for extension was eastward, and in 1915 the Rev. R. V. Bingham, General Director, and Dr. A. P. Stirrett, Field Secretary, made a journey for the purpose of looking out new territory. Two hundred miles beyond they found the Tangale tribe, and returned with a plea for new workers for it. In response to that appeal, the Rev. John S. Hall and I were commissioned the following year to open a station in that region, hitherto untouched by missionary effort. From our experiences among the Tangales and their neighbors has developed the material embodied in this book. [Continue reading]

Four Thousand Miles Through Central Africa for the Bible

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Through Central Africa for the Bible

This is an account of a four thousand mile motor tour of central Africa on behalf of the British and Foreign Bible Society c. 1934. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book for scanning. This title is in the public domain.

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Through Central Africa for the Bible. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., [1929]. Hbk. pp.208. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword
  1. Uganda and the Congo
  2. In the Pigmy Forest
  3. Through the Eastern Highlands of the Congo
  4. Peace After War!
  5. Into the Sudan For the Consideration of Babel
  6. Back to the Congo
  7. Amongst the Wild Azande
  8. On to Stanleyville Through the Forest
  9. Yakusa on the Congo
  10. Forging the Chain!
  11. Back to the Forest
  12. To Gombari and on to Kampala
  13. The King’s Business
  14. Spreading the Word of Life


This is just a story! It is not a history, or a survey! It is the “Log of· the Lingua,” the Bible Society’s motor that tours East and Central Africa. The story may give more of the sunshine than the shadow of missionary life, but is it not the joy after pain that gives the urge, the inspiration, the vision that carries the missionary on through the gross darkness of heathenism, and that more subtle darkness that comes from the impact of our – so – called – Western civilisation? That civilisation may have a refined centre. It has a very rough circumference. Africa is feeling that roughness in its intensity.

May this story from Central Africa kindle some thoughts of this wonderful land and its people around the firesides of those homelands where the delights of the African sun are only an imagination, or perhaps a memory! [Continue reading]

Africa Inland Mission Work in Central Africa

Daniel Morison Miller [1888-1965], Central Africa Revisited. A 16,000 Mile Tour Thoughout the Fields of the Africa Inland Mission in Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, Congo, Sudan and EgyptDaniel Miller [1888-1965] was the Deputation and Editorial Secretary of the Africa Inland Mission (A.I.M.). In the 1930s he undertook a 16,000 mile tour of A.I.M. stations in Africa and this book records what he found. My thanks to the team at Africa Inland Missions’ UK office who established that no living descendant of the author could be located. If anyone knows who might have inherited the rights to this title, please contact me. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan.

Daniel Morison Miller [1888-1965], Central Africa Revisited. A 16,000 Mile Tour Thoughout the Fields of the Africa Inland Mission in Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, Congo, Sudan and Egypt. London: Africa Inland Mission / London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, [1938]. Hbk. pp.121. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Foreword
  1. Africa Through the Years
  2. The Journey Out
  3. Through Mountainous Kenya
  4. The Eldoret Area
  5. In Western Tanganyika
  6. Across the Waterways of Uganda
  7. Back in the Belgian Congo
  8. Through Egypt Via Upper and Lower Sudan
  9. The Goal
  • Epilogue

From the Dust Jacket

A record of a 16,000 mile tour through East and Central Africa. The scenes are vividly portrayed and include descriptions of:- Kenya, with its lofty mountains and picturesque tribes; the Eldoret Area on the edge of the rift valley populated by the “Cliff-dwellers” and other nomadic tribes; Tanganyika with its peace loving Basukumu, living among fantastic rocks and rolling plains. Crossing  Uganda, with its numerous waterways, a pause is made in the West Nile district to review a remarkable piece of missionary work; then follows a description of the Belgian Congo in its tropical setting, inhabited by a great variety of people. The writer turning homewards follows the winding course of the White Nile for 1,300 miles to Khartoum; crosses the scorching desert to the rainless area around Shellal, through Egypt and thus home. [Continue reading]

Pioneering for Christ in the Sudan – Johanna Veenstra

Johanna Veenstra [1894-1933], Pioneering for Christ in the SudanJohanna Veenstra tells the story of her life of service in Africa. Note that Sudan at that time referred to huge tract of land stretching across the centre of Africa and not just the boundaries of the modern nation of that name. There are a number of unique photographs contained in this volume which I have attempted to reproduce as clearly as possible. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Johanna Veenstra [1894-1933], Pioneering for Christ in the Sudan. London & Edinburgh: Marshall Brothers Ltd., [1926]. Hbk. pp.190. [Click to download in PDF]


The Call to Service
Preparation for Service – I
Preparation for Service – II
“In Journeyings Often…”
The Call of the Sudan
Getting Acquainted
Entering the Cannibal District
The Power of Spirit Worship
The Moral Life of the Dzompere
“In Perils in the Wilderness – I”
“In Perils in the Wilderness – II”
The Task of a Pioneer Missionary
The Dispensary Work of Lupwe
The Boarding School at Lupwe
Evangelistic Work
First Fruits
The First Convert From Among the Dzompere
“Suffer the Little Children to Come”
A Few Questions Answered
Problems and Difficulties
“Is it Nothing to You?”


When coming home for this second furlough, there was not even a remote desire in my heart to write a book and tell of my experiences during five years of service in the Dark Continent; I have never thought myself capable of performing such a task; and even now I hesitate to set this work before the public.

One day this summer our kind Director of Missions, Dr. H. Beets (Christian Reformed Church), approached me on this subject of writing a book. At first his suggestion made no impression whatsoever upon my mind. Later on I was confronted with the fact that I was compelled to refuse many invitations to speak in the different churches and tell of the Lord’s work in the Sudan. For lack of time it became impossible to travel about in so many states of the Union and in Canada, to reach all the people interested in the spread of the gospel in this needy field. A physical complication – overstrain of the vocal cords – also forced me to limit the amount of speaking appointments. [Continue reading]


Karl Kumm’s Social and Natural History of the Sudan

Sudan in the 1900's from Kumm, The Sudan, p.19.To understand this book you will need to forget the borders of the modern nation of Sudan because, as the map above shows, in the 1900s “Sudan” referred to a much larger area. Karl Kumm’s work provides a wealth of background information about this region. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

H. Karl Kumm [1874-1930], The Sudan. A Short Compendium of Facts and Figures about the Land of Darkness. London: Marshall Brothers, [1907]. Hbk. pp.224. [Download complete book in PDF]



  1. Welcome – White Man
  2. Where is the Sudan, and what is it?
  3. Who has Explored it?
  4. Who has Conquered it?
  5. A Crisis
  6. An Expedition of Investigation
  7. Up to Bautchi
  8. The Last Night at Pioneer Camp
  9. The Open Sore of Africa – Slave Raiding
  10. Only a Woman
  11. The Land of the Lions and Leopards
  12. What Grows in the Land? (Botany)
  13. What makes things grow? (Meteorology)
  14. The Water-ways (Hydrology)
  15. Where are we?



We were sitting in the little Cur bar church. Outside across the hayfields, the summer winds were blowing, and the big ox-eyed daisies nodded in the sun. Inside, the vicar’s well-known voice was reading morning service, and as he read one saw the scenes the Second Lesson pictured. The pillared aisle and Gothic windows of the church, through which one caught a glimpse of Derbyshire hills and meadows; gave place to inner vision, and we were far away in old Jerusalem.

Instead of organ, choir, and reading desk, one saw in thought the Temple court, the thronging crowds of people, the surging and the tumult of the Apostle Paul’s last day – last hour in that scene. The “Jews which were of Asia” have stirred up the whole city to cast out the man who teaches “all men everywhere” the news of the new King – CHRIST. Swarming from filthy alleys and up steep streets of steps, the rabble of the city has joined with Scribes and Pharisees in one wild howling outcry against Paul. [Continue reading]

W. Wilson Cash’s The Changing Sudan

W. Wilson Cash, The Changing SudanThis book was written in the hope that it would encourage fresh support for missionary work in Sudan.  It is reproduced here by kind permission of the CMS.

W. Wilson Cash, The Changing Sudan, 2nd edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1931. Pbk. pp.88. Download in PDF.


1 – The Sudan Exploited
2 – The Sudan Liberated
3 – The New Sudan
4 – Open Doors in the North
5 – An Heroic Adventure
6 – Pagan Tribes and the Gospel
7 – Building For the Future


In January, 1929, I was privileged to visit once more the Northern Sudan, in order to confer with the missionaries and government officials on the future policy of the Church Missionary Society work in the Sudan.

The visit was a brief but very busy one, and as a result of it certain important decisions were made by the C.M.S. for the future development of the two missions in the northern and southern areas.

I should like to take this opportunity of expressing my deep gratitude to the Governor-General, Sir John Maffey, to J. G. Matthew, Esq., Secretary for Education, Health, etc., in the Sudan Government, and to the many officials all of whom from the day of my arrival to the time I left the Sudan showed me such generous hospitality, friendship, and kindness, and to whose ready help any success that attended my work was largely due.

I also wish to record my deep appreciation to the missionaries who gave me such loyal and wholehearted co-operation in my efforts. Their work is beyond praise ; and I came away with an impression of profound thankfulness for the great service they are rendering to the Kingdom of God.

I cannot close this Foreword without recording the special service rendered by Bishop Gwynne as chairman of our conferences, Dr. Lasbrey, the then secretary of the Egypt and Northern Sudan Mission, and Bishop Kitching and Archdeacon Shaw, both of whom travelled over a thousand miles to join in the discussions and who brought to our problems expert knowledge and advice. [Continue reading]