Missionary Heroes of Africa – a Book for Children

Sarah Geraldina Stock [1839-1898], Missionary Heroes of AfricaSarah Stock’s book for children on the Missionary Heroes of Africa provides a summary of the lives of many of the men and women who served on that Continent. It is heavily illustrated in pen and ink, so I have tried to reproduce these images in greyscale. Sadly the title-page seems to be missing and some pages were badly foxed. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Sarah Geraldina Stock [1839-1898], Missionary Heroes of Africa. London: London Missionary Society, 1898. Hbk. pp.204. [Click to download book in PDF]



  1. A Talk about Heroes and Africa
  2. The First Heroes of South Africa
  3. Heroes of Sierra Leone
  4. The Hero of Bechuana Land
  5. Heroes of East Africa
  6. The Hero of Central Africa
  7. Heroes of the Shiré Highlands
  8. Heroes of the Niger
  9. Heroes of Zanzibar and Nyassa Land
  10. The Hero of Garenganze
  11. The Little Hero of Tanganyika
  12. Heroes of the Congo
  13. Heroes of Uganda (Part I.)
  14. Heroes of Uganda (Part II.)

A Closing Word

Chapter 2: The First Heroes of South Africa

I daresay you have often heard people talk of going to “the Cape.” The voyage thither is a very pleasant trip, and the air at the Cape is very healthy, so that weak and sickly people who go out there soon get strong again. But what is ”the Cape “? It is part of South Africa which belongs to the English, and has become an English colony. It was not the English who first discovered if. Three hundred years ago some Portuguese, sailing along the coast, came to a rocky headland jutting out into the sea. They called it first the “Stormy Cape,” but afterwards the name was changed to the “Cape of Good Hope,” because by passing round it ships could get into the Indian Ocean, and India could be reached. And in those days ail the merchants wanted to trade with India.

About fifty years later some Dutch ships came to the Cape, and some Dutchmen landed in the beautiful bay called Table Bay below the flat-topped Table Mountain. There they built a fort, and settled down to trade with the natives round about. [Continue reading]

Karl Kumm’s Social and Natural History of the Sudan

Sudan in the 1900's from Kumm, The Sudan, p.19.To understand this book you will need to forget the borders of the modern nation of Sudan because, as the map above shows, in the 1900s “Sudan” referred to a much larger area. Karl Kumm’s work provides a wealth of background information about this region. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

H. Karl Kumm [1874-1930], The Sudan. A Short Compendium of Facts and Figures about the Land of Darkness. London: Marshall Brothers, [1907]. Hbk. pp.224. [Download complete book in PDF]



  1. Welcome – White Man
  2. Where is the Sudan, and what is it?
  3. Who has Explored it?
  4. Who has Conquered it?
  5. A Crisis
  6. An Expedition of Investigation
  7. Up to Bautchi
  8. The Last Night at Pioneer Camp
  9. The Open Sore of Africa – Slave Raiding
  10. Only a Woman
  11. The Land of the Lions and Leopards
  12. What Grows in the Land? (Botany)
  13. What makes things grow? (Meteorology)
  14. The Water-ways (Hydrology)
  15. Where are we?



We were sitting in the little Cur bar church. Outside across the hayfields, the summer winds were blowing, and the big ox-eyed daisies nodded in the sun. Inside, the vicar’s well-known voice was reading morning service, and as he read one saw the scenes the Second Lesson pictured. The pillared aisle and Gothic windows of the church, through which one caught a glimpse of Derbyshire hills and meadows; gave place to inner vision, and we were far away in old Jerusalem.

Instead of organ, choir, and reading desk, one saw in thought the Temple court, the thronging crowds of people, the surging and the tumult of the Apostle Paul’s last day – last hour in that scene. The “Jews which were of Asia” have stirred up the whole city to cast out the man who teaches “all men everywhere” the news of the new King – CHRIST. Swarming from filthy alleys and up steep streets of steps, the rabble of the city has joined with Scribes and Pharisees in one wild howling outcry against Paul. [Continue reading]

History of Christian Missions – Charles H. Robinson

Charles Henry Robinson [1861-1925], History of Christian MissionsCharles Robinson’s text-book on missions is comprehensive in its scope, covering the theology of missions, their geographical progress around the globe and among different religions. A chapter on missions societies is also included. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This work is in the Public Domain.

Charles Henry Robinson [1861-1925], History of Christian Missions. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1915. Hbk. pp.533. [Click to download the complete book in PDF]


I. Introductory
II. Methods of Missionary Work
III. The Dawn of Modern Missions (1580-1750)
IV. India
V. Ceylon
VI. Burma
VII China
VIII. Japan
IX. Corea
X. Malaysia
Xl Western and Central Asia
XII. Africa XIII. America (U.S.A.)
XIV. Canada
XV. The West Indies
XVI. Central America
XVII. South America
XVIII. Australia
XIX. New Zealand
XX. Isles of the Pacific
XXI. Missions to Moslems
XXII. Missions to the Jews
XXIII. Missionary Societies
XXIV. The Outlook

Appendix – Christian Reunion in the Mission Field


The story of missions, which reaches back to the beginning of the Christian era, and embraces almost every country in the world, cannot be told within the limits of a single volume. The task which I have ventured to undertake is of a far less ambitious character, my object being to provide the intelligent reader with an outline sketch of Christian missions which may enable him to obtain a correct perspective, but which will need to be tilled in for each several country and period of history by much careful study.

This volume is not intended to serve as a dictionary nor as a commentary upon missions, but as a text-book to encourage and facilitate their study. Those who have devoted the largest amount of time to such study will be most ready to forgive its imperfections and shortcomings. A well-known authority on the subject of Foreign Missions, to whom the task of writing this book was originally assigned, but who failed to respond to the invitation, wrote to its present author, “You have an almost impossible task; I should absolutely quail at the work you are doing.” [Continue reading]

History of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G.The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (S.P.G) was founded in 1701 as an overseas missionary organisation of the church of England. Georgiana Forde provides us with a short history of the mission in which 15,000 men and women served. The Wikipedia article provides a useful summary here. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Georgiana M. Forde [1849/50-1923/1934], Missionary Adventures. A Simple History of the S.P.G. London: Skeffington & Son, 1911. Hbk. pp.205. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Great Commission – Founding of the S.P.G. – The Discovery of America – The English Settlers in North America in 1607 – Princess Pocahontas – The Pilgrim Fathers – Slavery in the New World – The Rev. George Keith, the first S.P.G. Missionary – Perils of a Sea Voyage – Treatment of Negro Slaves
  2. The Rev. T. Barclay, Missionary to the Red Indians – Queen Anne visited by Red Indian Chiefs – Savage Warfare-War between the French and English in North America – The English victorious under Wolfe in 1759 – The Rev. J. Wesley an S.P.G. Missionary – The American Church asks in vain for Bishops – Revolution in the United States – Independence declared July 4th, 1776.
  3. 40,000 “United Empire Loyalists” settle in Canada and the S.P.G. Missionaries accompany them – Bishops consecrated for the United States – Rev. Charles Inglis in 1787 consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia: our first Colonial Bishop – Travelling in Canada – The Story of the Shepherd Lad
  4. Newfoundland – The Bermuda Islands – West Indian Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes – Barbados and Codrington College – Jamaica – Diocese of Nassau – Confirmations in the West Indies-Diocese of Antigua – Trinidad – The Asphalte Lake – List of West Indian and South American Dioceses
  5. The. Panama Canal-Vasco Nuneo de Balboa – British Honduras – The Mosquito Indians – The Mahogany Cutters – British Guiana – The Rev. W. H. Brett – S.P.G. Missions to Redmen, East Indians, and Chinese
  6. The First Missionary to Africa, the Rev. Thomas Thompson – The First Black Clergyman, the Rev. Philip Quaque – The West India Church Mission to West Africa – The Rev. W. H. Leacock founds the Rio Pongo Mission – Mohammedanism – Chief Richard Wilkinson’s Story – Foundation Stone laid of Fallangia Church – Rev. W.L. Neville’s Ministry – Conversion of the Devil-man and the greatest Slave-dealer
  7. South Africa – Cape Town and the Rev. Henry Martyn – The first Bishop for South Africa consecrated in 1847 – Bishop Gray’s Visitations and Death – The Wreck of the “Birkenhead,” 1852 – The Bishoprics or Grahamstown and Natal founded – Mother Cecile-The Railway Mission – The Church Order of Ethiopia – Colenso, First Bishop of Natal, 1854 – Bloemfontein made a Bishopric, 1863. A diocese without a single church
  8. Chaka and the Zulu Nation – Bishop Colenso and King Panda – Persecution – The Zulu War: Defeat at Isandhlwana – St. Augustine’s, Rorke’s Drift – Archdeacon Waters, founder of the Church in Kaffraria – Bishop Key of Kaffraria – A Missionary’s Letter – Diocese of Pretoria – The Rand, and the Community of the Resurrection – The Diocese of Mashonaland-Diocese of Lebombo – The Cape de Verde Islands – St. Helena-Ascension – Tristan d’Acunha – Madagascar and Mauritius
  9. The East India Company – St. Thomas and the Syrian Church – The Five Chaplains-Parliament grants W. Wilberforce’s Request for Bishops – Calcutta and her first Bishops – Caste – Bishopric of Madras and Alfred Basil Wood – Bishopric of Bombay-Father Goreh – Lahore and Bishop French – Delhi and its first Christian Church – Burmah and Dr. Marks – The Andaman and Nicobar Islands – Chota Nagpur and the Kols – Tinnevelly and Nazareth – Ceylon
  10. Siam – The Malay Peninsula and Singapore – Borneo, Mr. James Brooke, and Dr. McDougall – The Story of Igoh – China – The Boxer Rising and the S.P.G. Martyrs – Corea: How Christianity first reached Corea – Japan – The Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions, 1872 – The Six Japanese Dioceses – The “Nippon Sei Ko Kwai,” or the Holy Catholic Church of Japan
  11. The first European Peopling of Australia – Bishop Broughton – 1851, the Golden Year – Towns, Bush, Back Country, “Never, Never, Land” – Tasmania – New Guinea – New Zealand and its first Bishop
  12. John Coleridge Patteson, first Bishop of Melanesia – Norfolk Island – Pitcairn Island – Bishop Patteson martyred – Commander Goodenough murdered – Memorial Cross to Bishop Patteson – Bishop John Selwyn and the little Savage – Fiji and the Bishop of Polynesia – The Hawaiian Islands and American Missionaries – Henry Obookiah – Queen Kapiolane and the Goddess of Fire – S.P.G. Mission to the Chinese – Bishop Selwyn’s Diocese sub-divided into Nine

A Survey of Wesleyan Missions c.1815-1882

William Moister [1808-1891], A Hand Book of Wesleyan MissionsThe Rev William Moister [1808-1891] provides us with a helpful overview of the progress of Wesleyan Missions in the 19th Century. It covers all of the major continents except Asia. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is now in the Public Domain.

William Moister [1808-1891], A Hand Book of Wesleyan Missions. Briefly Describing Their Rise, Progress and Present State in Various Parts of the World. London: T. Woolmer, n.d. Hbk. pp.252.[Download complete book in PDF]


  1. Europe
  2. Africa
  3. Asia
  4. Australasia
  5. America
  6. West Indies


The prime object of this brief manual of information in reference to the operations of the Wesleyan Missionary Society is to present as clearly, and in as small a compass as. possible,  a simple statement of the principal facts and incidents connected with the commencement, progress and present state of the work in various parts of the world. To make the work as complete as possible the author has spared no pains or labour. He has carefully read and studied all the communications of the missionaries which have been published from the beginning; as well as some valuable manuscripts preserved at the Mission House which have been placed at his disposal. The information gleaned from these interesting records and from scores of separate volumes on different branches of our missions, has been carefully tabulated, analysed and used as occasion required, after being tested by the writer’s personal experience and observation during the past fifty years, whilst occupying some of the Society’s principal stations in Africa and the West Indies.

There may nevertheless be some mistakes as to dates, names of persons and places, &c., and the author will feel much obliged by any suggestions, corrections, or emendations which his friends and brethren may be pleased to communicate to ·him for adoption in a  new edition, so far as space may permit; for this ‘Hand-book’ is not intended to supersede the general ‘History of Wesleyan Missions,’ but to serve as an introduction to it, and as a useful companion to the Society’s ‘Annual Reports’ and monthly ‘Notices,’ thereby enabling Sunday-school teachers, local preachers, ministers and others to plead the mission cause with greater efficiency and success. [Continue reading]

Twelve Lectures on Moravian Missions

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures
Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures – Frontispiece
This book preserves twelve substantial lectures on Moravian Missions by Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901]. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with an original copy to scan. This book is in the Public Domain.

Augustus C. Thompson [1812-1901], Moravian Missions. Twelve Lectures. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1882. Hbk. pp.516. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. The Moravians
  2. Count Zinzendorf
  3. Mission to the West Indies
  4. Mission to South and Central America
  5. Mission to Greenland
  6. Mission to Labrador
  7. Missions to North American Indians
  8. North American Indians (concluded)
  9. Missions to South America
  10. South Africa (concluded)
  11. Mission to Australia
  12. Résumé and Characteristics


The following Lectures form one of the courses on Foreign Missions delivered at the Theological Seminary, Andover, during the years 1877-1880, and to the Theological Department of the Boston University, 1882.

The literature of the several subjects is added with considerable fullness; one reason being that American and English readers have less acquaintance with this department of missionary literature than with many others. As the Moravian missions are conducted chiefly by Germans, it is natural that various authorities in their language should appear in the list. The works cited differ greatly in value; but by an ample citation the author desires to aid inquirers -who may wish to go over the same ground, in part or wholly, which he has himself traversed. A perusal of these works, or any considerable portion of them, can hardly fail to foster the sentiment of Count Zinzendorf: “The whole earth is the Lord’s; men’s souls are his; I am debtor to all. [Continue Reading]

200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932

The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932This little book summarises 200 years of Moravian missions as they spread to the four corners of the world. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing the original copy to scan. This book is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Advance Guard. 200 Years of Moravian Missions 1732-1932. London: Moravian Book Room, n.d. Hbk. pp.93.[Click to download complete book in PDF]


Part I – Zinzendorf and Spangenberg

The Send-Off
The West Indies
Gens Aeterna
Greenland and Labrador
The North American Indians
Missionary Ventures
The Leaders
The Missionaries
The Home Church
The Missionary Hymn

Part II – From Spangenberg Till Now

1. The New Movement
2. A Fresh Start in South Africa
3. The Centenary
4. The Freedman
5. Progress in South Africa
6. The Eskimo
7. New Branches on the Old Tree:

a. Nicaragua
b. California
c. Australia
d. Tibet
e. East Africa

8. The War
9. Rebuilding and Alterations


When it was known what literary provision was being made for the Bicentenary of Moravian Missions, it seemed useless to attempt an independent history in English. Among the volumes announced was one by Bishop Baudert, D.D., bearing the title, “Auf der Hut des Herrn” (On the Lord’8 Watch). Bishop Baudert’s book, if adapted to the requirements of the average reader, was just what was needed. When the translator asked permission to treat it freely for this purpose the request was willingly granted. The original has been shortened, and some passages have been altered where knowledge was assumed which the English reader cannot be expected to possess unless he has an intimate acquaintance with the subject treated of. The prologue and the second chapter have been inserted to help those who have no other history at hand. In spite of these changes, the character of the book remains the same, and the translator has tried to give, not only the sense, but also the tone of his friend’s words. They are worthy to be heard by the whole Church, and not only by a part, when it listens to those who tell the story of the past and point the moral for to-day and to-morrow. [Continue reading]

History of the Universities’ Central Mission to Africa

A.E.M. Anderson-Morshead [1845-1928], The History of the Universities' Mission to Central Africa 1859-1898, 2nd ednThe Universities’ Central Mission to Africa (c.1857 – 1965) was set up by Anglican graduates from the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Cambridge, Durham and Dublin. It’s work was concentrated on Nyasaland (now Malawi) and Zanzibar (now a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania). For more information about the mission, see this Wikipedia article (which does not link to this book yet). This history covers the years 1859-1898 and is now in the Public Domain.

A.E.M. Anderson-Morshead [1845-1928], The History of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa 1859-1898, 2nd edn. London: Office of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa, 1899. Hbk. pp.494. [This material is in the Public Domain]


Author’s Preface
Chronological Table

  1. The Call to the Work
  2. The Shiré Highlands
  3. War, Famine, and Pestilence
  4. New Ground
  5. A Fellow-Worker
  6. The Church in the Slave Market
  7. Daily Work in the Island and on the Mainland
  8. On the Edge of the Wilderness
  9. Lake Nyasa
  10. Last Days of Bishop Steere
  11. The Mission on the Lake
  12. Christian Villages on the Rovuma
  13. Magila in the Bondé Country
  14. The Usambara Group of Missions
  15. The Years in Zanzibar
  16. The Chief Pastors
  17. A Parting View of the Mission
  18. After Two Years
  19. Slavery


  1. Methods of Home Work
  2. Methods of Mission Work
  3. Constitutional History of the Mission
  4. Synodical Action
  5. English Members of the Mission