Misi by Rev. Oscar Michelsen

Oscar Michelsen [1844-1936]

Oscar Michelsen [1844-1936] was a Norwegian pioneer missionary in the islands of the New Hebrides (now Vanuata) in the Pacific Ocean. In this book he tells the story of his work there, which led to the transformation of the islands.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

Oscar Michelsen [1844-1936], Misi. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., [1934]. Hbk. pp.238. [Click to visit the download page for this title]

Contents

  • Forword
  • Author’s Note
  • The Snowflakes
  1. Early Life in Norway
  2. Firt Efforts in Christian Service
  3. Colportage Work in Otago
  4. An Opened Door
  5. Arrival at the New Hebrides
  6. My Year at Nguna
  7. Beginning Work at Tongoa
  8. Early Converts abd Experiences
  9. Extending Influence
  10. Return to Tongoa after Furlough
  11. The Flight to Selembanga
  12. Return to Panita
  13. Some Outstanding Tongoans
  14. Road Making
  15. South East of Epi
  16. Some Incidents
  17. Visitors to Tongoa
  18. Hurricanes
  19. Farewell and Return
  20. Some Tongoan Chiefs
  21. Languages and Translations
  22. The “Dayspring”
  23. Part of a Changing World
  24. My Last Farewell to Tongoa

Foreword

The venerable author of this book has asked me to write a few words of preface for it; and if I do so, it is with the most profound feeling of inadequacy for the task.

I was the junior lieutenant of H.M.S. Dart when, in 1890, we were sent to make a hydrographic survey of the Shepherd Group, New Hebrides, and of the adjacent waters-then almost unknown to mariners.

Tongoa was our headquarters for a few months while the Survey proceeded, and during that time all of us, from Captain Frederick in command down to the last rating in the ship, came to know and to love Mr. Michelsen.

He had then been for a few years working among the natives of the Group, who, before he began, were described in the Admiralty Sailing Directions as being “dangerous cannibals.” At the time of our arrival, his influence among them during even so short a period had been such that all had “taken the Book,” and had begun to be civilized people. We man-of-war’s men found that we could go fearlessly among them entirely unarmed, even far into the bush, and up the mountains of such large islands as Epi and Emae, to set up our theodolites on their summits; and that we were able to camp ( as I myself did) for weeks at a time on Tongariki, without the least fear of treacherous attack.

This state of affairs had been brought about, as I say, entirely by Oscar Michelsen; and it was through his pluck, his tact, and his personality that the way was made easy for us in the Dart to carry out our work.

It was thanks to him that the charts were easily produced which have permitted vessels of all sizes and classes to navigate those dangerous waters without fear, and thus bring about, through connection with the outside world, the condition of civilization, trade, and prosperity, to which the islanders have now reached.

I say nothing of Christianity itself, which he, first of white men, brought to this region, as I am not competent to do so, and in any case it is out of my province. But anyone, even the greatest sneerer at missionary work (and there are, unfortunately, many ignorant people who do sneer still) who visited the New Hebrides in 1890 must have been struck by the marvellous difference between the natives of the Christian and of the heathen islands-all of them men of the same race.

In the first-named, one landed among smiles, and to the outstretched hand of peace and friendship; and one found the same even in the hill villages, far inland.

In the heathen islands only a few miles distant one was met with scowls, blackened faces, and muskets; while the treacherous club was ever ready to fall from behind on the skull of any white man who should be sufficiently venturesome to move even a few hundred yards along the dark bush-track in from the beach.

All honour, then, to the pioneers of “peace, goodwill towards men” – and now let me stand aside and allow one of the most successful among them to tell the story of fifty years of this thrilling work for the good of mankind.

BOYLE T. SOMERVILLE, C.M.G.
Vice Admiral.
September, 1934.

Pages ix-xi

Robert Morrison – A Master Builder by Marshall Broomhall

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Robert Morrison, A Master Builder

A biography of the Presbyterian Missionary to Macao, Bible translator and Lexicographer Robert Morrison by the Editorial Secretary of the China Inland Mission. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Marshall Broomhall [1866-1937], Robert Morrison, A Master Builder. London: China Inland Mission, 1924. Hbk. pp.238. [Click to visit the Robert Morrison page for the download link for this title and others]

Contents

  • Author’s Preface
  • Table of Dates
  1. The Great Closed Land
  2. A Great Tribulation and a Little Child
  3. The Hidden Man of the Heart
  4. High Employ
  5. The Call of China
  6. The Voyage
  7. Old Canyon
  8. Facing Life’s Task
  9. Some Momentous Decisions
  10. Overlapping Extraordinary
  11. A Colleague at Last
  12. The Ultra-Ganges Mission
  13. Dismissed but Indispensible
  14. Lonely and in Constant Apprehension
  15. An Iona in the East
  16. Translating the Scriptures
  17. Sorrow Upon Sorrow
  18. An International Impasse
  19. The Great Fire
  20. After Fifteen Years
  21. Two Years in England
  22. In Stress and Storm
  23. All Manner of Service
  24. Missionary Reinforcement
  25. A Painful Parting
  26. Faithful unto Death
  27. Unfading Glory
  28. Epilogue
  29. Appendices
  30. Index

Author’s Preface

“The pioneer is forgotten” wrote Robert Morrison in a fit of depression. To him in his lonely post it seemed so, but the statement is not true for all time. The pioneer, like the prophet, may be despised or even slain by his contemporaries, but posterity will build his tomb. In Morrison’s case he lived to be honoured beyond most missionaries, and time has only added lustre to his name.

It is fitting that his life and work should be again recalled, for a new and promising chapter in the evangelization of China has commenced. The Christian Church which Morrison set forth to found in the land of Sinim has lately claimed the right to administer her own affairs where able to do so. The great gulf between a land with no followers of Christ – we speak of the Protestant Church alone – and a land with a Church strong enough to desire self-government, has, thank God, been bridged. On the one side of that great span stands Morrison, the dauntless master-builder, and on the other side the first National Christian Conference which met at Shanghai less than two years ago.

Page ix

Missionary Heroes of Asia by John C. Lambert

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Asia.

Six brief accounts of missionaries and their adventures in Asia, including James Gilmour, Jacob Chamberlain and George Leslie Mackay.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Asia. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries with Uncivilised man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature. London: Seeley, Service Co Ltd., n.d. Hbk. pp.158. [Click to visit the download page for this title]

Contents

  • Introduction
  1. In the Steppes and Deserts of Mongolia [James Gilmour]
  2. In the Country of the Telugas [Jacob Chamberlain]
  3. A Japanese Romance
  4. “From Far Formosa” [George Leslie Mackay]
  5. A Heroine of Tibet
  6. “The Saviour of Liao-Yang”

Introduction

In a “foreword ” which he contributes to Dr. Jacob Chamberlain’s attractive missionary book, In the Tiger Jungle, Dr. Francis E. Clark expresses the opinion that one need not patronize sensational and unhealthy fiction to find stirring adventure and thrilling narrative, and then goes on to say:-

There is one source which furnishes stories of intense and dramatic interest, abounding in novel situations and spiced with abundant adventure; and this source is at the same time the purest and most invigorating fountain at which our youth can drink. To change the figure, this is a mine hitherto largely unworked; it contains rich nuggets of ore, which will well repay the prospector in this new field.”

The field to which Dr. Clark refers is the history of modern Christian missions. His meaning is that the adventurous and stirring side of missionary experience needs to be brought out, and emphasis laid upon the fact that the romantic days of missions are by no means past….

Page 9

Frederick Baedeker, Horace Underwood and Arthur Neve – Heroes of the Cross

Frontispiece: Dr. Baedeker preaching and distributing books to convicts in Siberia
Frontispiece: Dr. Baedeker preaching and distributing books to convicts in Siberia

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], one of the founders of the Algiers Evangelistic Band, wrote short biographies of three other missionary heroes who inspired her: Frederick Baedeker, Horace Underwood and Arthur Neve of Kashmir. My thanks to Book Aid for making a copy of this public domain title available for digitisation.

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], Heroes of the Cross. Dr Frederick Baedeker :: Horace Underwood :: Arthur Neve of Kashmir. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott. Ltd., [1933]. Hbk. pp.96. [Click here to visit the download page for this title]

Contents

  • Frederick Baedeker the Prisoners’ Friend
  • Horace Underwood of Korea
  • Arthur Neve of Kashmir

Frederick Baedeker the Prisoners’ Friend

Baedeker! Have you ever heard that name before? Perhaps not. Ask those who have travelled abroad and they will say at once, ” Oh, yes, the guide book man!” Try it and see if they don’t. His name is so well known that it has almost become a common noun. People speak of taking their Baedeker with them, as they would speak of taking their umbrella or their purse.

Karl Baedeker was a German book-seller and publisher, and he brought out guide-books of different countries till he had described most of the civilised lands of the world. They were packed full of useful information and told you where to go and what to see and what to pay. They were printed in German and French and English and Baedeker thus became famous. His success was due to hard work: he was very careful and exact in all he wrote, and then too, he employed good scholars to help him.

But our story is about another Baedeker, not that one. The guide-book man had a cousin who sometimes W’I’ote for him, and he also became famous, in a different way. Karl was a guide to all parts of the earth and a very good one to: Frederick was to thousands of people a guide to heaven. He showed them the way to God; he taught them to put their trust in Jesus, who is the Way, the Truth and the Life.

Frederick became known as Doctor Baedeker, becauae of the letters Ph.D. after his name, which mean “doctor of philosophy ” not medicine. But the Russian peasants to whom he afterwards went called him “Dedouchka”  or “Dear Grandfather!’ In this story I shall use all these names and you can pick out the one you like the best.

But first we must call him Frederick and begin with his boyhood for, of course, it was only long afterwards that he earned his other names.

The little town of Witten, where he was born, is near the river Rhine, which is very beautiful thereabouts. In the Baedeker home there were four boys and two girls, and Frederick was the youngest son but one. They called him Fritz for short. Their father was a naturalist; he studied animals and particularly birds. This was very jolly for the children, for he could tell them no end of interesting things and they could help him hunt for specimens.

Mr. Baedeker had a big collection of birds and their eggs, some of them very rare. There were eggs of different shades and colours, brown and blue and green, pearly white ones and pretty speckled ones. They were all sizes too, from the big eggs of the eagle and the stork down to the tiny ones of the little hedge wren. He knew them all, and the children learned to know them too. Mr. Baedeker was so famous that when people in far away parts of Europe found some egg that they could not name, they would pack it up and send it to him and he would tell them what it was. He wrote a book about birds’ eggs and painted the pictures himself. After he died his collection was taken to Berlin and placed in a natural history museum.

Fritz’s mother was rather strict, but I expect those four boys needed to be kept in order and perhaps even the girls too. Six children are quite a houseful, and I dare say they made plenty of noise. Fritz was specially fond of his elder sister Pauline, and when he was in trouble it was to her he went….

Pages 5-6

Missionary Crusaders by Claud Field

Claud Field [1863-1941], Missionary Crusaders

A collection of 18 short biographies of missionaries from around the world, presumably intended to inspire children. These include John Eliot, David Brainerd, Robert Moffat, David Livingstone, Christian Schwartz and Adoniram Judson. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Claud Field [1863-1941], Missionary Crusaders. Stories of the Dauntless Courage and Remarkable Adventures Which Missionaries Have Had Whilst Carrying Out Their Duties in Many Parts of the World. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., 1930. Hbk. pp.221. [Click to visit the download page for this title]

Contents

  • Preface
  1. John Eliot, the Apostle to the Red Indians
  2. The Captive of the Iroquois
  3. David Brainerd Among the Redskins
  4. Hans Egede in Greenland
  5. Sixty Years Among the Red indians
  6. William Duncan at Metlahkatlah
  7. In the Highlands of Tibet
  8. Among West Indian Slaves
  9. In the Forest of Dutch Guiana
  10. The Champion of the Hottentots
  11. Robert Moffat and the Bechuanas
  12. From Slave to Bishop
  13. The Martyrs of Madagascar
  14. Livingstone’s Early Explorations
  15. Schwartz in South India
  16. At the Mercy of an Egyptian Pasha
  17. Dr. Judson in Burmah
  18. Dr. Wolff in Central Asia

Thinking Black by Dan Crawford

Daniel Crawford [1870-1926], Thinking Black: 22 Years without a Break in the Long Grass of Central Africa, 2nd edn.
The Look-Out Hut. Onn the Cliff overhanging Lake Mweru

Dan Crawford’s account of his 22 Years work in the Congo. This volume has a number of superb colour plates. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

Daniel Crawford [1870-1926], Thinking Black: 22 Years without a Break in the Long Grass of Central Africa, 2nd edn. London: Morgan and Scott Ltd., 1913. Hbk. pp.502. [Click to visit the Dan Crawford page for the download link to this title and others]

Contents

  • Publisher’s Note
  • Acknowledgments
  1. First Fears Justified
  2. First Things First
  3. Far, yet not Farthest, In
  4. Our African Apprenticeship
  5. “Boring in” Farther
  6. Eastward Ho!
  7. “Own Up and Pay Up”
  8. Dark Doings in Luvaleland
  9. The Desert Journey
  10. Farthest, but Shut, In
  11. Vice Versa
  12. Shut in, but Almost Out
  13. Black Suffragettes
  14. Thus Far and No Farther
  15. Red Sunsets
  16. “Nemesis, Daughter of Night”
  17. Our Eastern Exodus
  18. Boring out East
  19. Kavanaga: The Gates of the Morning
  20. “Great White Lake”
  21. A Page of History
  22. Black Man=Black Manners
  23. “THe Year of Love”: An Epilogue
  • L’Envoi
  • index


For Christ and Cuzco, Peru – A Memorial of William H. Newell

A fruit seller of Peru

This is an account of the life and work of William H. Newell in Cuzco, Peru, with the Regions Beyond Missionary Union. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Martha Newell [1844-1934], For Christ and Cuzco. A Memorial of W.H. Newell, Missionary to Cuzco, Peru. London: Regions Beyond Missionary Union, n.d. Hbk. pp.164. [Click to visit the download page for this title]

Contents

  • Preface by H. Grattan Guinness, M.D.
  1. A Mother’s Recollections
  2. At Harley College, Bow
  3. At Cliff College, Derbyshire
  4. Called to Peru
  5. In Cuzco
  6. The Fight Continued
  7. Steps in Advance
  8. Last Days
  9. Afterwards

Preface

Amongst the hundreds of students with whom it has been my privilege to come into contact during the past nineteen years, some have been conspicuous for preaching gift and others for intellectual power; a number made their mark in the field of inter-college athletics; others, again, were influential as men of holiness and prayer; and many, though excellent men, were not’ in any way remarkable.

It would have been impossible, however, to lose sight of Will. Newell in the crowd. His bright face was sure to catch my eye at morning prayers, whilst his sweet tenor voice impressed one, even if fifty other men were joining in the hymn. His prayers were full of devotion, the evident expression of a Spirit-filled life.

Nor, on the other hand, could one overlook Newell on the cricket field, where, in imagination I see him now, fielding at point, or doing good service with the ball….

Page 9

Herbert Stanley Jenkins , Medical Missionary to Shensi, China

Portrait: Herbert Stanley Jenkins [1874-1913]
Frontispiece

Herbert Stanley Jenkins [1874-1913] served with the Baptist Missionary Society in China. This biography also includes some material on the wider work of the BMS there.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Richard Glover [1837-1919], Herbert Stanley Jenkins, M.D., F.R.C.S., Medical Missionary, Shensi, China with Some Notices of the Work of the Baptist Missionary Society in that Country. London: The Carey Press, 1914. Hbk. pp.155.

Contents

  • Author’s Note
  1. Earlier years
  2. The Work of the Baptist Missionary Society in China
  3. Shensi Work
  4. Entrance on Missionary Work
  5. The Medical Missionary
  6. The Revolution
  7. The Last Stage
  8. Some General Reflections
  9. Letters From Friends

Chapter 1: Earlier Years

The proper study of mankind is man – a study full of instruction for those who pursue it with real earnestness. The strange way in which purposes are formed, expanded, and achieved by inspirations of grace, and the honour which God puts on all faithfulness, demand attention. There is especial interest in noting how Providence, operating simultaneously on individual lives and also on nations, secures augmented results from each.

The outward features of Stanley Jenkins’ earlier life are soon told. He was born in Bristol in 1874; one of the younger members of a large family, most of them marked by physical energy, and constituting a typically happy and united home; a home where the Herbert Stanley Jenkins parents blended happily authority, love, and piety, and where the number of the children supplied the genial corrective of all selfish tendencies; a home, therefore, where all natural excellences might be expected to thrive, where good health and good temper prevented any early and weakening development of self-consciousness, where it was natural that all kindly qualities should develop.

In the history of his school-days nothing very remarkable is to be noticed, save that while still a youth (in his fourteenth year) the great awakening of the soul came to him.

Parental piety was the atmosphere in which his higher thoughts and purposes were matured. He was greatly helped by some of those activities which devote themselves to the spiritual quickening of the schoolboy. Some may criticize defects in these activities, saying they develop unduly self-consciousness, are too doctrinal in their presentation of the Gospel, and give a trend to the devout life tending to make it narrow, and lead to the idea that character is complete when conversion to God has taken place. Possibly there are grounds in some instances for such views. In the case of Stanley Jenkins no such influence can be traced. The great fact of his life was that Jesus Christ then aawned on his soul. In the language of St. Paul, “The light of the knowledge of the glory of God shone through the fac~ of Jesus Christ into his heart,” flooding it with a sunshine that never failed, but grew until it became the light of heaven….

Pages 11-13

6 Missionary Heroes of Africa

Cover: John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Africa. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries with Uncivilised Man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature

There are numerous volumes in the “Missionary Heroes” series, consisting of short biographies written to inspire and challenge young people by their examples. The “heroes” covered in this volume are:

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Africa. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries with Uncivilised Man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., [1909]. Hbk. pp.156. [Click to visit he download page for this title]

Contents

  • Prefactory Note
  • Introduction
  1. “The Hero of Uganda”
  2. The Lion-Hearted Bishop
  3. Pioneers in Nyasaland
  4. Wortrekkers in Barotseland
  5. A Pioneer in Garenganze
  6. A Tramp Through the Great Pygmy Forest

Introduction

In a “foreword” which he contributes to Dr. Jacob Chamberlain’s attractive missionary book, In the Tiger Jitng-le, Dr. Francis E. Clark expresses the opinion that one need not patronize sensational and unhealthy fiction to find stirring adventure and thrilling narrative, and then goes on to say:-

“There is one source which furnishes stories of intense and dramatic interest, abounding in novel situations and spiced with abundant adventure ; and this source is at the same time the purest and most invigorating fountain at which our youth can drink. To change the figure, this is a mine hitherto largely unworked; it contains rich nuggets of ore, which will well repay the prospector in this new field.”

The field to which Dr. Clark refers is the history of modern Christian missions. His meaning is that the adventurous and stirring side of missionary experience needs to be brought out, and emphasis laid upon the fact that the romantic days of missions are by no means past.
There are stories which are now among the classics of missionary romance. Such are the expedition of Hans Egede to Greenland, the lonely journeys of David Brainerd among the Indian tribes of the North American forests, the voyage of John Williams from one coral island of the Pacific to another in the little ship which his own hands had built, the exploration of the Dark Continent by David Livingstone in the hope of emancipating the black man’s soul.

But among missionary lives which are more recent or less known, there are many not less noble or less thrilling than those just referred to; and the chapters which follow are an attempt to make this plain.

There is, of course, a deeper side to Christian missions-a side that is essential and invariable – while the elements of adventure and romance are accidental and occasional. If in these pages the spiritual aspects of foreign mission work are but slightly touched upon, it is not because they are either forgotten or ignored, but simply because it was not part of the writer’s present plan to deal with them. It is hoped, nevertheless, that some of those into whose hands this book may come will be induced by what they read to make fuller acquaintance with the lives and aims of our missionary heroes, and so will catch something of that spirit which led them to face innumerable dangers, toils, and trials among heathen and often savage peoples, whether in the frozen North or the burning South, whether in the hidden depths of some vast continent or among the scattered “islands of the ocean seas.”

Pages 9-11

‘For His Sake’: Elsie Marshall’s Life of Consecration and Devotion to China

Elsie Marshall [1869-1895]

Elsie Marshall served in China with the Church of England Zenana Mission Society until her untimely death in 1885. This is her story, told through extracts of her letters. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain title for digitisation.

Elsie Marshall [1869-1895], ‘For His Sake’. A Record of a Life consecrated to God and devoted to China. Extracts From the Letters of Elsie Marshall, Martyred at Hwa-Sang, August 1, 1895, 6th edn. London: The Religious Tract Society, n.d. Hbk. pp.208. [Click to visit the download page for digitisation]

Contents

  • Introductory Memoir
  1. The Voyage Out
  2. Arrival in China
  3. At Fuh-ning
  4. At Kulianf, on the Hills near Foochow
  5. At Fuh-ning
  6. At Ku-cheng
  7. At Work in the District
  8. Kuliang For Hot Months and Journeys
  9. Sek-Check-Du
  10. Work Disttributed by the Vegetarian Riots, Which Ended in the Massacre at Hws-Sang, Ku-Cheng, August 1, 1895
  11. Extracts from Letters

Introductory Memoir

A short sketch of the life of the writer of the following record of missionary work in China will perhaps enhance its interest for the general reader, and make clear some of the personal allusions, which could not be well omitted without breaking the continuity of the letters. The letters themselves are published in the hope, and with the earnest prayer, in which it is certain the writer would (and perchance does) join, that their perusal may stir up still greater zeal in hastening forward the King’s business in the land of Sinim, which recent events-and not least amongst them the martyrdoms at Ku-cheng-will assuredly open up to the ‘ Divine Enterprise of Missions’; and lead many to adopt what she found to be the happiest of all lives: to give up home ‘for His sake,”in order to go and tell the love of Jesus to those who have never heard.

Page 3