Then and Now in the Kenya Colony by Willis R. Hotchkiss

Willis Ray Hotchkiss [1873-1948], Then and Now in Kenya Colony. Forty Adventurous Years in East Africa

This is an account by Willis Ray Hotchkiss [1873-1948] of his 40 years of service with the Africa Inland Mission in Kenya. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making this book, which entered the public domain this year, available for digitisation.

Willis Ray Hotchkiss [1873-1948], Then and Now in Kenya Colony. Forty Adventurous Years in East Africa. London & Edinburgh: Oliphants, 1937. Hbk. pp.160. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  • Foreword by Lewis Speery Chafer
  1. The Beginning of the Trail
  2. Heading into the Unknown
  3. Adventures by the Way
  4. Our Troubles Begin
  5. A Rhino Saves the Situation
  6. Down in the Depths
  7. Testing and Proving the Promise
  8. The Beginning in Lumbwa
  9. Some Side Lights on Missionary Work
  10. Meet a Great Medicine Man
  11. Progress is Not Always Forward
  12. The Curse of Babal Still Here
  13. Some Strange Things
  14. Flying Over Africa


…. Mr. Hotchkiss went out as one of the first missionaries of the Africa Inland Mission. That he achieved much under God for that great movement in its early days is disclosed in one terse sentence written by the late Charles Hurlburt, founder of the Mission, to Mr. Hotchkiss’ mother regarding the early crisis in the Mission : ” Surely through your faithful son God has saved this work for His own glory.” The reading of this thrilling narrative in manuscript form has stirred my own heart as few missionary records have ever done. The book will claim a large place in missionary literature. Christian character and courage are both contagious, and none can avoid the uplift who will read this modest record of Mr. Hotchkiss’ great life and service.

Lewis Sperry Chafer, page 6

Biography of Daniel Mtusu by Donald Fraser

Daniel Mtusu (frontispiece)

This biography of Malawian Christian Daniel Mtusa was written by Donald Fraser, based on Mtusu’s own account of his life. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

Donald Fraser [1870-1933], The Autobiography of an African. Retold in Biographical Form & in the Wild African Setting of the Life of Daniel Mtusu. London: Seeley, Service & Co Ltd., 1925. Hbk. pp.210. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  1. The Red Land and the Red Chief
  2. The Child
  3. The Herd-Lad
  4. The House-Boy
  5. The Contest
  6. War
  7. Restless Desires
  8. Discussions
  9. The Decision
  10. The Baptism
  11. The Witness
  12. A Shameful Assault
  13. Citizenship
  14. Adventures
  15. The Teacher
  16. Pioneering
  17. Beulah Land
  18. A Filibuster
  19. An Adventorous Journey
  20. Tempting Offers
  21. A Village Flitting
  22. The Evangelist
  23. Perils of the Way
  24. The Preacher
  25. His Character
  26. His Death
  • Author’s Note

Author’s Note

A few years ago I asked Daniel Mtusu, the subject of this book, to write for roe an account of his life. He had completed it to a period a little beyond the time of his baptism, and was contemplating a further instalment when he died. His friend, the Rev. Andrew Mkochi, completed the story for me. I have rewritten in English what they have told me in their own language, and have added a certain amount of background to their pictures, so as to make them more intelligible to readers at home. I have followed throughout their account of events, and especially Daniel’s own story of his youth and mental awakening.

My thanks are due to Rev. Charles Stuart, Miss Genner and to my wife for revising what I have written, and for many valuable suggestions. Rev. Alex. A. Russell has most kindly seen the book through the press, a work which I could not do personally, as I am in Nyasaland and my publisher in London…

Page 8

Crusader in Kashmir by Ernest F. Neve

Ernest Frederic Neve [1861-1946], A Crusader in Kashmir. Being the Life of Dr Arthur Neve, with an Account of the Medical Missionary Work of Two Brothers & Its Later Developments Down to the Present Day

A biography of Arthur Neve, medical missionary to Kashmir, written by his younger brother. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

Ernest Frederic Neve [1861-1946], A Crusader in Kashmir. Being the Life of Dr Arthur Neve, with an Account of the Medical Missionary Work of Two Brothers & Its Later Developments Down to the Present Day. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., 1928. [Click to visit the download page for this title]


  1. Arthur Neve—Early Days
  2. Evolution of a Medical Mission
  3. A Practical Idealist
  4. Arthur Neve, Pioneer & Travellers
  5. The Campaign Extended
  6. Last Years of Service
  7. Medical Missions: Their Utility & Influence
  8. Medical Missions: Their Place & Power
  9. The Kashmir Medical Missions Hospital
  10. In the Wards
  11. Full Speed Ahead
  12. The Problem of Leprosy
  13. Is Leprosy Contagious?
  14. Can Lepers be Cleansed?
  15. Amongst the Villages
  16. A Land of Rovers & Mountain Passes
  17. A Mountain Climb
  18. Further Afield
  19. Near the Roof of the World
  20. Aims & Achievements
  • Index


Has the Church of Great Britain, using the word in its widest acceptation, at all adequately heard or acted upon the call to go over and help India? Has there ever been manifested more than a minute fraction of the zeal in carrying on a modern crusade in India which was shown by the heroic and chivalrous but misguided hordes who poured Eastward to recover an empty Sepulchre and who fought the Moslem with his own weapons?

Taking India as a whole, the Church of Christ is in contact chiefly with three great groups of peoples the Hindus, the Mohammedans and the Depressed classes.

It is common knowledge that the last group is very accessible to Christian teaching. Many thousands have been baptized both in the south, where the work of the Indian Bishop of Dornakal is well known, and also in the north, where the chief numerical additions to the Church have been from this class.

Page 11

Beyond the Pir Panjal by Ernest F. Neve

Ernest Frederic Neve [1861-1946], Beyond the Pir Panjal. Life and Missionary Enterprise in Kashmir

Dr Ernest Neve “…joined his brother, Arthur Neve, MD (1858-1919), at Srinagar, Kashmir in 1886, working at the Church Missionary Society’s Hospital, to which he eventually became consulting surgeon in 1923. While working in India he won the Gunning-Lister prize from Edinburgh University in 1889. In 1892 he founded the Kashmir Government Leper Asylum and was for many years its honorary superintendent. Neve was an excellent administrator and a general surgeon who accomplished a great deal of sound work, while living as a devout Christian in a predominantly Muslim country.” [Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows]

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for maing this public domain itle available for digitisation.

Ernest Frederic Neve [1861-1946], Beyond the Pir Panjal. Life and Missionary Enterprise in Kashmir. London: Church Missionary Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.178. View in PDF format pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]


  • Preface
  1. The Vale of Kashmir
  2. Historical Epochs
  3. The People
  4. Srinagar
  5. The Kashmir Mission School
  6. The Kashmir Medical Mission
  7. The Mission Hospital
  8. Village Life
  9. Medical Mission Camp Work
  10. A Glimpse of Kashmiri Tibet
  11. The Upper Indus Valley
  12. Sphere of Influence of Medical Mission Work
  13. Development of Kashmir

Chapter 1: The Vale of Kashmir

Kashmir owes much of its fame to its varied phases of beauty. These are partly due to the seasons. But the different alti-tudes, with their countless slopes· and upland meadows, some with northern and others with southern aspect, con-tinually provide a simultaneous presentation of the beauties of successive seasons. In the hottest summer weather, for instance, when in the valley the temperature is over 90° F. in the shade, when the air is laden with moisture and mos-quitoes abound, a ride or drive of 30 miles and a climb of 3000 feet will take us to where the atmosphere is fresh and cool. Another two or three thousand feet of ascent will bring us to snow and to early spring flowers such as primulas and anemones. And looking down from the heights to the plain below, ‘\ith its masses of foliage dimly discernible in the midst of the heat haze, we appreciate the effect of alti-tude on climate.

Page 1

Missionary Principles and Practice by Robert E. Speer

Missionary Principles and Practice by Robert E. Speer 1

A handbook on missionary principles by the American Presbyterian missiologist Robert Elliott Speer [1867-1947]. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

Robert E. Speer [1867-1947], Missionary Principles and Practice. A Discussion of Christian Missions and of some Criticisms upon them, 3rd edn. New York/London: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1902. Hbk. pp.552. [Click to visit the Robert Speer page to download this and other titles by this author]


  • Preface
  • Part I. General Principles Stated
  1. Missions—Primary and Essential in Christianity
  2. Common Honesty and Foreign Missions
  3. The Need of the Non-Christian World for Christ
  4. What are Christian Missionaries Trying to Do?
  5. The Aim of Christian Missions
  6. The Science of Missions
  7. The Kind of Men Needed in Foreign Missions
  8. Some Current Criticisms of Missions
  9. The Assumption Underlying Missionary Criticism
  10. Missions and Spiritual Life
  11. Missionaries and Their Rights
  12. Christianity the Solitary and Sufficient Religion

    Part II. General Principles Applied
  13. The Iniquity of Christian Missions in China
  14. Are the Missionaries Responsible for the Troubles in China?
  15. The Scuttle Policy in China
  16. Has Missionary Work in China Been Worth While?
  17. Minister Wu’s Confucian Propaganda
  18. A Roman Catholic View of Missions in China
  19. Higher Education in Missions with Special Reference to Conditions in China
  20. Truth or Tolerance
  21. Some Missionary Aspects of Paul’s First Itineration
  22. Some Missionary Aspects of Paul’s Second Itineration

    Part III. Need and Results
  23. Impressions of Christian Missions in Asia
  24. Persian Mohammedans and Mohammedanism
  25. Glimpses of Life on a Persian Highway
  26. On the Corpse Road
  27. Why Christianity Appeals to the Japanese
  28. Shosaburo Aoyama, A Japanese Christian Gentleman
  29. Four Life Stories
  30. Pastor Tsiang’s Story
  31. A Chinese Preacher
  32. Two Korean Christians
  33. Missionary Biographies
  34. Missionary Heroism I Have Known
  35. Li Hung Chang and Christian Missions
  36. The Civilizing Influence of Missions
  37. The Propagation of Christianity in the Last Century

    Part IV. Privilege and Duty
  38. The Missionary Spirit of the Christian Life
  39. Christ, the Desire of the Nations
  40. What Christ Has Done for Woman
  41. Prayer and Missions
  42. The Holy Spirit and Missions
  43. The Resources of the Christian Church
  44. The Evangelization of the World in this Generation
  45. The Speedy Bringing of the World to Christ

Timothy Richard of China

Timothy Richard in the Library at Shanghai

Timothy Richard was born in Wales and was converted during the 1859-60 Revival. He responded to the call to overseas service and served with the Baptist Missionary Society in China. He became convinced that the indigenous church should be self-supporting and that evangelism was best done by native Chinese Christians. The Ex-patriate missionaries should devote their time to working with the intelligentsia of China and combine outreach with development. After the Boxer uprising of 1900 he was instrumental in the establishment of Shanghai University.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

William E. Soothill [1861-1935], Timothy Richard of China. Seer, Statesman, Missionary & Most Disinterested Adviser the Chinese Ever Had. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., 1924. Hbk. pp.330.

Visit the Timothy Richard page for the download link for this title and other resources.


  1. Foreword
  2. Early Life in Wales
  3. China in the Sixties
  4. Pioneering in Shantung & Manchuria
  5. Chefoo
  6. Farewell to Chefoo
  7. Ch’ing-Choo-Fu
  8. Famine Relief: Shantung
  9. Famine Relief: Shansi
  10. Pioneering in Shansi
  11. Developments in Shansi
  12. T’ai-yuan, Ch’ing-Chou & Peking
  13. First Furlough
  14. In Exile
  15. Christian Literature Society: Work in Shanghai
  16. Chino-Japanese War
  17. T’ien-T’ai
  18. Enlightening the Government on Missions
  19. The Reform Society
  20. Second Furlough
  21. The Reform Movement
  22. Second Furlough
  23. The Reform Movement
  24. The Boxer Madness
  25. The Shansi University: A Dream Fulfilled
  26. Between the Boxers & The Revolution
  27. Conferences at Home
  28. Visits to Japan & Korea
  29. The Revolution
  30. Buddhism
  31. Home Again
  • Index


Dr Timothy Richard the subject of this biography, which must have been a labour of love to Professor Soothill, his co-worker in later years, was for over forty years an outstanding personality in China, and gained the respect and esteem of the Chinese people in a degree which it has been given to few foreigners to attain. My recollection of him dates from the seventies of last century, when he and a few other devoted missionaries threw themselves into the formidable task of organizing relief work in connection with an appalling famine in Shansi, and laid the foundation of all the subsequent efforts which have been made with so much success to cope with these constantly recurring calamities in China. Dr Richard’s work in Shansi brought him into close relations with the ruling classes, and convinced him of the necessity of diffusing throughout the country a knowledge of the humanitarian principles and methods of government practised in the West…

Biography of Archibald Orr Ewing

Archibald Orr Ewing [1857-1930]
Archibald Orr Ewing [1857-1930]

Archibald Orr Ewing [1857-1930] was born into a wealthy family in Scotland. Deeply influenced by his experience of the revival in Glasgow led by D.L. Moody in 1882 and by attending the Keswick Convention in 1885 he devoted himself to missionary service. He served with the China Inland Mission from 1886 to 1911.

My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Archibald Orr Ewing. ‘That faithful and wise Steward’. London: China Inland Mission, 1930. Hbk. pp.150. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  • A Celebrated Lawsuit
  • Things Temporal
  • Things Eternal
  • A Living Gospel
  • A Willing Servant
  • A Living Sacrifice
  • A Comforter of Many
  • A Cheerful; Giver
  • A Man in Christ
  • A Better Possession
  • Epilogue


There are many men and women who have gladly devoted their lives to the mission field; there are many others who have generously given of their substance for the same cause; but only a few have been privileged to do both. Archibald Orr Ewing was one of these few. Though as a young man he inherited wealth, and had this world’s best before him, he definitely, unostentatiously, and wholly placed himself and his possessions on God’s altar for service.

Every soul is a sanctuary, and its true history can, at best, only be known in part by others. ‘The secret things belong unto the Lord our God; but the things that are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever.’ That so much can be revealed of the inner history of Archibald Orr Ewing’ s life is due to the wealth of material placed at the writer’s disposal…

Page vii.

James Gilmour and His Boys

James Gilmour and His Boys

The “Boys” of the title are James Gilmour’s two sons, James and Willie. They had been sent back from China to England to school after the death of their Mother. This book is a selection of James Gilmour letters to them.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Richard Lovett [1851-1904], James Gilmour and His Boys. London: Religious Tract Society, 1894. Hbk. pp.288. [Click to visit the download page]


  1. Introduction
  2. The Boyhood and Youth of James Gilmour
  3. Adventures in Central Mongolia
  4. Life And Work in Eastern Mongolia
  5. Second Visit to England, and Closing Years
  6. Last Days
  7. Pen-Pictures For Children, By Mr. Gilmour


This volume is very different from all its forerunners in the New Year Gift Book Series; but I think the readers of it will find that it can well hold its own both in interest and in helpfulness with any of them. Some of those were biographies of great missionaries; some were descriptions of heathen children to whom your gifts were bringing the light and joy of the gospel; some were accounts of thrilling adventures and hard work done for Jesus Christ in North America, in New Guinea, in China, in India, in Mongolia, and in other distant parts of the earth.

The book is partly a biography, partly a series of adventures, partly a story of work done for Jesus Christ and of very hard trials bravely endured for Him and from love to sinful men…


Your will find more material about James Gilmour here.

Behind the Ranges. Fraser of Lisuland S.W. China

James Outram Fraser [1886–1938]
 James Outram Fraser [1886–1938]
James Outram Fraser [1886–1938] was an English missionary who divided his time between China and Burma, working amongst the Lisu people who lives along the border. He worked on translating the New Testament in the Lisu language and established churches that were both funded and led by the Lisu converts.

My thanks to OMF International (UK) for their permission to place this in-copyright book on-line. It may be downloaded and used for free educational purposes, but may not be sold for profit without written permission from the copyrgiht holder. My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy available for digtisation.

Mrs Howard Taylor (aka. Mary Geraldine Guinness [1865-1949], Behind the Ranges. Fraser of Lisuland S.W. China. London & Redhill: Lutterworth Press & China Inland Mission, n.d. Hbk. pp.253. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  1. Beginnings
  2. Young Life
  3. The Real Issue
  4. Mountain Men
  5. Missionary in Charge
  6. Banished to Burma
  7. Lisuland Again
  8. A Challenge
  9. A Decision
  10. Powers of Darkness
  11. A Fruitful Interlude
  12. The Prayer of Faith
  13. The Sword-Ladder Festival
  14. ‘Who Teacheth Like Him ?’
  15. The Letter Never Written
  16. ‘I Sent You To Reap’
  17. Love and Patience
  18. Blood of His Own
  19. A New Call
  20. ‘Good Ground’
  21. ‘A Hundredfold’
  22. The End in View
  23. Love’s Endurance
  24. Love’s Reward
  25. Marriage and Wider Ministry
  26. Fulfilment and Translation
  • Farewell

Pastor Hsi. Confucian Scholar and Christian by Geraldine Taylor

Pastor Hsi (Xi Shengmo)
Pastor Hsi (Xi Shengmo). Source: Wikipedia

Thanks largely to this book, there is more written about Pastor Hsi (Xi Shengmo) than any other 19th protestant Chinese Christian.  Hsi is notable for the way that he, rather than western missionaries, led the work of establishing churches and clinics for opium users in the areas where he worked.

My thanks to OMF International-UK for their permission to digitise and host this important book. It may be downloaded and used for free educational purposes, but not sold for profit without the explicit written permission of the copyright holder.

Geraldine Taylor [1865-1949], Pastor Hsi: Confucian Scholar and Christian, 23rd edn. London: China Inland Mission, 1900. Hbk. pp.293. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Editorial Note
  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Extracts from the Introduction written for the first edition by D.E. Hoste
  1. The Home of His Childhood
  2. Wedding an Unknown Bride
  3. Winning a Reputation
  4. The Swift Descent
  5. Dark Days in Shansi
  6. Light at Last
  7. Fishers of Men
  8. Drawing in the Net
  9. The Living Christ
  10. Stronger than All the Powers of the Enemy
  11. Called to Life Service
  12. The Great Change
  13. “Conqueror of Demons”
  14. Early Success and Failure
  15. Growing in Grace
  16. Starving the Village Idols
  17. Under-Shepherds: A Problem
  18. Light on the Problem
  19. Finding His Life-Work
  20. A Visit to the Capital
  21. How the Work Spread
  22. How God Provided
  23. A Fresh Advance
  24. Reinforcements
  25. Not Against Flesh and Blood
  26. For the Work of the Ministry
  27. West of the River
  28. A Winter’s Work at Hungtung
  29. Through Fire and Through Water
  30. A Wealthy Place
  31. The Burden and Heat of the Day
  32. The Refuges as Mission Stations
  33. The Middle Eden
  34. Ready to Depart
  35. Higher Service
  • Hymn by Pastor Hsi