William Carey Pioneer Missionary to India’s Millions

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], William Carey. The Shoemaker Who Became "The Father and Founder of Modern Missions"John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915] provides us with a brief biography of William Carey – “The Founder of Modern Missions”. The book includes chapters on Carey’s role as a translator, a philanthropist and a naturalist. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is in the public domain.

John Brown Myers [1844/45-1915], William Carey. The Shoemaker Who Became “The Father and Founder of Modern Missions”. Kilmarnock: John Ritchie, [1905]. Hbk. pp.151. [Click to download complete book in PDF]



  1. His Early Years
  2. His Life at Moulton and Leicester
  3. He Offers Himself as a Missionary, and Starts for India
  4. First Experiences
  5. Removal to Serampore
  6. The Serampore Mode of Life
  7. Three Important Events
  8. Various Circumstances
  9. Carey as a Translator
  10. Carey as a Philanthropist
  11. Carey as a Naturalist
  12. Carey and Serampore College
  13. Conclusion

Chapter 1: The Early Years

If Thomas Fuller, the author of the “Worthies of England,” himself a Northamptonshire man, had died a century after instead of exactly a century before William Carey was born, he might have written a work restricted to the worthies of his own county, and to those two hundred years, as voluminous and interesting as his well-known folio. From Dryden, whose birthplace, like his own, was the village of Aldwinkle, down to John Clare, who may be regarded as the English Robert Burns, how many celebrities, and that not alone of poet fame, would have received biographical notice! The dwellers in the midland shire may well be proud of the eminent men who have been born upon its soil. [Continue reading]

Things Seen in Northern India by T.L. Pennell

Theodore Leighton Pennell [1867-1912], Things Seen in Northern India“Things Seen in…” seems to have been a series of guidebooks aimed at European visitors to foreign parts in the early 20th Century – roughly the equivalent of today’s Lonely Planet Guides. Who better to write the entry for Northern Indian than the veteran medical missionary to the region Theodore Leighton Pennell [1867-1912]. It would provides excellent background information for anyone studying India in that period. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is in the public domain.

It is worth comparing Pennell’s experiences with those of Edward Petter, a Brethren Missionary-Salesman who travelled extensively in India during the 1880s. You can read his letters from India in 1887-1888, 1888-1889 and 1889-1890.

Theodore Leighton Pennell [1867-1912], Things Seen in Northern India. London: Seeley, Service & Co., 1913. Hbk. pp.253. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. First Impressions
  2. The People of the Country
  3. The Country and its Climate
  4. Modes of Travel
  5. Rajputana and the Native States of the North
  6. Dehli and its Empire
  7. The Religious Romance of the North
  8. Where Faiths are Born
  9. Rural Life
  10. The Mountaineers of the Borderlands

Chapter 1: First Impressions

Every morning since leaving Aden the traveller has looked eastward over an unbroken expanse of sea and sky, but, on the fifth morning, he must be up betimes to receive the first salutations of the East.

The harbour of Bombay ranks with those of Naples, Sydney, and Rio de Janeiro, and it is alive with the craft of all nations, while its wharves are piled high with the merchandise the East and the West.

First you descry the revolving gleam of the lighthouse off Colaba Point, and then a long, low shoreline on your port bow. As you draw nearer you see the crescent-shaped bay culminating in Malabar Hill over to the left, where the fashionable residences of the rich merchants and officials nestle among beautiful hanging gardens, and then you dimly descry the fine public buildings lining the bay itself. Cocoanut palms are gleaming and waving in the light, and whispering to you the welcome of the sunny East Over on your starboard bow you see the lovely palm-covered islands that stud the harbour, on one of which are the wonderful caves of Elephanta. [Continue reading]

Evangelistic Incidents Among Indian Women by Winifred Booth

Winifred Booth [1874-1942], Pictures from a Missionary's Album. Or, Evangelistic Incidents Among India's WomenWinifred Booth [1874-1942] established a mission and was active in Zenana work, serving alongside her husband Ernest A. Booth [1873-1939] in India. In this book Mrs Booth recounts some of her experiences. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Winifred Booth [1874-1942], Pictures from a Missionary’s Album. Or, Evangelistic Incidents Among India’s Women. London & Edinburgh: Marshall Brothers Ltd., [1922]. Hbk. pp.76. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Introduction
  1. Ganesa With the Fiery Eyes
  2. “Where the Lights is as Darkness”
  3. “A Serpent by the Way”
  4. Widowhood
  5. Possessed
  6. “Ears, But They Hear Not”
  7. The Wisdom of This World
  8. Pilgrimage
  9. “Married to the Gods”
  10. Sorrow Upon Sorrow
  11. Three Coconuts
  12. An Unfinished Picture
  13. “A Little Child Shall Lead Them”
  14. The Entrance of His Word
  15. Hidden Fires
  16. Light at Eventide


These pictures were gathered and stored in a missionary’s heart in a land of sunlight and shadows. While visiting the Tamil people with the message of God’s Grace, in and around the city of Madras, one walked unexpectedly into scenes of tragedy, or stepped unawares on holy ground. Glimpses of twilight, and flashes of starshine, were unwittingly disclosed; and this little book is an endeavour to reproduce faithfully things as we have seen them.

The pictures make no claim to beauty, for the writer is fully aware of their artistic lack; but they are every one of them true. They are reproduced to depict a few of the joys and disappointments of missionary service in India, also as an appeal for more labourers into His harvest field.

If, through God’s blessing, they accomplish this twofold purpose, they have not been published in vain. [Continue reading]

Reginald Heber – Bishop of Calcutta

Arthur Montefiore [1859-1927], Reginald Heber. Bishop of Calcutta. Scholar and Evangelist.Reginald Heber [1783-1826] served in Norway, Sweden and Russia before becoming the second bishop of Calcutta in 1823. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is in the Public Domain.

Arthur Montefiore [1859-1927], Reginald Heber. Bishop of Calcutta. Scholar and Evangelist. New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1894[?]. Hbk. pp.160. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Early Years
  2. Scandinavia and Russia in 1805
  3. Among the Cossacks
  4. The Country Parson
  5. Literary Life
  6. The Bishopric of Calcutta
  7. The Last Year


As far as I am aware, no Life of Bishop Heber has appeared since that which his widow issued almost immediately after his death in 1826. This work was largely made up of his journal, his correspondence, various literary fragments, and newspaper reports of numerous meetings held in India and England to mark the universal regret felt at his sudden and almost tragic end, and to set on foot various statues and other memorials of his services to his country and his Church. The work was necessarily rendered so expensive by its bulk that no cheap and new edition of it could be expected, and consequently it has not lain in the power of the many who admired his career, or loved him for his gift of sacred song, to become acquainted with the main incidents of his life or the channels along which his thoughts and hopes had travelled.

It has therefore been thought that a sketch of his career would be welcome to not a few, and it has fallen to my lot to write an outline of his life which should indicate its chief features, and describe, if it does not fill in, the arc on which his energies were projected. [Continue reading]

In the Tiger Jungle – Jacob Chamberlain

Jacob Chamberlain [1835-1908], In the Tiger Country and Other Stories of Missionary Work Among the Telugus of IndiaJacob Chamberlain served for 37 years as a missionary to the Telugu people of India. This book records a number of his adventures. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Jacob Chamberlain [1835-1908], In the Tiger Country and Other Stories of Missionary Work Among the Telugus of India. New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1896. Hbk. pp.218.  [Download complete book in PDF]


Introduction by the Rev. F.E. Clark, D.D.
Preface, by the Author

  1. In the Tiger Jungle: Does God Hear Prayer?
  2. The Man with the Wonderful Books
  3. Encounter with a Ten-Foot Serpent, and its Results
  4. The Gospel River in India: How it Flows
  5. The Gospel River in India: The “Gospel in Song”
  6. The Gospel River in India: The Fleet-Footed Tract
  7. Establishing a New Station: Varieties in Mission Work
  8. Gospel Preaching Tours
  9. Gospel Preaching at Hindu Fairs
  10. Treated with a Shower of Stones
  11. A Fruitful Preaching Tour
  12. Our Village Cathedral
  13. The Building and Opening of a Free Reading-Room at Madanapalle
  14. A Brahman on the Bible
  15. The Village Magistrate’s Death
  16. Narasappa’s Mother; or, Christ’s Hidden Ones
  17. An Audience of Monkeys
  18. The Stick-to-it Missionary
  19. Unhatchable Ink-Bottles; or, Taught by a Hen
  20. Winding Up a Horse
  21. Baptism of a Brahman
  22. Bimgani Ramanna; or, Unreckoned Fruits
  23. The Margosa-Tree and the Hindu Temple


Urgent requests from many sources, some from personal friends, others from entire strangers, by letter and in person, that there might be issued in book form a collection of sketches and other articles which have appeared from my pen in a wide range of periodicals in America and other lands during the past years, have led me, on the eve of my return to India, to prepare such a collection, only to find that I had gathered far more material than should appear in one volume.

I have therefore selected a small portion of the material I had prepared, and present it in this volume. My selection may not always have been wise; in fact, I have not brought in one half of the articles that have been specially asked for, lest the book be so bulky as to be forbidding. That can, however, be remedied by the issue of another series, should it be called for. I have also in preparation a more pretentious work on India and the Hindus, which, if God spare my life, I hope to be able after a time to present to those interested in the Orient. [Continue reading]

Presbyterian Missions in India, China and Singapore (1934-36)

This short booklet is a report on the progress of British Presbyterian Missions in the Far East during from 1934-1936. It covers missions work in India, Singapore, Formosa (Taiwan) and mainland China. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is now in the Public Domain.

Campbell L. Moody [1866-1940], A Sound of Abundance of Rain. London: The Foreign Missions Committee of the Presbyterian Church in England, 1936. Pbk. pp.40. [Click to Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Stir in Amoy
  2. Swatow and the Hakka Country
  3. Formosa
  4. Singapore
  5. India

Chapter 1: Sir in Amoy

When the visitor to the Far East enters the harbour of Amoy he gazes on this side and on that wondering on which side he will land, for the shores everywhere are crowded with buildings in Eastern and in Western style, and beyond the steamer’s prow is a wide expanse of sea, with vessels great and small sailing hither and thither, while brightly painted boats, like gondolas, each with an oarsman standing near its stern, approach the oncoming ship with offers of transport for the passengers.

It is somewhat odd, but the stranger does not reach the mainland of China. Business may take him to the little island on the one side, and the streets of Amoy; if he wishes to visit friends he will probably turn to the much smaller island on the other side; it is named Kulang

History of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G.The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (S.P.G) was founded in 1701 as an overseas missionary organisation of the church of England. Georgiana Forde provides us with a short history of the mission in which 15,000 men and women served. The Wikipedia article provides a useful summary here. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G. London: Skeffington & Son, 1911. Hbk. pp.205. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Great Commission – Founding of the S.P.G. – The Discovery of America – The English Settlers in North America in 1607 – Princess Pocahontas – The Pilgrim Fathers – Slavery in the New World – The Rev. George Keith, the first S.P.G. Missionary – Perils of a Sea Voyage – Treatment of Negro Slaves
  2. The Rev. T. Barclay, Missionary to the Red Indians – Queen Anne visited by Red Indian Chiefs – Savage Warfare-War between the French and English in North America – The English victorious under Wolfe in 1759 – The Rev. J. Wesley an S.P.G. Missionary – The American Church asks in vain for Bishops – Revolution in the United States – Independence declared July 4th, 1776.
  3. 40,000 “United Empire Loyalists” settle in Canada and the S.P.G. Missionaries accompany them – Bishops consecrated for the United States – Rev. Charles Inglis in 1787 consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia: our first Colonial Bishop – Travelling in Canada – The Story of the Shepherd Lad
  4. Newfoundland – The Bermuda Islands – West Indian Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes – Barbados and Codrington College – Jamaica – Diocese of Nassau – Confirmations in the West Indies-Diocese of Antigua – Trinidad – The Asphalte Lake – List of West Indian and South American Dioceses
  5. The. Panama Canal-Vasco Nuneo de Balboa – British Honduras – The Mosquito Indians – The Mahogany Cutters – British Guiana – The Rev. W. H. Brett – S.P.G. Missions to Redmen, East Indians, and Chinese
  6. The First Missionary to Africa, the Rev. Thomas Thompson – The First Black Clergyman, the Rev. Philip Quaque – The West India Church Mission to West Africa – The Rev. W. H. Leacock founds the Rio Pongo Mission – Mohammedanism – Chief Richard Wilkinson’s Story – Foundation Stone laid of Fallangia Church – Rev. W.L. Neville’s Ministry – Conversion of the Devil-man and the greatest Slave-dealer
  7. South Africa – Cape Town and the Rev. Henry Martyn – The first Bishop for South Africa consecrated in 1847 – Bishop Gray’s Visitations and Death – The Wreck of the “Birkenhead,” 1852 – The Bishoprics or Grahamstown and Natal founded – Mother Cecile-The Railway Mission – The Church Order of Ethiopia – Colenso, First Bishop of Natal, 1854 – Bloemfontein made a Bishopric, 1863. A diocese without a single church
  8. Chaka and the Zulu Nation – Bishop Colenso and King Panda – Persecution – The Zulu War: Defeat at Isandhlwana – St. Augustine’s, Rorke’s Drift – Archdeacon Waters, founder of the Church in Kaffraria – Bishop Key of Kaffraria – A Missionary’s Letter – Diocese of Pretoria – The Rand, and the Community of the Resurrection – The Diocese of Mashonaland-Diocese of Lebombo – The Cape de Verde Islands – St. Helena-Ascension – Tristan d’Acunha – Madagascar and Mauritius
  9. The East India Company – St. Thomas and the Syrian Church – The Five Chaplains-Parliament grants W. Wilberforce’s Request for Bishops – Calcutta and her first Bishops – Caste – Bishopric of Madras and Alfred Basil Wood – Bishopric of Bombay-Father Goreh – Lahore and Bishop French – Delhi and its first Christian Church – Burmah and Dr. Marks – The Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Chota Nagpur and the Kols – Tinnevelly and Nazareth – Ceylon
  10. Siam – The Malay Peninsula and Singapore – Borneo, Mr. James Brooke, and Dr. McDougall – The Story of Igoh – China – The Boxer Rising and the S.P.G. Martyrs – Corea: How Christianity first reached Corea – Japan – The Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions, 1872 – The Six Japanese Dioceses – The “Nippon Sei Ko Kwai,” or the Holy Catholic Church of Japan
  11. The first European Peopling of Australia – Bishop Broughton – 1851, the Golden Year – Towns, Bush, Back Country, “Never, Never, Land” – Tasmania – New Guinea – New Zealand and its first Bishop
  12. John Coleridge Patteson, first Bishop of Melanesia – Norfolk Island – Pitcairn Island – Bishop Patteson martyred – Commander Goodenough murdered – Memorial Cross to Bishop Patteson – Bishop John Selwyn and the little Savage – Fiji and the Bishop of Polynesia – The Hawaiian Islands and American Missionaries – Henry Obookiah – Queen Kapiolane and the Goddess of Fire – S.P.G. Mission to the Chinese – Bishop Selwyn’s Diocese sub-divided into Nine

History of the Oxford Mission to Calcutta

George Longridge [1857-1936], A History of the Oxford Mission to CalcuttaGeorge Longridge’s original history of the Oxford Mission to Calcutta was revised and abridged by W.H. Hutton [1860-1930] for the 2nd edition in 1910. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is now in the public domain.

George Longridge [1857-1936], A History of the Oxford Mission to Calcutta, 2nd rev. edn. Oxford: A.R. Mowbray, 1910. Hbk. pp.222. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Origin of the Mission (1879-1885)
  2. Troubled Times {1886-1889)
  3. The Schools and the Sundereans
  4. The New Mission House
  5. The Calcutta University
  6. The Industrial School and Visits to Patna
  7. The Barisal Missions
  8. Annus Infaustus
  9. Converts
  10. 1896-1908
  11. Hinduism As It Is

From the Introductory Note

The Oxford Mission is laying a sure foundation, and its members are working with all their hearts and all their strength. It is a work hard, dis-appointing-but certainly it is not disheartening. Of the many hearers there are as yet few indeed who become Christians; but I cannot forbear to quote some words of the Superior of the Com-munity-words which, little though I know of India, I know enough to feel certain are true:- “There remain the few to whom the Word of GOD comes home, as it has always come home to guileless souls. One by one they turn their faces towards the light, and by a longer or a shorter journey they eventually reach it. These few genuine and true converts are the real hope of India. Their influence and their numbers are steadily increasing-their influence more rapidly than their numbers.

It is for us to watch over their growth with the tenderest care, to do all we can for them by helping them when they are in need, and by standing aside when they no longer want us. If we missionaries have the wisdom to guide them rightly now with our LORD’S own combination of helpfulness and reserve, we shall see, or our successors will see, a bold, independent, aggressive, native Christian Church, strong enough to do its own work of the conversion of India, strong in prayer, strong in charity, and, above all things, in character-winning, by its own inherent beauty, the love and admiration of all except those who really love darkness rather than light, because their deeds are evil.” In this lies the promise of the Epiphany which is still to come in India. [Continue reading]

Forty Years of Medical Missions Work in India

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], India's Womanhood. Forty Years Work at LudhianaChristine Tinling’s account of Dame Edith Brown‘s [1864-1956] 40 years medical missions work at Ludhiana Women’s Christian Medical College in India. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is now in the Public Domain.

Christine Isabel Tinling [1869-1943], India’s Womanhood. Forty Years Work at Ludhiana. London: The Lutterworth Press, 1935.Pbk. pp.119. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

(If you wish to add a bibliographic reference in Wikipedia, please use this link.)


  1. Indoors and Out
  2. The Open Secret
  3. Merry Christmas!
  4. H.R.H. the Brahmini Bull
  5. A Guided Life
  6. A Tour

India From a Missionary Point of View

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of ViewThis little book was originally written for missionary study classes in the US. It therefore represents a “snapshot” of the state of play of missionary work in India at the close of the 19th Century. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Harlan P. Beach [1854-1933], The Cross in the Land of the Trident or India From a Missionary Point of View. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1896. Hbk. pp.127.[Click to download in PDF]


  1. Arya-Varta, ‘The Land of the Aryans’
  2. India’s Past
  3. The Common Life
  4. The Religious Life of the Masses
  5. India’s Real Man and Woman
  6. Christian Missions in India
  7. Present Phases of Missionary Work
  8. India’s Appeal to British Students



This little book is primarily intended for missionary study classes, yet it is hoped that it will be of value also to other readers. It was originally prepared for use in the United States; but this edition has been carefully revised, and adapted to the special requirements of British readers. Only a few topics are discussed, but they are such as most vitally concern India, considered from a missionary point of view.

Following each chapter will be found a number of suggested readings. The limited size of this book prevents anything save an outline statement of the subjects treated, and the readings will prove useful to those who wish fuller details. Their number has been multiplied, not with the expectation that all will be read by any one person, but to meet the requirements of a class to each of whose members different readings may be assigned, or whose library may not contain a large collection of books on India. In such a case, a few, at least, of the books will be found out of the large number named.

To facilitate their use, the pages or chapters bearing on the topic are in most cases designated. Periodical literature, both secular and missionary, is so abundant that no attempt has been made to suggest such articles, with the sole exception of those in The Missionary Review of the World, which for obvious reasons has been freely used. Books in foreign languages have been consulted in preparing the chapters, but are not referred to in the list of readings, though here again another exception has been made in the case of M. Levi’s article in La Grande Encyclopedie, one of exceptional value. [Continue reading]