“Dawdson” The Doctor – the Story of G.E. Dodson of Iran

"Dawdson" the Doctor - G.E. Dodson of IranIran currently ranks #8 on my online poll, so here is a biography of Dr. G.E. Dodson, who served in that country until his death in 1937.

A Friend of Iran, “Dawdson” The Doctor. G.E. Dodson of Iran. London: The Highway Press, 1940. Hbk. pp.73. Click to download in PDF.


Introductory – “I Shall Fetch Dawdson—”
1 – Why He Came
2 – Sizing Up the Task
3 – Digging Foundations
4 – Holiday Hikes
5 – Alarums and Excursions
6 – Building at Last
7 – The Builder Hands Over His Tools

“I Shall Fetch Dawdson—“

It was summer time in Iran. A sudden clatter of feet and the sound of shouting broke the stillness of the warm, early morning. Malekeh, who had been sitting in a shady corner of the veranda, sleepily cleaning rice for dinner that night, jumped up and listened. Then she pulled her gaily-printed cotton wrap or chaddur around her so that only her eyes were visible, and ran across the courtyard and down the passage that led to the village street. What she saw as she looked up the rough pathway made her turn and shout back to her mother and the servant, who were busy stirring pots in the little smoke-blackened kitchen.

“Mother, Rababeh, come quickly. There’s been an accident.” And then as the little group carrying a small figure came nearer, she shrieked: “It’s Mahmoud! He’s dead. Allah! What shall we do?”

They all ran out crying, their chaddurs flying behind them, and when they reached the party Fatomeh Khanum fell on her knees beside her son, tearing her hair and scratching her cheeks. Malekeh took one look at her brother, saw his eyelids flutter, and shaking her mother by the shoulder said: “Khanum, he’s not dead after all. Don’t make that noise.” At that Mahmoud opened his eyes, gave a feeble grin, said: “What a hubbub, I’m not dead yet,” and fainted off again. [Continue Reading]

William Carey’s Enquiry on-line

An Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use MEans For the Conversion of the Heathen by William CareyWilliam Carey’s Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians… is probably one of the most influential documents in the history of missions. Among other things it led to the founding of the Baptist Missionary Society in the United Kingdom. This is a facsimile of the original which was published in Leicester 1792.

William Carey [1761-1834], An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means For the Conversion of the Heathens in Which the State of the Different Nations of the World, the Success of Former Undertakings, and the Practicability of Further Undertakings, are Considered. Leicester: Ann Ireland, 1792. Hbk. pp.87. Click to download in PDF.


  1. An Enquiry whether the Commission given by our Lord to his Disciples be not binding on us
  2. Containing a Short Review of former Undertakings for the Conversion of the Heathen
  3.  Containing a Survey of the Present State of the World
  4. The Practicability of something being done, more than what is done, for the Conversion of the Heathen
  5. An Enquiry into the Duty of Christians in general, and what Means ought to be used, in order to promote this Work


As our blessed Lord has required us to pray that his kingdom may come, and his will be done on earth as it is in heaven, it becomes us not only to express our desires of that event by words, but to use every-lawful method to spread the knowledge of his name. In order to this, it is necessary that we should become, in some measure acquainted with the religious state of the world; and as this is an object we should be prompted to pursue, not only by the gospel of our Redeemer, but even by the feelings of humanity, so an inclination to conscientious activity therein would form one of the strongest proofs that we are the subjects of grace, and partakers of that spirit of universal benevolence and genuine philanthropy, which appear so eminent in the character of God himself. [Continue reading]

The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission online

The Story of Uganda and the Victpria Nyanza Mission by Sarah G. Stock

Uganda was the early leader in the poll conducted on the Theology on the Web Facebook Group to find out what material on missions was in greatest demand. This degree of interest in Uganda surprised me – which of course demonstrates why taking a poll was a good idea! So, here is the first book on Uganda for those who requested it. I hope that it proves helpful.

Sarah Geraldina Stock [1839-1898], The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanza Mission, 3rd revised & enlarged edn. London: Church Missionary Society, 1899. Hbk. pp.251. Click to download.

This book is now in the Public Domain.


I. A Call From Afar
II. A Land of Darkness
Ill. From The Shores of England To Nyanza
IV. The Goal Reached
V. Sowing The Seed Amid Difficulties
VI. The Seed Springing Up
VII. The Beginning of Persecution
VIII. The Martyr Bishop
IX. The Great Persecution
X. Fresh Labourers and Fresh Sorrows
XI. Tile Revolution in Uganda
XII. The Church in Exile
XIII. Labour and Rest by the Lake
XIV. A New Era in Uganda
XV. The Romanist Mission
XVI. Storm-Clouds
XVII. Forward Steps
XVIII. A Missionary Church
XIX. Fresh Helpers and Fresh Developments
XX. Three African Kings
XXI. Light and Shade

Note to 3rd Edition

The First Edition of ‘The Story of Uganda’ was published by the Religious Tract Society. This was revised and enlarged by Miss Stock and republished in a Second Edition in 1894. In the course of 1897 the stock remaining unsold of the unbound sheets was purchased from the R. T .S. by the Church Missionary Society, and Miss Stock was requested to rewrite the last chapter, the seventeenth, and to add others in order to bring the story up to date. This was one of the last works in which her pen was engaged, and it was not quite completed when her Home-call came on August 29, 1898, while on a visit to Penmaenmawr. Chapter XX. is the last one by Miss Stock’s hand.

Chapter XXI. has been kindly written by Dr. C. F. Harford-Battersby.

Japan Rescue Mission Booklet online

"Pulled Out Of The Fire" by Japan Rescue Mission

The first request I received when I announced that I would be uploading books on mission was for something about work in Japan. This little booklet contains “some soul-stirring accounts of God’s grace in Japan”, so I hope that it proves of interest.

G.D., “Pulled out of the Fire”. Birkenhead: The Japan Rescue Mission, [c.1930]. pp.62. Click to download in PDF.


1 – The Starting Point
2 – Two Things He Knew
3 – A Life Made Luminous by Love
4 – Is Not This A Brand Plucked
5 – A Calvary Product
6 – Made Over Again
7 – Do Not Come Near Me
8 – Save From a Suicide’s Grace
9 – I am Going to Heaven Tomorrow
10 – Apathy or Action

Chapter 1. The Starting Point

Our one and only aim and object in sending out this booklet is to magnify the matchless grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and to extol the efficacy of His precious Blood. In these days of fearful declension, there is a greater need than ever for Christian people to set forth in unmistakable language and with the clearest possible emphasis the greatness of the One Who died on Calvary as a ”propitiation for the sins of the whole world.” It gives us the greatest possible joy to record the fact that since this  work commenced a few years ago, we have had ample opportunity to prove, at least to our own satisfaction, the genuineness and reality of the promises of God. Right from the outset we have had one passion, and that has been to bring the lost to Christ through the preaching of the old time Gospel and through the work of the Holy Spirit in applying that Gospel to their hearts and consciences.

Some people have thought that this work of rescuing the perishing was-to some extent at least-a waste of time. (Their idea was that it was more social than spiritual). We ourselves have never taken time to discuss terms nor to make any attempt to separate the work of God into different compartments. We are out first and last to get at the people’s souls, and to see that they are brought into contact with the cleansing and life-giving efficacy of Christ’s atoning work. [Continue reading]

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914 on-line

The Judson Centennial 1814-1914The first of the 1,000 mission books passed on to me by Redcliffe College features one of my favourite missionaries, Adoniram Judson. Not only was he instrumental in founding no less than two mission societies in the United States but his superb translation of the Bible into Burmese has proved foundational to the growth of the church in Myanmar. This volume reflects on Judson’s legacy.

Howard B. Grose & Fred P. Howard, The Judson Centennial 1814-1914. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1914. Hbk. pp.305. Click to download.

A bibliography of works on Adoniram Judson and his wives is available on the main Missiology.org.uk website.

I – Historical Introduction

One Hundred Years of American Baptist Missions

Adoniram and Ann Judson landed in Rangoon, July 13, 1813. Nearly a year later, on May 21, 1814, the General Missionary Convention was formed and, assuming the support of the Judsons and Luther Rice, accepted Burma as the foreign mission field of American Baptists, the English Baptists having headquarters at Serampore near Calcutta across the Bay of Bengal. Within the next five or six years two other missionary enterprises were undertaken cooperation with American Negro Baptists in work on the west coast of Africa in the region of Sierra Leone and Liberia, and work among the American Indians in what is now the middle West. Active participation in the work in Africa ceased about 1840, while work among the Indians was continued until about the time of the opening of the Civil War.

The first twenty years of the work in Burma were marked by the laying of foundations slowly but surely. The intense opposition of the Burman Government prevented large expansion. By the year 1833, however, three important centers-Rangoon, Moulmein, and Tavoy, had been occupied, with several outposts at Mergui, Amherst, and in Arrakan. The report of that year records twenty-two missionaries and 371 church-members.

The period of four or five years, beginning with 1833, marked a distinct era in Baptist foreign missionary work. A strong missionary interest prevailed among the churches. The Convention met at Richmond in 1835 with all obligations provided for and a substantial balance in the treasury, and enthusiastically adopted the following resolution: [Continue reading…]

James Gilmour of Mongolia


James Gilmour of Mongolia by Richard LovettRichard Lovett’s biography of James Gilmour [1843-1891], missionary to Mongolia is now available on-line as a pdf. Note that there are several errors in the pagination of this book, giving the (incorrect) impression that there are pages missing. The text is complete as originally published.

Richard Lovett [1851-1904], James Gilmour of Mongolia. London: Religious Tract Society, n.d. pp.312. Click to download.


I. Early Years and Education
II. Beginning Work
III. Mongolian Apprenticeship
IV. The First Campaign in Mongolia
V. Marriage
VI. ‘In Journeyings Often, In Perils of Rivers’
VII. The Visit to England In I882
VIII. Sunshine and Shadow
IX. A Change of Field
X. Personal Characteristics as Illustrated by Letters to Relatives and Friends
XI. Closing Labours
XII. The Last Days


This book in its more expensive forms has been before the public for several years. It has been very widely read, and it has received extraordinary attention from many sections of the press. The author has received from all parts of the world most striking testimonies as to the way in which this record of James Gilmour’s heroic self-sacrifice for the Lord Jesus and on behalf of his beloved Mongols ·for the Master’s sake has touched the hearts of Christian workers. It has deepened their faith, strengthened their zeal, nerved them for whole-hearted consecration to the same Master, and cheered many a solitary and lonely heart.

Many requests have been received for an edition at a price which will place the book within the reach of Sunday School teachers, of those Christian workers who have but little to spend upon books, and of the elder scholars in our schools. The Committee of the Religious Tract Society have gladly met this request at the earliest possible moment. In this new form their hope and prayer is that James Gilmour, being dead, may yet speak to many hearts, arousing them to diligent, and faithful, and self-denying service for Jesus Christ

James Gilmour died in 1891, and some years later the London Missionary Society handed over the Mission to the Irish Presbyterian Church. In February 1907, sixteen years after Gilmour’s death, a remarkable testimony to the consistent life, effective preaching, and influence of this beloved missionary reached England in the shape of a communication from Liu Yi, one of his early converts, in which he speaks of the great debt which he feels he owes to the faithful ministry of James Gilmour. ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.’

Goforth of China on-line

Dr Jonathan Goforth
Dr Jonathan Goforth, missionary to China

The following Public Domain biography of Jonathan Goforth is now available for download in PDF:

Rosalind Goforth, Goforth of China. London & Edinburgh: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, Ltd., 1937. Hbk. pp.364.

Goforth of China


Dr. Goforth was one of the most radiant, dynamic personalities that ever enriched my life. God’s missionary program of the past half-century would not have been complete without him; the literature of missionary biography would be sadly lacking without this story of his life and work. He towers as a spiritual giant among God’s missionary heroes of his generation.

He was an electric, radiant personality, flooding his immediate environment – wherever he might be – with the sunlight that was deep in his heart and shone on his face because his life was “hid with Christ in God.” For some twenty years I had the privilege of knowing this man of God intimately – at conferences in America, in the mission field in China, in his home in Toronto, and in my home in Philadelphia. In all these places the rare sunshine of his presence abides as an undying memory.

With the sunshine of God’s love in his heart there was an irresistible enthusiasm and a tireless energy. Nothing could stop his dynamic drive in that to which God had commissioned him. It was the same when he was seventy-seven as when he was fifty-seven. The loss of his eyesight during the last three years of his life did not halt the energy-it seemed only to heighten it. When this providence of God was permitted, after forty-eight years of missionary service, the undaunted apostle of the Gospel said to a newspaper reporter: “Bless you my boy, I’d go back for another forty-eight years if my sight were only good.”

But Dr. Goforth’s radiant smile and brilliant spirit did not mean indifference to the dark side of life, its stern realities and the sinister attacks of the Adversary. With his warmth and love there was also keenest discernment of the falsehood of Modernism, and an unswerving, undying intolerance of all that sets itself against the Word of God. The sharply defined issue between Modernism and Fundamentalism in the foreign mission field was coming to the front in the summer of 1920, when Mrs. Trumhull and I had an unforgettable visit with Dr. and Mrs. Goforth in their home at Kikungshan. Dr. Goforth told me, with fire in his eye and his heart, of the inroads on missionary testimony being made by missionaries who were betraying the faith and substituting eternally fatal poison for the Gospel and the Word. Always he stood like Gibraltar, steadfast and uncompromising for the old faith which is ever new; and that is another reason why God so abundantly

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Missionary Heroines of the Cross On-line

Missionary Heroines of the Cross by Canon E C DawsonCanon E.C. Dawson’s biographical study of Missionary Heroines of the 19th Century is now available for free download in PDF. The book, which is abridged from a longer work by the same author contains short accounts of the following:

Mrs. Anne Duff – wife of Alexander Duff, missionary to India.

Mrs. Robert Clark – missionary to Pakistan/Afghanistan

Charlotte Tucker, missionary to India

Fanny Jane Butler [1850-1889], the first lady doctor in India.

Mary Reed [1854-1943], Irene Petrie and Alice Marval,, all missionaries to India.

Mrs. Hudson Taylor and Mrs. Polhill

Mrs. Loiusa Stewart, wife of Robert Stewart, missionaries to China.

Mrs. McDougall, missionary to Sarawak.

Mrs. Elizabeth Maria Bowen Thompson [1794-1869], missionary to Syria,

Fidelia Fiske [1816-1864], missionary to Turkey.

Mrs. Rosine Krapf, German missionary to Kenya.

Anna Hinderer [1827-1870], missionary to Nigeria.

Madame Coillard and many more.

Click here to download the complete volume, including illustrations.

The Battahs of Sumatra

A Battah Warrior
A Battah Warrior

The following five rare articles are based on some very early accounts of missionary work among the cannibalistic Battahs of Sumatra  in Western Indonesia.

John T. Beighton, “The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals, I,” Sunday at Home No. 1836 (July 6th 1889): 427-429. Click here to download.

John T. Beighton, “The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals, II,” Sunday at Home No. 1838 (July 20th 1889): 456-458. Click here to download.

John T. Beighton, “The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals, III,” Sunday at Home No. 1840 (August 3rd 1889): 488-489. 490-494. Click here to download.

John T. Beighton, “The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals: IV. – Signal Progress,” Sunday at Home No. 1845 (September 7th 1889): 570-573. Click here to download.

John T. Beighton, “The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals: V,” Sunday at Home No. 1847 (September 21st 1889): 602-604. Click here to download.

The Battahs of Sumatra. A New Chapter in Missionary Annals

Part I

John T. Beighton

One brilliant morning, some sixty years ago, two little boys were playing on a beach of sand, near Deli, on the eastern coast of the island of Sumatra. Their home was not on the coast, but amongst mountains in the interior whence they had come with their friends who had brought produce for sale. These boys were Battahs. While they were playing, a Malay prahu (boat), which had not been observed by them, was paddled up to where they were, and two men jumped out, seized them, and dragged them to the boat and carried them off. The boys were sold as slaves to a European at Singapore. Soon after they accompanied their master on a voyage to Penang, and there, as he treated them unkindly, they fled from him. Eventually they found a home in my father’s service, and were named Tim and Tom. Tim ran away again, but the other, though older than myself, became my companion and friend, and in the year 1839 he was publicly baptised. It is therefore but natural that I should be interested in the Battahs. The Encylopaedia Britannica (vol. xxii. p. 640) may well speak of them “as one of the most interesting of all the savage or semi-savage peoples” in the world.

A considerable portion of the Battah race is now under the rule of the Dutch government. Differing as the various communities do in their physical and social characteristics, even in their natural condition, it is necessary to a true knowledge of the race that we should travel beyond those dwelling under this rule, and in the outer fringes of the Battah country, to the independent communities found in the original and central home of the race. The people appear to have naturally an inordinate dislike to occupying the districts contiguous to the sea, and at one time shrank from even the sight of the sea, believing it to be peopled with demoniacal spirits. To know therefore the real Battah, we must leave those of the tribe who have become familiar with it, and are settled near the boundary lines of their fatherland, and penetrate into the recesses of the regions which surround the great inland lake of Tobah.

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Past and Present in Samoa

The following four articles describing the progress of the Gospel in Samoa are now available on-line in PDF.

A Coastal Scene in Samoa
A Coastal Scene in Samoa

George Cousins, “The Past and Present in Samoa,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1832 (June 8th 1889): 360-364. [Click here to download]

George Cousins, “The Past and Present in Samoa. II – Samoa Casting Off Idolotry,” Sunday at Home 35 No. 1833 (June 15th 1889): 373-376. [Click here to download]

George Cousins, “The Past and Present in Samoa. III – Samoa Under Missionary Pupilage,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1834 (June 22nd 1889): 393-397. [Click here to download]

George Cousins, “The Past and Present in Samoa. IV – Samoa in Touch With the Great Outside World,” Sunday at Home 36 No. 1835 (June 29th 1889): 407-411. [Click here to download]

The Past and Present in Samoa

George Cousins

Fifty years ago missions to the South Seas were in their glory. Islands previously unknown were emerging into the light of day. John Williams and his noble compeers were sailing from island to island, from group to group, stationing missionaries or native teachers as they went. And marvellous to relate, where-ever they did this, the idolatry that had hitherto held undisputed sway, succumbed almost without a struggle. The gospel triumphed, and the natives placed themselves under Christian instruction forthwith.

Surprised and delighted as our fathers and grandfathers were at the changes thus wrought, it was after all not so much to be surprised at. The mere presence of white men in their midst filled the childish savages with awe. Coming from a world they knew nothing of, borne across the sea in strange vessels so unlike their own canoes, the missionaries were looked up to as gods rather than men, and their influence was supreme. Added to which, the paltry fetichism and superstitions of the Polynesians lacked all force and vitality. They fell like a house of cards before a gust of wind. The islanders were in gross moral and spiritual darkness. Light came streaming in upon them; the darkness fled; and for the time their eyes were completely dazzled with the brightness. No sooner had their foreign visitors mastered the grammatical construction of the dialect and acquired a sufficient knowledge of their vocabulary than at once they proceeded to give them a translation of the Word of God. Without a written language or any knowledge of letters hitherto, they were initiated into the mysteries of reading in order that they might at once become acquainted with the best of all books: from the lowest depths of mental destitution they passed at a step into the possession of rich stores of wealth. No wonder that their joy was intense; no wonder that the story of the work carried on among them reads like a romance.

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