Missionary Journey in Africa and Madagascar

F.H. Hawkins [1863-1936], Through Lands That Were Dark. Being a Record of a Year's Missionary Journey in Africa and MadagascarF.H. Hawkins [1863-1936] was the Foreign Secretary of the London Missionary Society (LMS). This book records his tour through southern Africa and Madagascar. My thanks to Redcliffe College for making available a copy of this book for digitisation. This title is in the Public Domain.

F.H. Hawkins [1863-1936], Through Lands That Were Dark. Being a Record of a Year’s Missionary Journey in Africa and Madagascar. London: London Missionary Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.159. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

Foreword

A. South Africa

I. Darkness and Light
II. The Ligth SPreading Northward
III. Tiger Kloof – “A Lamp Shining in a Dark Place”

B. Central Africa

IV. The Heart of the Dark Continent
V. The Brightness of His Rising

C. Madagascar

VI. Tannarive – “A City set on a Hill”
VII. Imerina Country Districts
VIII. Betsileo – “The Sombre Fringes of the Night”
IX. Glad and Golden Days

Foreword

This short record of a year’s missionary journey in Africa and Madagascar is written at the request of the Directors of the London Missionary Society, and is based upon a series of Journal Letters written to my family and friends while I have been on my travels. This fact must be my excuse for writing in the first person. This little book has been prepared in the midst of the pressure of Secretarial work.

My visit to South Africa was a Secretarial visit. In Central Africa and Madagascar I formed one of a Deputation from the London Missionary Society. My colleague in Central Africa was the Rev. W. S. Houghton of Birmingham, and in Madagascar the other members of the Deputation were Mr. Houghton and Mr. Talbot E. B. Wilson of Sheffield.

It is not my purpose to attempt to give any description of the three Mission Fields which it has been my privilege to visit during the journey. Details with regard to the countries and the peoples will be found in three Handbooks published by the Society.[Continue reading]

Livingstone and the Exploration of Central Africa

Sir H.H. Johnston [1858-1927], Livingstone and the Exploration of Central AfricaDavid Livingstone [1813-1873], pioneer medical missionary and explorer is probably the best known of Victorian missionaries. This biography is a “cheap edition” of a volume that originally appeared as part of a series about the world’s greatest explorers and was republished in this format to mark the centenary of Livingstone’s birth. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to digitise. This book is now in the public domain.

Sir H.H. Johnston [1858-1927], Livingstone and the Exploration of Central Africa. London: George Philip & Son, Ltd., 1912. Hbk. pp.372. [Click to download complete volume in PDF]

Contents

Publisher’s Note

  1. Central Africa – Natural History
  2. Central Africa – Human History
  3. The Hour and the Man: Livingstone’s Upbringing
  4. First Impressions of the Missionary Life
  5. Marries, Teaches, and is Troubled
  6. The Boers, “God’s Chosen People”
  7. Mission-Work; Its Failures and Successes
  8. Missionary Becomes Explorer
  9. Betshuanaland
  10. Fever, Tsetse-Fly, and Horse-Sickness
  11. From the Zambesi to Angola
  12. From Loanda to Quilimane – Across Africa
  13. The Zambesi
  14. Livingstone Returns to England
  15. The Second Zambezi Expedition
  16. Last Visit to England
  17. Four Great Lakes and a Mighty River
  18. The Manyema and Their Land
  19. Stanley Relieves Livingstone
  20. The Death of Livingstone

Chapter 1: Central Africa – Natural History

The history of the southern half of the African continent has widely differed from the northern portion as regards the manner and period in which it has been explored and made known by rates higher than the Negro. More than that, the Negroes inhabiting the long half of the Dark Continent which lies to the south of an irregular border-line commencing at the Cameroons of the West Coast, and passing across the continent to the East Coast at Mombasa, present two very distinct language-stocks, which are totally unrepresented in the northern half of Africa For convenience, I shall call this line dividing Northern from southern Africa the “Bantu Border line,” because it coincides exactly ·with the northern limit of the Bantu language-field. [Continue reading]

Thomas Cook’s Mission Tour of South Africa

Thomas Cook [1859-1912], My Mission Tour in South Africa. A Record of Interesting Travel and Pentecostal BlessingThis is Rev Thomas Cook’s own account of his mission tour of South Africa in the 1920s. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

Thomas Cook [1859-1912], My Mission Tour in South Africa. A Record of Interesting Travel and Pentecostal Blessing. London: Charles H. Kelly, 1893. Hbk. pp.154. View in PDF format [Download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  1. Port Elizabeth
  2. Kimberley
  3. Bloemfontein and Johannesburg
  4. Queenstown
  5. East London and King William’s Town
  6. Annshaw
  7. Grahamstown
  8. Chadock
  9. Natal
  10. Cape Town
  11. Results and Impressions

Chapter 1: Port Elizabeth

It had long been my opinion that it is possible to preach with saving power through an interpreter, where ignorance of the language compels the missionary to use one. This opinion deepened into a conviction after the experience I had in Norway in 1885, when, speaking through an interpreter, I conducted a mission with results such as would compare favourably with the majority of missions I have held at home, in places of the same size.

But these Norwegians had been previously instructed in the things of God, and were familiar with our doctrines and phraseology. Among the heathen it might be different; so I determined, if the way opened, to test my theory by visiting them.

Almost unexpectedly the opportunity came. In 1890 I received an invitation from the Quarterly Meeting of Grahamstown, South Africa, to proceed to that country and conduct evangelistic services in several of the most important towns, they undertaking all financial responsibility.

Both the District Meeting and the Conference endorsed the application, expressing also a strong desire that I should comply with the request; and the latter cordially commended the matter to the prayerful consideration of all the ministers and members of the Church. [Continue reading]

Life and Labours of Robert Moffat by William Walters

Another biography of Robert Moffat to add to the resources listed here. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of the book to scan. This title is in the Public Domain.

William Walters, Life and Labours of Robert Moffatt William Walters, Life and Labours of Robert Moffatt. London: Walter Scott, Ltd., 1882. Hbk. pp.336. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  1. First Christian Missions to South Africa – Moravians – Dr. Vanderkemp
  2. Moffat’s Immediate Predecessors – Condition of the Bushmen
  3. Moffat’s Early Life – Call to Mission Work – Consecration
  4. The Missionary’s Designation – Departure – Entrance on Work – Dutch Farmers
  5. Residence at Africaner’s Kraal – Discomfort and Loneliness
  6. Travelling in the Interior – Lions – Thirst–Riding on Oxen
  7. Scenes in Namaqua Land – Cruelty to the Aged – Mode of Living
  8. Visit to Griqua Town – Crow and Tortoise – The Orange River – Poisoned Water
  9. History and Character of Africaner – Africaner and the Dutch Farmer – Africaner at Cape Town – His Death
  10. The Bechuana Mission – Moffat’s Marriage – Bechuana Tribes and Customs
  11. Increased Dangers at Lithako – The Rain-maker – Moffat’s Courage
  12. Invasion of the Manlatees – Kuruman Fountain – Visit to Cape Town
  13. Moffat’s Visit to the Chief Makaba – Mrs. Moffat’s Danger and Deliverance
  14. First Years at Kuruman – Locusts – Visit to the Barolongs – Formation of Native Church
  15. Kuruman under the Influence of the Gospel – Houses and Gardens – Sunday at Kuruman – Successes
  16. Moselekatse and the Matabele – Moffat’s Visit to Moselekatse – Houses in Trees – Ruined Villages
  17. Varied Experiences – Visit to Cape Town – Mamonyatsi – Moshen – A Singing Class
  18. Translations and the Printing Press – Influence of the Bible
  19. Visit to England – Return to Africa – Encouragement
  20. Sechele, Chief of the Bakwena – Kolobeng – Liteyana
  21. Second and Third Visits to Moselekatse – Supplies for Livingstone – Liberation of Macheng
  22. Matabele and Makololo Mission – Missionaries Settle among the Matabele – Dreadful Disaster to Mr. and Mrs. Helmore and Family – Mr. Price’s Calamity
  23. Changes at Kuruman – Bereavements – The Station Visited by Drought – John Moffat assists his Father – Moffat’s Influence
  24. Retirement from the Mission Field – Port Elizabeth – Cape Town – Welcome Home
  25. Fruitful and Honourable Age – Enthusiastic Reception in Exeter Hall – Testimonial from Friends – Speeches – Magazine Papers
  26. Elements of Character – Philanthropy – Courage – Spirit of Adventure – Adaptation to Circumstances – Comprehensive View of his Work – Mechanical Ingenuity – Perseverance – Love for the People – Devotion to Christ
  27. Other African Missions: Wesleyan – Free Church of Scotland – Paris Society – Rhenish Society – Berlin Society – American Board – Society of Friends – Moravians – Universities’ Mission – Baptist – Basle – United Methodist Free Church – Missions in Egypt and Central Africa
  28. General Survey of Missions throughout the World – Progress of Christianity: India, China, Japan, Burmah, Polynesia, Madagascar, New Hebrides, New Guinea, West Indies, Ottoman Empire, Indian Archipelago – Testimonies of Travellers – Faith in Missions

History of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G.The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (S.P.G) was founded in 1701 as an overseas missionary organisation of the church of England. Georgiana Forde provides us with a short history of the mission in which 15,000 men and women served. The Wikipedia article provides a useful summary here. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G. London: Skeffington & Son, 1911. Hbk. pp.205. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  1. The Great Commission – Founding of the S.P.G. – The Discovery of America – The English Settlers in North America in 1607 – Princess Pocahontas – The Pilgrim Fathers – Slavery in the New World – The Rev. George Keith, the first S.P.G. Missionary – Perils of a Sea Voyage – Treatment of Negro Slaves
  2. The Rev. T. Barclay, Missionary to the Red Indians – Queen Anne visited by Red Indian Chiefs – Savage Warfare-War between the French and English in North America – The English victorious under Wolfe in 1759 – The Rev. J. Wesley an S.P.G. Missionary – The American Church asks in vain for Bishops – Revolution in the United States – Independence declared July 4th, 1776.
  3. 40,000 “United Empire Loyalists” settle in Canada and the S.P.G. Missionaries accompany them – Bishops consecrated for the United States – Rev. Charles Inglis in 1787 consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia: our first Colonial Bishop – Travelling in Canada – The Story of the Shepherd Lad
  4. Newfoundland – The Bermuda Islands – West Indian Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes – Barbados and Codrington College – Jamaica – Diocese of Nassau – Confirmations in the West Indies-Diocese of Antigua – Trinidad – The Asphalte Lake – List of West Indian and South American Dioceses
  5. The. Panama Canal-Vasco Nuneo de Balboa – British Honduras – The Mosquito Indians – The Mahogany Cutters – British Guiana – The Rev. W. H. Brett – S.P.G. Missions to Redmen, East Indians, and Chinese
  6. The First Missionary to Africa, the Rev. Thomas Thompson – The First Black Clergyman, the Rev. Philip Quaque – The West India Church Mission to West Africa – The Rev. W. H. Leacock founds the Rio Pongo Mission – Mohammedanism – Chief Richard Wilkinson’s Story – Foundation Stone laid of Fallangia Church – Rev. W.L. Neville’s Ministry – Conversion of the Devil-man and the greatest Slave-dealer
  7. South Africa – Cape Town and the Rev. Henry Martyn – The first Bishop for South Africa consecrated in 1847 – Bishop Gray’s Visitations and Death – The Wreck of the “Birkenhead,” 1852 – The Bishoprics or Grahamstown and Natal founded – Mother Cecile-The Railway Mission – The Church Order of Ethiopia – Colenso, First Bishop of Natal, 1854 – Bloemfontein made a Bishopric, 1863. A diocese without a single church
  8. Chaka and the Zulu Nation – Bishop Colenso and King Panda – Persecution – The Zulu War: Defeat at Isandhlwana – St. Augustine’s, Rorke’s Drift – Archdeacon Waters, founder of the Church in Kaffraria – Bishop Key of Kaffraria – A Missionary’s Letter – Diocese of Pretoria – The Rand, and the Community of the Resurrection – The Diocese of Mashonaland-Diocese of Lebombo – The Cape de Verde Islands – St. Helena-Ascension – Tristan d’Acunha – Madagascar and Mauritius
  9. The East India Company – St. Thomas and the Syrian Church – The Five Chaplains-Parliament grants W. Wilberforce’s Request for Bishops – Calcutta and her first Bishops – Caste – Bishopric of Madras and Alfred Basil Wood – Bishopric of Bombay-Father Goreh – Lahore and Bishop French – Delhi and its first Christian Church – Burmah and Dr. Marks – The Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Chota Nagpur and the Kols – Tinnevelly and Nazareth – Ceylon
  10. Siam – The Malay Peninsula and Singapore – Borneo, Mr. James Brooke, and Dr. McDougall – The Story of Igoh – China – The Boxer Rising and the S.P.G. Martyrs – Corea: How Christianity first reached Corea – Japan – The Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions, 1872 – The Six Japanese Dioceses – The “Nippon Sei Ko Kwai,” or the Holy Catholic Church of Japan
  11. The first European Peopling of Australia – Bishop Broughton – 1851, the Golden Year – Towns, Bush, Back Country, “Never, Never, Land” – Tasmania – New Guinea – New Zealand and its first Bishop
  12. John Coleridge Patteson, first Bishop of Melanesia – Norfolk Island – Pitcairn Island – Bishop Patteson martyred – Commander Goodenough murdered – Memorial Cross to Bishop Patteson – Bishop John Selwyn and the little Savage – Fiji and the Bishop of Polynesia – The Hawaiian Islands and American Missionaries – Henry Obookiah – Queen Kapiolane and the Goddess of Fire – S.P.G. Mission to the Chinese – Bishop Selwyn’s Diocese sub-divided into Nine

Twelve Lectures on Moravian Missions

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures
Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures – Frontispiece
This book preserves twelve substantial lectures on Moravian Missions by Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901]. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with an original copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1882. Hbk. pp.516. [Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

  1. The Moravians
  2. Count Zinzendorf
  3. Mission to the West Indies
  4. Mission to South and Central America
  5. Mission to Greenland
  6. Mission to Labrador
  7. Missions to North American Indians
  8. North American Indians (concluded)
  9. Missions to South America
  10. South Africa (concluded)
  11. Mission to Australia
  12. Résumé and Characteristics

Preface

The following Lectures form one of the courses on Foreign Missions delivered at the Theological Seminary, Andover, during the years 1877-1880, and to the Theological Department of the Boston University, 1882.

The literature of the several subjects is added with considerable fullness; one reason being that American and English readers have less acquaintance with this department of missionary literature than with many others. As the Moravian missions are conducted chiefly by Germans, it is natural that various authorities in their language should appear in the list. The works cited differ greatly in value; but by an ample citation the author desires to aid inquirers -who may wish to go over the same ground, in part or wholly, which he has himself traversed. A perusal of these works, or any considerable portion of them, can hardly fail to foster the sentiment of Count Zinzendorf: “The whole earth is the Lord’s; men’s souls are his; I am debtor to all. [Continue Reading]

200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932

The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932This little book summarises 200 years of Moravian missions as they spread to the four corners of the world. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing the original copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932. London: Moravian Book Room, n.d. Hbk. pp.93.[Click to download complete book in PDF]

Contents

Part I – Zinzendorf and Spangenberg

Prologue
The Send-Off
The West Indies
Gens Aeterna
Greenland and Labrador
The North American Indians
Surinam
Missionary Ventures
The Leaders
The Missionaries
The Home Church
The Missionary Hymn

Part II – From Spangenberg Till Now

1. The New Movement
2. A Fresh Start in South Africa
3. The Centenary
4. The Freedman
5. Progress in South Africa
6. The Eskimo
7. New Branches on the Old Tree:

a. Nicaragua
b. California
c. Australia
d. Tibet
e. East Africa

8. The War
9. Rebuilding and Alterations

Foreword

When it was known what literary provision was being made for the Bicentenary of Moravian Missions, it seemed useless to attempt an independent history in English. Among the volumes announced was one by Bishop Baudert, D.D., bearing the title, “Auf der Hut des Herrn” (On the Lord’8 Watch). Bishop Baudert’s book, if adapted to the requirements of the average reader, was just what was needed. When the translator asked permission to treat it freely for this purpose the request was willingly granted. The original has been shortened, and some passages have been altered where knowledge was assumed which the English reader cannot be expected to possess unless he has an intimate acquaintance with the subject treated of. The prologue and the second chapter have been inserted to help those who have no other history at hand. In spite of these changes, the character of the book remains the same, and the translator has tried to give, not only the sense, but also the tone of his friend’s words. They are worthy to be heard by the whole Church, and not only by a part, when it listens to those who tell the story of the past and point the moral for to-day and to-morrow. [Continue reading]

Story of the London Missionary Society by C.S. Horne

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new ednI cannot think of the London Missionary Society without their work in the Pacific Ocean coming to mind. The transformation of the people of the Pacific Islands by the power of the Gospel was truly dramatic and accounts found their way into popular culture through such books as The Coral Island. Much of the information in R.M. Ballantyne’s book was drawn from accounts of missionary’s working there, as Ballantyne had never travelled in the Pacific.

The L.M.S.’s innovative use of missionary ships is noteworthy and their legacy can be found today in such ministries as Mercy Ships and Operation Mobilisation. The work of the L.M.S. however was truly global, reaching Africa, Asia and South America. This book provides a comprehensive account of its work up to 1904. It contains a great many pictures which I wanted to include in greyscale to preserve their quality, so the file size of this book is much higher than usual (22MB).

C. Silvester Horne, The Story of the L.M.S. with an Appendix Bringing the Story up to the Year 1904, new edn. London: London Missionary Society, 1908. Hbk. pp.460. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

  1. Laying the Foundation
  2. The South Seas
  3. South Africa
  4. India
  5. China
  6. British Guiana
  7. Madagascar
  8. Expansion in Polynesia
  9. Southern and Centra; Africa
  10. Progress in India
  11. Further Work in China
  12. Developments in Madagascar
  13. North China and Mongolia
  14. New Guinea
  15. Summary

Appendix
Index

The London Missionary Society Steamship "John Williams"

 

Robert Moffat One of God’s Gardeners

Edwin W. Smith [1876-1957], Robert Moffat: One of God's GardenersRobert Moffat [1795-1883] was a Scottish Pioneer missionary in South Africa. Edwin Smith’s biography on one the standard biographies, which I am able to upload thanks to the kind permission of the Church Missionary Society.

Edwin W. Smith [1876-1957], Robert Moffat: One of God’s Gardeners. London: Church Missionary Society, 1925. Hbk. pp.251. [Click to download in PDF]

Contents

Author’s Preface

  1. Early Life
  2. South Africa a Century Ago
  3. The Bushmen and the Hottentots
  4. A Severe Test
  5. Builders of Hope
  6. The Bechuana
  7. Wars and Rumours of Wars
  8. Kuruman
  9. Journeyings Oft
  10. The Translator
  11. Kuruman Again
  12. A Troublous Time
  13. The Crowning Act
  14. Pioneering at Sixty-Five
  15. The Final Years

Map – South Africa in Robert Moffat’s Day
Index

Author’s Preface

MY object throughout this volume has been to place Moffat in the historical and ethnological setting of South Africa-a country that has changed so much during the last hundred years that it is difficult for the present generation to realize the conditions under which he worked. For the facts of Moffat’s life I have relied chiefly upon his own book, Missionary Labours and Scenes in South Africa (published in 1842), and the biography by his son, the late Rev. J. S. Moffat. Much information has been gathered from the works of the early travellers, some of which are named in footnotes, I would express my gratitude to the London Missionary Society, which gracefully placed its records at my disposal ; and to the Committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society who allow me to use letters which have never before (so far as I am aware) been printed. My best thanks are also due to the Rev. J. Tom Brown, late of Kuruman, who most generously allowed me to read, and make use of, his manuscript on the history and customs of the Bechuana, which I hope will before long be published. My own experiences as a pioneer missionary in South Central Africa, and a visit I made to Kuruman in 1912, have helped me considerably in appreciating Moffat’s work. [Click to continue reading]

History of Moravian Missions

J.E. Hutton [1838-1937], A History of Moravian MissionsThe Moravian Mission began with a visitation of the Holy Spirit on August 13th 1727. It sparked a 24/7 prayer meeting that lasted or a hundred years and was responsible for sending more that half of the Protestant overseas missionary of the eighteenth century. As no study of missions could be complete without a reference to Count Zinzendorf and the fellowship at Herrnhut (the “Lord Watch”) I am very pleased to be able to upload the official Moravian account of its history.

J.E. Hutton [1838-1937], A History of Moravian Missions. London: Moravian Publication Office, n.d. Hbk. pp.550. [Click to download in PDF]

This book is in the public domain.

Book I. The Eighteenth Century Pioneers, 1700-1800

  1. The Dreamer, 1700-81
  2. The Voice in the Night, 1781-2
  3. The Danish West Indies, 1786-82
  4. The British West Indies, 1754-1800
  5. Greenland, 1788-74
  6. The North American Indians, 1784-1808
  7. The South American Indians, 1785-1808
  8. The Bush Negroes of Surinam, 1765-1818
  9. South Africa: The Hottentots, 1786-44
  10. Labrador, 1752-1804
  11. The Jews, 1788-42
  12. The Flying Scouts, 1784-1822
  13. Zinzendorf as Missionary Leader, 1781-60
  14. The Count’s Successors, 1760-1800

Book II. The Builders, 1800-1914

  1. Jamaica; or West Indies; Western Province, 1805-1914
  2. The West Indies; Eastern Province, 1800-1914
  3. Greenland, 1800-1900
  4. The North American Indians, 1808-1901
  5. Surinam, 1800-1914
  6. South Africa, West; or the Hottentots, 1792-1914
  7. South Africa, East; Or the Kaffirs, 1818-1914
  8. Labrador, 1804-1914

Book III. The Modern Advance, 1848-1914

  1. Nicaragua, 1849·1914
  2. Victoria, 1849-1905
  3. Western Tibet, 1853-1914
  4. The Leper Home at Jerusalem, 1867-1914
  5. Demerara, 1878-1914.
  6. Alaska, 1885-1914
  7. California, 1889·1914
  8. North Queensland, 1891-1914
  9. East Central Africa: Nyassa, 1891-1914
  10. East Central Africa: Unyamwezi, 1898-1914

Book IV. Methods, Measures and Ideals

  1. The System of Government
  2. The Work of the Synods, 1760-1909
  3. The Synod of 1914; Or, Moravian Missionary Ideals Epilogue: By Bishop Arthur Ward

Appendix
Errata
Index
Bibliography