Glimpses of Christian India with Ella Luce

Ella Luce [1860-1943], Glimpses of Christian IndiaElla Luce [1860-1943] vividly recalls her long service in India with the Zenana Medical mission extending from 1888-1922. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Ella Luce [1860-1943], Glimpses of Christian India. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, [1933]. Hbk. pp.216. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Earliest Recollections
  2. School and Life in London
  3. Mission and Conversion
  4. Voyage to India, and the First Year There
  5. Beginning Work at Sultanpur
  6. Work at Sultanpur – and Marriages of My Sisters
  7. Building the First Orphanage, and Famine of 1897
  8. Accounts of Some Girls Saved in the Famine
  9. Missionary Friends and Expansion of the Work
  10. Building the Hospital, and Plague in Cawmpore
  11. A Difficult Girl and a Serious Illness
  12. Weddings and Consumption
  13. Building Large New Dormitories For 100 Children

Part Two: Tours in India After Retirement

  • First Tour After Retirement
  • Second Tour After Retirement
  • Deputation Tours in England and Closing Work in Sultanpur

Chapter 1: Earliest Recollections

How or by whom I was informed I cannot say, but I know somehow that my father was sitting by a fire at twelve o’clock on the night of July seventh, eighteen hundred and sixty, when a nurse appeared and told him that another daughter had been born to him. This was a disappointment, as he had naturally hoped that his second offspring would be a son.

The old house looking more or less like a large farm house covered with many creepers, had a long narrow hall with drawing-room and dining-room on each side, a study with steps leading to the garden, six fairly large bedrooms, two dressing-rooms and an upper storey containing several rooms used by the servants… [Continue reading]

Biography of Alexander Duff, Missionary to India

Thomas Smith [1817-1906], Alexander Duff, D.D., LL.D.This is a copy of the Thomas Smith’s 1883 biography of the the noted missionary to India, Alexander Duff [1806-1878]. As the author points out, he had both an intimate knowledge of his subject and the co-operation of Duff’s official biographer Mr George Smith. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Thomas Smith [1817-1906], Alexander Duff, D.D., LL.D. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1883. Hbk. pp.200. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Chapter 1

In one important respect this volume differs from those which have hitherto appeared in the series to which it belongs. They had as their object the revival of memories which had faded; this, the perpetuation of a memory which is still fresh in the minds of many who will read it. They treated of “men worth remembering,” with whom their several authors had no personal associations; this treats of one who very lately lived and moved and had his being among us, and the memory of whose intimate personal friendship, long enjoyed, is to the author a very precious treasure. This difference is certainly in some respects advantageous, in others it will probably prove to be disadvantageous, to the author. It is, of course, an advantage to a biographer to have had an intimate knowledge of him whose doings he is to record, and whose character he is to delineate and estimate. [Continue reading]

Marie Christlieb’s Uphill Road in India

Marie Louise Christlieb [1868-1946] carried out evangelistic work in the villages of Hospet – present day Karnataka – in SW India in 1893, despite opposition from male colleagues. In this book she describes her work between 1906-1926 and is based on correspondence with a friend with whom she shared her first period of service in India. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Marie Louise Christlieb [1868-1946], An Uphill Road in India. London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1927. Hbk. pp.253. [Download complete book in PDF]


The following ·pages – as the dedication conveys – are collected from a correspondence covering a period of over twenty years. The friend to whom it was addressed shared the first period of service in India with the writer; of the beginning of their missionary work there is, therefore, no detailed record. The letters begin when the writer returned to India alone.

As they contained a great deal of merely personal interest some editing had to be done, also a few additions made here and there, as the public at home could not be counted upon to possess the knowledge of India as the recipient of the letters. For the sake of clearness in presenting some phase of work absolute chronology could not be observed in the sequence of chapters. All incidents, conversations, etc., are descriptions of current happenings.

The names of most places and of persons still living have been changed.

The book does not pretend to be a presentment of new facts concerning India; It is but a simple human recital of daily experiences among. a much-loved Eastern people. Should it help to provoke anyone to spend thought upon the great dependency to which we are so closely bound it would be great reward. [Continue reading]

A.R. MacDuff’s Memories of Missionary Life in North-Western India

A.R. MacDuff, The Utmost Bound of the Everlasting Hills or Memories of Christ's Frontier Force in North-Western IndiaThe Rev. A.R. MacDuff served as domestic chaplain to the Henry James Matthew Bishop of Lahore [15 January 1837 – 2 December 1898]. In this book he shares some of his experiences serving in the North West of India during the late 19th Century. Many thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

A.R. MacDuff, The Utmost Bound of the Everlasting Hills or Memories of Christ’s Frontier Force in North-Western India. London: James Nisbet & Co., Ltd., 1902. Hbk. pp.279. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Acknowledgement
  • Introduction
  • Bivouacking With a Bishop in the Bolan Pass
  • George Shirt, Roadmaker to the Great King
  • The Parson Who Laid His Cricket on God’s Altar
  • The Philanthropic Octopus of Kashmir
  • Moti, The Snow Leopard, and How he Became a London Lion
  • Three Earthly Stories with One Heavenly Meaning


I was driving through the streets of a certain lakeside and collegiate town in the western portion of New York State and, as all strangers do, was admiring the, rows of umbrageous elms and maples with which its main thoroughfares are lined. Suddenly my companion – who by-the-bye occupied the seat of Jehu-pulled up to the sidewalk, and hailing a passing pedestrian, accosted him thus: “Howdy do? I’ve got your brother’s next-door neighbour with me, and I want to introduce him.” Then the “Man in the Street” made obeisance and confessed to fraternal relationship with the right reverend, the bishop of a vigorous and deeply interesting diocese in China. [Continue Reading]

Pennell of the Indian Frontier

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Pennell of the India FrontierThe story of Theodore L. Pennell [1867-1912] and his work as a medical missionary on the Afghan frontier retold for children. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Norman James Davidson [1860-1936], Pennell of the India Frontier. The Fine Story of Dr. T.L. Pennell’s Life on the Afghan Frontier Told for Boys & Girls. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., 1927. Hbk. pp.60. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

The family of the Pennells is of ancient West-country origin, and traces its descent from ancestors who were already living at Penhall, in Cornwall, before the Conquest. Subsequently the family moved to Lupton in Devonshire, where they resided for some centuries.

About 1890, John Penhale and Richard Penhale are recorded as being Priors of Plympton Priory, and in 1415, a certain Richard Pennell, who was Canon of Crediton and Exeter, and Vicar of Paignton, became Archdeacon of Cornwall. He was also President of the Consistorial Council.

Among the girls, chief interest is attached to Rosamond, who at the age of six weeks was adopted by her eldest sister, then the wife of the Right Hon. John Wilson Croker. It was only by accident that she eventually learned that her supposed mother was really her sister. She was celebrated for her beauty, and her portrait at the age of seventeen by Sir Thomas Lawrence is a renowned and familiar picture. When a child at Kensington Palace, she was sent for to play with Queen Victoria. The ” Croker Papers ” are full of references to “Nony,” as she was called. [Continue reading]

Yarns on Heroes of India

J. Claverdon Wood, Yarns on Heroes of India, 5th edn.Yarns on India is a collection of inspiration talks intended for 12-16 year old boys attending Boys’ Brigade meetings. It includes material on William, Carey Alexander Duff, Theordore Pennell and number of other missionaries. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy o this book available for scanning and to the Church Mission Society for their kind permission to place it on-line.

J. Claverdon Wood, Yarns on Heroes of India, 5th edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1922. Pbk. pp.95. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword
  • Map of India
  1. Given to the Flames – William Carey
  2. Cast Up by the Sea – Alexander Duff
  3. A Massacre That Made a Man Think – Shekh Salih
  4. Cursed by a Brahman – Subrahmaniam
  5. A Mountain Tiger in His Den – Theodore Pennell
  6. A Fight With Death – Emilie Posnett
  7. Making Men Out of Jellyfish – Tyndale-Biscoe
  8. The Wolf of Attock – Dilawur Khan
  9. A Soldier of Nepal – “Nepali”


“YARNS ON HEROES OF INDIA” is the third of a series of text-books prepared for those who work among boys aged twelve to sixteen. It is thus specially suitable for Boys’ Brigade Officers and Scoutmasters. It is written in the belief that stories of missionary adventure appeal to the instincts of hero worship and space hunger, which develop in a boy at this age, and will not only create missionary interest, but will also have a powerful influence in the development of Christian character. Such stories represent Christianity in action, and often show the meaning of Bible truths even better than direct lessons on the Bible itself.

The Yarns themselves are historically true. The realistic detail and local colour give accurate setting without doing violence to the essential facts. [Continue reading]

Battling and Building Among the Bhils

Bhils or Bheel are primarily an Adivasi people of North West India. Bhils are also settled in the Tharparkar District of Sindh, Pakistan. They speak the Bhil languages, a subgroup of the Western Zone of the Indo-Aryan languages. According to Census, 2001, Bhils were the largest tribal group in India followed by Gond tribe. [Wikipedia]

A.I. Birkett [1863-1916], Battling and Building Among the BhilsThis little book tells the story of the Church Missionary Society mission to the Bhils. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is now in the public domain.

A.I. Birkett [1863-1916], Battling and Building Among the Bhils. London: Church Missionary Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.95. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Bhil Characteristics and Customs
  2. Pioneering
  3. The Dawn of Light
  4. Advance
  5. Times of Blessing
  6. Kerwera and Education
  7. Biladia
  8. Kotra
  9. Medical Work
  10. Church Organisation
  11. Women’s Work in Camp and Station
  • Appendices


This little history has been written by a lady who asks that it “may be published without her name being given, as the information it contains is culled from many sources, and many others have given helpful criticisms and contributions.” On behalf of those who have helped her I would express our gratitude for the labour which has shaped the mass of materials into the present interesting history. I have myself as far as possible compared every statement with the original sources and believe it is absolutely trustworthy.

It is sent out now for the information of many who have asked for a book on the Bhil Mission, with the prayer that God will so use it that all who read it may be helped to more earnest and persevering prayer that the little Bhil Church may be sanctified and built up in the Lord and’ become a channel of life and blessing to its own land. [Continue Reading]

Progress of Missions in the Hundred Years After Carey

Delavan L. Leonard [1834-1917], A Hundred Years of Missions or The Story of Progress Since Carey's BeginningAlthough Delavan Leonard’s history of missions covers early church and medieval missions, his primary focus is in “The Great Century” following William Carey. He provides an overview of progress of the Great Commission by Continent as well as a chapter of work still to be done. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Delavan L. Leonard [1834-1917], A Hundred Years of Missions or The Story of Progress Since Carey’s Beginning. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1895. Hbk. pp.430.  [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  • Introduction
  1. The Christian Idea of Missions
  2. Missions in the Early Centuries
  3. Conversion of Northern and Western Europe
  4. The Non-Missionary Centuries
  5. Reformation ad Discovery of America
  6. Roman Catholic Missions
  7. Preparation For Foreign Missions
  8. Protestant Missions Before Carey
  9. The Carey Epoch
  10. The Great Missionary Revival
  11. Genesis of Missions in America
  12. The Phenomenon of Missionary Expansion
  13. Missions in India
  14. Missions in Africa; Madagascar
  15. The Islands of the Sea
  16. Turkish Empire: Persia
  17. Chinese Empire’ Korea
  18. Missions in Japan
  19. Missions in Spanish America
  20. Missions Among the American Indians
  21. The Land Which Remains to be Possessed


It is sometimes a question how far an introduction helps the book it introduces. If the author is well known he needs no such formal entrance into the literary world; if he is as yet unfamiliar to a wide circle of readers, his book itself is his best recommendation.

Dickens used to say that it was an easy thing to ” come out into society, but a difficult thing to prevent going in again.” And so a book or an author that proves unworthy of the introduction to the public, cannot long float, notwithstanding the outside supports intended to give it buoyancy. [Continue reading]

Fanny Jane Butler – Pioneer Medical Missionary to India

E.M. Tonge, Fanny Jane Butler, Pioneer Medical MissionaryDr Fanny Jane Butler was, according to Wikipedia,

…among the first female doctors to travel to India and the first fully trained doctor from England to do so. Prior to her work in Kashmir and other parts of India, Butler was a part of the first class of the London School of Medicine for Women, becoming a member of the forefront of female doctors. Butler spent seven years in India until her death in 1889 and opened medical dispensaries in Srinagar and Bhagalpur, where no medical facilities had previously existed. Butler also initiated the building of the first hospital in Srinagar in 1888 called the John Bishop Memorial Hospital and provided necessary medical care for Indian women, for whom little care had been available.

Thanks to the kind permission of the Church Mission Society I am able to make available one of the standard biographies of this remarkable lady – kindly provided by Redcliffe College. This book is copyright Church Mission Society.

E.M. Tonge, Fanny Jane Butler, Pioneer Medical Missionary. London: Church of England Zenana Missionary Society, 1930. Pbk. pp.54. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Foreword (Contributed)
  • Prologue
  1. By the Thames
  2. “Not Disobedient to the Heavenly Vision”
  3. Student Days
  4. Buying Experience
  5. By the Ganges
  6. Off the Beaten Track
  7. A Lover of Children
  8. A Stenuous Furlough
  9. By the Jhelum
  10. Overwhelming Opportunities
  11. The Last Journey Down the River
  • Epilogue (Contributed)


It is a real honour and pleasure to contribute a brief Foreword to this most interesting sketch by E. M. Tonge of the Life and Work of the late Dr. Fanny Butler.

The whole story reads as might the life of some mediaeval saint, one of the men and women who had so dedicated themselves, their powers, and their lives to Christ’s service that they could say: “it is not I who live, but Christ Who liveth in me.”

It is perhaps an advantage that the sketch presented for the help and encouragement of a later generation of women doctors should be so restrained and so shortened. These are busy days, and it is probable that the little, unassuming” life” of a devoted woman who was at once both saint and heroine should have been cast into a form that will make but little demand on the time, but ought to make great demands on the development of her successors. [Continue reading]


William Carey Pioneer Missionary to India’s Millions

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], William Carey. The Shoemaker Who Became "The Father and Founder of Modern Missions"John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915] provides us with a brief biography of William Carey – “The Founder of Modern Missions”. The book includes chapters on Carey’s role as a translator, a philanthropist and a naturalist. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is in the public domain.

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], William Carey. The Shoemaker Who Became “The Father and Founder of Modern Missions”. Kilmarnock: John Ritchie, [1905]. Hbk. pp.151. [Click to download complete book in PDF]



  1. His Early Years
  2. His Life at Moulton and Leicester
  3. He Offers Himself as a Missionary, and Starts for India
  4. First Experiences
  5. Removal to Serampore
  6. The Serampore Mode of Life
  7. Three Important Events
  8. Various Circumstances
  9. Carey as a Translator
  10. Carey as a Philanthropist
  11. Carey as a Naturalist
  12. Carey and Serampore College
  13. Conclusion

Chapter 1: The Early Years

If Thomas Fuller, the author of the “Worthies of England,” himself a Northamptonshire man, had died a century after instead of exactly a century before William Carey was born, he might have written a work restricted to the worthies of his own county, and to those two hundred years, as voluminous and interesting as his well-known folio. From Dryden, whose birthplace, like his own, was the village of Aldwinkle, down to John Clare, who may be regarded as the English Robert Burns, how many celebrities, and that not alone of poet fame, would have received biographical notice! The dwellers in the midland shire may well be proud of the eminent men who have been born upon its soil. [Continue reading]