Can Africa Be Won by William Roome

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Can Africa Be Won?

This book has one purpose.

To reveal something of the Wonderlands of Africa, the conditions of the People, the extent and problems of Africa’s Evangelisation, the life of its Missionaries, so that Home Christians may see, know and feel what their Representatives in the Advance Line of the Kingdom of God have to face.

Also, it is hoped some consideration as to ways and means, the personnel, and possibilities of the future may help to hasten the day where every Ethiopian’s outstretched hands shall be grasped in loving and intelligent sympathy.

Foreword, page ix

My thanks to Redcliffe College for making a copy of this public domain title available digitisation.

William John Waterman Roome [1865-1937], Can Africa Be Won? London: A & C Black, 1927. Hbk. pp.216. [Click to visit the download page]


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  1. The Romance of Africa
  2. Heathenism in Africa
  3. Tribalism in Africa
  4. Racialism in Africa
  5. Islam in Africa
  6. Commerce in Africa
  7. Administration in Africa
  8. The Redemption of Africa
  9. A Scheme in Equatorial Africa
  • Epilogue. The Story is Told!
  • Appendix. Population, Tribal and Religious Census of Africa

6 Missionary Heroes of Africa

Cover: John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Africa. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries with Uncivilised Man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature

There are numerous volumes in the “Missionary Heroes” series, consisting of short biographies written to inspire and challenge young people by their examples. The “heroes” covered in this volume are:

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this public domain book for digitisation.

John C. Lambert [1857-1917], Missionary Heroes in Africa. True Stories of the Intrepid Bravery and Stirring Adventures of Missionaries with Uncivilised Man, Wild Beasts and the Forces of Nature. London: Seeley, Service & Co. Ltd., [1909]. Hbk. pp.156. [Click to visit he download page for this title]


  • Prefactory Note
  • Introduction
  1. “The Hero of Uganda”
  2. The Lion-Hearted Bishop
  3. Pioneers in Nyasaland
  4. Wortrekkers in Barotseland
  5. A Pioneer in Garenganze
  6. A Tramp Through the Great Pygmy Forest


In a “foreword” which he contributes to Dr. Jacob Chamberlain’s attractive missionary book, In the Tiger Jitng-le, Dr. Francis E. Clark expresses the opinion that one need not patronize sensational and unhealthy fiction to find stirring adventure and thrilling narrative, and then goes on to say:-

“There is one source which furnishes stories of intense and dramatic interest, abounding in novel situations and spiced with abundant adventure ; and this source is at the same time the purest and most invigorating fountain at which our youth can drink. To change the figure, this is a mine hitherto largely unworked; it contains rich nuggets of ore, which will well repay the prospector in this new field.”

The field to which Dr. Clark refers is the history of modern Christian missions. His meaning is that the adventurous and stirring side of missionary experience needs to be brought out, and emphasis laid upon the fact that the romantic days of missions are by no means past.
There are stories which are now among the classics of missionary romance. Such are the expedition of Hans Egede to Greenland, the lonely journeys of David Brainerd among the Indian tribes of the North American forests, the voyage of John Williams from one coral island of the Pacific to another in the little ship which his own hands had built, the exploration of the Dark Continent by David Livingstone in the hope of emancipating the black man’s soul.

But among missionary lives which are more recent or less known, there are many not less noble or less thrilling than those just referred to; and the chapters which follow are an attempt to make this plain.

There is, of course, a deeper side to Christian missions-a side that is essential and invariable – while the elements of adventure and romance are accidental and occasional. If in these pages the spiritual aspects of foreign mission work are but slightly touched upon, it is not because they are either forgotten or ignored, but simply because it was not part of the writer’s present plan to deal with them. It is hoped, nevertheless, that some of those into whose hands this book may come will be induced by what they read to make fuller acquaintance with the lives and aims of our missionary heroes, and so will catch something of that spirit which led them to face innumerable dangers, toils, and trials among heathen and often savage peoples, whether in the frozen North or the burning South, whether in the hidden depths of some vast continent or among the scattered “islands of the ocean seas.”

Pages 9-11

Twelve Mighty Missionaries by Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947]

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty MissionariesEsthme Enock’s biographical sketches of 12 famous missionaries has just entered the public domain. This copy was kindly provided by Book Aid for digitisation.

In the table of contents below I have linked to the bibligraphy pages on, where you will find further material on each missionary.

Esthme Ethelind Enock [1874-1947], Twelve Mighty Missionaries. London: Pickering & Inglis, Ltd., 1936. Hbk. pp.95. [Click to visit the download page]


  1. Pastor Hsi, China
  2. James Chalmers, New Guinea
  3. Alexander Mackay, Uganda
  4. Anthony Norris Groves, India
  5. Alexander Duff, India
  6. John Williams, Erromanga
  7. Samuel Marsden, Maoriland
  8. Samuel Pollard, China
  9. Hudson Taylor, China
  10. C.T. Studd, Central Africa
  11. Dan Crawford, Central Africa
  12. Dr Richard Williams, Tierra Del Fuego

Chapter 1. Pastor Hsi, China

The exact date of Pastor Hsi’s birthday does not seem to be recorded, but he was born probably in the Autumn of 1836. Till he was seven years old the little Hsi lived the usual free life of the son of a Chinese scholar, and was encouraged in every way to be overbearing and self-willed. Then he was sent to school, a school where a shrine of Confucius occupied the place of honour. Here the boy begins the studies which, it is hoped, will make him a “Princely Man.”

But, favourable though circumstances are, they do not satisfy the heart of this boy. At the early age of eight years, as he wandered through the incense-filled Temple and gazed at the hideous idols and vivid representations of punishments and terrors beyond the grave, he would ask himself, what was the use of living. “Men find no good, and in the end—?” he said to himself….

First Fifty Years of the Sudan United Mission

J. Lowry Maxwell, Half a Century of Grace. A Jubilee History of the Sudan United MissionThis is the official history of the first half-century of the Sudan United Mission from its founding in 1904 by Karl Kumm and Lucy Guinness.

This work is still in copyright and is republished here by kind permission of Pioneers UK. You are allowed to use this book for free educational purposes, but not to republish it for profit without the express written permission of the copyright holder.

J. Lowry Maxwell, Half a Century of Grace. A Jubilee History of the Sudan United Mission. London: Sudan United Mission, [1954] Hbk. pp.331. [Click to visit the download page]


  1. The Call
  2. The Vision and the Need
  3. “To the Help of the Lord against the Mighty”
  4. The First Reinforcements
  5. Spreading Branches and Spreading Roots
  6. Doing the Work
  7. The Freed Slaves’ Home
  8. The First Inter-Mission Conference
  9. Planning for the African Church
  10. War Days With Brightening Prospects
  11. New Developments
  12. Deeper and Wider Yet
  13. Beginning in French Territory
  14. Towards an African Church
  15. Our Opportunities are our Embarrassments
  16. A Fresh Start in Training Helpers
  17. “And Then a Brook”
  18. Reaching out to Mohammedans
  19. Fellow-Stewards of the Mysteries
  20. The World War Years
  21. War Helps the Church to Find its Feet
  22. The Rising Tide of Church Life
  23. Fresh Expansion and Fresh Difficulties
  24. New Help and New Problems
  25. Difficulties and Developments
  26. The Look Round and the Look Ahead

For more resources on the Sudan United Mission go here.

History of the Church Missionary Society by Eugene Stock – 4 Vols

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. Eugene Stock’s comprehensive History of the Church Missionary Society runs to 2,740 pages and 4 Volumes. My thanks to the Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a set of these volumes to scan. These titles are in the pubic domain.

Eugene Stock [1836-1928], The History of the Church Missionary Society. Its Environment, Its Men and Its Work, 4 Vols. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899-1916. Hbk. pp.504 + 659 + 912 + 665. [Click to visit the download page for this set]

Table of Contents, Volumes 1-3

  • Preface
  • Author’s Preface
  • Outline of the Work
  1. The Great Commission
  2. Missions Before the Reformation
  3. Missions After the Reformation
  4. The Eighteenth Century and the Evangelical Revival
  5. Africa and the East – Waiting
  6. The Missionary Awakening
  7. The New Society and its Early Struggles
  8. The First Missionaries
  9. Africa and India: Struggle and Victory
  10. Forward Steps
  11. Rousing the Country: The Associations
  12. C.M.S. and Other Societies
  13. Sierra Leone: The White Man’s Grave; The Black Man’s Life
  14. The Finished Course
  15. India: Entering the Opened Door
  16. Insular Missions: New Zealand, Ceylon, West India, Malta
  17. The Eastern Churches: Reports for their Revival
  18. The Outlook After Twenty-Five Years
  19. The Personnel of the Period
  20. The Environment of the Period
  21. India: Changes and Development
  22. India: Progress of the Missions
  23. The Negro on Both SIdes the Atlantic, Enslaved and Free
  24. Greek, Copt, Abyssinian, Zulu, Maori, Australian, Cree
  25. Henry Venn; And Survey of Men and Things
  26. The Society and the Church
  27. The Colonial and Missionary Episcopate
  28. New Zealand: The Bishop, the Colony, and the Mission
  29. New Enterprises in Africa: Niger Expedition, Yoruba Mission East Coast
  30. The Opening of China
  31. The Society’s Finances
  32. The Jubilee
  33. The Environment: Church Developments – Anglican
  34. The Environment: Church Developments – Evangelical
  35. The Society at Home
  36. Some Recruits from the Universities
  37. Islington College and its Men
  38. Church Organization: The Church of New Zealand
  39. West Africa: Three Missions and Three Bishops
  40. East Africa: The Missionaries and the Explorers
  41. Jerusalem and Constantinople: Jew, Turk, Christian
  42. India Under Dalhouse; and the Missions in the North
  43. India: The Missions in the South
  44. India: The Punjab – For England and For Christ
  45. India: The Mutiny – Its Victims and its Lessons
  46. India: The Great Controversy – Neutrality or Christianity?
  47. India: Missions After the Mutiny
  48. Ceylon’s Isle
  49. China: In Time of War and Tumults
  50. The Great Lone Land
  51. An Anxious Period: In the Society, and in the Church
  52. The Period: More Church Developments
  53. Salisbury Square
  54. Candidates of the Period
  55. The Native Churches: Self-supporting, Self-governing, Self-extending
  56. Ebb-Tide in Africa
  57. The Niger and its Black Bishop
  58. The Islands: Mauritius and Madagascar
  59. India: Rulers and Bishops of the Period
  60. India: Babus, Brahmos, Borderers
  61. India: Agencies Evangelistic and Pastoral
  62. India: Death and Life
  63. India: A Flag for Christ in the Punjab
  64. China: New Mission and Old
  65. The Land of the Rising Sun
  66. Lands of the Utmost West: Manitoba; Metlakahtla
  67. New Zealand: War, Apostasy, Fidelity
  68. Henry Venn’s Latter Days
  69. The Environment: Church Movements
  70. The Environment: Evangelistic and Spiritual Movements
  71. The Society: Missions, Men, Money
  72. The Society: Home Influence and Organization
  73. Africa: The Flowing Tide Again: Ilala – and After
  74. Uganda: The Call and the Response
  75. The Crescent and the Cross: Missions in Mohammedan Lands
  76. India: Dioceses of Calcutta and Bombay
  77. India: Diocese of Lahore
  78. India: Diocese of Madras
  79. India: The Hill Tribes
  80. India and Ceylon: The Bishops and the Society
  81. The Far East: Advance in China and Japan
  82. The Far West: The Church among the Red Indians
  83. The Epoch of 1880-82
  84. The Environment: Ecclesiastical, Controversial, Spiritual
  85. The Society A New Era of Progress
  86. Three Memorable Years. 1885, 1886, 1887
  87. Controversies Within and Attack from Without
  88. Recruits of the Period: Men and Women
  89. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: West Africa and the Niger
  90. High Hopes and Sore Sorrows: East Africa and Uganda
  91. British East India; The Company, The Government, and the Missions
  92. India: The Men and their Work
  93. India: Some Features, Episodes, Incidents, and Controversies of the Period
  94. Lands of Islam: Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Persia
  95. In the Indian and Southern Oceans: Ceylon, Mauritius, New Zealand
  96. China: Onward, Inward, – and Upward
  97. Japan: The Nation, the Mission, the Church
  98. The Red Indian Missions: Patterns of Zeal and Triumphs of Grace
  99. Missions at Congresses and Conferences
  100. Seven Years of the Policy of Faith
  101. The Church, the Society and the Cause
  102. The Society: Candidates, Controbutions, and the Three Years’ Enterprise
  103. The Four Years Abroad: Africa
  104. The Four Years Abroad: Asia
  105. In Memoriam
  106. Repice, Circumspice, Prospice

Children of Africa by James B. Baird

James B. Baird, Children of AfricaThis is a book about children in Africa written for young people in the United Kingdom. Its intention as to inform them about how African children live in order to increase support for missionary work among them. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing a copy of this book to scan. The 8 plates are reproduced in colour. This title is in the public domain.

James B. Baird, Children of Africa. London & Edinburgh: Oliphants, [1910]. Hbk. pp.95. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  1. Introductory
  2. The Dark Continent
  3. The Great Races of Africa
  4. An African House
  5. The African Child
  6. An African Village
  7. Games
  8. Fairy Tales
  9. Animal Stories
  10. Finger Rhymes and Riddles
  11. Food and Ornaments
  12. The African’s Belief
  13. The African in Sickness
  14. Magic Medicine
  15. The Dance and Musical Instruments
  16. Hindrances to the Gospel
  17. Methods of Mission Work


“From Greenland’s icy mountains,
From India’s coral strand,
Where Africa’s sunny fountains
Roll down their golden sand,
From many an ancient river,
From many a palmy plain,
They call us to deliver
Their land from error’s chain.”

There is not one of you, my dear boys and girls, who does not know this oft-sung missionary hymn. But if there is, then of this I am sure, there is not one who knows it who does not love it, for it is one of the most beautiful of all our hymns. Since it was written many years ago by Bishop Heber, hundreds and hundreds of young voices have sung it; hundreds and hundreds are singing it to-day; and hundreds and hundreds will yet sing it. [Continue reading]

Life and Explorations of David Livingstone

Anonymous, The Life and Explorations of David Livingstone, LL.D. Compiled from Reliable SourcesThis anonymous biography was published the year after David Livingstone’s death. It was intended to provide a condensed account of his life for young people and those unfamiliar with the Newspaper accounts and those published by the National Geographic Society.

My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to scan. This title is in the public domain.

Anonymous, The Life and Explorations of David Livingstone, LL.D. Compiled from Reliable Sources. London: Adam & Company, [1874]. Hbk. pp.324.[Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Preface
  1. Early years-Education-Arrival at Cape Town as a Missionary
  2. Arrives at Kuruman-Visits the Bechuana Tribes – Resolves to settle among the Bakwains – Marriage-Journeys to the Zouga River – The Bakwains attacked by the Boers
  3. The Kalahari Desert – Discovers Lake Ngami – Visits Sebituane – Death of Sebituane – Discovers the Zambesi
  4. Attack on Kolobeng by the Boers – Starts on his Great Journey
  5. Preparations for Departure – Ascends the Leeambye and the Leeba – Abundance of Animal Life – Two Female Chiefs – Visits Shinte
  6. Visits Katema’s Town – Is hospitably entertained – Lake Dilolo – Crosses the Quango, Cassaque – Arrival at Loanda
  7. Stay at Loanda – Starts on Return Journey – Dr. Livingstone again attacked with Fever – The Makololo suffer from Sickness – Descent of the Leeba and Leeambye – Arrival at Linyant
  8. Starts for the East Coast – The Victoria Falls – The Batoka Tribes – Reaches Zumbo, a deserted Portuguese Settlement
  9. Arrives in England – Enthusiastic Reception – Departs again for the Zambesi – Arrives at the Kongone Mouth of that River – Passes up the Zambesi
  10. Ascends the Shire – Friendly Natives – Discovers Lake Shirwa – Contact with Slave-hunters
  11. Starts for Linyanti – Cutting up an Elephant – The “Go-Naked” Tribe – The Victoria Falls – Finds Sekeletu ill
  12. Descends the Zambesi – Arrival of Bishop Mackenzie – Liberates a Band of Slaves – Death of Bishop Mackenzie-Arrival and Death of Mrs. Livingstone
  13. Dreadful Results of a Slave Raid – Dr. Livingstone recalled – Journey of Exploration beyond Lake Nyassa – Starts for Home – Arrival in England
  14. Starts a Third Time for Africa – His reported Murder – Expedition sent in search of him – Letters from himself – Again lost to view – Mr. H. M. Stanley finds him at Ujiji
  15. Dr. Livingstone as found by Mr. Stanley – Expedition to North End of Lake Tanganyika – Dr. Livingstone accompanies Mr. Stanley to Unyanyembe – Mr. Stanley’s Arrival in England – Sketch of his Life
  16. Letters of Dr. Livingstone – Incidents of Travel – The Slave Trade in Central Africa – Geographical Conclusions, etc.
  17. Sir Bartle Frere’s Mission – Expeditions sent to assist Dr. Livingstone – His Death – Some Account of his Family, etc.
  18. Account of Last Illness and Death of Dr. Livingstone – Public Funeral in Westminster Abbey, etc.

Christian Mission in Africa – The 1926 Le Zoute Missions Conference

Edwin W. Smith, The Christian Mission in Africa. A Study Based on the Work of the International Missionary Conference at Le Zoute, Belgium, September 14th to 21st, 1926Rather than produce the standard report of proceedings for the 1926 Missions Conference in Le Zoute, Belgium, Edwin Smith was asked to write his own summary. In doing so the organisers hoped that the resulting work would be more widely read than a dry record of the facts.

My thanks to Cambridge Centre for Christianity Worldwide for providing a copy of the book to scan and to the World Council of Churches for their kind permission to place it on-line.

Edwin W. Smith, The Christian Mission in Africa. A Study Based on the Work of the International Missionary Conference at Le Zoute, Belgium, September 14th to 21st, 1926. New York: The International Missionary Council, 1926. Hbk. pp.192. [Click to download the complete book in PDF]


  1. The New Africa
  2. Retrospect
  3. Facing the Facts
  4. The Conference
  5. Preaching the Gospel to Africans
  6. The African Church
  7. Education
  8. Towards a Healthy Africa
  9. Land and Labour in Africa
  10. Co-operation in and For Africa
  11. What it all Means to Us

Recommendations and Resolutions

Speeches and Papers

  • New Forces in Africa. T. Jesse Jones
  • Statement by Canon Anson Phelps Stokes
  • The Contact of Europe and Africa. Louis Franck
  • The Medical Task in Africa. Dr. Broden
  • Statement by Dr Louise Pearce
  • Progress in Africa. Sir Frederick Lugard
  • Black and WHite in South Africa. Professor MacMillan
  • Native Administration in th Transkei

Co-operation with Missionaries and Africans

  1. Statement by the Portuguese Minister in Belgium
  2. Statement by the Ex-Governor of the Belgium Congo
  3. The Relation of Christian Missions tot he New Forces that are Shaping Africa. J.H. Oldham

Devotional Addresses

  • Co-operation. Daniel Couve
  • The Heart of a Host. Father Callaway

Minutes of the Conference

List of Delegates and Consultative Members

Special Africa Number of ‘The International Review of Missions’


Life Story of Lucy Evangeline Guinness

Lucy Guinness KummKarl Wilhelm Kumm [1874-1930] and Lucy Evangeline [Guinness] [1865-1906] were founders

…of the Sudan United Mission (SUM) Kumm, born in Wiesbaden, Germany, felt called to missionary work among Muslims. He was serving with the North Africa Mission in Egypt when, in 1899, he met Henry Grattan Guinness, the celebrated evangelist, and his daughter, Lucy. Lucy Guinness was known as a writer and editor, and a Christian worker in London’s East End. She and Kumm were married in Cairo early in 1900; two sons were born, in 1901 and 1902. [Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, p.378].

This book was written by Lucy’s father following her early death from the complications of a miscarriage. My thanks to All Nations Christian College for the loan of this book. This copy was previously owned by a member of the Guinness family and I have left the personal note on the frontispiece intact. This title is in the public domain.

Harry Grattan Guinness [1835-1910], Lucy Guinness Kumm. Her Life Story. London: Marshall & Scott & Regions Beyond Missionary Union, 1907. Hbk. pp.93. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


Lucy Guinness Kumm:

  • Her Life Story

Extracts From Her Writings

  • Poems
  • The Search Light of Posterity
  • Only a Factory Girl
  • “Mountains of God”
  • Ant-Heroes
  • “I Will Seek That Which Was Lost”
  • The Opium Curse and Conflict
  • India
  • “He Finished ‘All’

Part 1: Her Life Story

We called her Lucy-from lux, lumiere, light-hoping that God would make her alight to those in darkness; and Evangeline, angel, or messenger of good tidings, desiring that such she might become. From the first she was a. delicate child, not a. blooming rose, but a pale flower; not a. hardy, vigorous plant, but frail like a clinging woodbine that hangs its blossom on a supporting bough. And yet she proved in riper days to possess a spirit of independence along with that clinging affection which seemed to me to be her leading feature. When a tiny child there was no place she loved better than her father’s arms, and to him the delicacy of her frame and sensitiveness of her mind were no mystery, for trials which had preceded her birth in July, 1865, seemed their explanation. [Continue reading]

New Frontiers for the Sudan Interior Mission in Africa

C. Gordon Beacham, New Frontiers in the Central SudanC. Gordon Beacham of the Sudan Interior Mission wrote this as a text-book on African Missions. Remember that at the time of writing Sudan referred to a great swathe of Central Africa from Nigeria eastwards and not just to the modern country of that name. My thanks to Redcliffe College for providing me with a copy of this book to digitise. This book is in the public domain.

C. Gordon Beacham, New Frontiers in the Central Sudan. Toronto: Evangelical Publishers, 1928. Hbk. pp.157. [Click to download complete book in PDF]


  • Introduction
  • Preface
  1. Frontier Land
  2. Branding For Beauty
  3. Cannabalism
  4. Primitive Economics
  5. Primitive Economics – Continued
  6. Wedding Rules
  7. Wedding Belles
  8. Music and the Dance
  9. The Growing Generation
  10. The Death Wail
  11. Religion
  12. African Spirituality
  13. The Witch Doctor
  14. Witchcraft
  15. Traditions
  16. A Pioneer Mission Station
  17. “Make to Yourself Friends”
  18. Language Study
  19. A School Among the Cannibals
  20. Preaching the Gospel
  21. Primitive Morals
  22. Some Apologetics for Missions


Prior to the World War, the Sudan Interior Mission had established over a dozen stations in the central part of the British Protectorate of Nigeria extending inland as far as the head of the Bauchi branch of the Nigerian Railroad. From that point the view for extension was eastward, and in 1915 the Rev. R. V. Bingham, General Director, and Dr. A. P. Stirrett, Field Secretary, made a journey for the purpose of looking out new territory. Two hundred miles beyond they found the Tangale tribe, and returned with a plea for new workers for it. In response to that appeal, the Rev. John S. Hall and I were commissioned the following year to open a station in that region, hitherto untouched by missionary effort. From our experiences among the Tangales and their neighbors has developed the material embodied in this book. [Continue reading]