Living Forces of the Gospel – a Psychological Study of Missions

This is the first psychological study of missions that I have come across in the books given to me by Redcliffe College for digitisation. This book was written by a German missionary working in the Islands of the Indian Archipelago. This title is in the public domain.

Johannes Gustav Warneck [1867-1946], The Living Forces of the GospelThe Living Forces of the Gospel. Experiences of a Missionary in Animistic Heathenism. Edinburgh & London: Olphant, Anderson & Ferrier, 1909. Hbk. pp.312. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Preface to the English Edition
  • Preface to the Third German Edition
  • Introduction
  1. Animistic Heathenism
  2. First Contact Between Heathenism and Christianity
  3. The Victorious Forces of the Gospel
  • Index

Preface to the English edition

This book is a psychological study based upon the author’s experience as a missionary among the animistic heathen of the Indian Archipelago. There has been much unanimity among German missionaries as to his conclusions, and the author would take advantage of this translation of his work to appeal to all English speaking missionaries, and those interested in the work and literature of missions, for their criticism and observations. He found that the conversion of heathen in Netherland India was effected by stages; it would be extremely valuable to him to know whether the experience of missionaries in Africa, in Oceania, in Central America, in India and China are similar to his own. He would like especially to learn the minds of missionaries on the following questions: Whether the first thing in the Gospel that attracts is deliverance from the fear of demons; whether the sense of sin and the longing for forgiveness is a later growth; whether Christ is accepted first of all as a Deliverer from the devil, then from the state of fear in which their lives are spent, and last of all as the Saviour from sin?…

Works of Roland Allen Enter the Public Domain

Roland Allen [1868-1947], Missionary Methods St. Paul's or Ours9th June 2018 marks the 71st Anniversary of the death of Roland Allen, one the most influential missionary thinkers of the Twentieth Century. This also means that his numerous works are now all in the public domain.

My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing copies the following titles, include his most famous book, Missionary Methods St. Paul’s or Ours.

Roland Allen [1868-1947], Missionary Methods St. Paul’s or Ours. A Study of the Church in the Four Provinces. London: Robert Scott, 1912. Hbk. pp.234. [Click to visit the download page]

Roland Allen [1868-1947], Missionary Principles. London: Robert Scott, 1913. Hbk. pp.168. [Click to visit the download page]

Roland Allen [1868-1947], Educational Principles and Missionary Methods: The Application of Educational Principles to Missionary Evangelism. London: Robert Scott, 1919. Hbk. pp.138. [Click to visit the download page]

I thought that this extract for the Wikipedia article on Roland Allen would serve as a helpful introduction.

Allen became an early advocate of establishing Churches which from the beginning would be self-supporting, self-propagating, and self-governing, adapted to local conditions and not merely imitations of Western Christianity. These views were confirmed by a trip to India in 1910 and by later research in Canada and East Africa. It is with this background that Allen wrote his book Missionary Methods which was first published in 1912. It has been suggested that his thought was influenced in part by the earlier primitivist writings of Anthony Norris Groves and by the Brethren movement.

Allen’s approach to Mission strategy for indigenous Churches is based on the study of Saint Paul’s missionary methods as he is convinced that in them can be found the solution to most of the difficulties of the day. He believed it was the recognition of the church as a local entity and trust in the Holy Spirit’s indwelling within the converts and churches which was the mark of Paul’s success. In contrast was Allen’s belief that the people of his day were unable to entrust their converts to the Holy Spirit and instead relied in His work through them.

Read more about Roland Allen here.

Mending and Making: The Work of the Leprosy Mission

W.H.P. & M. Anderson, Mending and MakingThis profusely illustrated little book sets out to explain the work of the Mission to Lepers, now The Leprosy Mission. This work is reproduced by permission of the The Leprosy Mission. This book may be used for free educational purposes, but not reprinted for profit without permission from the copyright holder.

W.H.P. & M. Anderson, Mending and Making. London: The Mission to Lepers, n.d. Pbk. pp.63. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  • Reading to Perish
  • A “City” of Compassion
  • Settling their own affairs
  • Must I Become like These?
  • When Mercy Smiles
  • Out of their Poverty
  • The Doctor Babu and his Patients
  • Giving them a Chance
  • The Gift of “Perfect Soundness”


It is startling to many people to learn that there are great numbers of lepers in the world. There are more lepers probably in Asia than any other continent, but Africa and South America are sorely affected. Leprosy is also prevalent in the numerous islands of the Pacific Ocean, and few, if any, countries of the world are quite free of it. The disease finds most favourable conditions for spreading among people of low standards of living, because of their poverty and their ignorance of even the simplest laws of health.

Vigorous measures against leprosy have been possible in the Hawaiian and Philip-pine Islands, and if no new cases should be imported the prospect of those islands becoming free of leprosy is hopeful. No country, however, especially in these days of freedom of movement of people from one land to another, is free from the menace of the disease, particularly those countries most easy of access from the seriously infected parts of Asia. In lands like our own, where higher standards of living obtain, with strictly enforced health laws, the danger of leprosy gaining a foothold is negligible….

Spiritual Renewal and Advance in the Eighteenth Century by Arthur Skevington Wood

Arthur Skevington Wood, The Inexistinguishable Blaze. Spiritual Renewal and Advance in the Eighteenth CenturyArthur Skevington Wood’s contribution to the Paternoster Church History series, The Inextinguishable Blaze: Spiritual Renewal and Advance in the Eighteenth Century, has been out of print for many years. The publisher does not hold the digital rights to this title and all efforts to trace the author’s literary executor have failed. I am therefore placing this title on-line and requesting that anyone with information about the copyright holder please contact me.

Arthur Skevington Wood, The Inexistinguishable Blaze. Spiritual Renewal and Advance in the Eighteenth Century. Exeter: The Paternoster Press, 1967. bk. pp.256. [Click here to visit the download page]


Introduction: The Enigmatic Century


1. The Condition of the Church
2. The Antecedents of the Revival

The Years of Visitation: 1711-1742

3. The Dawn in Wales
4. The American Awakening
5. The Moravian Contribution
6. The Trumpet Voice
7. The Conversion of the Wesleys
8. The Revival in Scotland

The Years of Evangelisation: 1742-1800

9. The Rise of American Evangelicalism
10. The Moravian Mission
11. The Spread of Methodism
12. The Calvanistic Wing
13. The Countess and Her Connexion
14. The Expansion of Evangelicalism


15. The Message of the Revival
16. The Influence of the Revival

From the Dustjacket

The eighteenth century was an era of extremes. The extremes of debauchery and vice depicted by Hogarth were no confined to the poor; the Prime Minister, Walpole, led the way by his openly immoral life, and his “principle” of “let sleeping dogs lie” allowed every kind of public and private corruption to flourish unchecked.

Yet side by side with these poisonous weeds there grew, and flourished, and ultimately prevailed, the fruits of the good seed that were to produce the Evangelical Revival. Daniel Rowland and Howell Harris in Wales, Jonathan Edwards in New England, the golden-tongued Whitefield in England and Scotland, where revival spread like fire in the heather, and the two Wesleys, who took the world for their parish – these were roots out of dry ground indeed; yet while they probably saved Britain from horrors of such a Reign of Terror as engulfed her nearest neighbour, they most certainly lit a blaze that the darkness could not put out.

With infectious and heart-warming enthusiasm, informed and controlled by diligent scholarship and up-to-date research, Dr. Skevington Wood here tells the gripping story of those momentous days, and shews how the “candle” of men like Masters Ridley and Latimer, that had become the refining fires of Puritan times, had now grown into an inextinguishable blaze that would, in the century to follow, carry the Light of the World to the ends of the earth.

A Mission Hospital at the Foot of Fish-Tail Mountain in Nepal

Lily M. O'Hanlon, At the Foot of Fish-Tail MountainThis little book is considered by the staff of the International Nepal Fellowship to be the most significant publication in the mission’s history. Following the opening of Nepal’s borders to ex-patriate missionaries in 1952, it tells of the story of founding of the mission work at the Shining Hospital in Pokhara.

At the Foot of Fish-Tail Mountain is in copyright and is reproduced here by kind permission of the International Nepal Fellowship (formerly the Nepal Evangelistic Band). The copyright holder has licenced its distribution for free educational purposes, but it must not be resold for profit.

Lily M. O’Hanlon, At the Foot of Fish-Tail Mountain. Perth: Milne, Tannahill & Methven, Ltd., [1957]. Hbk. pp.61. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Preface
  • Foreword
  1. Entering Nepal
  2. Inheriting the Promise
  3. Proving His Faithfulness
  4. Fulfilling the Commission
  5. Healing the Leper
  6. Building His Church


This is a most disturbing book: it is an account of a modern miracle. It is far more than a record of a great missionary adventure. It is convicting and challenging. It has made me thoroughly ashamed of myself, and my so much more easy pilgrimage.

Dr. Lily O’Hanlon, and her colleague, Hilda Steele, set off at the call of God to be ready to enter the closed land of Nepal, directly the “gate” was open and the needed permissions granted.

Nothing daunted by the difficulties, disappointments, and delays, they waited and worked among the border villages for sixteen years, always fully persuaded that what God had promised them He was able to perform.

And now He has done it. The redeeming love of Christ is known to some in that hitherto unopened territory of God’s world. His two intrepid ambassadors had none of the comforts of modern travel in reaching their promised land. They walked, they climbed, they trekked, often without knowing where they would rest the following night. But they arrived! …

Patterson’s in China – Two Generations of Mission

Brown Craig Patterson [1865-1953]. The picture shows him standing on the steps of his home in Tengxian, probably in the mid-1930s.
Brown Craig Patterson [1865-1953]. The picture shows him standing on the steps of his home in Tengxian, probably in the mid-1930s.
A few weeks ago the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide put me in touch with Robert G. Patterson in the United States. Two generations of Robert’s family served as  missionaries in China and Robert and his late father (also Robert G. Patterson) have put together a valuable collection of material to document their family history. Robert has kindly agreed to allow me to host these books, so that they reach a wider readership. The following annotations are adapted from one of Robert’s e-mails and explains more about the collection. Please note that the file size of some of books is quite large.

Robert G. Patterson, ed., Craig Patterson in China. B.C. Patterson’s Memoirs, Supplemented by Selections from His Other Papers, with Photographs Added. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 2006. pp.154.

Robert G. Patterson, ed., Anne H. Patterson., M.D. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 2002. pp.46.

Brown Craig Patterson [26th June 1865 – 18th Sept. 1953] was my great-grandfather, who served in China during 1897-1940. Anne Houston Patterson [25th March 1867 – 9th Feb. 1954] was his wife and also a physician and founder of the hospital in Suqian. (Still operating today.) They both wrote memoirs and there were other missionary pamphlets that made it into the Anne Houston book.

Robert Glasgow Patterson, Frances Glasgow Patterson 1899-1975. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 2010. pp.157.

Frances Glasgow Patterson [25th Jan. 1899 – 12th Jan. 1975] was my grandfather’s wife. This book provides perhaps a somewhat different perspective on the events of “My China That Was”. More of a history of her life than a memoir, it draws on letters and writings of both her and my grandfather.

Margaret Patterson Mack [1906-2005], My Heart’s Recollections. Memoirs of an American Woman Born and Raised in Early 20th Century China. Self-Published, 1999. pp.96.

“My Heart’s Recollections” is the memoir of my grandfather’s sister, Margaret Mack [19th June 1906 – 7th Nov. 2005]. It has many recollections of her childhood in China and then her work as a missionary in the Philippines. So far as I can remember, my father was no more than a technical consultant on this book. It was written and prepared by Margaret and her daughter.

Craig Houston Patterson [1897-1990], My China That Was. From the Boxer Rebellion to Pearl Harbor, 1st edn. Harrisberg, VA: Self-Published, 1990. pp.167.

Craig Houston Patterson [1897-1990], My China That Was. From the Boxer Rebellion to Pearl Harbor, 2nd edn. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 1993. pp.194.

My father (a Robert G. Patterson like me) was very much an unacknowledged ghost writer for “My China That Was”. I detect his fingerprints particularly in the more scholarly sections, such as the descriptions of native Chinese religions, writing, and language. (These were his professional specialty as a college professor. I heard him talk about them many times while I don’t recall my grandfather ever mentioning them.) Nevertheless, the form of the text in the first edition had the full participation and approval of my grandfather. The 2nd edition seems mostly to be the same text rearranged with some stylistic emendations and formatted as a proper book.

Robert G. Patterson, Partnership in the Gospel. From the Junkin’s First Days in China to the Suqian Three-Self Church. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 2005. pp.168.

Besides “My China That Was”, the other book I think you’ll find most interesting is “Partnership in the Gospel”, the history of Bill [26th Dec 1870 – 27th May 1947] and Nettie Junkin [28th April 1878 – 2nd Nov 1957] in China. These were family friends and fellow missionaries with B.C. and Anne Houston. Perhaps because it’s not particularly a family history, my father brought all his scholarly arts to bear. The version here appears to have been the result of three or four complete rewrites (with different working titles) at 2-3 year intervals over about 8-10 years. It still wasn’t complete. In the preface he stated the intention to add maps and photographs. But apparently he never got back to it after 2005. Nevertheless there is a large cache of Junkin photos on my Dad’s hard-drive, so he at least started the project.

Robert G. Patterson, Tirzah’s Packet. Willson, Patterson, and Blackwood Family Letters, 1837 to 1929, Collected and Preserved by Tirzah (Willson) Patterson. M.D. Memphis, TN: Self-Published, 2007. pp.134.

I’m not sure how much interest you’ll have in “Tirzah’s Packet”. Tirzah was my great-great-grandmother. (B. C.’s mother.) The book is my father’s presentation of a collection of 19th-century letters she had that came down to him. But it is also very relevant to the history of the Presbyterian Church in the Valley of Virginia of the 1800s.


Biography of Isabella Lilias Trotter, founder of the Algiers Mission Band

Lilias Trotter at 27

This is one of the standard biographies of Isabella Lilias Trotter (1853-1928), who was recently featured as part of the SOAS Archives and Special Collections Women’s History Month. The SOAS now holds the archive of the Algiers Mission Team and Lilias Trotter’s works. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of the book for digitisation. This title is in the public domain.

Blanche Anne Frances Pigott [1849-1930], I. Lilias Trotter, Founder of the Algiers Mission Band. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, [1930]. Hbk. pp.245. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  1. Early Years
  2. Coniston, 1879
  3. Algiers, 1888-1890
  4. Second Journey to Africa, 1890
  5. Rue du Croissant, 1893 and 1894
  6. Itinerating, 1895
  7. 1896-1899
  8. Tolga, 1900-1901
  9. Tract-Writing and Translating, 1902-1904
  10. Da Naama, El-Biar, 1905 and 1906
  11. Blida and Bousaada, 1907
  12. Translating – Sweden, 1908, 1909, and 1910.
  13. Opening Slum Post, Shushan Palace, and Egypt, 1911, 1912, and 1913
  14. South Lands and the Great War, 1914-1916
  15. South Lands, 1917
  16. The Home Call of Blanche Haworth, 1918 and 1919
  17. Itinerating in Tunisia, 1920-1922
  18. Among the Mystics of the South, 1923
  19. The Conference on the Mount of Olives,1924
  20. The Close of Rue du Croisaant – Opening of Bousada – The Nile Mission Press at Dar Naama, 1925
  21. Narrowing of the Pathway, 1926
  22. Home, 1927 and 1928

More material on this missionary is available on the Isabella Lilias Trotter page.

Chapter 1: Early Years

Lilias was the seventh in the family of nine, her father having four sons and two daughters by his first wife Jaqueline, daughter of Bishop Otter.

Coutts, the eldest, took Orders and became Senior Fellow, and, later, Vice-Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. William, like his father, became a partner of Capel & Co. Henry, afterwards Lt.-Colonel Sir Henry Trotter, K.C.M.G., C.B., R.E., went out to India in I 860 in the Royal Engineers, and, after a varied and distinguished career, became Consul-General at Beyrout for Palestine and Syria. Later he was on the Danube Commission with a house at Galatz, in Roumania, where he lived with his wife and daughters until he retired. Edward started early in life as Vicar of Alnwick and Chaplain to the Duke of Northumberland. Later he devoted himself to work in the Colonies. He belonged to the pioneer type of Churchman, preferring the outposts of civilization to a settled parish….

Story of the Mission to Lepers 1874-1917 by A. Donald Miller

A. Donald Miller, An Inn Called Welcome. The Story of the Mission to Lepers 1874-1917“This book tells the story of forty-three years of compassionate service to leprosy sufferers. It begins in a drawing room in a Dublin suburb, and ends in places as far apart as India, China and Korea. Although the book covers only the years 1874-1917, it is published during the ninetieth anniversary year of The Mission to Lepers and, at a later date, it is hoped to continue the story from the end of the First World War to the middle of the twentieth century.”

“Mr. A. Donald Miller’s service to those who suffer from leprosy began in 1922 when he was posted by The Mission to Lepers to its largest Home, at Purulia, in West Bengal, India. In 1924 he became the Mission’s Secretary for India, organising and developing the work in that country where the Mission began its activities and where it still has its largest Field. From 1943 until 1960 he was General Secretary of The Mission to Lepers and, on his retirement, became Consultant from 1960 to 1963 when he was made a Vice-President of the Society. His work has taken him to many countries where the Mission and its co-operating societies work in the field of leprosy care and control. He is eminently fitted, by experience and ability, to write the story of the Mission. His other books include A Bridge of Compassion and Music at Midnight.”

From the dustjacket

This book is in copyright and is reproduced here by kind permission of The Leprosy Mission. You are permitted to download and print this book for free educational purposes. It may not be sold for profit without written permission from the copyright holder.

A. Donald Miller, An Inn Called Welcome. The Story of the Mission to Lepers 1874-1917. London: The Mission to Lepers, 1965. Hbk. pp.241. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Introduction
  • Part One: 1874-1899
  • Part Two: 1900-1909
  • Part Three: 1910-1917
  • Index

First 100 Years of Protestant Missions in Japan

Dorothy Pape, Captives of the Mighty. Christ and the Japanese Enigma

Protestant Christianity did not reach Japan until 1859, and during these 100 years the progress of the church has been comparatively slow. These are even now only about a quarter of a million converts in a population of over 90 million. This book seeks to explain many of the peculiar difficulties created by a unique and mystifying culture, which face the missionary and Japanese Christian there. It is written out of a burning desire to further the cause of Christ in a nation which is of the greatest strategic importance in the Far East and which aspires to be the bridge between nations of the East and the West.

To divide this book into two parts is logical. One part deals with the general culture and religious background of Japan, while the second tells the story of the outworking of the Christian faith in the lives of the Japanese. All readers will not necessarily want to commence with the first half; some readers may prefer to read the second half first.

From the dust jacket.

This title is copyright OMF International UK and is reproduced here by permission. You can download this book for free educational purposes. It must not be reublished for profir without explicit written permission from the copyright holder. My thanks to Book Aid for providing a copy of this book for digitisation.

Dorothy Pape, Captives of the Mighty. Christ and the Japanese Enigma. London: China Inland Mission, 1959. Hbk. pp.303. [Click to visit the download page]



Part I: The Enviroment – Cultural Background

1. A People Unveiled
2. The Imprisoning Web
3. The Spirit of Japan (1) Its Origin
4. The Spirit of Japan (2) Its Modrn Guise
5. Other Gods of Shinto
6. Pale Moonlight of Buddhism
7. A Pseudo Salvation-ny-Faith
8. The Sense of Sin
9. The Fer of Death
10. The Japanese Language – The Art of Concealing Thought
11. A Blunted Sword
12. Black Lily of Resentment
13. Meeting of East and West

Part II. The Preaching of Release

14. With Long Patience
15. Tent Evangelism
16. The Northern Island
17. North Glory Church
18. Hidaka Coast
19. Samani – By-path Meadow
20. Aomori – The Gospel in the Capital
21. In Cities Old and New
22. In Quiet Country Towns
23. Thirst for Knowledge
24. Bruised Reeds
25. Hope For the Future


Fires at the Foot of Fish-Tail by Patricia Hepworth

Machhapuchhare, view from Tadapani source Wikipedia
Machapuchhare, viewed from Tadapani. Source Wikipedia

The “fires” in the title of this book are Nepali Christian workers who sought to bring the gospel to their fellow countrymen and women. “Fish-Tail” is the magnificent Mount Machapuchare which dominates the sky-line of the city of Pokhara in Central Nepal. This little book tells the story of some of these fire brands. It was published by the Nepal Evangelistic Band in 1959 and reproduced here by kind permission of the International Nepal Fellowship. You are free to use this PDF for free educational purposes, but not to sell it for profit without written permission from the copyright holder.

Patricia Hepworth [d.1967], Fires at the Foot of Fish-TailPatricia Hepworth [d.1967], Fires at the Foot of Fish-Tail. Teignmouth: Nepal Evangelistic Band, [1959]. Pbk. pp.46. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  1. “Fires” at the Foot of Fish-Tail
  2. Pastor David and Premi
  3. Philip and Paili
  4. Daud and Soni
  5. Buddhi Sagar and Putuli
  6. Noah nad Hannah
  7. Magdelene
  8. Simon
  9. Prem Masih
  10. Yacub and Rebecca
  11. Priscilla
  12. Priti
  13. Epilogue


There are expositors who teach that the seven Letters to the Churches in Revelation 2 and 3 are descriptive of the seven epochs in history which must be completed before the Return of the Lord. Most of them have made comparisons which suggest that today we are in the final·epoch descriptive of the Laodicean Church. Yet surely the Philadelphian experience of the open and shut door is incredibly interpretative of our generation. The door is closed in China; it is almost closed in other territories where permission for continuing work begun many years ago is ungraciously given, and then chiefly for educational or medical reasons. It would seem that to-day doors that were once wide open are certainly closing. It is equally true that doors that have been fastened against the Christian Missionary for centuries are now beginning to open. Since there are no chance happenings in sovereign grace it must be in the Will of God that Nepal has opened its doors, and therefore the following contribution by one of the pioneer missionaries, one of the first to pass through the open door, is not only of interest, but of great value….